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How to Scale up from traditional poultry pens to massive mobile coops that hold up to 600 chickens

ExperienceJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 179 views • 2017-10-16 18:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
 
subtitle:


holy moly 600 pasture-raised organic birds in 1/10 [Music] beautiful sunrise this morning how about a time laughs [Music] absolutely beautiful gonna be a beautiful day I'm gonna lose some chickens I'm gonna go pick up Christie at the airport today Hawaii tomorrow good morning guys morning everybody this is Jerry and Scott good what's your role here Jerry basically try to get things started in the morning get things going oversee our day-to-day operations on the and the pastures here and try to keep these birds alive in the sheep and the dogs do so yeah a pig then one day yesterday I saw you get up at 3 o'clock in the morning to take to me versus the processing and then I saw you at the warehouse at 12:00 it already been a nine-hour day for you by 12 wha did you go take a nap that so I did I finally got good a good nap in I never said it was gonna be easy it's not bad job well how appropriate the Wyoming t-shirt on because the people in Wyoming are tough yeah no we definitely you have to get that way just because of the seasons alone I'm actually from Wyoming so there's several jobs and if most the jobs in Wyoming require you to be outside as it is it's a good fit here I love what I'm doing good morning man morning what is your name and what is your role here I'm Scott and I fell thought Jerry with whatever II need help on the or on this farm okay wherever anybody else needs help Jerry what are you doing here right now well we've got to get the feed out to our chickens in the past year the fetus shipped to us in these totes right here fortunately we don't have it in our convenient silos today sitting right there that's just the way it goes in the feed comes in we're not able to get it in there so then we just do it by hand [Music] [Music] on this farm is their organic chicken operation organic pasture and we'll just take the Kubota in my truck down okay so you want to back pull it over let's take this down so you gotta pull this why metal not would you probably designed the cages also it wouldn't rot with the rain or that's Chloe part this is what they had the last time I was here a year and a half ago step one is gonna be catching a bird this is kind of like Rambo style you just climb in to grab one basically but now you have what do you call that we call that the range coupe the RC okay short and is that is that the new way now for you guys is yes that is the new way because instead of the pen with a t-bird individual all 80 birds new antennas gotta push each pen yeah back 600 Birds then you pull it at once and you're done let's see you got a guard rooster out here is that what's going on that was one of them we had four big ones left in a cage that we ain't never had taken the slaughter yeah and we just looked them roam around that's the freedom Ranger sir yeah those are that's a freedom ranger because the guard dogs do an adequate job protecting the doc yeah they've killed a couple coyotes will keep the Predators out of here hey big guy you got in this flock that's a big that's a big bird freedom ranger rooster we go all the way out to the back [Music] holy moly 600 pasture-raised organic birds in one tent [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] time can move time to move the pasture poultry can't I'm sure there's a better name for it we call that the range coop the RC okay short you name here we go there we go he's back here to make sure none of them get run over you gonna hurting pal it seems to be working great a beautiful sight they figured out how did you mainly raise six hundred birds at one time look at this green grass these guys get got away watch out for the pole as it goes through beautiful sky beautiful side of the main way to raise hundreds of bird at one time and one shelter these gonna be some of the best breaks you've ever tasted in your life well what were you off with you you lost a few spot yeah cuz if you fall out the back trap that's pretty smart so you want to kill them come here big guy come on that's alarming why I transition into these big structures as opposed to the little ones by a lot easier on us less labor less time it takes you're able to get in there and work around we can actually keep a better eye on them we can observe them a lot better the feeding and the watering process is pretty streamlined and yeah so for if you've got lots of land bigger operation these things if you've got an acre in your backyard then maybe the smaller coops are better yeah I was going to say you probably want to transition to this so you get maybe 500 Birds yeah I don't know if you've got the time to use if you've got the time that it takes to run the smaller coops then then go for it but and you can only run 500 Birds or 600 or whatever but this is just kind of changed how we how we go about it so you get 600 in there 600 Birds and they give them how many square feet it's 20 by 40 and you move them every day so they're getting a lot of square footage so see they're getting a new square footage every day so ended up being thousands over a lifetime yep for a bird how much did this cost it's a pretty penny I don't know the number exactly how long does it take for it to pay for itself it depends on how fast you're moving Birds though - yeah but I'd say with within a year wow that's good you that's good this way we're in with the birds too we have a better idea on the health in the situation we can see the feed that they're they're getting nothing's in the dark with the other attractors that we run we do have some blind spots in them and you kind of find out after the fact if something's gone wrong or whatnot but our our waterings we're able to get in here and work with it and work around and moving around a lot easier so I know all the guys are happier to have these two so in the summertime this breeds a lot better than those smaller tractors do okay so but yeah inhalation going through here would you get some some pretty good winds that come through here that late that it's able to come over the top of the birds pull them off some a lot more temperate climate in here the heat is able to rise and escape out of the roof and then we've got plenty of shade and they're able to move around plenty of space for them to go so this is yeah the strange group is a kit yes it is okay so if somebody wants that they just need a googol range kit okay you get it at like farm tech or something like that we went straight to the source okay cool thanks guys you're doing a great work keep it up bud all right thank you [Music] on our way to the airport you ought to pick up Christine our dear friends from North Carolina babysitter are you guys excited whoa I think they're excited mom I think you're excited too you see Hawaii is where we not own anything so we want to relive some of that and have a few days celebrate our marriage take some time for our marriage I'm hoping for a little bit maybe all right let's go get her we have arrived at the airport Christie is hanging out at the ozone wherever that is terminal 2 so that this is still terminal 1 look out for her and say bingo or at terminal 2 right here what airline did she fly I guess she doesn't I don't even know two zones away from seeing miss Christie we're in the city I see ozone she's right next to Dahlia parking [Music] nobody come on are you are you free now you're not sure what and we happy to be back with Miss Christy I'm happy to see you guys okay we're heading back getting getting ready to pack it's gonna be a crazy day situating maple packing everybody's clothes it's gonna be nuts we see you guys tomorrow or the beautiful one gets to do her favorite activity fly an airplane Christy you like flying okay I do okay you will be there holder you be the cheerleader it's like it's crazy Wow okay kids now that you've flown do you guys like flying what do you like just I don't know you like it just how you like it kinda what's wrong what's the matter with it why do you not like about it Oh your ears anything else view all
 


 
 
subtitle:


holy moly 600 pasture-raised organic birds in 1/10 [Music] beautiful sunrise this morning how about a time laughs [Music] absolutely beautiful gonna be a beautiful day I'm gonna lose some chickens I'm gonna go pick up Christie at the airport today Hawaii tomorrow good morning guys morning everybody this is Jerry and Scott good what's your role here Jerry basically try to get things started in the morning get things going oversee our day-to-day operations on the and the pastures here and try to keep these birds alive in the sheep and the dogs do so yeah a pig then one day yesterday I saw you get up at 3 o'clock in the morning to take to me versus the processing and then I saw you at the warehouse at 12:00 it already been a nine-hour day for you by 12 wha did you go take a nap that so I did I finally got good a good nap in I never said it was gonna be easy it's not bad job well how appropriate the Wyoming t-shirt on because the people in Wyoming are tough yeah no we definitely you have to get that way just because of the seasons alone I'm actually from Wyoming so there's several jobs and if most the jobs in Wyoming require you to be outside as it is it's a good fit here I love what I'm doing good morning man morning what is your name and what is your role here I'm Scott and I fell thought Jerry with whatever II need help on the or on this farm okay wherever anybody else needs help Jerry what are you doing here right now well we've got to get the feed out to our chickens in the past year the fetus shipped to us in these totes right here fortunately we don't have it in our convenient silos today sitting right there that's just the way it goes in the feed comes in we're not able to get it in there so then we just do it by hand [Music] [Music] on this farm is their organic chicken operation organic pasture and we'll just take the Kubota in my truck down okay so you want to back pull it over let's take this down so you gotta pull this why metal not would you probably designed the cages also it wouldn't rot with the rain or that's Chloe part this is what they had the last time I was here a year and a half ago step one is gonna be catching a bird this is kind of like Rambo style you just climb in to grab one basically but now you have what do you call that we call that the range coupe the RC okay short and is that is that the new way now for you guys is yes that is the new way because instead of the pen with a t-bird individual all 80 birds new antennas gotta push each pen yeah back 600 Birds then you pull it at once and you're done let's see you got a guard rooster out here is that what's going on that was one of them we had four big ones left in a cage that we ain't never had taken the slaughter yeah and we just looked them roam around that's the freedom Ranger sir yeah those are that's a freedom ranger because the guard dogs do an adequate job protecting the doc yeah they've killed a couple coyotes will keep the Predators out of here hey big guy you got in this flock that's a big that's a big bird freedom ranger rooster we go all the way out to the back [Music] holy moly 600 pasture-raised organic birds in one tent [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] time can move time to move the pasture poultry can't I'm sure there's a better name for it we call that the range coop the RC okay short you name here we go there we go he's back here to make sure none of them get run over you gonna hurting pal it seems to be working great a beautiful sight they figured out how did you mainly raise six hundred birds at one time look at this green grass these guys get got away watch out for the pole as it goes through beautiful sky beautiful side of the main way to raise hundreds of bird at one time and one shelter these gonna be some of the best breaks you've ever tasted in your life well what were you off with you you lost a few spot yeah cuz if you fall out the back trap that's pretty smart so you want to kill them come here big guy come on that's alarming why I transition into these big structures as opposed to the little ones by a lot easier on us less labor less time it takes you're able to get in there and work around we can actually keep a better eye on them we can observe them a lot better the feeding and the watering process is pretty streamlined and yeah so for if you've got lots of land bigger operation these things if you've got an acre in your backyard then maybe the smaller coops are better yeah I was going to say you probably want to transition to this so you get maybe 500 Birds yeah I don't know if you've got the time to use if you've got the time that it takes to run the smaller coops then then go for it but and you can only run 500 Birds or 600 or whatever but this is just kind of changed how we how we go about it so you get 600 in there 600 Birds and they give them how many square feet it's 20 by 40 and you move them every day so they're getting a lot of square footage so see they're getting a new square footage every day so ended up being thousands over a lifetime yep for a bird how much did this cost it's a pretty penny I don't know the number exactly how long does it take for it to pay for itself it depends on how fast you're moving Birds though - yeah but I'd say with within a year wow that's good you that's good this way we're in with the birds too we have a better idea on the health in the situation we can see the feed that they're they're getting nothing's in the dark with the other attractors that we run we do have some blind spots in them and you kind of find out after the fact if something's gone wrong or whatnot but our our waterings we're able to get in here and work with it and work around and moving around a lot easier so I know all the guys are happier to have these two so in the summertime this breeds a lot better than those smaller tractors do okay so but yeah inhalation going through here would you get some some pretty good winds that come through here that late that it's able to come over the top of the birds pull them off some a lot more temperate climate in here the heat is able to rise and escape out of the roof and then we've got plenty of shade and they're able to move around plenty of space for them to go so this is yeah the strange group is a kit yes it is okay so if somebody wants that they just need a googol range kit okay you get it at like farm tech or something like that we went straight to the source okay cool thanks guys you're doing a great work keep it up bud all right thank you [Music] on our way to the airport you ought to pick up Christine our dear friends from North Carolina babysitter are you guys excited whoa I think they're excited mom I think you're excited too you see Hawaii is where we not own anything so we want to relive some of that and have a few days celebrate our marriage take some time for our marriage I'm hoping for a little bit maybe all right let's go get her we have arrived at the airport Christie is hanging out at the ozone wherever that is terminal 2 so that this is still terminal 1 look out for her and say bingo or at terminal 2 right here what airline did she fly I guess she doesn't I don't even know two zones away from seeing miss Christie we're in the city I see ozone she's right next to Dahlia parking [Music] nobody come on are you are you free now you're not sure what and we happy to be back with Miss Christy I'm happy to see you guys okay we're heading back getting getting ready to pack it's gonna be a crazy day situating maple packing everybody's clothes it's gonna be nuts we see you guys tomorrow or the beautiful one gets to do her favorite activity fly an airplane Christy you like flying okay I do okay you will be there holder you be the cheerleader it's like it's crazy Wow okay kids now that you've flown do you guys like flying what do you like just I don't know you like it just how you like it kinda what's wrong what's the matter with it why do you not like about it Oh your ears anything else

126
Views

How To Pick The Sweetest Watermelon Every Single Time

ExperienceNatural Ways Published the article • 0 comments • 126 views • 2017-09-27 05:13 • came from similar tags

 

 
It isn't summer until you've had your first watermelon of the season. Chances are though, it's been about a year since you've bought your last watermelon. Do you remember how to pick out a good one? Many people have no idea how to select a watermelon. They just knock on this over-sized fruit as if they know what they are doing. Although it can be difficult to know how ripe the interior is just by inspecting the outside, there are several clever tricks you can learn to help you pick the perfect watermelon. 1.Lift a few The watermelon should be heavy for its size, as this indicates that it is full of water and therefore nice and ripe. Try comparing the weight of your watermelon with another of equal size - the heavier one will be the riper. This advice goes for most fruits and vegetables. 2.Look for the field spot. The underside of the watermelon should have a creamy yellow spot, known as the field spot. This is where the melon sat on the ground and ripened in the sun, so the darker it is the better! This one is no wives' tale. If the field spot is white, or even nonexistent, this probably means that the watermelon was picked too soon, and will not be ripe. 3.Inspect the color. A perfect, ripe watermelon should be dark green in color and dull in appearance, rather than shiny. A shiny watermelon will usually be under ripe. 4.Say no to stem If the melon still has a stem on it, move along. This means the melon didn't come off the vine easily so it wasn't quite ripe. You could look for a melon with a slightly indented end. This indicates that the melon came off the vine on its own. 5.What about knocking? knocking is pointless, however you can hold the watermelon like you're cradling a baby and give it a good thwap, you'll feel the vibrations in your bottom hand if the watermelon is right. 6.What about selecting a pre-cut melon? If you're purchasing pre-cut watermelon, there are also certain things to look out for. Choose pieces with bright red flesh and dark brown or black seeds. Avoid pieces with white streaks and an abundance of white seeds. You should also steer clear if the flesh looks dried out or mealy, or is separating from the seeds. Now, What about you? Do you have any tricks to pick a perfect watermelon? Please share it in the comments below.
  view all
 


 
It isn't summer until you've had your first watermelon of the season. Chances are though, it's been about a year since you've bought your last watermelon. Do you remember how to pick out a good one? Many people have no idea how to select a watermelon. They just knock on this over-sized fruit as if they know what they are doing. Although it can be difficult to know how ripe the interior is just by inspecting the outside, there are several clever tricks you can learn to help you pick the perfect watermelon. 1.Lift a few The watermelon should be heavy for its size, as this indicates that it is full of water and therefore nice and ripe. Try comparing the weight of your watermelon with another of equal size - the heavier one will be the riper. This advice goes for most fruits and vegetables. 2.Look for the field spot. The underside of the watermelon should have a creamy yellow spot, known as the field spot. This is where the melon sat on the ground and ripened in the sun, so the darker it is the better! This one is no wives' tale. If the field spot is white, or even nonexistent, this probably means that the watermelon was picked too soon, and will not be ripe. 3.Inspect the color. A perfect, ripe watermelon should be dark green in color and dull in appearance, rather than shiny. A shiny watermelon will usually be under ripe. 4.Say no to stem If the melon still has a stem on it, move along. This means the melon didn't come off the vine easily so it wasn't quite ripe. You could look for a melon with a slightly indented end. This indicates that the melon came off the vine on its own. 5.What about knocking? knocking is pointless, however you can hold the watermelon like you're cradling a baby and give it a good thwap, you'll feel the vibrations in your bottom hand if the watermelon is right. 6.What about selecting a pre-cut melon? If you're purchasing pre-cut watermelon, there are also certain things to look out for. Choose pieces with bright red flesh and dark brown or black seeds. Avoid pieces with white streaks and an abundance of white seeds. You should also steer clear if the flesh looks dried out or mealy, or is separating from the seeds. Now, What about you? Do you have any tricks to pick a perfect watermelon? Please share it in the comments below.
 
160
Views

WPT University Place: How to Avoid Mistakes in a Tall Spindle Orchard

Experiencefourcowfarm Published the article • 0 comments • 160 views • 2017-09-23 03:30 • came from similar tags

 

Mario Miranda Sazo, Extension Associate at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Lake Ontario Fruit Program, explains the tall spindle system for planting apple trees. Sazo discusses how to set up the supports for the young trees and the correct way to prune.
subtitle:

- We have Mario Miranda Sazo. Again, he's the fruit extension specialist at Cornell Cooperative Extension in the Lake Ontario Fruit Program. And he's talking about how to avoid mistakes when establishing and training a tall spindle orchard. - Okay, so I'm going to... I see, so... Kinda' few guys were not able to hear me very well. So I'm gonna, make a major step just by doing this, it's a big difference. Okay, so hopefully... Do we have more people coming? I don't know, If somebody could sit down that could be great. I just want to give an intro about this just to kind of show you a typical nursery tree. It's a typical nursery tree it's a beautiful nursery tree that perhaps only thing that we're gonna remove pruning that we call corrective pruning is gonna be that feather that is there. That feather shouldn't be there. Because the crutch angle is too narrow. And sometimes it's difficult to make that decision because you are buying a tree and sometimes you want to keep everything but sometimes you can help the tree to grow better by just doing some very smart kind of cut after pruning. After planting. So in this case perhaps the only tree, the only feather that I'm gonna remove is that one. Those are long, long feathers. Okay? Like those feathers that we had five, six years ago. Today we are looking for short feathers. No more than 16 to 18 inches. Okay, very well detailed with a very wide crotch angle hopefully more than 60 degrees. Sign rooster, you're gonna start seeing some of the rooster are gonna start seeing you or giving you more opening with those feathers and because those feathers are more well-open those one are gonna be induced early on. And it's gonna be a more natural cropping. So in your list we're having like I say in the morning we're having planting at different density, we have been using whips and with them we know how to grow those whips we can really fill this page very quickly. So that's kind of my method. Most of the time we have been pushing a lot a lot just to start with highly-feathered trees but sometimes you can do a good job with also with whips. And we're gonna see the case how we do it with whips. Here is a grower that perhaps doesn't use irrigation. This is a grower who grows his own nursery tree. He growing 60, 70, 80,000 trees for a tall spindle system. Very successful planting. Again another shot of this this is a very high planting density two by eleven with two wires and a wire stabilizer that we call, that is gonna be supporting those trees. But this is a mistake. I think so. (laughs) Sometimes, this is a big mistake. You can try to avoid this situation. The guy that did this is an extreme picture that sometimes I want to put this kind of situation because in our industry don't forget 40% of our industry in Wayne county is still 40% processing blocks, okay? Because we have MOTS they are in Wayne county in Williamson next to Lake Ontario. So those growers are still growing kind of big trees and we are still kind of moving to a more modern semi-process, semi-high density planting. But still we are seeing this situation. So it's very kind of still confusing for those kind of growers who are kind of transitioning to semi or high density plantings to see or they are so used to kill the wood permanent wood and we are just trying to renew that wood and make those trees more productive. So it kinda helps picture just to say I want to put this picture, it's a sol axe system. This system is a very complicated, very beautiful perhaps the more kind of amazing way to grow an apple tree and make a system very efficient. Able to produce, originated from France by Lespinasse, and it's a lot of philosophy behind this system but we use today many of the concepts that are here, Lespinasse is also the person who developed the diverticulaxe. And today I have there that's a typical solaxe where you keep the long, long fingers and you do a lot of the spur extinction. So everything that you see at the base will remove through the years all those feathers that you need to leave there were removed so they need the first long finger or long branch with several fingers is gonna start the meter, and very long and you have different fruiting unit it's called centrifugal pruning, you have expert extinction you have a tree that is gonna be something like that hanging over and we use many of these concepts. We really manage crop log branch by branch. So we have rulered that we use in Europe there is a green ruler that I saw there in the trade show that we use branch by branch just to regulate the crop log that we need in each of those branches, okay? For a planting system like tall spindle we just measure the trunk above the ground one time. Just to measure the crop log. So we have that kind of system but this is another you know way to do it, you know? It's a two-dimensional way to grow an apple tree. Just the height and just the length. And we manipulate everything with seven wires in the case of five-wire, six-wire, or seven-wire. And if we start moving the angle we are gonna start seeing the kind of v-trellis that there's another level of precision that is the cool way of how things are moving in Washington. Just to see like it's the same idea like you manipulate everything to the perfection like in this picture like I showed you in the morning. This is Honeycrisp. Okay, but tall spindle that is the concept that we have been introducing in the last perhaps 10, 12 years. It's a combination of the slender spindle that you need to leave the ground in Holland and in Belgium. Okay? What's that shorter tree, to start keeping some permanent wood at the lower tier. And they start doing some kind of renewal in the upper section of those trees. And at the same time, if the combination the tall spindle combination of the slender spindle with the super spindle who that was developed in Germany. So you start seeing these kind of systems and you start seeing diverticulaxe and you start seeing solaxe, and from all these systems like amalgam-H and the we call that is the result of what we are seeing today for that kind of more simple tall spindle. The tall spindle is a tree, dimensional tree, where you have height, you have depth, and you have the length. Also manipulated like in a two-dimensional system like I showed you before. That was a two-dimensional planner. Oh with an angle that you start moving that vertical element, or vertical trunk whatever direction you want. One of the important things it is that I mentioned that those are bi-axis trees that is something kind of I don't know why I put that picture there together with you I just want to talk about this you start seeing this bending of feathers but I don't know if from behind of the room you can see wires. You can see those wires. It's a lot of work that was in Italy done in this tree just to bend down all those original feathers with wire. So we use the wire against the wire of that feather against another feather or the wire against the trunk or the wire against, or loop against one of the wires that you have in your trailings. And we're gonna see that then I'm gonna show you a bunch of different ways how we do that. So that is gonna give you some kind of how you start kind of edging later. These are a more mature planting of tall spindle that we have in Walcott that hopefully in the future if extension want to organize a trip it's an area that we always have trips with growers for educational study that could be great too, in the future. If you want to see something like this in the future. This picture of a kind of traditional gala, tall spindle, very tall you can see the person you have one tier, second tier, and a third tier. These trees are not pruned yet. We are gonna prune this tree by the end of February, but the picture doesn't really show the amount of renewal that we had conducted already in those three years before. Okay so, this is the result of pruning, just by pruning we ended up producing all these kind of highly productive branches. Fruiting, shoot up three or four years old. Okay, this is very important. (laughs) This is very, very important and here I put a bunch of pictures, a kind of promblemic, still this kind of concept. The traditional way to kind of bevel cut or the Dutch cut perhaps is gonna be that one. Okay, but sometimes when you are asking your employees to do the perfect bevel cut or Dutch cut, it's the same issue that I mentioned in the morning. Sometimes they're very afraid to make the wrong cut. And by doing that sometimes they ended up doing a very short cut. Or even removing or without even leaving any stuff. At all. Sometimes not all the time. Most of the times some growers do that sometimes you ended up without any stub there and you start losing the wood. But it's very tricky. So, in some cases this is an extreme situation because gala really shoots like crazy. Okay but in more weight cultivars like Honeycrisp for example, mainly Honeycrisp we're gonna show you I was thinking with sweet tango I was thinking about New York one is now dragon. If you just give to that staff the option to be a little longer I'm not saying they have to be so long like this. Of course you have to choose any bud that is coming underneath. That's the best physics for the fruit weight that is gonna be there. Okay that's the best can be on a limbification that is gonna happen. In that kind of part. But also here it's already coming one or two shoots that are gonna be coming above and perhaps the only thing that I want to stress here is that by giving bigger amount of wood but you're gonna increase your probability to get the response that we want. And later, your crew or yourselves you're gonna remove what you really want to remove. But at least you increase the probability to get the renewal that you need, okay? You can cut that later, you're gonna get the shoot growing there later you can cut but this is an extreme situation. I just want to emphasize that, I'm not saying that all the cuts should be done. With gala, you can go very short and you're gonna get a good response. You have good soil fertility, good light penetration, a good rooster that is gonna, should respond. For the weight cultivar is gonna be more difficult. For this kind of presentation that there's no roosters, there's no troubled management and no precision chemical thinning, nutrition irrigation perhaps one of the important things is the management of the branch management zone. The way how we manage the feathers. Or how another very important topic is the way how we grow the tree and how we support the tree. And another one is the correct pruning zone. That area that is gonna happen in some cases after planting for whatever plant material you got. And you're gonna start moving that as the tree starts growing. As the tree starts growing, you can let the tree grow magically and it's gonna start producing those short shoots that you want. But in some cases you need to do some things just to correct the growth of that shoot. So you sometimes you have to use more correction pruning. So this is a drawing that I have Just to kind of show you if in case you start with a whip. Like in that case, many growers are gonna start with a whip. We prefer to apply Max Cel. And we apply Max Cel after bud break. And we try to delay the application of Max Cel. But we don't recommend you to head the feather. Don't do the heading please because that was a big, big fight in our industry. I just think that in the last two or three years no more growers are doing this step at least in New York. Instead, of heading we ask you to put an application of Max Cel. A late application of Max Cel to start branching hopefully. You need to have some kind of material, green material there to get that kind of response that we want. The other one is just the typical start with a tree, and that tree is gonna grow at the end of the first growing season. Okay I put this picture because I am talking or trying to talk about corrective pruning. And in this case, the response of the angle the crutch angle that I had there that is very important to have a good crotch angle to help early spearing and fruits. It's gonna be highly related to the rooster that you use. So most of the Geneva material. Most of the Geneva material, gela and G-41, G-95 is gonna give you some of those traits. But G-95 is one of my favorites. That is gonna give, it's very obvious how the science developed that kind of it's kind of wide open. Regardless of the cultivar. Even a very narrow scion is gonna be affected by the rooster in that case. This is kind of an ideal tree it had two long feathers in that case this is an old planting. But beautiful trees I cannot say there are no beautiful trees. Those are one of the few orchards that we have in New York that we produce in the way how the trees are produced in Europe is the "knip-baum" technology. Okay we don't produce that kind of tree, nobody's producing or asking to grow those trees with that kind of nursery technology. So we just grow or bud the trees at the end of the Summer. And the following season when that shoot starts growing or we start the shooting if somebody here is a nursery man we start the shooting. We get until around 28, 29, 30 inches above the ground. And that is the moment when we start using Max Cel or pinching the terminal. Just to get the branching that we want, okay? But we don't do pinching anymore. If you have a nursery with 800,000 or 1 million trees today because a good guy just to pinch cannot do more than 7,000 or 8,000 trees per day in a nursery manually. A good guy. So you need to really do chemical branching. And that work, we have done a lot of that work with Max Cel. Max Cel is kind of tricky. You can use Max Cel if you are growing your own nursery tree perhaps you're gonna leave that whip to grow and there have been a whip. But you can pinch, you can do chemical branching with Max Cel or combine, and you have to be kind of careful in the way if you use a Streptomycin also. That is another thing perhaps. We have a lot of information I'm more than happy to share all that. So a cultivar like this, which I blocked here the tag because I don't want to say anything about this cultivar. But it's a cultivar there with a more narrow crotch angle. And if you have a tree like this one, already that is feathered even though it's a nice feather, it's coming to you but it's perhaps a little out of balance, it's telling you that it's a little out of balance need to be removed. Okay so don't hesitate to do that kind of decisions. Because if you walk the post between posts you have 20 trees, you're gonna have two or three trees that require some kind of pruning. Not all the trees but some correction you need to do and you're gonna, by walking those rows you're gonna start seeing get used to what are those feathers that you should start kinda removing. Sometimes you have to remove something that is too crowded. It's just there and it's just knowing the right place because you're gonna bother that feather that is in a better angle. You have to remove that from the get-go. So in the nursery sometimes we produce too much. In the nursery here in the US they are not doing pruning. Pruning of those trees in the nursery, can you imagine? They're not doing that stuff. In other countries in Europe they prune at the nursery level. So what they give you is the perfect tree. But here we have to prune those trees because they're coming with whatever they can produce. So we have to be a little more to work with a little more precision. This is another kind of shot I just got this one when I was working when I knew that I had a little more time. I found this picture. From a planting in Nova Scotia. And I don't know if you can see something like that. It's totally obvious that I need to go out everything below 24 inches I recommend the grower gone. Everything below 24 inches we remove, flush. We don't keep that wood there. Doesn't make any sense. About five, six years ago our recommendation was to leave feathers 20 inches above the ground but we started learning that we have to start removing that later. Because the way that the fruit and the equipment and every side doesn't make a lot of sense. So you have to start leaving 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, today we are leaving feathers starting at 27, 28 inches above the ground but our recommendation is around 24, 25. So all of that should be removed. Don't leave that step because that is taking energy also from the tree from the main lead that you want to grow. You have to single your leader, you have to remove the stuff, those are start there but you need just to grow the short shoots. Okay here I'm going to make a little bit. This is another direction, okay? We are not even close with our orchards to this kind of technology. But I just want to mention this. Because it's very important that you pay attention to why we are talking today about this. With a Fuji culture, that is going to be the best example. If you try to grow a Fuji in one single stem. And you put Fuji in a very big root stock. And on top of that you plant a Fuji with a rigorous root stock in a very highly soiled fertility, and you start doing a lot of soil fertility, what is gonna happen? It's gonna fire up, it's gonna grow a lot you know? Because Fuji tends to grow very vigorously. The same with Macoun. Macoun and Fuji they tend to grow that, as soon as you diffuse the bigger with two stems by-axis, or be-bound as it's called in Italy, you're gonna (blows) let the tree to be a little more mellow. And that is the way how you can control bigger with more highly bigger cultivars. It's as soon as you start producing that those short shoots, you start producing almost a more instant wall. Fruiting wall, okay? Our more short shoots, more imbalanced, not so out of balance when you are trying to grow a very bigger cultivar like any McIntosh in general. Any McIntosh here, we put McIntosh are different. Difficult for us, for us have been very difficult to grow. Macintosh in a tall spindle system. Because this kind of system were grown in Europe. They can have any McIntosh growing there and we are the guys that have been dealing with that kind of situation. So that here is a three-stem or a four-stem situation or two-stem situation where what you can really see is just very fine fruiting wood. And that is what we want. Okay, we can do it with one single stem like I have been saying all day today just through pruning. Okay, we can do that. But with two-stem or three-stem or four-stem it's more natural. So again I come back to the single-stem situation just to kind of explain this the way how the tree grows imagine if you didn't bend the feathers by the end of the first year or by the end of the third year you're gonna start seeing this tree that oh my God I cannot control the growth. And you start getting you know, worried. You say oh my God what should I do? It's too close, and all the feathers are growing and gala is going, going, going and they're growing. Okay in some moment, because they have been spearing, they're gonna start producing apples. And by the weight of those apples, hopefully I don't know your soil fertility here, okay and the bigger those apples start to settle down. It's a bunch of things, crop load management also. Sometimes cultivars cannot be cropped right away. Or some trees we had to crop early on. It's based on the way we manage different cultivars. But at the end, the typical tree that we shoot and draft should be something like this if we have already fruit on the trees and we start doing the renewal. In this situation we have been already doing renewal pruning. This is another interpretation. We just recommend the bending down of the feathers at least in New York just in the lower tier for the initial feathers for Fuji, especially for Fuji, but in Italy they continue doing the bending down of those feathers in the second, even in the third tier of the tree. They have even more bigger in some situations, in some blocks. So this is another drawing that I want to share with you. So this is a block, a typical block, a typical, mature block that went through very aggressive pruning. We had to make that decision in some moments was overdue, it's a bunch of stubbing backs, sorry a bunch of stubs that are there to be able to come out with that kind of canopy. That you can see there. It's the result of a lot of pruning. And here we haven't pruned yet but it's the result this is a mature tree, a mature Gela with a lot of spurs that we are going kind of remove the main, expensive side wood that we had there in those trees. Sometimes like I will mention in the morning sometimes we have so much wood that we have to start the process and we have to remove you know more than two or three long branches in some cases we had to sacrifice the tree that is too small. We shouldn't be doing perhaps that too early. That kind of pruning but in some moments we had to balance the tree. And we cannot let the tree to go too much with those long feathers or too thick. So we have to start doing the pruning sometimes we start doing this kind of pruning in Honeycrisp even though are producing feathers because we want short feathers. Sometimes we have long, long, long, long branches that need to be pruned from the base. Not just start doing things or shedding back or doing things, need to be removed to be able to start producing more jam wood in that tree. Or even in this case, this is a ginger gall, that we have been manipulating the feathers. In some cases like there we start already pruning to columnarize those feathers. That is another concept that we use for tall spindle that we start removing all those shoots. That are above those kind of feathers. Okay so here it's just to enforce this concept of a tree like Macoun where I bend down the feathers and that winter I am counting the spurs. So for each spurs I am putting a tennis ball. But here, in this Macoun tree I didn't bend feathers. And after I count the spurs those are the apple potential apple that I have there. So what I am trying to say that we are able to increase the potential, fruiting potential of any cultivar by doing these kind of techniques. And on top of that we have to start removing renewing the wood too early. We shouldn't be doing this in three or four, with that kind of, never we should be with that kind of wood too early. So here I put something I had a little more time. 3:45 okay so here I have some time because I thought it was at 2:15 but I was able to put this together. We are moving I want to share this with you we are moving from a kind of three-dimensional tree to a two-dimensional canopy. So it's less depth. We are doing that through mechanical edging in this orchard that are transitioning fruiting walls by edging them, by forming this box this box in the dormant. During the dormant pruning season. So we go there, assuming that we had been able to renew the wood that shouldn't be there. We kind surgery and we remove the wood before doing mechanical pruning. We set the box and later from that box in the during the growing season we had the shoots growing from that structure from that permanent kind of permanent structure. And we run again, the edger. So here I have a tree a gala tree just to show you the dormant cut that is there. From the main trunk. And I want to show you the length of that shaft we made the decision to run the edger around 18, 20 inches from the trunk in a case of a super spindle we are doing this situation at 12 inches from the trunk. But this is a tall spindle so we decided to do it between 18 to 20 from the trunk. Here what I am trying to show you is that is the dormant cut. That with the shoot that was growing during the season, that shoot was growing during the season, and was cut upside from the main cut during the Summer four to six inches. With the Summer cut so we have in this case those branches that are good branches they are not too thick, 18 to 20 inches we let those shoot to grow, to develop, and in some moment in the Summer that we should see when we can do that here in Wisconsin but a least for us it's at the end of July and early August, we'll run with the edger and we do the Summer cut four to six inches and we start seeing this kind of situation. So by doing that you have a dormant cut, you have Summer cut, a Summer cut but behind, many times you're not gonna have a regrowth. You're not gonna get that regrowth. What is gonna happen many times, you're gonna get a floral bud that is gonna stay there and is gonna be induced. That is the Summer cut there, that's the floral bud there that's already there. So I ensure that by doing that cut in the Summer, I am able to induce, or start producing little kind of productive units in that wall that is gonna start be filled in the future. So again I had a dormant cut, I had a Summer cut, a Summer cut but behind is the floral bud that has stayed there. Okay that is not gonna be a shoot, that is gonna be a floral but sometimes we get behind those cuts a shoot. You're gonna be a shoot a long shoot but we want a floral bud and that happened most of the time. Again in that picture, another situation with a kind of more sure shoot in the Summer and with the floral bud. So that is a picture what you can see during the Summer. Another super spindle situation this is at 12 inches from the main trunk where we did the dormant cut and in the interior of the canopy in the dormant pruning system, we are doing a dormant hand-pruning cut just to start working with the wood. So those are cuts that we don't do with the edger. We go out there with people to make those kind of cuts. Okay don't this is another, another situation this is a more tight, narrow canopy. This kind of tree that I am showing you now are not,don't be confused here. This is a canopy of 12 inches. 12 inches from the trunk where we are doing the dormant cut. Here I cannot show you yet what is gonna happen but in the interior, of that canopy we are also doing manual pruning. And it's for extinction also. To try to control the crop load that we want with those trees. Again the dormant cut at 12 inches and there I just want to show a dormant hand-pruning cut. We can be this kind of very dirty, pruning. We call this short pruning in a super spindle when these trees are 2 by 11. This is short pruning, don't be confused with long pruning that the kind of pruning that we apply to a tall spindle tree with more longer fruiting branches. Okay two totally different things. And the same thing with the spear extinction there. Renewal cut and a dormant cut in a spindle tree. Why we do this? The only reason that we are doing this stuff is because we are moving the orchard to full mechanization now. So we want to run the machines very close, very close to those canopies. This is Honeycrisp to be able to have the light that we want inside of that canopy and be very efficient. And to have those bins next to the workers. So if we talk about mistakes, perhaps those are the mindset mistakes. Okay perhaps, I don't know if those are valid or not in the Wisconsin fruit industry still. I seen some these were the mistakes that when I came here there in New York and they were saying Mario this idea is too crazy. It's too much wire, it's too much work, it doesn't make any sense. This is not for me, they were saying. Okay, it's, you don't want to try what I told you in the morning let your grandchildren try. But the agriculture management mistakes are gonna be several of these ones. And I don't know if I'm gonna have more time. Little or no advanced planning before planting the spindle orchard. That is a mistake. Inadequate soil and poor drainage preparation, late planting, growing your own nursery trees without much care, producing a whip, planting whips and heading them, planting the tree with a few and long feathers, planting trees with many but long feathers, planting a spindle orchard with short posts. We can talk about training and addressing that concept. Installing the tree support system too late and getting minimum leader growth, planting a high-density orchard without irrigation, deer fencing, little amount of time invested and none effort to manage feathers of a young and vigorous apple tree. So those are kind of from my point of view one of the most important there are many, many more little details. So let me, I can continue but I want to at some moment stop because one kind of the decision made now on the method that you're gonna use are gonna influence the success of your orchard okay? And what we are learning is that engineer of the tree and of the training system. And the trellis support. So it's so important that you really list these critical steps had to be very clear. Or you need to be exposed to those critical steps way in advance because it's too much money that is gonna be invested in this new planting. Okay this is what I was telling somebody in the morning to Honeycrisp, why maximum leader growth is so critical in a modern apple system? You know Honeycrisp is a weak growing cultivar. So for us, it kind of challenges to get to the top of that wire very soon. And it's a lot easier with gala or Fuji or with McIntosh to do it by the end of the third season. So you really with this kind of weak growing cultivars growers need to intensively manage the trees. So you have to babysit the trees. Intensively manage the trees. The first three years to achieve the desired growth. You have to do it. You have to spend and be on top of what you are trying to achieve. So I have this figure just for some of the Cornell root stalks and this is important try to pay attention because I know many of you perhaps have been working for a long time already with the M.9 clones. If you analyze the main clones, the M.9 clones M.9 you're gonna have a low vigor that is gonna be the 337. You're gonna have another one that is gonna be a little more poochy and is gonna be the Nic 29 and you're gonna have the Pajam 2 that is gonna get you more bigger. After that you're gonna have the M.26. Just if you start working with G.11, G.41, and G.94 G.11 is gonna be in the low vigor. Okay, G.11 is a little depending on the situation of the soil fertility, but it's gonna give you a little less push than G.41. And G.41 in some situations is gonna work for Honeycrisp. But for Honeycrisp, a more weight cultivar we definitely are gonna recommend G.95. G.95 is gonna give you the push of M.26, it's gonna give you the push of G.30 like years ago like many growers still love G.30. Many growers. Even though it's brittle, it's this and that, and still the Geneva is serious. It has a bunch of problems in the nursery still but we are still trying to figure out how we're gonna grow these trees in the nursery. Okay we are doing a bunch and here I want to disclose we know that exactly what is happening with the Geneva but you cannot compare the Geneva with the M.9's. It's like trying to compare apples with oranges, okay? Not what worked for an M.9 in a nursery is gonna work for what we do with a Geneva in the nursery. So we are adopting different technology even the grafting technology that we are using and all the trials that we are doing perhaps are gonna be changed in the future. You have to stake all the Geneva material. All those trees in the nursery have to be staked. All those trees. Okay that is mandatory. If you are not staking and you are growing your own nursery trees and you think that you don't have to stake those trees are brittle. They can break. Okay and we are seeing that so that is an important thing to say. But 95 is a monster. It's gonna give you a huge production and we are finding today that in order of our Genevas coming in the future not still available is 890. 890 is working very well in our trials in Washington and in New York also. So we are gonna have more things. 355? Okay, so, one important thing is that we can select the leader. When we're growing the tree. And for many years we have been saying hey remove the buds. Remove bud number two, three and four below the main leader when it's growing. But to be honest with you when I came here, it's not real data telling me that by doing that you're gonna get two or three or four more inches of growth compared with untreated. Okay so as soon as you do it, so as soon as you do it, the better. Whatever the labor that you have. But as soon as you can cut that with clippers it's also good. Most of the growers if they cannot remove the buds, you can do that stuff by clipping those shoots and selecting the main leader by selecting the main leader and pushing that leader to grow and fill the space. But the other important thing is that leader that shoot had to be well-supported. If that shoot is not well-supported, you're losing, you're losing. Okay you're not gonna get the 18, 19, or 24 inches or in some cases 30 inches of shoot growth that we should get per season. I don't know how much your shoots grow here in this area but you start, you can you should get that stuff. The other one is irrigation, okay? Many growers they don't irrigate. And it's very, very important. The tall spindle planting, planting is gonna need at least 500 gallons of water for irrigation per day per acre. Okay and later when they get to maturity they're gonna use more or less between 4 to 5,000 gallons per day per acre. So you have to irrigate. You have to babysit those roots are very shallow, okay? I don't know your precipitation here but if you see the weather pattern for the last ten years, every of those ten years two or three years are dry Summers. I don't know how was your Summer in 2011, I don't know how was your Summer in 2012, but those were very dry Summers, okay? And you are establishing a very highly demanding cultivar you need to put the irrigation, okay? So that is very important to have irrigation available there. So you have to babysit your trees all growing season right away. So important those trees taking care of them as much as you can. You have to apply calcium, calcium nitrate. We recommend one quarter per pound around the tree and about three or four weeks after we apply again and we start seeing by magic that it was just a whip. But the tree start to respond and start producing those shoots. Another one is the wire, the support, the one-wire or two-wire or three-wire but you have to support that tree all the way. So we have the four-wire, we have the five wires the three wires plus the stabilizer that could be bamboo a piece of bamboo I kind of we have been doing a lot with the wire stabilizer but it's a lot better to do it perhaps with a piece of bamboo, this is still very popular one wire with a conduct you can grow a nice tree anyway. But this is I think so the key. If you put those wires, don't let those wires be no more than 25 or 28 inches between space. Because every time that you ask that shoot that is trying to grow to go beyond that distance you're not gonna be able to reach that wire. That growing season and you're not gonna be able to support that tree where it should be. So don't do it more than 25 inches, 25, 25, 25, 25. And as the tree starts growing vertically, de fruit that section. The last section. Just de fruit in those weak trees, especially in a weak tree like Honeycrisp. De fruit that section. Make sure that you don't expose that tree to have any additional weight. Okay de fruit that tree until it's able to get to the next wire. Support that tree there until it starts to lignify. And produce wood. But don't ask, never ask to that shoot to crop. That is the biggest mistake, you're gonna break that shoot there. You need to at least give the opportunity. This grower that put four wires okay and he figured out oh my God this is Honeycrisp. He went a bunch of growers from Wayne county went to China and got this stuff they brought this fiberglass stakes and they put in those ones just to support with that machine that they showed you in the morning. There's a machine that is above the two rows. Just to put those fiberglass just to support the terminal because those trees were moving back and forth and you get the growth. Okay so, branch management. I think so you need to invest the necessary time and especially for Fuji. Especially with Macoun you have to use the wire you have to use the Avis-strip that I know you have that one here. So you can use the wire, you can use the Avis-strip, the Avis-strip is very nice you can do whatever you want to do with that. Move it one direction and another one. You can attach to the main trunk and start bending down all those feathers initially with that angle below the result. That is the key, it's a very ugly angle below the result. Okay you start using rubber bands that is another thing it's more difficult especially if we have the lip but you can start this rubber band six-month-life with 880. And we start doing and we ended up with a very ugly tree, okay? But definitely are below our result. That is why we want with the rubber band. Okay don't do that don't get the feather just look around with the wire against the trunk. Whatever you want to do don't do other stuff just turn it around and you're gonna end up with that kind of feather. So final thoughts to avoid unnecessary mistake. I seriously say everything with higher density planting, the impact of a mistake on your part or the lack of not doing the important thing is higher than with lower planting density. Okay that is saying a lot. And everything had to be done early, early. Good support is critical. Early, good irrigation, and a bunch of things. It's a lot of reading there I don't wanna really-- I wanna have time for questions. Fencing I think I mentioned something in the morning. It's very important we can really justify a job by the amount of planting that we have there with the losses that we had 25% more by deer fencing. We really can justify the deer fence in our industry with more than kind of 600 acres planted in 2013 and 14. We were able to justify 70 miles of deer fence. So we are really convinced that the deer fence is a very important thing that had to be included in the budget from the beginning. And with that I am done. Okay thank you so much. (applause) view all
 


Mario Miranda Sazo, Extension Associate at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Lake Ontario Fruit Program, explains the tall spindle system for planting apple trees. Sazo discusses how to set up the supports for the young trees and the correct way to prune.
subtitle:

- We have Mario Miranda Sazo. Again, he's the fruit extension specialist at Cornell Cooperative Extension in the Lake Ontario Fruit Program. And he's talking about how to avoid mistakes when establishing and training a tall spindle orchard. - Okay, so I'm going to... I see, so... Kinda' few guys were not able to hear me very well. So I'm gonna, make a major step just by doing this, it's a big difference. Okay, so hopefully... Do we have more people coming? I don't know, If somebody could sit down that could be great. I just want to give an intro about this just to kind of show you a typical nursery tree. It's a typical nursery tree it's a beautiful nursery tree that perhaps only thing that we're gonna remove pruning that we call corrective pruning is gonna be that feather that is there. That feather shouldn't be there. Because the crutch angle is too narrow. And sometimes it's difficult to make that decision because you are buying a tree and sometimes you want to keep everything but sometimes you can help the tree to grow better by just doing some very smart kind of cut after pruning. After planting. So in this case perhaps the only tree, the only feather that I'm gonna remove is that one. Those are long, long feathers. Okay? Like those feathers that we had five, six years ago. Today we are looking for short feathers. No more than 16 to 18 inches. Okay, very well detailed with a very wide crotch angle hopefully more than 60 degrees. Sign rooster, you're gonna start seeing some of the rooster are gonna start seeing you or giving you more opening with those feathers and because those feathers are more well-open those one are gonna be induced early on. And it's gonna be a more natural cropping. So in your list we're having like I say in the morning we're having planting at different density, we have been using whips and with them we know how to grow those whips we can really fill this page very quickly. So that's kind of my method. Most of the time we have been pushing a lot a lot just to start with highly-feathered trees but sometimes you can do a good job with also with whips. And we're gonna see the case how we do it with whips. Here is a grower that perhaps doesn't use irrigation. This is a grower who grows his own nursery tree. He growing 60, 70, 80,000 trees for a tall spindle system. Very successful planting. Again another shot of this this is a very high planting density two by eleven with two wires and a wire stabilizer that we call, that is gonna be supporting those trees. But this is a mistake. I think so. (laughs) Sometimes, this is a big mistake. You can try to avoid this situation. The guy that did this is an extreme picture that sometimes I want to put this kind of situation because in our industry don't forget 40% of our industry in Wayne county is still 40% processing blocks, okay? Because we have MOTS they are in Wayne county in Williamson next to Lake Ontario. So those growers are still growing kind of big trees and we are still kind of moving to a more modern semi-process, semi-high density planting. But still we are seeing this situation. So it's very kind of still confusing for those kind of growers who are kind of transitioning to semi or high density plantings to see or they are so used to kill the wood permanent wood and we are just trying to renew that wood and make those trees more productive. So it kinda helps picture just to say I want to put this picture, it's a sol axe system. This system is a very complicated, very beautiful perhaps the more kind of amazing way to grow an apple tree and make a system very efficient. Able to produce, originated from France by Lespinasse, and it's a lot of philosophy behind this system but we use today many of the concepts that are here, Lespinasse is also the person who developed the diverticulaxe. And today I have there that's a typical solaxe where you keep the long, long fingers and you do a lot of the spur extinction. So everything that you see at the base will remove through the years all those feathers that you need to leave there were removed so they need the first long finger or long branch with several fingers is gonna start the meter, and very long and you have different fruiting unit it's called centrifugal pruning, you have expert extinction you have a tree that is gonna be something like that hanging over and we use many of these concepts. We really manage crop log branch by branch. So we have rulered that we use in Europe there is a green ruler that I saw there in the trade show that we use branch by branch just to regulate the crop log that we need in each of those branches, okay? For a planting system like tall spindle we just measure the trunk above the ground one time. Just to measure the crop log. So we have that kind of system but this is another you know way to do it, you know? It's a two-dimensional way to grow an apple tree. Just the height and just the length. And we manipulate everything with seven wires in the case of five-wire, six-wire, or seven-wire. And if we start moving the angle we are gonna start seeing the kind of v-trellis that there's another level of precision that is the cool way of how things are moving in Washington. Just to see like it's the same idea like you manipulate everything to the perfection like in this picture like I showed you in the morning. This is Honeycrisp. Okay, but tall spindle that is the concept that we have been introducing in the last perhaps 10, 12 years. It's a combination of the slender spindle that you need to leave the ground in Holland and in Belgium. Okay? What's that shorter tree, to start keeping some permanent wood at the lower tier. And they start doing some kind of renewal in the upper section of those trees. And at the same time, if the combination the tall spindle combination of the slender spindle with the super spindle who that was developed in Germany. So you start seeing these kind of systems and you start seeing diverticulaxe and you start seeing solaxe, and from all these systems like amalgam-H and the we call that is the result of what we are seeing today for that kind of more simple tall spindle. The tall spindle is a tree, dimensional tree, where you have height, you have depth, and you have the length. Also manipulated like in a two-dimensional system like I showed you before. That was a two-dimensional planner. Oh with an angle that you start moving that vertical element, or vertical trunk whatever direction you want. One of the important things it is that I mentioned that those are bi-axis trees that is something kind of I don't know why I put that picture there together with you I just want to talk about this you start seeing this bending of feathers but I don't know if from behind of the room you can see wires. You can see those wires. It's a lot of work that was in Italy done in this tree just to bend down all those original feathers with wire. So we use the wire against the wire of that feather against another feather or the wire against the trunk or the wire against, or loop against one of the wires that you have in your trailings. And we're gonna see that then I'm gonna show you a bunch of different ways how we do that. So that is gonna give you some kind of how you start kind of edging later. These are a more mature planting of tall spindle that we have in Walcott that hopefully in the future if extension want to organize a trip it's an area that we always have trips with growers for educational study that could be great too, in the future. If you want to see something like this in the future. This picture of a kind of traditional gala, tall spindle, very tall you can see the person you have one tier, second tier, and a third tier. These trees are not pruned yet. We are gonna prune this tree by the end of February, but the picture doesn't really show the amount of renewal that we had conducted already in those three years before. Okay so, this is the result of pruning, just by pruning we ended up producing all these kind of highly productive branches. Fruiting, shoot up three or four years old. Okay, this is very important. (laughs) This is very, very important and here I put a bunch of pictures, a kind of promblemic, still this kind of concept. The traditional way to kind of bevel cut or the Dutch cut perhaps is gonna be that one. Okay, but sometimes when you are asking your employees to do the perfect bevel cut or Dutch cut, it's the same issue that I mentioned in the morning. Sometimes they're very afraid to make the wrong cut. And by doing that sometimes they ended up doing a very short cut. Or even removing or without even leaving any stuff. At all. Sometimes not all the time. Most of the times some growers do that sometimes you ended up without any stub there and you start losing the wood. But it's very tricky. So, in some cases this is an extreme situation because gala really shoots like crazy. Okay but in more weight cultivars like Honeycrisp for example, mainly Honeycrisp we're gonna show you I was thinking with sweet tango I was thinking about New York one is now dragon. If you just give to that staff the option to be a little longer I'm not saying they have to be so long like this. Of course you have to choose any bud that is coming underneath. That's the best physics for the fruit weight that is gonna be there. Okay that's the best can be on a limbification that is gonna happen. In that kind of part. But also here it's already coming one or two shoots that are gonna be coming above and perhaps the only thing that I want to stress here is that by giving bigger amount of wood but you're gonna increase your probability to get the response that we want. And later, your crew or yourselves you're gonna remove what you really want to remove. But at least you increase the probability to get the renewal that you need, okay? You can cut that later, you're gonna get the shoot growing there later you can cut but this is an extreme situation. I just want to emphasize that, I'm not saying that all the cuts should be done. With gala, you can go very short and you're gonna get a good response. You have good soil fertility, good light penetration, a good rooster that is gonna, should respond. For the weight cultivar is gonna be more difficult. For this kind of presentation that there's no roosters, there's no troubled management and no precision chemical thinning, nutrition irrigation perhaps one of the important things is the management of the branch management zone. The way how we manage the feathers. Or how another very important topic is the way how we grow the tree and how we support the tree. And another one is the correct pruning zone. That area that is gonna happen in some cases after planting for whatever plant material you got. And you're gonna start moving that as the tree starts growing. As the tree starts growing, you can let the tree grow magically and it's gonna start producing those short shoots that you want. But in some cases you need to do some things just to correct the growth of that shoot. So you sometimes you have to use more correction pruning. So this is a drawing that I have Just to kind of show you if in case you start with a whip. Like in that case, many growers are gonna start with a whip. We prefer to apply Max Cel. And we apply Max Cel after bud break. And we try to delay the application of Max Cel. But we don't recommend you to head the feather. Don't do the heading please because that was a big, big fight in our industry. I just think that in the last two or three years no more growers are doing this step at least in New York. Instead, of heading we ask you to put an application of Max Cel. A late application of Max Cel to start branching hopefully. You need to have some kind of material, green material there to get that kind of response that we want. The other one is just the typical start with a tree, and that tree is gonna grow at the end of the first growing season. Okay I put this picture because I am talking or trying to talk about corrective pruning. And in this case, the response of the angle the crutch angle that I had there that is very important to have a good crotch angle to help early spearing and fruits. It's gonna be highly related to the rooster that you use. So most of the Geneva material. Most of the Geneva material, gela and G-41, G-95 is gonna give you some of those traits. But G-95 is one of my favorites. That is gonna give, it's very obvious how the science developed that kind of it's kind of wide open. Regardless of the cultivar. Even a very narrow scion is gonna be affected by the rooster in that case. This is kind of an ideal tree it had two long feathers in that case this is an old planting. But beautiful trees I cannot say there are no beautiful trees. Those are one of the few orchards that we have in New York that we produce in the way how the trees are produced in Europe is the "knip-baum" technology. Okay we don't produce that kind of tree, nobody's producing or asking to grow those trees with that kind of nursery technology. So we just grow or bud the trees at the end of the Summer. And the following season when that shoot starts growing or we start the shooting if somebody here is a nursery man we start the shooting. We get until around 28, 29, 30 inches above the ground. And that is the moment when we start using Max Cel or pinching the terminal. Just to get the branching that we want, okay? But we don't do pinching anymore. If you have a nursery with 800,000 or 1 million trees today because a good guy just to pinch cannot do more than 7,000 or 8,000 trees per day in a nursery manually. A good guy. So you need to really do chemical branching. And that work, we have done a lot of that work with Max Cel. Max Cel is kind of tricky. You can use Max Cel if you are growing your own nursery tree perhaps you're gonna leave that whip to grow and there have been a whip. But you can pinch, you can do chemical branching with Max Cel or combine, and you have to be kind of careful in the way if you use a Streptomycin also. That is another thing perhaps. We have a lot of information I'm more than happy to share all that. So a cultivar like this, which I blocked here the tag because I don't want to say anything about this cultivar. But it's a cultivar there with a more narrow crotch angle. And if you have a tree like this one, already that is feathered even though it's a nice feather, it's coming to you but it's perhaps a little out of balance, it's telling you that it's a little out of balance need to be removed. Okay so don't hesitate to do that kind of decisions. Because if you walk the post between posts you have 20 trees, you're gonna have two or three trees that require some kind of pruning. Not all the trees but some correction you need to do and you're gonna, by walking those rows you're gonna start seeing get used to what are those feathers that you should start kinda removing. Sometimes you have to remove something that is too crowded. It's just there and it's just knowing the right place because you're gonna bother that feather that is in a better angle. You have to remove that from the get-go. So in the nursery sometimes we produce too much. In the nursery here in the US they are not doing pruning. Pruning of those trees in the nursery, can you imagine? They're not doing that stuff. In other countries in Europe they prune at the nursery level. So what they give you is the perfect tree. But here we have to prune those trees because they're coming with whatever they can produce. So we have to be a little more to work with a little more precision. This is another kind of shot I just got this one when I was working when I knew that I had a little more time. I found this picture. From a planting in Nova Scotia. And I don't know if you can see something like that. It's totally obvious that I need to go out everything below 24 inches I recommend the grower gone. Everything below 24 inches we remove, flush. We don't keep that wood there. Doesn't make any sense. About five, six years ago our recommendation was to leave feathers 20 inches above the ground but we started learning that we have to start removing that later. Because the way that the fruit and the equipment and every side doesn't make a lot of sense. So you have to start leaving 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, today we are leaving feathers starting at 27, 28 inches above the ground but our recommendation is around 24, 25. So all of that should be removed. Don't leave that step because that is taking energy also from the tree from the main lead that you want to grow. You have to single your leader, you have to remove the stuff, those are start there but you need just to grow the short shoots. Okay here I'm going to make a little bit. This is another direction, okay? We are not even close with our orchards to this kind of technology. But I just want to mention this. Because it's very important that you pay attention to why we are talking today about this. With a Fuji culture, that is going to be the best example. If you try to grow a Fuji in one single stem. And you put Fuji in a very big root stock. And on top of that you plant a Fuji with a rigorous root stock in a very highly soiled fertility, and you start doing a lot of soil fertility, what is gonna happen? It's gonna fire up, it's gonna grow a lot you know? Because Fuji tends to grow very vigorously. The same with Macoun. Macoun and Fuji they tend to grow that, as soon as you diffuse the bigger with two stems by-axis, or be-bound as it's called in Italy, you're gonna (blows) let the tree to be a little more mellow. And that is the way how you can control bigger with more highly bigger cultivars. It's as soon as you start producing that those short shoots, you start producing almost a more instant wall. Fruiting wall, okay? Our more short shoots, more imbalanced, not so out of balance when you are trying to grow a very bigger cultivar like any McIntosh in general. Any McIntosh here, we put McIntosh are different. Difficult for us, for us have been very difficult to grow. Macintosh in a tall spindle system. Because this kind of system were grown in Europe. They can have any McIntosh growing there and we are the guys that have been dealing with that kind of situation. So that here is a three-stem or a four-stem situation or two-stem situation where what you can really see is just very fine fruiting wood. And that is what we want. Okay, we can do it with one single stem like I have been saying all day today just through pruning. Okay, we can do that. But with two-stem or three-stem or four-stem it's more natural. So again I come back to the single-stem situation just to kind of explain this the way how the tree grows imagine if you didn't bend the feathers by the end of the first year or by the end of the third year you're gonna start seeing this tree that oh my God I cannot control the growth. And you start getting you know, worried. You say oh my God what should I do? It's too close, and all the feathers are growing and gala is going, going, going and they're growing. Okay in some moment, because they have been spearing, they're gonna start producing apples. And by the weight of those apples, hopefully I don't know your soil fertility here, okay and the bigger those apples start to settle down. It's a bunch of things, crop load management also. Sometimes cultivars cannot be cropped right away. Or some trees we had to crop early on. It's based on the way we manage different cultivars. But at the end, the typical tree that we shoot and draft should be something like this if we have already fruit on the trees and we start doing the renewal. In this situation we have been already doing renewal pruning. This is another interpretation. We just recommend the bending down of the feathers at least in New York just in the lower tier for the initial feathers for Fuji, especially for Fuji, but in Italy they continue doing the bending down of those feathers in the second, even in the third tier of the tree. They have even more bigger in some situations, in some blocks. So this is another drawing that I want to share with you. So this is a block, a typical block, a typical, mature block that went through very aggressive pruning. We had to make that decision in some moments was overdue, it's a bunch of stubbing backs, sorry a bunch of stubs that are there to be able to come out with that kind of canopy. That you can see there. It's the result of a lot of pruning. And here we haven't pruned yet but it's the result this is a mature tree, a mature Gela with a lot of spurs that we are going kind of remove the main, expensive side wood that we had there in those trees. Sometimes like I will mention in the morning sometimes we have so much wood that we have to start the process and we have to remove you know more than two or three long branches in some cases we had to sacrifice the tree that is too small. We shouldn't be doing perhaps that too early. That kind of pruning but in some moments we had to balance the tree. And we cannot let the tree to go too much with those long feathers or too thick. So we have to start doing the pruning sometimes we start doing this kind of pruning in Honeycrisp even though are producing feathers because we want short feathers. Sometimes we have long, long, long, long branches that need to be pruned from the base. Not just start doing things or shedding back or doing things, need to be removed to be able to start producing more jam wood in that tree. Or even in this case, this is a ginger gall, that we have been manipulating the feathers. In some cases like there we start already pruning to columnarize those feathers. That is another concept that we use for tall spindle that we start removing all those shoots. That are above those kind of feathers. Okay so here it's just to enforce this concept of a tree like Macoun where I bend down the feathers and that winter I am counting the spurs. So for each spurs I am putting a tennis ball. But here, in this Macoun tree I didn't bend feathers. And after I count the spurs those are the apple potential apple that I have there. So what I am trying to say that we are able to increase the potential, fruiting potential of any cultivar by doing these kind of techniques. And on top of that we have to start removing renewing the wood too early. We shouldn't be doing this in three or four, with that kind of, never we should be with that kind of wood too early. So here I put something I had a little more time. 3:45 okay so here I have some time because I thought it was at 2:15 but I was able to put this together. We are moving I want to share this with you we are moving from a kind of three-dimensional tree to a two-dimensional canopy. So it's less depth. We are doing that through mechanical edging in this orchard that are transitioning fruiting walls by edging them, by forming this box this box in the dormant. During the dormant pruning season. So we go there, assuming that we had been able to renew the wood that shouldn't be there. We kind surgery and we remove the wood before doing mechanical pruning. We set the box and later from that box in the during the growing season we had the shoots growing from that structure from that permanent kind of permanent structure. And we run again, the edger. So here I have a tree a gala tree just to show you the dormant cut that is there. From the main trunk. And I want to show you the length of that shaft we made the decision to run the edger around 18, 20 inches from the trunk in a case of a super spindle we are doing this situation at 12 inches from the trunk. But this is a tall spindle so we decided to do it between 18 to 20 from the trunk. Here what I am trying to show you is that is the dormant cut. That with the shoot that was growing during the season, that shoot was growing during the season, and was cut upside from the main cut during the Summer four to six inches. With the Summer cut so we have in this case those branches that are good branches they are not too thick, 18 to 20 inches we let those shoot to grow, to develop, and in some moment in the Summer that we should see when we can do that here in Wisconsin but a least for us it's at the end of July and early August, we'll run with the edger and we do the Summer cut four to six inches and we start seeing this kind of situation. So by doing that you have a dormant cut, you have Summer cut, a Summer cut but behind, many times you're not gonna have a regrowth. You're not gonna get that regrowth. What is gonna happen many times, you're gonna get a floral bud that is gonna stay there and is gonna be induced. That is the Summer cut there, that's the floral bud there that's already there. So I ensure that by doing that cut in the Summer, I am able to induce, or start producing little kind of productive units in that wall that is gonna start be filled in the future. So again I had a dormant cut, I had a Summer cut, a Summer cut but behind is the floral bud that has stayed there. Okay that is not gonna be a shoot, that is gonna be a floral but sometimes we get behind those cuts a shoot. You're gonna be a shoot a long shoot but we want a floral bud and that happened most of the time. Again in that picture, another situation with a kind of more sure shoot in the Summer and with the floral bud. So that is a picture what you can see during the Summer. Another super spindle situation this is at 12 inches from the main trunk where we did the dormant cut and in the interior of the canopy in the dormant pruning system, we are doing a dormant hand-pruning cut just to start working with the wood. So those are cuts that we don't do with the edger. We go out there with people to make those kind of cuts. Okay don't this is another, another situation this is a more tight, narrow canopy. This kind of tree that I am showing you now are not,don't be confused here. This is a canopy of 12 inches. 12 inches from the trunk where we are doing the dormant cut. Here I cannot show you yet what is gonna happen but in the interior, of that canopy we are also doing manual pruning. And it's for extinction also. To try to control the crop load that we want with those trees. Again the dormant cut at 12 inches and there I just want to show a dormant hand-pruning cut. We can be this kind of very dirty, pruning. We call this short pruning in a super spindle when these trees are 2 by 11. This is short pruning, don't be confused with long pruning that the kind of pruning that we apply to a tall spindle tree with more longer fruiting branches. Okay two totally different things. And the same thing with the spear extinction there. Renewal cut and a dormant cut in a spindle tree. Why we do this? The only reason that we are doing this stuff is because we are moving the orchard to full mechanization now. So we want to run the machines very close, very close to those canopies. This is Honeycrisp to be able to have the light that we want inside of that canopy and be very efficient. And to have those bins next to the workers. So if we talk about mistakes, perhaps those are the mindset mistakes. Okay perhaps, I don't know if those are valid or not in the Wisconsin fruit industry still. I seen some these were the mistakes that when I came here there in New York and they were saying Mario this idea is too crazy. It's too much wire, it's too much work, it doesn't make any sense. This is not for me, they were saying. Okay, it's, you don't want to try what I told you in the morning let your grandchildren try. But the agriculture management mistakes are gonna be several of these ones. And I don't know if I'm gonna have more time. Little or no advanced planning before planting the spindle orchard. That is a mistake. Inadequate soil and poor drainage preparation, late planting, growing your own nursery trees without much care, producing a whip, planting whips and heading them, planting the tree with a few and long feathers, planting trees with many but long feathers, planting a spindle orchard with short posts. We can talk about training and addressing that concept. Installing the tree support system too late and getting minimum leader growth, planting a high-density orchard without irrigation, deer fencing, little amount of time invested and none effort to manage feathers of a young and vigorous apple tree. So those are kind of from my point of view one of the most important there are many, many more little details. So let me, I can continue but I want to at some moment stop because one kind of the decision made now on the method that you're gonna use are gonna influence the success of your orchard okay? And what we are learning is that engineer of the tree and of the training system. And the trellis support. So it's so important that you really list these critical steps had to be very clear. Or you need to be exposed to those critical steps way in advance because it's too much money that is gonna be invested in this new planting. Okay this is what I was telling somebody in the morning to Honeycrisp, why maximum leader growth is so critical in a modern apple system? You know Honeycrisp is a weak growing cultivar. So for us, it kind of challenges to get to the top of that wire very soon. And it's a lot easier with gala or Fuji or with McIntosh to do it by the end of the third season. So you really with this kind of weak growing cultivars growers need to intensively manage the trees. So you have to babysit the trees. Intensively manage the trees. The first three years to achieve the desired growth. You have to do it. You have to spend and be on top of what you are trying to achieve. So I have this figure just for some of the Cornell root stalks and this is important try to pay attention because I know many of you perhaps have been working for a long time already with the M.9 clones. If you analyze the main clones, the M.9 clones M.9 you're gonna have a low vigor that is gonna be the 337. You're gonna have another one that is gonna be a little more poochy and is gonna be the Nic 29 and you're gonna have the Pajam 2 that is gonna get you more bigger. After that you're gonna have the M.26. Just if you start working with G.11, G.41, and G.94 G.11 is gonna be in the low vigor. Okay, G.11 is a little depending on the situation of the soil fertility, but it's gonna give you a little less push than G.41. And G.41 in some situations is gonna work for Honeycrisp. But for Honeycrisp, a more weight cultivar we definitely are gonna recommend G.95. G.95 is gonna give you the push of M.26, it's gonna give you the push of G.30 like years ago like many growers still love G.30. Many growers. Even though it's brittle, it's this and that, and still the Geneva is serious. It has a bunch of problems in the nursery still but we are still trying to figure out how we're gonna grow these trees in the nursery. Okay we are doing a bunch and here I want to disclose we know that exactly what is happening with the Geneva but you cannot compare the Geneva with the M.9's. It's like trying to compare apples with oranges, okay? Not what worked for an M.9 in a nursery is gonna work for what we do with a Geneva in the nursery. So we are adopting different technology even the grafting technology that we are using and all the trials that we are doing perhaps are gonna be changed in the future. You have to stake all the Geneva material. All those trees in the nursery have to be staked. All those trees. Okay that is mandatory. If you are not staking and you are growing your own nursery trees and you think that you don't have to stake those trees are brittle. They can break. Okay and we are seeing that so that is an important thing to say. But 95 is a monster. It's gonna give you a huge production and we are finding today that in order of our Genevas coming in the future not still available is 890. 890 is working very well in our trials in Washington and in New York also. So we are gonna have more things. 355? Okay, so, one important thing is that we can select the leader. When we're growing the tree. And for many years we have been saying hey remove the buds. Remove bud number two, three and four below the main leader when it's growing. But to be honest with you when I came here, it's not real data telling me that by doing that you're gonna get two or three or four more inches of growth compared with untreated. Okay so as soon as you do it, so as soon as you do it, the better. Whatever the labor that you have. But as soon as you can cut that with clippers it's also good. Most of the growers if they cannot remove the buds, you can do that stuff by clipping those shoots and selecting the main leader by selecting the main leader and pushing that leader to grow and fill the space. But the other important thing is that leader that shoot had to be well-supported. If that shoot is not well-supported, you're losing, you're losing. Okay you're not gonna get the 18, 19, or 24 inches or in some cases 30 inches of shoot growth that we should get per season. I don't know how much your shoots grow here in this area but you start, you can you should get that stuff. The other one is irrigation, okay? Many growers they don't irrigate. And it's very, very important. The tall spindle planting, planting is gonna need at least 500 gallons of water for irrigation per day per acre. Okay and later when they get to maturity they're gonna use more or less between 4 to 5,000 gallons per day per acre. So you have to irrigate. You have to babysit those roots are very shallow, okay? I don't know your precipitation here but if you see the weather pattern for the last ten years, every of those ten years two or three years are dry Summers. I don't know how was your Summer in 2011, I don't know how was your Summer in 2012, but those were very dry Summers, okay? And you are establishing a very highly demanding cultivar you need to put the irrigation, okay? So that is very important to have irrigation available there. So you have to babysit your trees all growing season right away. So important those trees taking care of them as much as you can. You have to apply calcium, calcium nitrate. We recommend one quarter per pound around the tree and about three or four weeks after we apply again and we start seeing by magic that it was just a whip. But the tree start to respond and start producing those shoots. Another one is the wire, the support, the one-wire or two-wire or three-wire but you have to support that tree all the way. So we have the four-wire, we have the five wires the three wires plus the stabilizer that could be bamboo a piece of bamboo I kind of we have been doing a lot with the wire stabilizer but it's a lot better to do it perhaps with a piece of bamboo, this is still very popular one wire with a conduct you can grow a nice tree anyway. But this is I think so the key. If you put those wires, don't let those wires be no more than 25 or 28 inches between space. Because every time that you ask that shoot that is trying to grow to go beyond that distance you're not gonna be able to reach that wire. That growing season and you're not gonna be able to support that tree where it should be. So don't do it more than 25 inches, 25, 25, 25, 25. And as the tree starts growing vertically, de fruit that section. The last section. Just de fruit in those weak trees, especially in a weak tree like Honeycrisp. De fruit that section. Make sure that you don't expose that tree to have any additional weight. Okay de fruit that tree until it's able to get to the next wire. Support that tree there until it starts to lignify. And produce wood. But don't ask, never ask to that shoot to crop. That is the biggest mistake, you're gonna break that shoot there. You need to at least give the opportunity. This grower that put four wires okay and he figured out oh my God this is Honeycrisp. He went a bunch of growers from Wayne county went to China and got this stuff they brought this fiberglass stakes and they put in those ones just to support with that machine that they showed you in the morning. There's a machine that is above the two rows. Just to put those fiberglass just to support the terminal because those trees were moving back and forth and you get the growth. Okay so, branch management. I think so you need to invest the necessary time and especially for Fuji. Especially with Macoun you have to use the wire you have to use the Avis-strip that I know you have that one here. So you can use the wire, you can use the Avis-strip, the Avis-strip is very nice you can do whatever you want to do with that. Move it one direction and another one. You can attach to the main trunk and start bending down all those feathers initially with that angle below the result. That is the key, it's a very ugly angle below the result. Okay you start using rubber bands that is another thing it's more difficult especially if we have the lip but you can start this rubber band six-month-life with 880. And we start doing and we ended up with a very ugly tree, okay? But definitely are below our result. That is why we want with the rubber band. Okay don't do that don't get the feather just look around with the wire against the trunk. Whatever you want to do don't do other stuff just turn it around and you're gonna end up with that kind of feather. So final thoughts to avoid unnecessary mistake. I seriously say everything with higher density planting, the impact of a mistake on your part or the lack of not doing the important thing is higher than with lower planting density. Okay that is saying a lot. And everything had to be done early, early. Good support is critical. Early, good irrigation, and a bunch of things. It's a lot of reading there I don't wanna really-- I wanna have time for questions. Fencing I think I mentioned something in the morning. It's very important we can really justify a job by the amount of planting that we have there with the losses that we had 25% more by deer fencing. We really can justify the deer fence in our industry with more than kind of 600 acres planted in 2013 and 14. We were able to justify 70 miles of deer fence. So we are really convinced that the deer fence is a very important thing that had to be included in the budget from the beginning. And with that I am done. Okay thank you so much. (applause)

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How to planting shrubs in Wet Heavy Soils

Experiencefourcowfarm Published the article • 0 comments • 119 views • 2017-09-23 03:30 • came from similar tags

 

 
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Welcome to The Family Plot. I'm Chris Cooper. Joining me today is Joellen Diamond. Joellen is a TSU extension agent in Tipton County. And we also have a number of master gardeners from Shelby and Tipton Counties here to help us out today. All right, Joellen. We got our soil tested. Let's see what those readings are. - Yeah. - How about that? - [Joellen] Well, it came back with the soil pH of 7.72, which is a little high. - [Chris] Mmm, it's high. - [Joellen] And everything else seems to be somewhat okay, but obviously we're gonna need to fertilize the plants. - [Chris] Sure, sure. - And we might want to put some acid, some sulfur down at some point to try to change the pH at the very top of the soil. - [Chris] Right, need to lower it a little bit. - A little bit, just to help the plants out. - [Chris] Okay. - But we've got to analyze the site before we could design it, so this was one of the first things we did. - That's right, 'cause we always tell people what? Soil test. - Soil test. Always soil test. - It is that important, folks. - It is that important. And next thing we gotta do is, I've been told it's notoriously wet here. So we've done a percolation test. - [Chris] Yes. - And oh my. - [Chris] Look at that. (laughing) The water's just standing there. - The water's standing, and I guess it's been there for a day or so, just still standing. So we have absolutely, it doesn't look like there's much percolation at all in this soil. - I would say none, how about that? - Yeah. - That looks like it's been there for a little while. - It's been there for awhile. Well, the next thing we know, we've got a lot of mulch here, and a lot of mulch has been piled up onto the trunks of the trees, which we know is not a good thing because that will end up rotting the base of the tree and then the tree will fall over. - [Chris] Okay. - So we really don't want to do that. But just because the soil is so compact here, let's kind of look and see what we can find, what's going on, because it would be nice to amend this soil, but we need to find out what's going on first, so let's get some of this mulch away from the tree. - [Chris] All right. - It's a lot back. Oh, and look here. We're already coming up against feeder roots from this tree which are end up being, they're growing not in the soil, but in this large mulch layer, which also means that they're above the natural grade of this tree than when it was originally planted. The roots are not growing into the soil as much as they are growing on the surface of the soil. - [Chris] And those were actually some nice looking roots, but guess what? We don't see any root flares, either. - No, there's no root flares. There's nothing. Well, this takes us to a different level. If this means that this tree has got a lot of its feeder roots in this mulch layer, we, and the percolation test shows that the soil does not drain, if we actually till this bed and incorporated this mulch into the hardpan soil, we would end up creating a swimming pool for the plants. I don't think we really want to do that. - I don't think the plants would enjoy that, either. - No, so we're going to have to find some, use some plants that can take some wet conditions. - Okay. - And we're going to have to do something that I rarely do, but in this situation, we're going to try to plant a lot above the soil. So we're gonna plant some of the plants in the actual soil and not create a trough and we will build up the bed just around each individual plant. - Wow, okay. So the planting material that we're talking about actually can survive in wet soils, but not really thrive in wet soils? Is that what we're saying? - Correct. - [Chris] Okay. - And also wet soils, this isn't a bog. - [Chris] Right. - But yet the soil is so compact and it stays so wet all the time, that it acts like one. But because it's so dense, it's not really bog soil material because bog soil is loose and this is not. So this is a completely different situation. - Right, compact. (laughing) - [Joellen] Very compact. - [Chris] For sure. - Well, Chris, I've drawn up a plan here for us for the front of this building, and what I've done is given it an evergreen background behind us with using some Illicium floridanum or Florida anise, and some Ilex vomitoria, Shillings Dwarf, or a Dwarf Yaupon Holly. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And then for some color in the front, and to give some more texture, we've gone with some Spiraea japonica Anthony Waterer, the Anthony Waterer spirea. And then some Stella de Oro daylilies, 'cause daylilies can take water, wet conditions, too. And we've gone with an Acorus gramineus Ogen, the Sweet Flag, and some Plumbagos, some perennials. And of course we've got these wonderful cannas that have lived and done well, and cannas can stand wet feet. So we are going to take those and divide them up and spread them out throughout the landscape. - [Chris] Okay. All right, well I actually know some of those plant materials, so this should be fun, don't you think? - Yeah, this, I'm hoping most homeowners that have trouble like we have here can find these plants very easily, 'cause these are fairly common plants in the landscape at nurseries and out around town in garden centers. - Right. And these are the ones that are of course are recommended for areas like this. - [Joellen] Yes. - [Chris] Okay. - Well, first thing we're going to do is set the plants out according to the plan. And this is built on a 1/8 of an inch scale equals one foot. So I have my ruler that measures out how many feet they are in the plan. And measuring tape to measure out the feet and we are trying to set them out exactly how it is laid out on the plan. The first plant we're gonna plant after we've laid out all of our evergreen background is this Florida anise. - [Chris] Okay. - And the Florida anise likes, can take wet soil, but it also likes shade. And since we have these lovely trees here. - Ah, shade. - And these, the reason why these trees probably survived is the fact that these are Magnolia virginiana, which is a native magnolia, but it's also a common name called swamp magnolia, meaning it can take wet soils. So that's probably why they have lived. - Which these are. - Which is what we have. So what we're going to do is we've laid these out. Now we're gonna plant this one Florida anise. - Okay. - And what we're gonna do is plant the container, the root ball 2/3 in the soil, in the actual soil, and keep the actual soil the same. And then we are going to be amending the top third of the soil and making a mound around it so it'll have some nice well-drained soil to grow in. - [Chris] Okay. - We'll scrape off our mulch to start with. - Which there's a lot of. - Which there is quite a bit of. - [Chris] And there are your roots. - Then we've got roots of the magnolia that we're gonna have to contend with. And by us not tilling this ground, we are also not gonna disturb all of these roots. So that the tree can have as many roots as possible to live in this terrible soil condition. Well, we've come to some major roots for this tree and we don't want to disturb 'em. So we're going to move our plant slightly because the plant will grow and fill in the area. Yeah, you see they fertilized this already, so we don't have to add any fertilizer 'cause they've already done it this season. And the root ball seems to be very nice. We've got a few circling roots here. We might just wanna kind of loosen those up a little bit so it'll stop circling. We will set this down in the hole. And make sure it faces out nice. The nicest part faces out towards the view. And of course the one thing we gotta remember to do is take off the plant tags. It's nice for you to remember, but people forget and leave them on there and it will girdle this branch right here if you continue to leave it on. So we want to take it off. - And I always like to inspect the plant material for diseased leaves or anything that's broken, anything like that. - We might need some soil. Let me put a little bit at the base of this, the existing soil. So we don't want to change that because of the percolation test. There we go, and now we'll add some soil. - Ready for this? - With our amendment. And we'll build up around the plant. Just do one around and then we'll incorporate some of that existing soil in. Then we will continue to add. - [Chris] All right. - All right, let's see if we can put some more soil around there. Just another ring like that and that should be enough. That looks good. Yeah, you have the whole bag and then people want to put the whole bag down, but you really don't need to. You just need as much as you need. So you can use that soil for something else or another plant. But as you see, we're not really burying the plant. It's about at the same soil surface. So we're really not burying the top crown of the plant. We're mixing, incorporating the soil into the existing soil that's here. And we'll put just a little bit on top just to cover it up. Now when you come back and you mulch this, that will seal it up nice. But you'll see that it's several, a few inches above the existing grade so it will drain, and have somewhere nice to be in. - All right, so Joellen, why did we choose this particular plant for this site? - Well, this is a Dwarf Youpan Holly. One way is it will stay short, and is a nice foundation plant. Also, it can take the wet soils that we have and it's a nice evergreen background to what we're gonna have planted in front of it. - Okay. - But it should do very well here. In fact, the Youpan Holly is one of the most favorite landscape plants for foundation plants. They just do well here and in so many different wide varieties of sites including the wet soil like we have. - Okay, okay. I'll move that for you. And we're still gonna plant this the same way? - [Joellen] Same way. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] Yeah, 'cause we want to see, I mean, one shovel and I'm coming into roots. - [Chris] Right. - [Joellen] So that's just what it's gonna be like. - Okay, let me take that over from you, Joellen. - [Joellen] That looks good. - [Chris] Okay. - So what we'll do is take the plant out of the pot, set it down, and see that we're 2/3 in the ground. So that's a good depth. - How does that root system look to you? - Now this root system is a little more compacted, so this is where I would cut them. - Yeah, there you go. Knew you'd need those. - [Joellen] Thank you. Yes, and a lot of times I'll just use these, but I'll just make vertical slits in the root system every few inches and just break up those circling roots so that they'll start growing out instead of circling. Yeah. - [Chris] Oh, you're mad at it. You trimmed it. - I usually, you know, I usually try not to use my clippers simply because they, that dulls the blade, but I always sharpen my blades anyway, so but you can use shovels. - [Chris] That's a good practice. - Some people have different pruning saws. Sometimes they'll use those to score it. Anything to get the circling roots from stopping to circle the plant. - [Chris] Okay. - And we'll plant this. Make sure we have the nice side facing out. Make sure it's level. And we'll backfill the bottom part with the native soil. It's not as porous. And then we'll put some-- - [Chris] Ready for your soil? - Amendment soil, yeah. I'll put a ring around it and incorporate the native soil with it. - [Chris] Need a little more or? - I think that's good enough 'cause again, we don't want to put it over the crown of the plant. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And we're right up at the top of the plant right here. As you see it's a little raised area right around the plant. So it'll have some good air movement for the roots. - [Chris] That looks good, Joellen. - Chris, the next plant we're gonna plant are these Anthony Waterer spirea. And they like wet feet, too. But they will bloom nice pinkish-red flowers. - [Chris] Nice. - [Joellen] For the majority of the summer, so it'll be a really nice addition with the green background to this landscape. - [Chris] Okay, lovely looking plant, don't you think? - Beautiful plant. The one thing is, they will lose their leaves in the winter, they are deciduous. But that's okay because we've got our green background to take up for it in the winter. Now we can measure. You can measure with a ruler, but if you don't have a ruler, you can always measure with your shovel, and the bottom of our hole is there. The top of it is here. So we've got enough, it's deep enough. So now we'll take it out of the pot and plant it. This must be a little root bound because I've-- - [Chris] Is it tough to get out? - I have to squish it. There we go. And yes, you can see these roots are quite root bound, so we will have to slice them. And we'll show them how to do that with a shovel. - [Chris] Okay. - It's the same principle. Vertical slices. Insides. Especially the ones... - [Chris] Up at the top. - [Joellen] At the top 'cause that's where it's gonna take hold first. - Is that good enough? Do you want the pruners? - I might use the pruners on this top part. It seems to be very tough. That's why sometimes a knife, a garden knife, it's nice to have a garden knife. There's all sorts of tools you can use. Now level off the bottom of the hole. - [Chris] Okay. - Set it in and we'll make sure it's faced correctly. And we'll backfill with the existing soil that's got poor drainage. (Chris laughing) For the bottom of the root ball. And then we'll add some amendments. - [Chris] Okay. - You can use just about any kind of amendment you want to. We're using bags of topsoil for this. Organic humus, your own compost, anything will work. You just have to incorporate it with the existing soil. And of course we want to check and make sure that it doesn't get too far over the existing soil level and smooth it out. And that will give this plant a space to grow. - All right, Joellen, now we have cannas. What are we gonna do with these? - Well, part of them we're gonna leave here. - [Chris] Okay. - And the other half we're gonna move down and fill in the next two sections. - Okay. And it's gonna be better for us to use the back half, do you think? - I think we're gonna use the back half of this 'cause it's kind of under, hanging under this canopy, and they like sun, so we're gonna leave the front half. - [Chris] Okay, good. - I'm using a digging fork. We'll start with that. 'Cause we don't want to disturb the roots too much. - [Chris] Joellen, will this hurt the cannas, digging them up like that? - [Joellen] No, they can be divided. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It might not be the most ideal time of year to divide them, but they will be fine. - [Chris] All right, okay. - [Joellen] Now the roots that we've exposed, we need to bury again. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It seems to be just like the tree, growing in the top part of the mulch, so. There we go. We were never here. Now we're gonna go to the next section where we're gonna plant these. - [Chris] Okay. - Okay, now we're gonna have to dig a slight little hole. Not very deep because these roots are not deep at all. Then we've got a lot of roots from this tree here, too. Okay, Chris. - Okay, you ready? - Let's set yours in. - [Chris] How does that look? - [Joellen] It looks good. - [Chris] Okay. - And we don't want to bury the tubers, just the roots. So we don't need to add anything to this extra than what we've already got. And they look nice. - Oh, they look happy, Joellen. - Now we're gonna lay out all of the rest of the one gallon material. There are different shapes and sizes of it, but it's all one gallon material, and we are going to lay it out to make it look nice. We have the number of plants that we have on our plan, but we don't have to measure every space that that goes in because we will just set it out and make it look good in real life. We've got them all set out. Now we're gonna plant the last three different types of plants that we have in this landscape. The first is the Stella de Oro daylily. Daylilies can stand wet feet, so that's why we've picked them. And the Stella de Oro, except from the very heat of the summer, it will probably get two blooms out of it in the season. Earlier in the summer and then maybe later towards fall. - [Chris] Okay. - Then we've got this blue Plumbago, so that'll be a nice blue against the yellow that we have here. This will spread out and act as a groundcover and it also can take some wet feet. - [Chris] Okay. - The last is the Sweet Flag. The yellow. And this is just a groundcover, nice spiky plant into all of the round leaves that we have. And will make a nice yellow statement here year round 'cause this is evergreen. These two, the Plumbago and the Stella de Oro, they will die back in the winter, but the Acorus, the Sweet Flag, that will stay that color all year long. - How about that? That's pretty good. - Now we're gonna plant these just like we did the others. - [Chris] Okay. - We're gonna plant 2/3 in the ground and 1/3 out of the ground, and we'll add a little soil amend around it for them to have a place to grow. - Okay. All right, let's do it. What do you think about the root systems here? - Yeah, we're gonna have to tease these a little bit, try to straighten them up just a little bit. We want to keep that circling pattern. We want to disrupt it so it will stop circling and anchor itself out into the soil. And if you'll just give me some-- - [Chris] Some soil? - Just a little bit of soil there to mix with this that we have. - [Chris] Tell me when. - [Joellen] That's good. And mix this with what we've got. Small raised area. - [Chris] That looks good. - [Joellen] And there's the daylily. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And this we'll start. - [Chris] Plumbago. - [Joellen] You can scrape the mulch back just a little bit. You don't need to incorporate that in and we can top dress with that. Still lots of good mulch here. - How much does this spread? - [Joellen] Two or three feet. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It depends on how happy it is. - [Chris] A-ha. Got it? - [Joellen] And those look nice. I'm not gonna disturb those. That's a little low so I'm gonna put some more natural dirt back in. And I don't want air pockets. We need to break that up. And if you'll give me just a little bit of soil just like you did before. That's good. There we go. - [Chris] Be happy. - [Joellen] There's the Plumbago. - [Chris] Okay. - Okay. - What about that one? - Now this one is pretty good. Maybe just tease it a little bit. - [Chris] Okay. - But it's not got that many roots that are circling, and that will ensure that they don't. And of course backfill with the original soil. And you can add some amendment. That's good. There we go, nice mound. - [Chris] Right. - [Joellen] Make sure we stay out of the crown of the plant. There, we've got all three of these planted. Now let's go ahead and plant the rest of all the plants. - All right, let's do it. (upbeat country music) Joellen, this bed looks much better than it did when we first got started today. - Yes, it does. And the yellow Acorus and the Stella de Oro daylilies just really make the landscape pop. - That looks so good. We appreciate you comin' by, designing this for us and you know, picking out the right plant material that we need for this. - I can't wait to see it in the next year. - I can't wait, as well.


 
 
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Welcome to The Family Plot. I'm Chris Cooper. Joining me today is Joellen Diamond. Joellen is a TSU extension agent in Tipton County. And we also have a number of master gardeners from Shelby and Tipton Counties here to help us out today. All right, Joellen. We got our soil tested. Let's see what those readings are. - Yeah. - How about that? - [Joellen] Well, it came back with the soil pH of 7.72, which is a little high. - [Chris] Mmm, it's high. - [Joellen] And everything else seems to be somewhat okay, but obviously we're gonna need to fertilize the plants. - [Chris] Sure, sure. - And we might want to put some acid, some sulfur down at some point to try to change the pH at the very top of the soil. - [Chris] Right, need to lower it a little bit. - A little bit, just to help the plants out. - [Chris] Okay. - But we've got to analyze the site before we could design it, so this was one of the first things we did. - That's right, 'cause we always tell people what? Soil test. - Soil test. Always soil test. - It is that important, folks. - It is that important. And next thing we gotta do is, I've been told it's notoriously wet here. So we've done a percolation test. - [Chris] Yes. - And oh my. - [Chris] Look at that. (laughing) The water's just standing there. - The water's standing, and I guess it's been there for a day or so, just still standing. So we have absolutely, it doesn't look like there's much percolation at all in this soil. - I would say none, how about that? - Yeah. - That looks like it's been there for a little while. - It's been there for awhile. Well, the next thing we know, we've got a lot of mulch here, and a lot of mulch has been piled up onto the trunks of the trees, which we know is not a good thing because that will end up rotting the base of the tree and then the tree will fall over. - [Chris] Okay. - So we really don't want to do that. But just because the soil is so compact here, let's kind of look and see what we can find, what's going on, because it would be nice to amend this soil, but we need to find out what's going on first, so let's get some of this mulch away from the tree. - [Chris] All right. - It's a lot back. Oh, and look here. We're already coming up against feeder roots from this tree which are end up being, they're growing not in the soil, but in this large mulch layer, which also means that they're above the natural grade of this tree than when it was originally planted. The roots are not growing into the soil as much as they are growing on the surface of the soil. - [Chris] And those were actually some nice looking roots, but guess what? We don't see any root flares, either. - No, there's no root flares. There's nothing. Well, this takes us to a different level. If this means that this tree has got a lot of its feeder roots in this mulch layer, we, and the percolation test shows that the soil does not drain, if we actually till this bed and incorporated this mulch into the hardpan soil, we would end up creating a swimming pool for the plants. I don't think we really want to do that. - I don't think the plants would enjoy that, either. - No, so we're going to have to find some, use some plants that can take some wet conditions. - Okay. - And we're going to have to do something that I rarely do, but in this situation, we're going to try to plant a lot above the soil. So we're gonna plant some of the plants in the actual soil and not create a trough and we will build up the bed just around each individual plant. - Wow, okay. So the planting material that we're talking about actually can survive in wet soils, but not really thrive in wet soils? Is that what we're saying? - Correct. - [Chris] Okay. - And also wet soils, this isn't a bog. - [Chris] Right. - But yet the soil is so compact and it stays so wet all the time, that it acts like one. But because it's so dense, it's not really bog soil material because bog soil is loose and this is not. So this is a completely different situation. - Right, compact. (laughing) - [Joellen] Very compact. - [Chris] For sure. - Well, Chris, I've drawn up a plan here for us for the front of this building, and what I've done is given it an evergreen background behind us with using some Illicium floridanum or Florida anise, and some Ilex vomitoria, Shillings Dwarf, or a Dwarf Yaupon Holly. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And then for some color in the front, and to give some more texture, we've gone with some Spiraea japonica Anthony Waterer, the Anthony Waterer spirea. And then some Stella de Oro daylilies, 'cause daylilies can take water, wet conditions, too. And we've gone with an Acorus gramineus Ogen, the Sweet Flag, and some Plumbagos, some perennials. And of course we've got these wonderful cannas that have lived and done well, and cannas can stand wet feet. So we are going to take those and divide them up and spread them out throughout the landscape. - [Chris] Okay. All right, well I actually know some of those plant materials, so this should be fun, don't you think? - Yeah, this, I'm hoping most homeowners that have trouble like we have here can find these plants very easily, 'cause these are fairly common plants in the landscape at nurseries and out around town in garden centers. - Right. And these are the ones that are of course are recommended for areas like this. - [Joellen] Yes. - [Chris] Okay. - Well, first thing we're going to do is set the plants out according to the plan. And this is built on a 1/8 of an inch scale equals one foot. So I have my ruler that measures out how many feet they are in the plan. And measuring tape to measure out the feet and we are trying to set them out exactly how it is laid out on the plan. The first plant we're gonna plant after we've laid out all of our evergreen background is this Florida anise. - [Chris] Okay. - And the Florida anise likes, can take wet soil, but it also likes shade. And since we have these lovely trees here. - Ah, shade. - And these, the reason why these trees probably survived is the fact that these are Magnolia virginiana, which is a native magnolia, but it's also a common name called swamp magnolia, meaning it can take wet soils. So that's probably why they have lived. - Which these are. - Which is what we have. So what we're going to do is we've laid these out. Now we're gonna plant this one Florida anise. - Okay. - And what we're gonna do is plant the container, the root ball 2/3 in the soil, in the actual soil, and keep the actual soil the same. And then we are going to be amending the top third of the soil and making a mound around it so it'll have some nice well-drained soil to grow in. - [Chris] Okay. - We'll scrape off our mulch to start with. - Which there's a lot of. - Which there is quite a bit of. - [Chris] And there are your roots. - Then we've got roots of the magnolia that we're gonna have to contend with. And by us not tilling this ground, we are also not gonna disturb all of these roots. So that the tree can have as many roots as possible to live in this terrible soil condition. Well, we've come to some major roots for this tree and we don't want to disturb 'em. So we're going to move our plant slightly because the plant will grow and fill in the area. Yeah, you see they fertilized this already, so we don't have to add any fertilizer 'cause they've already done it this season. And the root ball seems to be very nice. We've got a few circling roots here. We might just wanna kind of loosen those up a little bit so it'll stop circling. We will set this down in the hole. And make sure it faces out nice. The nicest part faces out towards the view. And of course the one thing we gotta remember to do is take off the plant tags. It's nice for you to remember, but people forget and leave them on there and it will girdle this branch right here if you continue to leave it on. So we want to take it off. - And I always like to inspect the plant material for diseased leaves or anything that's broken, anything like that. - We might need some soil. Let me put a little bit at the base of this, the existing soil. So we don't want to change that because of the percolation test. There we go, and now we'll add some soil. - Ready for this? - With our amendment. And we'll build up around the plant. Just do one around and then we'll incorporate some of that existing soil in. Then we will continue to add. - [Chris] All right. - All right, let's see if we can put some more soil around there. Just another ring like that and that should be enough. That looks good. Yeah, you have the whole bag and then people want to put the whole bag down, but you really don't need to. You just need as much as you need. So you can use that soil for something else or another plant. But as you see, we're not really burying the plant. It's about at the same soil surface. So we're really not burying the top crown of the plant. We're mixing, incorporating the soil into the existing soil that's here. And we'll put just a little bit on top just to cover it up. Now when you come back and you mulch this, that will seal it up nice. But you'll see that it's several, a few inches above the existing grade so it will drain, and have somewhere nice to be in. - All right, so Joellen, why did we choose this particular plant for this site? - Well, this is a Dwarf Youpan Holly. One way is it will stay short, and is a nice foundation plant. Also, it can take the wet soils that we have and it's a nice evergreen background to what we're gonna have planted in front of it. - Okay. - But it should do very well here. In fact, the Youpan Holly is one of the most favorite landscape plants for foundation plants. They just do well here and in so many different wide varieties of sites including the wet soil like we have. - Okay, okay. I'll move that for you. And we're still gonna plant this the same way? - [Joellen] Same way. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] Yeah, 'cause we want to see, I mean, one shovel and I'm coming into roots. - [Chris] Right. - [Joellen] So that's just what it's gonna be like. - Okay, let me take that over from you, Joellen. - [Joellen] That looks good. - [Chris] Okay. - So what we'll do is take the plant out of the pot, set it down, and see that we're 2/3 in the ground. So that's a good depth. - How does that root system look to you? - Now this root system is a little more compacted, so this is where I would cut them. - Yeah, there you go. Knew you'd need those. - [Joellen] Thank you. Yes, and a lot of times I'll just use these, but I'll just make vertical slits in the root system every few inches and just break up those circling roots so that they'll start growing out instead of circling. Yeah. - [Chris] Oh, you're mad at it. You trimmed it. - I usually, you know, I usually try not to use my clippers simply because they, that dulls the blade, but I always sharpen my blades anyway, so but you can use shovels. - [Chris] That's a good practice. - Some people have different pruning saws. Sometimes they'll use those to score it. Anything to get the circling roots from stopping to circle the plant. - [Chris] Okay. - And we'll plant this. Make sure we have the nice side facing out. Make sure it's level. And we'll backfill the bottom part with the native soil. It's not as porous. And then we'll put some-- - [Chris] Ready for your soil? - Amendment soil, yeah. I'll put a ring around it and incorporate the native soil with it. - [Chris] Need a little more or? - I think that's good enough 'cause again, we don't want to put it over the crown of the plant. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And we're right up at the top of the plant right here. As you see it's a little raised area right around the plant. So it'll have some good air movement for the roots. - [Chris] That looks good, Joellen. - Chris, the next plant we're gonna plant are these Anthony Waterer spirea. And they like wet feet, too. But they will bloom nice pinkish-red flowers. - [Chris] Nice. - [Joellen] For the majority of the summer, so it'll be a really nice addition with the green background to this landscape. - [Chris] Okay, lovely looking plant, don't you think? - Beautiful plant. The one thing is, they will lose their leaves in the winter, they are deciduous. But that's okay because we've got our green background to take up for it in the winter. Now we can measure. You can measure with a ruler, but if you don't have a ruler, you can always measure with your shovel, and the bottom of our hole is there. The top of it is here. So we've got enough, it's deep enough. So now we'll take it out of the pot and plant it. This must be a little root bound because I've-- - [Chris] Is it tough to get out? - I have to squish it. There we go. And yes, you can see these roots are quite root bound, so we will have to slice them. And we'll show them how to do that with a shovel. - [Chris] Okay. - It's the same principle. Vertical slices. Insides. Especially the ones... - [Chris] Up at the top. - [Joellen] At the top 'cause that's where it's gonna take hold first. - Is that good enough? Do you want the pruners? - I might use the pruners on this top part. It seems to be very tough. That's why sometimes a knife, a garden knife, it's nice to have a garden knife. There's all sorts of tools you can use. Now level off the bottom of the hole. - [Chris] Okay. - Set it in and we'll make sure it's faced correctly. And we'll backfill with the existing soil that's got poor drainage. (Chris laughing) For the bottom of the root ball. And then we'll add some amendments. - [Chris] Okay. - You can use just about any kind of amendment you want to. We're using bags of topsoil for this. Organic humus, your own compost, anything will work. You just have to incorporate it with the existing soil. And of course we want to check and make sure that it doesn't get too far over the existing soil level and smooth it out. And that will give this plant a space to grow. - All right, Joellen, now we have cannas. What are we gonna do with these? - Well, part of them we're gonna leave here. - [Chris] Okay. - And the other half we're gonna move down and fill in the next two sections. - Okay. And it's gonna be better for us to use the back half, do you think? - I think we're gonna use the back half of this 'cause it's kind of under, hanging under this canopy, and they like sun, so we're gonna leave the front half. - [Chris] Okay, good. - I'm using a digging fork. We'll start with that. 'Cause we don't want to disturb the roots too much. - [Chris] Joellen, will this hurt the cannas, digging them up like that? - [Joellen] No, they can be divided. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It might not be the most ideal time of year to divide them, but they will be fine. - [Chris] All right, okay. - [Joellen] Now the roots that we've exposed, we need to bury again. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It seems to be just like the tree, growing in the top part of the mulch, so. There we go. We were never here. Now we're gonna go to the next section where we're gonna plant these. - [Chris] Okay. - Okay, now we're gonna have to dig a slight little hole. Not very deep because these roots are not deep at all. Then we've got a lot of roots from this tree here, too. Okay, Chris. - Okay, you ready? - Let's set yours in. - [Chris] How does that look? - [Joellen] It looks good. - [Chris] Okay. - And we don't want to bury the tubers, just the roots. So we don't need to add anything to this extra than what we've already got. And they look nice. - Oh, they look happy, Joellen. - Now we're gonna lay out all of the rest of the one gallon material. There are different shapes and sizes of it, but it's all one gallon material, and we are going to lay it out to make it look nice. We have the number of plants that we have on our plan, but we don't have to measure every space that that goes in because we will just set it out and make it look good in real life. We've got them all set out. Now we're gonna plant the last three different types of plants that we have in this landscape. The first is the Stella de Oro daylily. Daylilies can stand wet feet, so that's why we've picked them. And the Stella de Oro, except from the very heat of the summer, it will probably get two blooms out of it in the season. Earlier in the summer and then maybe later towards fall. - [Chris] Okay. - Then we've got this blue Plumbago, so that'll be a nice blue against the yellow that we have here. This will spread out and act as a groundcover and it also can take some wet feet. - [Chris] Okay. - The last is the Sweet Flag. The yellow. And this is just a groundcover, nice spiky plant into all of the round leaves that we have. And will make a nice yellow statement here year round 'cause this is evergreen. These two, the Plumbago and the Stella de Oro, they will die back in the winter, but the Acorus, the Sweet Flag, that will stay that color all year long. - How about that? That's pretty good. - Now we're gonna plant these just like we did the others. - [Chris] Okay. - We're gonna plant 2/3 in the ground and 1/3 out of the ground, and we'll add a little soil amend around it for them to have a place to grow. - Okay. All right, let's do it. What do you think about the root systems here? - Yeah, we're gonna have to tease these a little bit, try to straighten them up just a little bit. We want to keep that circling pattern. We want to disrupt it so it will stop circling and anchor itself out into the soil. And if you'll just give me some-- - [Chris] Some soil? - Just a little bit of soil there to mix with this that we have. - [Chris] Tell me when. - [Joellen] That's good. And mix this with what we've got. Small raised area. - [Chris] That looks good. - [Joellen] And there's the daylily. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] And this we'll start. - [Chris] Plumbago. - [Joellen] You can scrape the mulch back just a little bit. You don't need to incorporate that in and we can top dress with that. Still lots of good mulch here. - How much does this spread? - [Joellen] Two or three feet. - [Chris] Okay. - [Joellen] It depends on how happy it is. - [Chris] A-ha. Got it? - [Joellen] And those look nice. I'm not gonna disturb those. That's a little low so I'm gonna put some more natural dirt back in. And I don't want air pockets. We need to break that up. And if you'll give me just a little bit of soil just like you did before. That's good. There we go. - [Chris] Be happy. - [Joellen] There's the Plumbago. - [Chris] Okay. - Okay. - What about that one? - Now this one is pretty good. Maybe just tease it a little bit. - [Chris] Okay. - But it's not got that many roots that are circling, and that will ensure that they don't. And of course backfill with the original soil. And you can add some amendment. That's good. There we go, nice mound. - [Chris] Right. - [Joellen] Make sure we stay out of the crown of the plant. There, we've got all three of these planted. Now let's go ahead and plant the rest of all the plants. - All right, let's do it. (upbeat country music) Joellen, this bed looks much better than it did when we first got started today. - Yes, it does. And the yellow Acorus and the Stella de Oro daylilies just really make the landscape pop. - That looks so good. We appreciate you comin' by, designing this for us and you know, picking out the right plant material that we need for this. - I can't wait to see it in the next year. - I can't wait, as well.


 
 
 
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How to grow medicinal vegetables that can help heal disease

Experiencefourcowfarm Published the article • 1 comments • 148 views • 2017-09-23 03:30 • came from similar tags

 

 
 
 
 
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Alright this is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you. We’re well into fall here and I’m still getting my fall garden planted out and growing for the season. Got my lettuce bed. You guys probably can't see it, it’s right next door. You’ll probably see it in an upcoming shot. I’ve got this bed planted out on this side and I got like about 5 other beds on the other side of the yard all planted out but today I’m planted out another huge bed—this bed is approximately 4 feet by about 16 feet long and so this calls for a lot of plans. My lettuce bed actually has I think about 104 plants in the same size bed. This bed, because I am planting a different plant or crop, which is all of the—my leafy greens and Brassica family plants, they're going to require a little bit different spacing like about 12 inch spacing is what square foot gardening calls for. I'm doing actually a diamond pattern instead of a box pattern and I got between 14 inches in one direction and 11 inches in the other direction so I'm fitting 72 plants in this raised bed. I thought I’d share with you guys, you know, some of the special fertilizers that I’m putting in to my bed, into my soil to grow higher quality and the most nutritious crops on the entire planet—but before I do, actually, I want to share with you guys the plants I’ll be planting in this bed. So I got 3 flats here, I'm only going to probably use like 2 flats, I'm going to pick and choose of these plants that I might have duplicates of. But I'm going to go over all the different kinds with you guys really quick. As you guys know, my channel is called GrowingYourGreens and it’s called GrowingYourGreens for a reason because especially in the winter time I want you guys to really focus on the leafy greens. These are the crops that grow really well and they're the most nutritious foods in the entire planet. All these plants here are basically anti-cancer factories, right? They're sitting out here in the sun, they're absorbing the sun rays, right, and they're producing all these plant metabolites. The plant metabolites is actually what the plant produces to keep itself healthy to prevent and defend itself from diseases and pests, the weather and all these kinds of things. But more importantly when you eat the plants you get those benefits and each one of these different kinds of plants produce little bit different, you know, witch’s brew of these helpful compounds. Isothyocyanates is just one of these many compounds. One of the discovered compounds—I'm sure there’s plenty of other undiscovered ones. My goal everyday is to eat 2 pounds of leafy greens and I'm easily able to do that in the winter time with all the greens I'm growing in my garden. So anyways let’s go over the different greens I’ll be growing this year in my garden here. Heirloom kale, red Russian, I love that guy a lot. It’s a really good performer. In some areas it will grow year round. I’ve got 12 of those guys. Over here we got some more leafy greens. This is the heirloom kale lacinato also known as black kale, Tuscan kale, or dino kale. I’ve got a bunch of those guys here. I’ve got like 3 six packs, I don't know if I’ll be planting all those guys in here. And I got one six pack of the Georgia collards. Oh, I did want to mention—the dino kale, that’s also another really good performer. That will grow in the summer here, also the winter here. So if you only had to pick one kale, I’d pick the dinosaur kale. It’s like the most resilient one I found. Going over to collard greens, if you had to pick only one kind of collard greens I’d pick the Georgia collards, they're more heat resistant. Actually, I have some that I think I actually over-summered, because the summers here are quite hot. I’ve had plants go on the entire summer, Georgia collards. I grow all these for the leafy greens although these plants will also go to flower and set seed which are also edible. The next category of plants I'm growing, mostly for the flours but also the greens. The greens on all these guys are all edible. Up next here we got some cheddar cauliflower. I love the cheddar cauliflower a lot. It grows the cauliflower but instead of growing the white head it grows a brilliant, cheddar cheese colored cauliflower. So it’s like, yellow-orangeish color. Really cool. I want to encourage you guys besides just eating phytonutrient rich foods like the leafy greens here, you also want to eat highly pigmented foods. Instead of eating something white, you know, like a white chocolate—that was a bad example, but I really want you guys to focus on foods of color, right? There’s new emerging research that has already come out, has been published, and studies that have yet not to be published and not to come out yet but the phytonutrients are probably in my opinion one of the most important nutrients in the food and especially when you're eating all these refined process foods, white flower, white sugar, white vinegar, right, all these foods have all these beneficial pigments processed out of them, and then much of the beneficial properties of the food goes down the toilet, in my opinion. So that’s why I'm growing some really rich and colorful foods in my garden to do the exact opposite. This is actually long island brussel sprouts. I don’t generally get the brussel sprouts here, the brussel sprouts and the stalks everybody always wants but I don’t really care because those guys actually, I grow for the immature buds. Maybe I grow also in addition, for the leaves. So I don’t care if I don’t get the brussel sprouts, what I'm used to in the store, all the brussel sprout plant produces is leaves, copious amounts of leaves that I just eat like collards or kale or cauliflower leaves or broccoli leaves which all have very similar nutrition for you guys. Of course, next we got some more stuff. We got that cauliflower rainbow mix. So this probably has the white, the cheddar, and the purple cauliflower in there. Like that a lot. Let’s move this guy over here. And then also I got these guys. We got graffiti cauliflower. Look at the picture on there. This is like a nice purple, rich colored cauliflower so once again, you know, I want you guys to eat the foods of color. There’s been some special research regarding purple foods. The research was done with purple carrots. They fed rats purple carrots along with junk food. And then they fed another set of rats, just the junk food alone and the rats eating the purple carrots with the junk food either did not gain weight and/or lost weight, whereas the animals eating the junk food gained the weight. Now, I'm not saying that you know, eat purple high antioxidant rich foods like purple carrots and then eat junk food—why even eat the junk food whatsoever? So ij ust like to eat the deep rich purple pigemented foods such as purple carrots, purple cauliflower, purple broccoli, blueberries, blackberries, without the junk food, right, to get the benefits of those guys because they probably help keep you slim and also help keep you healthy. And over in this bunch we got just the standard purple cauliflower, so I'm not sure if that’s different from the graffiti variety that you guys just saw. Of course we got one last six pack here we’re going to go over really quick. Now I'm also growing the broccoli, right? I think it’s sad how cauliflower and broccoli are grown for the immature flower buds. That’s what they're known for. You go to buy broccoli or cauliflower in the store and you get the immature flower buds that you know are just the flower, that you're going to eat. This is sad because people will not use the leaves of these plants. The leaves of these plants can be eaten just like a kale or collard green. In some instances, in my opinion, they're actually more delicious and sweeter than the kale and collard greens. So as long as these guys are growing, they're producing leaves, I can harvest these leaves to put in juices, add to smoothies, make kale chips or broccoli leaf chips or cauliflower leaf chips or Brussels sprout leaf chips. To me it’s all the same. Like, greens are greens and I want to get as many of these guys into me as possible and I love the winter time because I can do just that and also because it’s so cold out, the plant makes additional sugars and puts them into the leaves so they're actually sweeter. So if you're eating kale out of your summer garden, you're like, man that kale stuff John, that sucks, it tastes bad, I'm not going to eat it. Right? Try it again, give it another chance and grow it in your winter garden when it’s cold because this will make the sugar come out and they're going to taste so much better and I'm going to get you to be a lover of kale, alright. So here we got the broccoli early dividend. Another thing I want to encouraged you guys to do is to plant different varieties of the crops, right? I'm growing not just like all white cauliflower, I got graffiti, I got purple, I got cheddar, I got a rainbow mix and the same with the broccoli. I got the early dividend here, we got another early dividend because I like my cauliflower like I like my women—early. No, wait, that didn’t make sense. I like the early broccoli so I have some broccoli leaves sooner rather than later in the season. I got two six packs of those and I got some English violet broccoli. Never seen this variety before, I'm glad they have this as a start so I was able to buy it. I do want to say that I'm actually quite lucky to have the availability of all these plants and all the unique and different varieties because I know if you only have one nursery or something near you, you go to that nursery, whatever they got, they got and that’s what you get. So I know some of you guys still buying Bonnie plants from Home Depot and Lowe’s and all this stuff, I buy those when I don’t have any other options but I prefer to go to a local nursery where I’ve gotten some of these or the majority of these plants actually came from CPG plant nursery. If I remember, I’ll post a link down below. They're in southern California. I basically buy around 500 plants this last trip and this is the last major bunch that I will be planting out in the garden. I got some stragglers, like two more flats left. But yeah, I'm glad that they really grow a wide variety so you guys can have a nice selection of different plants and see which ones do better, grow better for you and also which ones you like, are tastier for you. This one is actually called the broccolini aspa brock. So I never grew this before, it’s going to be fun to see how it does. And of course, along with my purple cauliflower, I got some purple sprouting broccoli. I really like the foods of color and I want to really encourage you guys to grow like purple colored foods. They're the bomb. Alright. I think the last bunch—yeah I think this is it. I got the broccoli cauliflower romanesco, this is kind of a mixture between the two. so what’s going to happen is, I'm going to go ahead and select, two flats of all these, maybe not take out the doubles. And then I'm going to plant like all these intermixed in this bed here and I’m going to get probably planted out, get a good start on it, plant a bunch out, and then I'm going to come back at you and show you guys how I plant these guys and more importantly, the special fertilizer that I use to already take the high levels of phytonutrients, phytochemicals, vitamins and minerals in these plants they already produce to the next level. So as you guys can see, more than half the bed planted out in this bed. I got basically five rows, one, two, three, four, five, they are all offset, so they're not even, they're making a diamond pattern. Going down this direction between this plant and this plant, there’s 14 inches and then going diagonally between plants, there’s about 11 inches. So I kind of like this spacing, it just kind of allows me to get more plants in the bed with you know, little bit more space between them. Normally you would want to space your Brassica plants every 12 inches or so. I like to kind of put them a little bit closer so I can get more plants in the same space. In addition as you guys can see there’s a lot of extra space in between the plants still. I'm going to go in and either probably seed with some kind of intermediary plant in between while these guys get big so I can easily get—harvest a radish, for example in between the plants and maybe I might do something like carrots even, in between, some nice root vegetables in between, to maximize my space. I could put some kind of leafy green down in the bottom, maybe some kind of minor’s lettuce. Better even, mosh or moshe. I think I’ll do that actually, I love mosh. But anyways, I got that planted out. What I thought I’d do next is actually share with you guys how I'm planting these guys out… as you guys can see, I got all these stakes so you know, the first step of clearing this bed—it had peppers in it so I clear cut them down. I just cut to the stems and left all the root matter underneath and I leave them there. That’s my new practice now, to encourage more soil micro-biome and life in the soil. Unless they get in the way when I'm digging my new planting holes, they stay in the ground and just get to rot in place. Actually, I’ve only ran into a few of them through this process. That’s kind of cool. It saves me work from having to you know, pull them up, shake them out, and compost them in my compost bin. They're just going to go ahead and compost in the bed where they lay. So as you guys can see, I basically put these bamboo stakes and I actually do this elaborate setup of making as tying from each end to the other end and making little sticks to like space out each plant at the appropriate spacing. And you know it does take some time and this is a way I’d like to garden, not saying you guys have to do this. I know a lot of you guys plant haphazardly but I'm really here to produce the most amount of food in the smallest amount of space and by being more methodical it allows me to do just that. So if you want to see actually that process, be sure to check the link down below, if I remember, to a link of me planting this exact bed out of peppers, the same peppers that I’ve clear cut, because I showed you guys from like a roof shot, like how I plant all this out and the whole process I go through. Any case, once we got all the stakes in I basically pull out one stake at a time and I basically take a bulb planter. And yes, I know I'm planting transplants, starts and not bulbs, but I like the bulb planter because it allows me to minimally disturb the soil. Most of you guys might dig a little shovel or trowel and dig a little hole or even your hand but I like that this gets in there because there’s just about the right size hole to plant from my jumbo six packs and everything and I actually even have some electrical tape on here to denote how deep I need to go so don’t go too deep. So just put that in there and spin this baby around, go to my depth, I pull out a nice core fo soil that’s in there and then I go to a bucket and I just tap it out and it’s empty, ready for the next one. Then I got a hole that’s all ready to be planted out. So the next thing that I do is actually stock that hole with more nutrients. The other step that I didn’t mention actually is all this new layer on the top is all new compost mixture so I mix things like two different kinds of worm castings, maybe three different kinds of compost, maybe three different kinds of rock dusts, John and Bob’s soil products, all three different ones that I have, and then also put in like, oh, some biochar, some insect frass, just a mixture of all the different things I have laying around and mixed it all up. Top this whole bed off, got some coconut coyer from the local coconut company, wonder soil. Yeah but anyways, top this all off, and so that’s what adds fertility to my soil. In addition, all the other compost that’s all in there that this bed is filled actually with doctor’s earth bagged soil which is a good high quality product. This product I would recommend if you can't find bulk stuff near you. It may be still available at home depot, I think they might be getting clearance out so it might be good to check your local home depot and see if the stuff is on final clearance when it’s going to be dirt cheap and I'm just going to load up if it is because I think they might be discontinuing it, I'm not sure. But anyways, yeah. Top that off. But even then, you know, I want to add further fertility for my plants, especially my baby transplants as I plant them in so I add a few things. The first thing is, add some of this stuff. This is the Dr. Earth’s life fertilizer and this is an all purpose fertilizer. It’s good for fruits, vegetables, flowering plants, shrubs, ground covers, and even your lawns. And I like that this stuff is actually pelatized. So I have had like the powder Dr. Earth stuff but I find it gets very dusty very fast so I like basically just to stick my hand in here and I just take a bunch out and just sprinkle a few bits into each planting hole. Alright? And that adds lots of different nutrients. This is a 5-5-5 fertilizer and lots of different organic materials to add in but in addition it also contains non plant food ingredients including many different kinds of beneficial bacteria and more importantly mycorrhizae, humic acids, kelp, and all kinds of other nutrients for my baby plants to kind of get them off to the right start. Now besides that stuff I add something else and I actually have decanned another product which I will talk to you about in another minute before I come back in this little bucket here which is actually the original one I got last year and this is a western biotech solutions GTF glucose tolerance factor soil conditioner—that’s what it says on the label but that’s not what’s in here. This is last year’s label. I'm just reusing a container and encourage you guys always to reuse instead of recycle. It’s better. So what I do is I empty some soil conditioners into here and this is what it looks like. It’s basically in saw dust… and I take one scoop of this stuff and I put it in each hole. And the scoop size I'm using is a level scoop size of one teaspoon. Now, why this step is important is because this adds specific amounts of very essential trace materials into the planting hole, into the soil, for the plants to absorb so that then they could hold onto those plants, digest these in organic minerals, turn them into organic form so that when I eat the plants, I could get these very important trace minerals that in my opinion and based on research I’ve read will help keep me healthy and disease free. And that’s very important because most people have no clue about this and I'm going to go into a segment at the end of this, even get more into it, so after I add those two items to the planting hole, I'm ready to plant my plant start. So what we got here is we got some red Russian kale. How I'm doing this actually I'm planting in rows but they're diagonal rows so it’s going to look really cool. I got all red Russian kale in this side, this row, got some English violet broccoli in the next row, got their lacinato or Tuscan kale in the next row, like all the way down so when it’s done it’s going to look really cool or when it’s growing. So what we’re going to do is we’re going to go ahead and take one of these little heirloom red Russian kale plants, pop it out of the cell, got really nice roots in there in the bottom and so what I generally do is I go ahead and take an empty bucket. This is basically the soil I topped off my bed with, I enriched it a little bit more, I’ll put this, I’ll go over here, I’ll just you know, tease out the roots like I’m teasing out the hair, if you're a girl in the ‘80s. And we get them kind of hanging out a little bit and then I put this guys, which is a shaker bottle which is once again also reused. Unscrew it and then I just shake a little bit of this stuff on there while I’m like over my little bucket that has all my—the stuff that I topped of the bed with. Once I shake that on there then I’ll go very carefully to the planting hole, maybe I’ll put a little bit of the stuff in the bucket in the planting hole and then I’ll drop these guys in there carefully. And then I’ll take my fingers and kind of go around and take out the airspace because the jumbo six pack size is a little bit smaller than the bulb planter so we’re kind of making sure all the soil is flushed near the bottom. And then we’re going to finally take like a handful of this stuff on the top and just spread it on the top. Sometimes I’ll find on Brassica plants like these guys, they start to pop out, so they can be planted a little bit deeper and that’s what we did and that’s basically how I planted. Now you're probably wondering, John, what’s in this stuff right here? Let me go ahead and show ya. So this is a mixture of several different items. I think I have like maybe—at least two thirds of this shaker bottle is this stuff right here. It’s actually known as the mycorrhizae granular mycorrhiza. So this has different kinds of endo and ecto mycorrhiza, good for both vegetables and trees and I know what you're thinking right now—John, the Brassica family of plants they don’t like colonizing with the mycorrhiza. Well, that may be true but I'm also going to be growing things in between these plants. Plus I just want them in my soil to hang out for next time. And also the other thing is, as much as this is two thirds of this shaker bottle, I got some other things in there, so the remaining two thirds consist of a few things. Number one, the plant success siable premium mycorrhiza innoculent with beneficial bacteria, seaweed, and humic acids so that also gets the remaining one third in here. I think I like that mainly for the beneficial bacteria. In addition I got the pure protein dry powder. Also part of this. Last two thirds. And of course I got the aqua sap. So I add these additional nutrients to really give the plants boost so that they don’t have as much shell shock or root shock or transplant shock once they're planted back in. iv’e actually already planted all the lettuces and a whole bunch of other stuff with the same mixture that I’ve been using for years and I’ve always been tweaking it over the years, this is my latest mixture and they always do really well. So yeah that’s how I plant them out. I guess next I need to actually plant the rest of these out. Then we’re going to come back at you, and let you guys know why this saw dust stuff here, these trace minerals are probably one of the most important agents of fertility you guys could add to your garden and probably aren’t. So as you guys can see me, behind me, I’ve got this raised bed all planted out, 72 plants, took me several hours, that was like today’s project today, the sun is going down, it’s getting kind of cold. I really dislike when the days get shorter you know, and the sun goes down earlier. So it just encourages me to get up early, get outside and do my gardening earlier before it gets too cold in the afternoon. Anyways, I got my gardening done for today. Last thing I got to do for this bit is put a little fence around it because otherwise my dog gets up in there and digs and leaves footprints and poops, so, I’ll do that after I shoot this video. But I want the come back at you, and let you guys know what was that sawdust like powder fertilizer that I was putting in? And I got my new shipment in of that stuff and what it is, it’s actually called the western biotech soil solutions. It says grow your own mineral supplements, and this is the master gardener pack soul conditioner. This pack right here isn’t for the faint of heart, right. This pack is like if you're serious about your health and growing high quality food. If you're not, turn off this video now because you can continue do your free gardening style, right? I mean I want to tell you guys really quick why I'm so into gardening and growing food and growing not only just any old food but the highest quality most nutritious food I possibly can. And that is basically because when I was in my 20s, I had a life threatening illness known as spinal meningitis. I was hospitalized and my mom stayed by my side the whole time I was hospitalized. I was taken into an intensive care unit, I was passed out, I woke up in intensive care with all these IVs stuck inside me and you know when you're sick in the hospital, you ask the doctor one question, ehy doc, when am I going to g et out of here? And he gave me the answer no one wants to hear, no matter what age you're at. I was just graduated from college. He said, you might not make it out of here. And I thought about it for a second like… I'm like, whoa, this is not a good situation. I might not make it out of here, he’s like you have a viral version of the spinal meningitis and there is no medical treatment for you. And that’s not something anyone wants to hear at any age. You know? And so that like, I was like, wow, this is messed up, this is the last thing I'm going to see potentially, my life is inside this hospital and not get to experience life, not to use my college degree to the benefit of anybody. Or anything, or me, or anything. And so luckily, as you guys know, I made it out of that situation but I could not stay through the medical system. I could only stay through higher powers and that’s what I like to say—I was given a second chance and my second chance is in my opinion, help thy fellow man. Promises, prayed when I was in the hospital that if I make it out of there, I'm going to be a better person in this life and do the best I can. So anyways, I made out of that situation and when I was leaving I said doctor, hey doc, why did I get in this situation in the first place? Like why was I sick and none of my college buddies that I was playing broom ball with get sick? And he says, well you have what’s called compliment immune deficiency which basically—basically, in his words he says you have a chronically weakened immune system because of your genes. So he blamed it on my genes. And so all I knew after I left is that John, you need to do something to make your genes stronger so that you don’t get sick again, you don’t get in the hospital and the doctor is not telling you again in another point, you might not make it out alive, because that’s not a fun place to be, right? The only thing I wanted when the doctor’s told me that is I just wanted my health. I didn’t want a million dollars, I didn’t want a billion dollars, I didn’t want to be president. I didn’t want anything except to have my health because I almost lost it. And I think it’s really sad in this day and age that we all take our health for granted. We all take being healthy for granted. I take being healthy for granted. I walk around without stomachaches, without all these different aches and pains like my brother who is a couple years younger than me, you know? And it’s only in times when I make a video and really think about it that I really appreciate the health that I have. But you know the health that I have did not happen to me haphazardly, right? I’ve been working very judiciously for the last 21 years now on building my health to the next level. What’s in this box in my opinion can take your health to the next level no matter where you're at. So I learned at a young age that your health is your greatest wealth and it’s not about making money in our world. It’s about having your life and not only being healthy and living a long life but living a long, healthy productive life that you know, you're doing something worthy for worthy goals and making the planet a better place. A lot of people are not making the planet a better place and so I want to do my part to make this planet better for the future generations and my kids and their kids and their kids’ kids. So anyways, back to the soil solutions soul conditioner and why I think this is revolutionary in fertilizers. Let’s go ahead and read the bottom—provide your soil with proper bio available minerals needed to increase mineral uptake in the plants. So here’s the thing, as you guys know, you know, I’ve put a lot of different nutrients in my soil, probably more than anybody I know or have ever met. Whether that’s an overkill or I'm overdoing it or I need to put that much stuff in—you know that’s up to debate but once again this is my money, and gardening is my hobby, and I can spend my money however I like. My dad said when I was kid, John you can take all your money and taking pennies and throw it off the golden gate bridge for all I care, because he let us kids do with our money what we want. I believe by doing this, I'm making an investment. Not investment into the US treasury or the Bank of America or anything but investment in my health, which is my greatest wealth and the most—the thing that I have that is most dear and valuable to me! So I would encourage you guys, you know, to make your health first and yeah some of these things that I do may cost a little money but it’s going to grow a higher quality food which means you're going to be a higher quality person and you know, literally, in my opinion I'm buying myself out of getting sick in the future and that is priceless because I don’t want to go through all those pains and all those things that people go through when they're really sick and in the hospital with cancer and cancer is eating their body and I don’t even want to know how painful that can be, right? And so up till now I’ve added things like the rock dust and different kinds of rock dust, 5 different kinds of rock dust and different kinds of rock dust with the trace minerals because I know that trace minerals are super important. I put in soil humates, I had doctor Joel Wallack, I’ll put a link below to that video if I remember, you know, who has done all kinds of research on how important and vital trace minerals are to your health. And unfortunately with top soil degradation, the standard farming practices of today even organic farming practices, they're not replacing the certain trace minerals in the soils like there should be. Furthermore, with soil contamination of certain trace minerals, other trace minerals may not be absorbed properly and things may not work in the system. So I try to bring my soil back into balance and add some of the trace minerals into the soil and that’s what I do with the rock dust. Rock dust is kind of like a shot gun, right. I shot gun all the different minerals and I hope that my plants take the minerals they need to be healthy, plus I get to eat that and be healthy. But still, it’s like playing poker. You're leaving many things up to chance, right? And I don’t want to leave things up to chance as much as I'm—you know I have to. I want to really gamble and pull that slot machine lever when I know I'm going to win. Well how do you know you're going to win? You can rig it. That’s what this stuff is, the soil conditioner you know, you're kind of rigging the system instead of putting in all kinds of rock dust and hoping that certain trace minerals are uptake and when you eat those you're going to get those in you. The soil solution products, what they allow you to do, they allow you to spoon feed the plants certain minerals that then it converts, takes up, and then makes it by all available for us. Furthermore, aside from just the minerals that’s taken up, because a plant may be healthier, it may be producing a different kind of plant metabolites which are nutrients for us. So what I want to do now is actually open up this box and show you guys what’s inside. Alright, in this box here, I’ve got some cool stuff. We’ve got a whole bunch of stuff. We got mainly the soil conditioner pack right here and in this pack there’s basically a couple bags, maybe I think like six bags of this fertilizer stuff. And this is the emotional wellbeing formula soil conditioner. So what this formula is, it’s specifically formulated with certain trace minerals that has been shown in people to be maybe deficient if you maybe don’t feel emotionally well, right? So you can flip this over and there’s a total like list of all the different minerals in there. So there’s like, 36 grams of boron, 225 grams of calcium, 365 grams of magnesium, 360 milligrams of selenium, 3650 milligrams of lithium, 100 grams of sulfur, and the pine shavings. And so here’s the thing. You're thinking, John, I could get like you know, boron from a supplement. Well, number one, the supplement, you know what you could take boron and other trace mineral supplements, the absorption rate is very low and that’s not how we’re supposed to get our minerals. We’re not supposed to be taking these mineral supplements, we’re not supposed to be sucking on copper pennies to get our copper. We want to get copper from the foods we eat and that’s how we were designed to do it. The problem is, especially if things like boron which may be deficient in soils across the world is not in the soils, the food that’s being grown in those soils will not have the boron in it. And so how do we know all these minerals are really important—well, there’s this book that comes along with this pack. It’s actually minerals and the genetic code, even if you're not going to buy this pack, I would encourage you to go on Amazon and pick up this book so you can learn about how important these trace minerals are if you don’t believe me. It says that an exposition an analysis of the doctor standard genetic period chart in the physical, chemical, and biological connection by Charles Walters. But in here, he goes into all the different minerals and how they're important for different conditions and also you know, more importantly, what specific plants take up these minerals. For example, iodine. Iodine in my opinion is a big deficiency these days. Most people get it from eating some iodide salt, but what if you don’t eat iodide salt because it’s that crap table salt that you cut out your diet—oh, I eat sea salt, John. You're not going to get enough iodine from sea salt. Maybe you’re eating sea minerals but other than that you know, things actually in here, it’s actually bladder wrack, it’s really high in iodine, pistachios, you know, it’s significantly lower in iodine than the kelp or bladder wrack. And then even going down from there, soy beans, red seeder shoots, yeah, anyways. It goes over all the different plants rich in iodine which is actually significantly lower than the seaweed so I just recommend seaweed for that. But pistachios could have 51 parts per million so we’re talking like parts per million the kelp has 54 hundred parts per million. And so the thing is this, we know that pistachios can absorb the iodine but the problem is if there’s not iodine in the soils the pistachios ain’t going to have it in there and this can be true for all minerals. So, that’s what this book goes over but let’s get back to this right here. So you know certain plants will take up certain trace minerals so you know they make recommendations on this formula. So for this formula, if you want to really take up boron and get more boron in your diet, you want to grow things like strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, and cabbage. If you want to get more calcium, the tomatoes, cauliflower, and dill will absorb more of the calcium. If you want to get the magnesium uptake, you want to grow beans, oats, and spinach. If you want to get the selenium, selenium is a very important trace mineral that I believe many people may be deficient in these days. You want to grow things like milk thistle, lemongrass, and pumpkin. If you want to get lithium, lithium is an essential nutrient, we want to grow thyme, beans, and lettuce, and if you want to get sulfur, very important, cabbage and onions as well as the amazing tropical fruit named durian will take up a lot of sulfur. I think also garlic, garlic also rich in sulfur. But anyways, that lets you know what plants to get those trace minerals but then here it has basically the mineral function—boron, calcium, magnesium, selenium, lithium. I could sit here, read all of it. I might read one for maybe the boron. Boron appears to affect calcium and magnesium metabolism and membrane function that is essential for efficient absorption of calcium in the body. It was found by the US Department of Agriculture to significantly reduce the loss of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus in post-menopausal women. It may also be helpful for ischemic heart disease and other forms of cardiovascular disease. Boron deficiencies sign may be related to the level of vitamin D and possibly other nutrients in the diet. Deficiency systems—osteoporosis and arthritis. So if you are deficient in certain trace minerals you may be more likely to get diseases—they’ve done a lot of different studies regarding that. So anyways this one is for the emotional well being, so if you're having emotional well being issues this is the one to get. Let’s see here. We’ve also got one for the GTF, glucose tolerance factor. This is the one I used last year. If you want to learn significantly more than what I'm talking about, these trace minerals than this episode, be sure to check that link down below where I interviewed Robert Rissingham regarding these products that he came up with and how he came up with it and why he came up with it—his parents actually had cancer, so he had to come up with a way so they could get the very important trace minerals so that they could overcome their cancer. I guess he wasn’t able to get to one of his parents but he was able to save the other one as well as his wife’s parents. But this one is the glucose tolerance factor, I’ve been using this, and this one has chromium, vanadium, molybdenum, zinc, sulfur, and the pine shavings. You guys are like, try to get pregnant, you guys can't, right? Then maybe you want to try this one—fertility and potency formula. Yeah, I want to be potent, man. You know what I mean by potent—does that apply for women too? I think it’s mostly men. Chromium, potassium, iodide, calcium, magnese, selenium, cobalt, sulfur, and pine shavings. Next one, this is the one actually I’ve been using this year now, planting all my lettuce you can see behind me. With this formula, health and immune sstem formula, this is probably the most important one for me because I did have an immune compromise, I want to make sure my immune system is strong and it has the specific trace minerals to build my immune system. This one has boron, potassium iodide, magnesium silver, zinc, tin, and sulfur. Got another one here. This is probably the largest killers of Americans in this day and age and people around the world is heart disease. This is heart, health, and cardiovascular formula. This has calcium, magnesium, selenium, copper, and sulfur. Then I got one left in here. This is an important one for many of you guys maybe getting up there, I think my dad needs to get on this one. This is the memory formula. And this is if you want to enhance your memory, maybe even things like certain diseases that you may lose your memory when you get older—magnesium, sulfur, boron, cobalt, selenium, and yttrium. That’s an interesting one. When have you got your yttrium lately? Anyways, each one of these formulas is specifically designed to support certain conditions so you can actually grow like your own medicine, literally, your foods, your fruits and your vegetables will uptake these trace minerals and you’ll get them when you eat the foods that you harvested. Now you might be thinking, john, why is all this important man and how much is this stuff? Well, I’ll tell you this. With the discount code, GYG, you guys get 30 percent off to buy these guys and these guys ain’t cheap—this whole box, it’ll set you back a pretty penny. It might be a paycheck or even two for some of you guys. But each one of these bags after the discount codes, it’ll be 100 dollars including shipping. But here’s the thing—this one bag of soil conditioner for the heart health and cardiovascular formula is going to treat one cubic yard so the rich man’s way to use this is actually to treat a yard, you know, of soil with this and then put it in your garden and plant in it. Another way if you don’t want to, you know, mix it into a whole yard is you could actually till it into a 10 by 10 raised bed, 3 inches deep. You could also do it that way. The way I do it, the rich man’s way, is spreading it out in your whole garden because you're not planting in every area of your garden unless you're having a forest style garden. The poor man’s way, the way I'm doing it, is actually ij ust take out one teaspoon of this stuff and then put it in each planting hole. That’s why these bags are going to last me for many years to come, and they’ll last. These will not evaporate or go bad or anything like that. But yeah, that’s this stuff. Definitely really important. I want to exactly show why it’s so important and why I like using this and this is going to blow your guys’ mind, so let me go ahead and grab some paperwork. So here’s the thing, fruits and vegetables and things, they’ll absorb these trace minerals if they're in the soil. In my opinion, you know, soils are getting devoid of minerals due to soil degradation due to unsustainable farming practices—yes, even organic farming is in many cases is degrading the soil because they're still tilling the soil. So I like to do the no till method which preserves some nutrients and then they're bringing in compost but the compost is grown on last year’s remnants and whatnot, and if the trace minerals aren’t in there, they're not going to magically appear unless you're getting heavy metal trace minerals from things that are falling out the sky that I won't mention what they are because some of you guys believe in it and some of you guys don’t, but anyways, the foods are deficient inn the minerals and if you're eating a mineral deficient diet, you may come down with health conditions. And that’s not fun. And I want to avoid these things and that’s why I'm doing and adding all these things into my soil. Anyways, here’s a test, right. So this is the health and immune system formula, the one actually I just used for my—the lettuce bed right over there. This is certified lab testing results for boron. So boron may be a mineral you're deficient in. There’s many implications for boron, I could read it on the back of the packages. I’ll send in a website for this company. You can read some of the different minerals, what they do, and how they can enhance their health. The company basically drew in a control bed, just regular soil. They grew vegetables. And then they added in the same soil blend, they added their health formula, and then they drew the same vegetables. So here’s for example… they grew formula grass and if you grew it in the health formula you could eat like one serving a week grass and if you just grew it in the control soil, you’d have to eat one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen servings of wheat grass. So you can have significantly more nutrition in less volume of food. So for broccoli you could get the trace minerals by eating one head you know, if you added the health formula instead of two heads for not doing anything. And beans, it’s one serving of beans instead of 3 servings of beans. So what’s the benefit to this. The benefit to this is actually you could eat lower calories to get the same amount of trace minerals. So calories for the health formula, you could eat 140 calories versus 413 calories. So you could eat significantly less calories and calorie restriction has been the only thing that has been shown—proven to enhance the longevity so now you can eat less calories but still maintain and get your nutrients. This is jus ton the boron, go onto the next page where we talk about zinc. Zinc, another important trace mineral. Many friends of mine, whether they're eating a plant based diet or not are deficient in zinc. That’s because zinc is disappearing from the soils and not being supplemented because standard agriculture is focused on 3 main minerals putting in NPK, and they don’t care about anything else man, and they're growing these big giant heads of lettuce and things that taste like nothing that don’t give you the nutrients that your body really requires to function and don’t get started if you're eating processed foods, man. Processed foods, that’s some of the cheapest stuff you could get and they process a lot of the nutrients out of it. Anyways, for example, zinc… wheat grass was the same whether they added the zinc or not but for example, the lettuce you know, you could eat one serving instead of two servings and the calories was 99 versus 104 so that’s not like a big savings for zinc, you know, with this formula versus the control. The control had good zinc levels in there. But what’s even more fun is when we get into these guys. This is the silver and the tin. So for example, on silver, for lettuce, you could either eat one head if you had this mineral formula added to your soil and actually this is the same one I added to my lettuce bed over there—oh my light came on, it’s getting dark. Or you could eat eight servings of lettuce to get the same amount of the trace minerals by using the health formula. And once again, the calorie difference, 140 versus 377, that’s like almost two and a half, three times difference. So on tin, on the health formula, versus the control you could eat one serving of radishes or you’ll have to eat 52 servings of radishes grown in control. I don't know, that’s a lot of radish to eat, right? My goal these days is to eat the minimum amount of food and get the maximum amount of nutrients. Not only the trace minerals but also the plant phytochemical sand phytonutrients and vitamins and minerals. And so that’s literally what this fertilizer allows me to do, allows me to really maximize the trace minerals so that I don’t have to buy a supplement that maybe isn’t easily absorbed. Of course this is advanced topic, advanced credit only if you're really serious about your health. Maybe you have a condition, maybe you have diabetes or something, right? You might want to try that glucose tolerance factor—try it. Right, it’s 100 bucks, right, you guys are buying insulin or whatever and if it wasn’t covered by insurance, it’d cost well more than 100 bucks. Like drugs, they're really expensive. Invested in some fertilizer. It’s going to last you a long time if you just scoop it out by the teaspoon like I'm doing, right. It’s a good investment. It’s going to last. Maybe you’ll see a difference in your diet. Of course growing high mineral food is not the answer to all the world’s health challenges, but in my opinion, it’s the part of the answer. Trace minerals are definitely indicated in many different disease situations and I have seen diseases get reversed by supplementing with foods rich in trace minerals. It may just be eating more fruits and vegetables. That may do it for you. It may be adding in things like kelp powders and seaweed powders and other kinds of plant available trace minerals into you. It might be adding in some of these vegetables that are grown in the soil solution products to basically up the levels of the certain trace minerals you need to be healthy, to get rid of your disease conditions. Of course, also, going along with that, I always want to encourage you guys to eat a healthy diet that’s focused around plants, right? Eat mostly what you grow in your garden and other plant foods. And if you got to eat other junk foods and processed foods and animal foods, eat those in small quantities, right? I don’t really care what you guys eat but I want you guys to eat a lot of plants, especially the ones you grow in high quality soil and also when you're spending a 100 dollars per bag like, I’ve just put in my garden. You're going to want to eat your food because you don’t want that very nutritious food to go to waste. I’d love to give my food to my family, my parents, my brother, my friends that you know, so they can have some high quality food, right, and maybe they could be healthy because of it. You know, Robert, the owner and CEO of this company, has research that shows there’s higher uptakes in his products you know that he’s grown and the fertilizer products that he’s used to grow food is of higher quality. Now here’s the thing—if you don’t want to invest in a fertilizer which is by far the cheapest way to do this and as time goes on, since he’s a new company hopefully he’s going to get these products into WalMart one of these days and it’s going to be super cheap to do it on mass scale—he does all these batches by hand and stuff, lots of labor, he uses US labor, pays a fair wage up in Wyoming or wherever he’s at. If you don’t want to buy the fertilizer and grow out with it, what he has is these guys—he sent me a couple of samples here. He has his wheatgrass powder. So this is wheatgrass powder grown in the glucose tolerance factory. Basically he took his product, grew wheatgrass with it, he got the wheatgrass and then he powdered it up and put it in a bottle for you so you guys could take it. This is the glucose tolerance factor—I guess he sent me three of those. So this is for people that may have things like diabetes, this may help them with their blood sugar issues to need less insulin or maybe even potentially get off it. He has been getting testimonials from people you know, on just literally changing and adding in some super mineral rich, certain mineral rich enhanced foods to get better. I think this is really where drugs will go in the future, instead of taking a drug to cure your diabetes or unfortunately, most drugs do not cure anything in my opinion. They are a crutch. My dad is on blood pressure lowering medications—it didn’t just fix him, he has to take that for the rest of his life, against my wishes, right? Maybe if he grew in the heart health fertilizer, maybe he’d get off his drugs and not have to keep buying drugs that basically don’t do anything to fix the problem, they’re a band-aid or a temporary crutch and an to a full solution whereas I believe these produces—if every drug store sold food. If you could go to the grocery store and buy food grown in these mineral products, people could have really nutritious food and maybe we wouldn’t have any diseases in our world today! This is, I think, where we really need to go. These fertilizer products need to go out to big industries and people need to start going, especially in the cannabis industry—medicinal cannabis. Could be grown with some of these trace minerals to get higher uptakes so that when the users of the cannabis, hopefully they're juicing it or using it in its raw state, it’s going to get better results because they're also going to get not only the cannabanoids but also higher levels of trace minerals that have been implicated in certain diseases, right? So the future is great, I'm glad to be living in this time now, there’s so much new information, technology, and things going on in the world so that you guys can get healthier one step at a time if you guys want to. And that’s what I simply do. a lot of you guys are going to poopoo this—John that stuff is too expensive! Fine! You can garden on the cheap, growing your own food is still better than the store, right? My goal, because I almost lost my life, is to grow the highest quality food so I don’t end up back at the hospital again and being out of control. I want to control my ultimate destiny and my ultimate health and I believe this is a product that can do it for you guys. So if you guys want to learn more about these products here, you want to visit the website WesternEnvironmentalServices.com, I’ll also put the links down below this video so you guys can check it out. Also be sure to use the discount code GYG. This is going to be for a limited time only and that’s going to get you guys 30 percent off these soil conditioners or even if you don’t want to grow your stuff in the soil conditioners, the cheapest way, this bag, if you're just dolling it out a teaspoon at a time with your transplants or even in your plant starts or when you're moving into pots or if you’re just growing into pots, you can put the teaspoon in the plants or around the seed, that’s going to definitely get some uptake. Another thing I forgot to mention is that once you treat your soil it’s going to last for 4 years so you don’t have to re-add this stuff to your soil for another 4 years but if it’s in the bag it’s probably going to literally last forever. The minerals aren’t going to just evaporate, so, yes, definitely an investment to make. If you don’t want to use this stuff, of course a discount code will also work for the different powders that in my opinion are actually quite expensive. Definitely pays money in this case to buy the fertilizer products, grow your own food, and actually take your food and dehydrate it into your own patterns so you could eat it in the winter and in times when you're not able to eat the healthiest food out of your own garden. That’s pretty much my episode for today. I didn’t eat lunch because I had to work through lunch to get this planted, make this video for you guys so I'm going to go in and eat lunch at dinner time and then I’ll eat dinner later. Anyways if you guys enjoyed this episode, learning about the trace minerals and the importance of them, I also want to encourage you guys to go to the website down below to learn about the trace minerals and why they are so important and also link to a database that talks about mineral deficiencies and what challenges, the health challenges you may see because of that. I mean, this is new, evolving research and I believe every place that has like a health facility retreat center that’s growing food should be using these, especially with people for certain conditions because it’s only going to in my opinion up the level of healing and success for people around the world. So yeah, anyways, if you enjoyed this episode, please give me a thumbs up. I’ll try to get out to Robert’s place and see how he’s growing it, what he’s doing, make a full video there, if I get a thousand thumbs ups. I’ll go out to his place in Wyoming, hopefully in the summertime because I'm going to freeze my butt off in the winter. Also make sure to check the links down below in the description. I have links in the original video I did with Robert, other videos I talked about in this episode, also the link to the place to buy the stuff. Also be sure to click that subscribe button right down below to be notified of my new and upcoming episodes. I have new and upcoming episodes every three to four days on this channel. You never know where I'm going to pop up, what you’ll be learning on my YouTube channel. Finally, be sure to check out my past episodes. My past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over 1200 episodes now at this point teaching you guys all aspects on how to grow the highest quality food on the planet. So once again, my name is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. we’ll see you next time. And until then, remember, keep on growing. view all
 


 
 
 
 
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Alright this is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you. We’re well into fall here and I’m still getting my fall garden planted out and growing for the season. Got my lettuce bed. You guys probably can't see it, it’s right next door. You’ll probably see it in an upcoming shot. I’ve got this bed planted out on this side and I got like about 5 other beds on the other side of the yard all planted out but today I’m planted out another huge bed—this bed is approximately 4 feet by about 16 feet long and so this calls for a lot of plans. My lettuce bed actually has I think about 104 plants in the same size bed. This bed, because I am planting a different plant or crop, which is all of the—my leafy greens and Brassica family plants, they're going to require a little bit different spacing like about 12 inch spacing is what square foot gardening calls for. I'm doing actually a diamond pattern instead of a box pattern and I got between 14 inches in one direction and 11 inches in the other direction so I'm fitting 72 plants in this raised bed. I thought I’d share with you guys, you know, some of the special fertilizers that I’m putting in to my bed, into my soil to grow higher quality and the most nutritious crops on the entire planet—but before I do, actually, I want to share with you guys the plants I’ll be planting in this bed. So I got 3 flats here, I'm only going to probably use like 2 flats, I'm going to pick and choose of these plants that I might have duplicates of. But I'm going to go over all the different kinds with you guys really quick. As you guys know, my channel is called GrowingYourGreens and it’s called GrowingYourGreens for a reason because especially in the winter time I want you guys to really focus on the leafy greens. These are the crops that grow really well and they're the most nutritious foods in the entire planet. All these plants here are basically anti-cancer factories, right? They're sitting out here in the sun, they're absorbing the sun rays, right, and they're producing all these plant metabolites. The plant metabolites is actually what the plant produces to keep itself healthy to prevent and defend itself from diseases and pests, the weather and all these kinds of things. But more importantly when you eat the plants you get those benefits and each one of these different kinds of plants produce little bit different, you know, witch’s brew of these helpful compounds. Isothyocyanates is just one of these many compounds. One of the discovered compounds—I'm sure there’s plenty of other undiscovered ones. My goal everyday is to eat 2 pounds of leafy greens and I'm easily able to do that in the winter time with all the greens I'm growing in my garden. So anyways let’s go over the different greens I’ll be growing this year in my garden here. Heirloom kale, red Russian, I love that guy a lot. It’s a really good performer. In some areas it will grow year round. I’ve got 12 of those guys. Over here we got some more leafy greens. This is the heirloom kale lacinato also known as black kale, Tuscan kale, or dino kale. I’ve got a bunch of those guys here. I’ve got like 3 six packs, I don't know if I’ll be planting all those guys in here. And I got one six pack of the Georgia collards. Oh, I did want to mention—the dino kale, that’s also another really good performer. That will grow in the summer here, also the winter here. So if you only had to pick one kale, I’d pick the dinosaur kale. It’s like the most resilient one I found. Going over to collard greens, if you had to pick only one kind of collard greens I’d pick the Georgia collards, they're more heat resistant. Actually, I have some that I think I actually over-summered, because the summers here are quite hot. I’ve had plants go on the entire summer, Georgia collards. I grow all these for the leafy greens although these plants will also go to flower and set seed which are also edible. The next category of plants I'm growing, mostly for the flours but also the greens. The greens on all these guys are all edible. Up next here we got some cheddar cauliflower. I love the cheddar cauliflower a lot. It grows the cauliflower but instead of growing the white head it grows a brilliant, cheddar cheese colored cauliflower. So it’s like, yellow-orangeish color. Really cool. I want to encourage you guys besides just eating phytonutrient rich foods like the leafy greens here, you also want to eat highly pigmented foods. Instead of eating something white, you know, like a white chocolate—that was a bad example, but I really want you guys to focus on foods of color, right? There’s new emerging research that has already come out, has been published, and studies that have yet not to be published and not to come out yet but the phytonutrients are probably in my opinion one of the most important nutrients in the food and especially when you're eating all these refined process foods, white flower, white sugar, white vinegar, right, all these foods have all these beneficial pigments processed out of them, and then much of the beneficial properties of the food goes down the toilet, in my opinion. So that’s why I'm growing some really rich and colorful foods in my garden to do the exact opposite. This is actually long island brussel sprouts. I don’t generally get the brussel sprouts here, the brussel sprouts and the stalks everybody always wants but I don’t really care because those guys actually, I grow for the immature buds. Maybe I grow also in addition, for the leaves. So I don’t care if I don’t get the brussel sprouts, what I'm used to in the store, all the brussel sprout plant produces is leaves, copious amounts of leaves that I just eat like collards or kale or cauliflower leaves or broccoli leaves which all have very similar nutrition for you guys. Of course, next we got some more stuff. We got that cauliflower rainbow mix. So this probably has the white, the cheddar, and the purple cauliflower in there. Like that a lot. Let’s move this guy over here. And then also I got these guys. We got graffiti cauliflower. Look at the picture on there. This is like a nice purple, rich colored cauliflower so once again, you know, I want you guys to eat the foods of color. There’s been some special research regarding purple foods. The research was done with purple carrots. They fed rats purple carrots along with junk food. And then they fed another set of rats, just the junk food alone and the rats eating the purple carrots with the junk food either did not gain weight and/or lost weight, whereas the animals eating the junk food gained the weight. Now, I'm not saying that you know, eat purple high antioxidant rich foods like purple carrots and then eat junk food—why even eat the junk food whatsoever? So ij ust like to eat the deep rich purple pigemented foods such as purple carrots, purple cauliflower, purple broccoli, blueberries, blackberries, without the junk food, right, to get the benefits of those guys because they probably help keep you slim and also help keep you healthy. And over in this bunch we got just the standard purple cauliflower, so I'm not sure if that’s different from the graffiti variety that you guys just saw. Of course we got one last six pack here we’re going to go over really quick. Now I'm also growing the broccoli, right? I think it’s sad how cauliflower and broccoli are grown for the immature flower buds. That’s what they're known for. You go to buy broccoli or cauliflower in the store and you get the immature flower buds that you know are just the flower, that you're going to eat. This is sad because people will not use the leaves of these plants. The leaves of these plants can be eaten just like a kale or collard green. In some instances, in my opinion, they're actually more delicious and sweeter than the kale and collard greens. So as long as these guys are growing, they're producing leaves, I can harvest these leaves to put in juices, add to smoothies, make kale chips or broccoli leaf chips or cauliflower leaf chips or Brussels sprout leaf chips. To me it’s all the same. Like, greens are greens and I want to get as many of these guys into me as possible and I love the winter time because I can do just that and also because it’s so cold out, the plant makes additional sugars and puts them into the leaves so they're actually sweeter. So if you're eating kale out of your summer garden, you're like, man that kale stuff John, that sucks, it tastes bad, I'm not going to eat it. Right? Try it again, give it another chance and grow it in your winter garden when it’s cold because this will make the sugar come out and they're going to taste so much better and I'm going to get you to be a lover of kale, alright. So here we got the broccoli early dividend. Another thing I want to encouraged you guys to do is to plant different varieties of the crops, right? I'm growing not just like all white cauliflower, I got graffiti, I got purple, I got cheddar, I got a rainbow mix and the same with the broccoli. I got the early dividend here, we got another early dividend because I like my cauliflower like I like my women—early. No, wait, that didn’t make sense. I like the early broccoli so I have some broccoli leaves sooner rather than later in the season. I got two six packs of those and I got some English violet broccoli. Never seen this variety before, I'm glad they have this as a start so I was able to buy it. I do want to say that I'm actually quite lucky to have the availability of all these plants and all the unique and different varieties because I know if you only have one nursery or something near you, you go to that nursery, whatever they got, they got and that’s what you get. So I know some of you guys still buying Bonnie plants from Home Depot and Lowe’s and all this stuff, I buy those when I don’t have any other options but I prefer to go to a local nursery where I’ve gotten some of these or the majority of these plants actually came from CPG plant nursery. If I remember, I’ll post a link down below. They're in southern California. I basically buy around 500 plants this last trip and this is the last major bunch that I will be planting out in the garden. I got some stragglers, like two more flats left. But yeah, I'm glad that they really grow a wide variety so you guys can have a nice selection of different plants and see which ones do better, grow better for you and also which ones you like, are tastier for you. This one is actually called the broccolini aspa brock. So I never grew this before, it’s going to be fun to see how it does. And of course, along with my purple cauliflower, I got some purple sprouting broccoli. I really like the foods of color and I want to really encourage you guys to grow like purple colored foods. They're the bomb. Alright. I think the last bunch—yeah I think this is it. I got the broccoli cauliflower romanesco, this is kind of a mixture between the two. so what’s going to happen is, I'm going to go ahead and select, two flats of all these, maybe not take out the doubles. And then I'm going to plant like all these intermixed in this bed here and I’m going to get probably planted out, get a good start on it, plant a bunch out, and then I'm going to come back at you and show you guys how I plant these guys and more importantly, the special fertilizer that I use to already take the high levels of phytonutrients, phytochemicals, vitamins and minerals in these plants they already produce to the next level. So as you guys can see, more than half the bed planted out in this bed. I got basically five rows, one, two, three, four, five, they are all offset, so they're not even, they're making a diamond pattern. Going down this direction between this plant and this plant, there’s 14 inches and then going diagonally between plants, there’s about 11 inches. So I kind of like this spacing, it just kind of allows me to get more plants in the bed with you know, little bit more space between them. Normally you would want to space your Brassica plants every 12 inches or so. I like to kind of put them a little bit closer so I can get more plants in the same space. In addition as you guys can see there’s a lot of extra space in between the plants still. I'm going to go in and either probably seed with some kind of intermediary plant in between while these guys get big so I can easily get—harvest a radish, for example in between the plants and maybe I might do something like carrots even, in between, some nice root vegetables in between, to maximize my space. I could put some kind of leafy green down in the bottom, maybe some kind of minor’s lettuce. Better even, mosh or moshe. I think I’ll do that actually, I love mosh. But anyways, I got that planted out. What I thought I’d do next is actually share with you guys how I'm planting these guys out… as you guys can see, I got all these stakes so you know, the first step of clearing this bed—it had peppers in it so I clear cut them down. I just cut to the stems and left all the root matter underneath and I leave them there. That’s my new practice now, to encourage more soil micro-biome and life in the soil. Unless they get in the way when I'm digging my new planting holes, they stay in the ground and just get to rot in place. Actually, I’ve only ran into a few of them through this process. That’s kind of cool. It saves me work from having to you know, pull them up, shake them out, and compost them in my compost bin. They're just going to go ahead and compost in the bed where they lay. So as you guys can see, I basically put these bamboo stakes and I actually do this elaborate setup of making as tying from each end to the other end and making little sticks to like space out each plant at the appropriate spacing. And you know it does take some time and this is a way I’d like to garden, not saying you guys have to do this. I know a lot of you guys plant haphazardly but I'm really here to produce the most amount of food in the smallest amount of space and by being more methodical it allows me to do just that. So if you want to see actually that process, be sure to check the link down below, if I remember, to a link of me planting this exact bed out of peppers, the same peppers that I’ve clear cut, because I showed you guys from like a roof shot, like how I plant all this out and the whole process I go through. Any case, once we got all the stakes in I basically pull out one stake at a time and I basically take a bulb planter. And yes, I know I'm planting transplants, starts and not bulbs, but I like the bulb planter because it allows me to minimally disturb the soil. Most of you guys might dig a little shovel or trowel and dig a little hole or even your hand but I like that this gets in there because there’s just about the right size hole to plant from my jumbo six packs and everything and I actually even have some electrical tape on here to denote how deep I need to go so don’t go too deep. So just put that in there and spin this baby around, go to my depth, I pull out a nice core fo soil that’s in there and then I go to a bucket and I just tap it out and it’s empty, ready for the next one. Then I got a hole that’s all ready to be planted out. So the next thing that I do is actually stock that hole with more nutrients. The other step that I didn’t mention actually is all this new layer on the top is all new compost mixture so I mix things like two different kinds of worm castings, maybe three different kinds of compost, maybe three different kinds of rock dusts, John and Bob’s soil products, all three different ones that I have, and then also put in like, oh, some biochar, some insect frass, just a mixture of all the different things I have laying around and mixed it all up. Top this whole bed off, got some coconut coyer from the local coconut company, wonder soil. Yeah but anyways, top this all off, and so that’s what adds fertility to my soil. In addition, all the other compost that’s all in there that this bed is filled actually with doctor’s earth bagged soil which is a good high quality product. This product I would recommend if you can't find bulk stuff near you. It may be still available at home depot, I think they might be getting clearance out so it might be good to check your local home depot and see if the stuff is on final clearance when it’s going to be dirt cheap and I'm just going to load up if it is because I think they might be discontinuing it, I'm not sure. But anyways, yeah. Top that off. But even then, you know, I want to add further fertility for my plants, especially my baby transplants as I plant them in so I add a few things. The first thing is, add some of this stuff. This is the Dr. Earth’s life fertilizer and this is an all purpose fertilizer. It’s good for fruits, vegetables, flowering plants, shrubs, ground covers, and even your lawns. And I like that this stuff is actually pelatized. So I have had like the powder Dr. Earth stuff but I find it gets very dusty very fast so I like basically just to stick my hand in here and I just take a bunch out and just sprinkle a few bits into each planting hole. Alright? And that adds lots of different nutrients. This is a 5-5-5 fertilizer and lots of different organic materials to add in but in addition it also contains non plant food ingredients including many different kinds of beneficial bacteria and more importantly mycorrhizae, humic acids, kelp, and all kinds of other nutrients for my baby plants to kind of get them off to the right start. Now besides that stuff I add something else and I actually have decanned another product which I will talk to you about in another minute before I come back in this little bucket here which is actually the original one I got last year and this is a western biotech solutions GTF glucose tolerance factor soil conditioner—that’s what it says on the label but that’s not what’s in here. This is last year’s label. I'm just reusing a container and encourage you guys always to reuse instead of recycle. It’s better. So what I do is I empty some soil conditioners into here and this is what it looks like. It’s basically in saw dust… and I take one scoop of this stuff and I put it in each hole. And the scoop size I'm using is a level scoop size of one teaspoon. Now, why this step is important is because this adds specific amounts of very essential trace materials into the planting hole, into the soil, for the plants to absorb so that then they could hold onto those plants, digest these in organic minerals, turn them into organic form so that when I eat the plants, I could get these very important trace minerals that in my opinion and based on research I’ve read will help keep me healthy and disease free. And that’s very important because most people have no clue about this and I'm going to go into a segment at the end of this, even get more into it, so after I add those two items to the planting hole, I'm ready to plant my plant start. So what we got here is we got some red Russian kale. How I'm doing this actually I'm planting in rows but they're diagonal rows so it’s going to look really cool. I got all red Russian kale in this side, this row, got some English violet broccoli in the next row, got their lacinato or Tuscan kale in the next row, like all the way down so when it’s done it’s going to look really cool or when it’s growing. So what we’re going to do is we’re going to go ahead and take one of these little heirloom red Russian kale plants, pop it out of the cell, got really nice roots in there in the bottom and so what I generally do is I go ahead and take an empty bucket. This is basically the soil I topped off my bed with, I enriched it a little bit more, I’ll put this, I’ll go over here, I’ll just you know, tease out the roots like I’m teasing out the hair, if you're a girl in the ‘80s. And we get them kind of hanging out a little bit and then I put this guys, which is a shaker bottle which is once again also reused. Unscrew it and then I just shake a little bit of this stuff on there while I’m like over my little bucket that has all my—the stuff that I topped of the bed with. Once I shake that on there then I’ll go very carefully to the planting hole, maybe I’ll put a little bit of the stuff in the bucket in the planting hole and then I’ll drop these guys in there carefully. And then I’ll take my fingers and kind of go around and take out the airspace because the jumbo six pack size is a little bit smaller than the bulb planter so we’re kind of making sure all the soil is flushed near the bottom. And then we’re going to finally take like a handful of this stuff on the top and just spread it on the top. Sometimes I’ll find on Brassica plants like these guys, they start to pop out, so they can be planted a little bit deeper and that’s what we did and that’s basically how I planted. Now you're probably wondering, John, what’s in this stuff right here? Let me go ahead and show ya. So this is a mixture of several different items. I think I have like maybe—at least two thirds of this shaker bottle is this stuff right here. It’s actually known as the mycorrhizae granular mycorrhiza. So this has different kinds of endo and ecto mycorrhiza, good for both vegetables and trees and I know what you're thinking right now—John, the Brassica family of plants they don’t like colonizing with the mycorrhiza. Well, that may be true but I'm also going to be growing things in between these plants. Plus I just want them in my soil to hang out for next time. And also the other thing is, as much as this is two thirds of this shaker bottle, I got some other things in there, so the remaining two thirds consist of a few things. Number one, the plant success siable premium mycorrhiza innoculent with beneficial bacteria, seaweed, and humic acids so that also gets the remaining one third in here. I think I like that mainly for the beneficial bacteria. In addition I got the pure protein dry powder. Also part of this. Last two thirds. And of course I got the aqua sap. So I add these additional nutrients to really give the plants boost so that they don’t have as much shell shock or root shock or transplant shock once they're planted back in. iv’e actually already planted all the lettuces and a whole bunch of other stuff with the same mixture that I’ve been using for years and I’ve always been tweaking it over the years, this is my latest mixture and they always do really well. So yeah that’s how I plant them out. I guess next I need to actually plant the rest of these out. Then we’re going to come back at you, and let you guys know why this saw dust stuff here, these trace minerals are probably one of the most important agents of fertility you guys could add to your garden and probably aren’t. So as you guys can see me, behind me, I’ve got this raised bed all planted out, 72 plants, took me several hours, that was like today’s project today, the sun is going down, it’s getting kind of cold. I really dislike when the days get shorter you know, and the sun goes down earlier. So it just encourages me to get up early, get outside and do my gardening earlier before it gets too cold in the afternoon. Anyways, I got my gardening done for today. Last thing I got to do for this bit is put a little fence around it because otherwise my dog gets up in there and digs and leaves footprints and poops, so, I’ll do that after I shoot this video. But I want the come back at you, and let you guys know what was that sawdust like powder fertilizer that I was putting in? And I got my new shipment in of that stuff and what it is, it’s actually called the western biotech soil solutions. It says grow your own mineral supplements, and this is the master gardener pack soul conditioner. This pack right here isn’t for the faint of heart, right. This pack is like if you're serious about your health and growing high quality food. If you're not, turn off this video now because you can continue do your free gardening style, right? I mean I want to tell you guys really quick why I'm so into gardening and growing food and growing not only just any old food but the highest quality most nutritious food I possibly can. And that is basically because when I was in my 20s, I had a life threatening illness known as spinal meningitis. I was hospitalized and my mom stayed by my side the whole time I was hospitalized. I was taken into an intensive care unit, I was passed out, I woke up in intensive care with all these IVs stuck inside me and you know when you're sick in the hospital, you ask the doctor one question, ehy doc, when am I going to g et out of here? And he gave me the answer no one wants to hear, no matter what age you're at. I was just graduated from college. He said, you might not make it out of here. And I thought about it for a second like… I'm like, whoa, this is not a good situation. I might not make it out of here, he’s like you have a viral version of the spinal meningitis and there is no medical treatment for you. And that’s not something anyone wants to hear at any age. You know? And so that like, I was like, wow, this is messed up, this is the last thing I'm going to see potentially, my life is inside this hospital and not get to experience life, not to use my college degree to the benefit of anybody. Or anything, or me, or anything. And so luckily, as you guys know, I made it out of that situation but I could not stay through the medical system. I could only stay through higher powers and that’s what I like to say—I was given a second chance and my second chance is in my opinion, help thy fellow man. Promises, prayed when I was in the hospital that if I make it out of there, I'm going to be a better person in this life and do the best I can. So anyways, I made out of that situation and when I was leaving I said doctor, hey doc, why did I get in this situation in the first place? Like why was I sick and none of my college buddies that I was playing broom ball with get sick? And he says, well you have what’s called compliment immune deficiency which basically—basically, in his words he says you have a chronically weakened immune system because of your genes. So he blamed it on my genes. And so all I knew after I left is that John, you need to do something to make your genes stronger so that you don’t get sick again, you don’t get in the hospital and the doctor is not telling you again in another point, you might not make it out alive, because that’s not a fun place to be, right? The only thing I wanted when the doctor’s told me that is I just wanted my health. I didn’t want a million dollars, I didn’t want a billion dollars, I didn’t want to be president. I didn’t want anything except to have my health because I almost lost it. And I think it’s really sad in this day and age that we all take our health for granted. We all take being healthy for granted. I take being healthy for granted. I walk around without stomachaches, without all these different aches and pains like my brother who is a couple years younger than me, you know? And it’s only in times when I make a video and really think about it that I really appreciate the health that I have. But you know the health that I have did not happen to me haphazardly, right? I’ve been working very judiciously for the last 21 years now on building my health to the next level. What’s in this box in my opinion can take your health to the next level no matter where you're at. So I learned at a young age that your health is your greatest wealth and it’s not about making money in our world. It’s about having your life and not only being healthy and living a long life but living a long, healthy productive life that you know, you're doing something worthy for worthy goals and making the planet a better place. A lot of people are not making the planet a better place and so I want to do my part to make this planet better for the future generations and my kids and their kids and their kids’ kids. So anyways, back to the soil solutions soul conditioner and why I think this is revolutionary in fertilizers. Let’s go ahead and read the bottom—provide your soil with proper bio available minerals needed to increase mineral uptake in the plants. So here’s the thing, as you guys know, you know, I’ve put a lot of different nutrients in my soil, probably more than anybody I know or have ever met. Whether that’s an overkill or I'm overdoing it or I need to put that much stuff in—you know that’s up to debate but once again this is my money, and gardening is my hobby, and I can spend my money however I like. My dad said when I was kid, John you can take all your money and taking pennies and throw it off the golden gate bridge for all I care, because he let us kids do with our money what we want. I believe by doing this, I'm making an investment. Not investment into the US treasury or the Bank of America or anything but investment in my health, which is my greatest wealth and the most—the thing that I have that is most dear and valuable to me! So I would encourage you guys, you know, to make your health first and yeah some of these things that I do may cost a little money but it’s going to grow a higher quality food which means you're going to be a higher quality person and you know, literally, in my opinion I'm buying myself out of getting sick in the future and that is priceless because I don’t want to go through all those pains and all those things that people go through when they're really sick and in the hospital with cancer and cancer is eating their body and I don’t even want to know how painful that can be, right? And so up till now I’ve added things like the rock dust and different kinds of rock dust, 5 different kinds of rock dust and different kinds of rock dust with the trace minerals because I know that trace minerals are super important. I put in soil humates, I had doctor Joel Wallack, I’ll put a link below to that video if I remember, you know, who has done all kinds of research on how important and vital trace minerals are to your health. And unfortunately with top soil degradation, the standard farming practices of today even organic farming practices, they're not replacing the certain trace minerals in the soils like there should be. Furthermore, with soil contamination of certain trace minerals, other trace minerals may not be absorbed properly and things may not work in the system. So I try to bring my soil back into balance and add some of the trace minerals into the soil and that’s what I do with the rock dust. Rock dust is kind of like a shot gun, right. I shot gun all the different minerals and I hope that my plants take the minerals they need to be healthy, plus I get to eat that and be healthy. But still, it’s like playing poker. You're leaving many things up to chance, right? And I don’t want to leave things up to chance as much as I'm—you know I have to. I want to really gamble and pull that slot machine lever when I know I'm going to win. Well how do you know you're going to win? You can rig it. That’s what this stuff is, the soil conditioner you know, you're kind of rigging the system instead of putting in all kinds of rock dust and hoping that certain trace minerals are uptake and when you eat those you're going to get those in you. The soil solution products, what they allow you to do, they allow you to spoon feed the plants certain minerals that then it converts, takes up, and then makes it by all available for us. Furthermore, aside from just the minerals that’s taken up, because a plant may be healthier, it may be producing a different kind of plant metabolites which are nutrients for us. So what I want to do now is actually open up this box and show you guys what’s inside. Alright, in this box here, I’ve got some cool stuff. We’ve got a whole bunch of stuff. We got mainly the soil conditioner pack right here and in this pack there’s basically a couple bags, maybe I think like six bags of this fertilizer stuff. And this is the emotional wellbeing formula soil conditioner. So what this formula is, it’s specifically formulated with certain trace minerals that has been shown in people to be maybe deficient if you maybe don’t feel emotionally well, right? So you can flip this over and there’s a total like list of all the different minerals in there. So there’s like, 36 grams of boron, 225 grams of calcium, 365 grams of magnesium, 360 milligrams of selenium, 3650 milligrams of lithium, 100 grams of sulfur, and the pine shavings. And so here’s the thing. You're thinking, John, I could get like you know, boron from a supplement. Well, number one, the supplement, you know what you could take boron and other trace mineral supplements, the absorption rate is very low and that’s not how we’re supposed to get our minerals. We’re not supposed to be taking these mineral supplements, we’re not supposed to be sucking on copper pennies to get our copper. We want to get copper from the foods we eat and that’s how we were designed to do it. The problem is, especially if things like boron which may be deficient in soils across the world is not in the soils, the food that’s being grown in those soils will not have the boron in it. And so how do we know all these minerals are really important—well, there’s this book that comes along with this pack. It’s actually minerals and the genetic code, even if you're not going to buy this pack, I would encourage you to go on Amazon and pick up this book so you can learn about how important these trace minerals are if you don’t believe me. It says that an exposition an analysis of the doctor standard genetic period chart in the physical, chemical, and biological connection by Charles Walters. But in here, he goes into all the different minerals and how they're important for different conditions and also you know, more importantly, what specific plants take up these minerals. For example, iodine. Iodine in my opinion is a big deficiency these days. Most people get it from eating some iodide salt, but what if you don’t eat iodide salt because it’s that crap table salt that you cut out your diet—oh, I eat sea salt, John. You're not going to get enough iodine from sea salt. Maybe you’re eating sea minerals but other than that you know, things actually in here, it’s actually bladder wrack, it’s really high in iodine, pistachios, you know, it’s significantly lower in iodine than the kelp or bladder wrack. And then even going down from there, soy beans, red seeder shoots, yeah, anyways. It goes over all the different plants rich in iodine which is actually significantly lower than the seaweed so I just recommend seaweed for that. But pistachios could have 51 parts per million so we’re talking like parts per million the kelp has 54 hundred parts per million. And so the thing is this, we know that pistachios can absorb the iodine but the problem is if there’s not iodine in the soils the pistachios ain’t going to have it in there and this can be true for all minerals. So, that’s what this book goes over but let’s get back to this right here. So you know certain plants will take up certain trace minerals so you know they make recommendations on this formula. So for this formula, if you want to really take up boron and get more boron in your diet, you want to grow things like strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, and cabbage. If you want to get more calcium, the tomatoes, cauliflower, and dill will absorb more of the calcium. If you want to get the magnesium uptake, you want to grow beans, oats, and spinach. If you want to get the selenium, selenium is a very important trace mineral that I believe many people may be deficient in these days. You want to grow things like milk thistle, lemongrass, and pumpkin. If you want to get lithium, lithium is an essential nutrient, we want to grow thyme, beans, and lettuce, and if you want to get sulfur, very important, cabbage and onions as well as the amazing tropical fruit named durian will take up a lot of sulfur. I think also garlic, garlic also rich in sulfur. But anyways, that lets you know what plants to get those trace minerals but then here it has basically the mineral function—boron, calcium, magnesium, selenium, lithium. I could sit here, read all of it. I might read one for maybe the boron. Boron appears to affect calcium and magnesium metabolism and membrane function that is essential for efficient absorption of calcium in the body. It was found by the US Department of Agriculture to significantly reduce the loss of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus in post-menopausal women. It may also be helpful for ischemic heart disease and other forms of cardiovascular disease. Boron deficiencies sign may be related to the level of vitamin D and possibly other nutrients in the diet. Deficiency systems—osteoporosis and arthritis. So if you are deficient in certain trace minerals you may be more likely to get diseases—they’ve done a lot of different studies regarding that. So anyways this one is for the emotional well being, so if you're having emotional well being issues this is the one to get. Let’s see here. We’ve also got one for the GTF, glucose tolerance factor. This is the one I used last year. If you want to learn significantly more than what I'm talking about, these trace minerals than this episode, be sure to check that link down below where I interviewed Robert Rissingham regarding these products that he came up with and how he came up with it and why he came up with it—his parents actually had cancer, so he had to come up with a way so they could get the very important trace minerals so that they could overcome their cancer. I guess he wasn’t able to get to one of his parents but he was able to save the other one as well as his wife’s parents. But this one is the glucose tolerance factor, I’ve been using this, and this one has chromium, vanadium, molybdenum, zinc, sulfur, and the pine shavings. You guys are like, try to get pregnant, you guys can't, right? Then maybe you want to try this one—fertility and potency formula. Yeah, I want to be potent, man. You know what I mean by potent—does that apply for women too? I think it’s mostly men. Chromium, potassium, iodide, calcium, magnese, selenium, cobalt, sulfur, and pine shavings. Next one, this is the one actually I’ve been using this year now, planting all my lettuce you can see behind me. With this formula, health and immune sstem formula, this is probably the most important one for me because I did have an immune compromise, I want to make sure my immune system is strong and it has the specific trace minerals to build my immune system. This one has boron, potassium iodide, magnesium silver, zinc, tin, and sulfur. Got another one here. This is probably the largest killers of Americans in this day and age and people around the world is heart disease. This is heart, health, and cardiovascular formula. This has calcium, magnesium, selenium, copper, and sulfur. Then I got one left in here. This is an important one for many of you guys maybe getting up there, I think my dad needs to get on this one. This is the memory formula. And this is if you want to enhance your memory, maybe even things like certain diseases that you may lose your memory when you get older—magnesium, sulfur, boron, cobalt, selenium, and yttrium. That’s an interesting one. When have you got your yttrium lately? Anyways, each one of these formulas is specifically designed to support certain conditions so you can actually grow like your own medicine, literally, your foods, your fruits and your vegetables will uptake these trace minerals and you’ll get them when you eat the foods that you harvested. Now you might be thinking, john, why is all this important man and how much is this stuff? Well, I’ll tell you this. With the discount code, GYG, you guys get 30 percent off to buy these guys and these guys ain’t cheap—this whole box, it’ll set you back a pretty penny. It might be a paycheck or even two for some of you guys. But each one of these bags after the discount codes, it’ll be 100 dollars including shipping. But here’s the thing—this one bag of soil conditioner for the heart health and cardiovascular formula is going to treat one cubic yard so the rich man’s way to use this is actually to treat a yard, you know, of soil with this and then put it in your garden and plant in it. Another way if you don’t want to, you know, mix it into a whole yard is you could actually till it into a 10 by 10 raised bed, 3 inches deep. You could also do it that way. The way I do it, the rich man’s way, is spreading it out in your whole garden because you're not planting in every area of your garden unless you're having a forest style garden. The poor man’s way, the way I'm doing it, is actually ij ust take out one teaspoon of this stuff and then put it in each planting hole. That’s why these bags are going to last me for many years to come, and they’ll last. These will not evaporate or go bad or anything like that. But yeah, that’s this stuff. Definitely really important. I want to exactly show why it’s so important and why I like using this and this is going to blow your guys’ mind, so let me go ahead and grab some paperwork. So here’s the thing, fruits and vegetables and things, they’ll absorb these trace minerals if they're in the soil. In my opinion, you know, soils are getting devoid of minerals due to soil degradation due to unsustainable farming practices—yes, even organic farming is in many cases is degrading the soil because they're still tilling the soil. So I like to do the no till method which preserves some nutrients and then they're bringing in compost but the compost is grown on last year’s remnants and whatnot, and if the trace minerals aren’t in there, they're not going to magically appear unless you're getting heavy metal trace minerals from things that are falling out the sky that I won't mention what they are because some of you guys believe in it and some of you guys don’t, but anyways, the foods are deficient inn the minerals and if you're eating a mineral deficient diet, you may come down with health conditions. And that’s not fun. And I want to avoid these things and that’s why I'm doing and adding all these things into my soil. Anyways, here’s a test, right. So this is the health and immune system formula, the one actually I just used for my—the lettuce bed right over there. This is certified lab testing results for boron. So boron may be a mineral you're deficient in. There’s many implications for boron, I could read it on the back of the packages. I’ll send in a website for this company. You can read some of the different minerals, what they do, and how they can enhance their health. The company basically drew in a control bed, just regular soil. They grew vegetables. And then they added in the same soil blend, they added their health formula, and then they drew the same vegetables. So here’s for example… they grew formula grass and if you grew it in the health formula you could eat like one serving a week grass and if you just grew it in the control soil, you’d have to eat one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen servings of wheat grass. So you can have significantly more nutrition in less volume of food. So for broccoli you could get the trace minerals by eating one head you know, if you added the health formula instead of two heads for not doing anything. And beans, it’s one serving of beans instead of 3 servings of beans. So what’s the benefit to this. The benefit to this is actually you could eat lower calories to get the same amount of trace minerals. So calories for the health formula, you could eat 140 calories versus 413 calories. So you could eat significantly less calories and calorie restriction has been the only thing that has been shown—proven to enhance the longevity so now you can eat less calories but still maintain and get your nutrients. This is jus ton the boron, go onto the next page where we talk about zinc. Zinc, another important trace mineral. Many friends of mine, whether they're eating a plant based diet or not are deficient in zinc. That’s because zinc is disappearing from the soils and not being supplemented because standard agriculture is focused on 3 main minerals putting in NPK, and they don’t care about anything else man, and they're growing these big giant heads of lettuce and things that taste like nothing that don’t give you the nutrients that your body really requires to function and don’t get started if you're eating processed foods, man. Processed foods, that’s some of the cheapest stuff you could get and they process a lot of the nutrients out of it. Anyways, for example, zinc… wheat grass was the same whether they added the zinc or not but for example, the lettuce you know, you could eat one serving instead of two servings and the calories was 99 versus 104 so that’s not like a big savings for zinc, you know, with this formula versus the control. The control had good zinc levels in there. But what’s even more fun is when we get into these guys. This is the silver and the tin. So for example, on silver, for lettuce, you could either eat one head if you had this mineral formula added to your soil and actually this is the same one I added to my lettuce bed over there—oh my light came on, it’s getting dark. Or you could eat eight servings of lettuce to get the same amount of the trace minerals by using the health formula. And once again, the calorie difference, 140 versus 377, that’s like almost two and a half, three times difference. So on tin, on the health formula, versus the control you could eat one serving of radishes or you’ll have to eat 52 servings of radishes grown in control. I don't know, that’s a lot of radish to eat, right? My goal these days is to eat the minimum amount of food and get the maximum amount of nutrients. Not only the trace minerals but also the plant phytochemical sand phytonutrients and vitamins and minerals. And so that’s literally what this fertilizer allows me to do, allows me to really maximize the trace minerals so that I don’t have to buy a supplement that maybe isn’t easily absorbed. Of course this is advanced topic, advanced credit only if you're really serious about your health. Maybe you have a condition, maybe you have diabetes or something, right? You might want to try that glucose tolerance factor—try it. Right, it’s 100 bucks, right, you guys are buying insulin or whatever and if it wasn’t covered by insurance, it’d cost well more than 100 bucks. Like drugs, they're really expensive. Invested in some fertilizer. It’s going to last you a long time if you just scoop it out by the teaspoon like I'm doing, right. It’s a good investment. It’s going to last. Maybe you’ll see a difference in your diet. Of course growing high mineral food is not the answer to all the world’s health challenges, but in my opinion, it’s the part of the answer. Trace minerals are definitely indicated in many different disease situations and I have seen diseases get reversed by supplementing with foods rich in trace minerals. It may just be eating more fruits and vegetables. That may do it for you. It may be adding in things like kelp powders and seaweed powders and other kinds of plant available trace minerals into you. It might be adding in some of these vegetables that are grown in the soil solution products to basically up the levels of the certain trace minerals you need to be healthy, to get rid of your disease conditions. Of course, also, going along with that, I always want to encourage you guys to eat a healthy diet that’s focused around plants, right? Eat mostly what you grow in your garden and other plant foods. And if you got to eat other junk foods and processed foods and animal foods, eat those in small quantities, right? I don’t really care what you guys eat but I want you guys to eat a lot of plants, especially the ones you grow in high quality soil and also when you're spending a 100 dollars per bag like, I’ve just put in my garden. You're going to want to eat your food because you don’t want that very nutritious food to go to waste. I’d love to give my food to my family, my parents, my brother, my friends that you know, so they can have some high quality food, right, and maybe they could be healthy because of it. You know, Robert, the owner and CEO of this company, has research that shows there’s higher uptakes in his products you know that he’s grown and the fertilizer products that he’s used to grow food is of higher quality. Now here’s the thing—if you don’t want to invest in a fertilizer which is by far the cheapest way to do this and as time goes on, since he’s a new company hopefully he’s going to get these products into WalMart one of these days and it’s going to be super cheap to do it on mass scale—he does all these batches by hand and stuff, lots of labor, he uses US labor, pays a fair wage up in Wyoming or wherever he’s at. If you don’t want to buy the fertilizer and grow out with it, what he has is these guys—he sent me a couple of samples here. He has his wheatgrass powder. So this is wheatgrass powder grown in the glucose tolerance factory. Basically he took his product, grew wheatgrass with it, he got the wheatgrass and then he powdered it up and put it in a bottle for you so you guys could take it. This is the glucose tolerance factor—I guess he sent me three of those. So this is for people that may have things like diabetes, this may help them with their blood sugar issues to need less insulin or maybe even potentially get off it. He has been getting testimonials from people you know, on just literally changing and adding in some super mineral rich, certain mineral rich enhanced foods to get better. I think this is really where drugs will go in the future, instead of taking a drug to cure your diabetes or unfortunately, most drugs do not cure anything in my opinion. They are a crutch. My dad is on blood pressure lowering medications—it didn’t just fix him, he has to take that for the rest of his life, against my wishes, right? Maybe if he grew in the heart health fertilizer, maybe he’d get off his drugs and not have to keep buying drugs that basically don’t do anything to fix the problem, they’re a band-aid or a temporary crutch and an to a full solution whereas I believe these produces—if every drug store sold food. If you could go to the grocery store and buy food grown in these mineral products, people could have really nutritious food and maybe we wouldn’t have any diseases in our world today! This is, I think, where we really need to go. These fertilizer products need to go out to big industries and people need to start going, especially in the cannabis industry—medicinal cannabis. Could be grown with some of these trace minerals to get higher uptakes so that when the users of the cannabis, hopefully they're juicing it or using it in its raw state, it’s going to get better results because they're also going to get not only the cannabanoids but also higher levels of trace minerals that have been implicated in certain diseases, right? So the future is great, I'm glad to be living in this time now, there’s so much new information, technology, and things going on in the world so that you guys can get healthier one step at a time if you guys want to. And that’s what I simply do. a lot of you guys are going to poopoo this—John that stuff is too expensive! Fine! You can garden on the cheap, growing your own food is still better than the store, right? My goal, because I almost lost my life, is to grow the highest quality food so I don’t end up back at the hospital again and being out of control. I want to control my ultimate destiny and my ultimate health and I believe this is a product that can do it for you guys. So if you guys want to learn more about these products here, you want to visit the website WesternEnvironmentalServices.com, I’ll also put the links down below this video so you guys can check it out. Also be sure to use the discount code GYG. This is going to be for a limited time only and that’s going to get you guys 30 percent off these soil conditioners or even if you don’t want to grow your stuff in the soil conditioners, the cheapest way, this bag, if you're just dolling it out a teaspoon at a time with your transplants or even in your plant starts or when you're moving into pots or if you’re just growing into pots, you can put the teaspoon in the plants or around the seed, that’s going to definitely get some uptake. Another thing I forgot to mention is that once you treat your soil it’s going to last for 4 years so you don’t have to re-add this stuff to your soil for another 4 years but if it’s in the bag it’s probably going to literally last forever. The minerals aren’t going to just evaporate, so, yes, definitely an investment to make. If you don’t want to use this stuff, of course a discount code will also work for the different powders that in my opinion are actually quite expensive. Definitely pays money in this case to buy the fertilizer products, grow your own food, and actually take your food and dehydrate it into your own patterns so you could eat it in the winter and in times when you're not able to eat the healthiest food out of your own garden. That’s pretty much my episode for today. I didn’t eat lunch because I had to work through lunch to get this planted, make this video for you guys so I'm going to go in and eat lunch at dinner time and then I’ll eat dinner later. Anyways if you guys enjoyed this episode, learning about the trace minerals and the importance of them, I also want to encourage you guys to go to the website down below to learn about the trace minerals and why they are so important and also link to a database that talks about mineral deficiencies and what challenges, the health challenges you may see because of that. I mean, this is new, evolving research and I believe every place that has like a health facility retreat center that’s growing food should be using these, especially with people for certain conditions because it’s only going to in my opinion up the level of healing and success for people around the world. So yeah, anyways, if you enjoyed this episode, please give me a thumbs up. I’ll try to get out to Robert’s place and see how he’s growing it, what he’s doing, make a full video there, if I get a thousand thumbs ups. I’ll go out to his place in Wyoming, hopefully in the summertime because I'm going to freeze my butt off in the winter. Also make sure to check the links down below in the description. I have links in the original video I did with Robert, other videos I talked about in this episode, also the link to the place to buy the stuff. Also be sure to click that subscribe button right down below to be notified of my new and upcoming episodes. I have new and upcoming episodes every three to four days on this channel. You never know where I'm going to pop up, what you’ll be learning on my YouTube channel. Finally, be sure to check out my past episodes. My past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over 1200 episodes now at this point teaching you guys all aspects on how to grow the highest quality food on the planet. So once again, my name is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. we’ll see you next time. And until then, remember, keep on growing.

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How to Grow, Hydrate and Hold Cut Hellebores

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 142 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

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I'm Kelly, and I'm here with my friend Susan from Shady Grove Gardens. She's a grower here in Boone, North Carolina! Susan, why don't you tell us a little bit about what you do up at Shady Grove Gardens? All right. Well, we're growers and florist. And we've been doing-- this is year 31. 31, wow. We grow our flowers and use them for all our wedding designs. OK. So, we grow well over 300 different varieties, and we sell them to people like Kelly. Like me! Actually, to me! Yes. [LAUGHTER] And florist. So, I'm, like, nodding, like, oh, this is new information. But I of course know this, because Susan is one of the growers here in Boone. So, a lot of flowers that you saw whenever we were doing bunches of weddings and things like that, some of those things came from Susan's farm. Mhm! And we sell directly to brides, as well. OK, fantastic. So, before you started doing weddings and doing flowers just cut, you had a little bit of experience in landscape design. And then also tell us a little bit about your education. Well, I have a master's in Biology, and I have a Naturals degree and a Botany degree. And then I did landscape gardening, for about 20 years. And then we slowly transitioned into having a flower farm. So that's all we do, now. We have a flower farm and a nursery. We grow all our own seedlings. And I'm the grower, seedling, office mouse, designer. And Brent, my husband, is the main grower and farm manager. Yeah! Because they've got some flowers at their main place, where all of the seedlings and office work takes place. And they have a beautiful, you call it "The Peak," that's out-- just beautiful mountain views. I mean, one of the prettiest farms that I've ever been to. Fantastic views, great location. So, again, all of that then happens out at the Peak. Tell me a little bit about that Naturalist degree. What's included in that? Well, it's from Appalachian State. And, back then, we just did a lot of fieldwork. So it was all ornithology, mycology-- which is mushrooms-- You're going to have to tell me what-- so, mushrooms-- got it. Mushrooms and fungus, you know. So it was all fieldwork, as opposed to, like, learning how to do lab sorts of things. OK, sure. But I also took Plant Physiology and things like that, as well. Yeah, fantastic. Well, when it comes to hellebores, there are a few things that are really great that we want to share about keeping them hydrated. And one of them actually goes back to some of this plant physiology and some of those things that Susan's been talking about. And one of them is keeping the water that you're using-- having quite a full vase of water. Because having all of this water in here creates pressure that then pushes the water up through the stems! So that's one of the first things about hellebore hydration. And that would apply to a wide variety of plants, actually. So, it's great to have some deep water, whenever you're working with hellebores. We have several different types of hellebores here. And Susan really loves the ones that have their necks up, because they are a lot easier to use in arrangements. So, do you want to tell us a little bit about the ones that you brought today? All right. This one is actually a seedling, from my other hellebores around the yard. I will point out that it takes four years for them, at least, to bloom. And they don't move terribly well. So I love this one, and it's in a pot, so it's going probably back in my yard somewhere. OK, it's ready to go out. Uh-huh. This one is one that you can buy on the market. It's called Winter Thriller. There is a mix, and this one is Pink Ballerina. And it's a really nice ruffled double. But it does hang down a little bit. So, Kelly might be able to tell you how to solve that problem. [LAUGH] Yeah. Well, whenever they have kind of that natural facing, like, that their heads are moving down, sometimes what I'll do is take a branch-- like, for example, spiraea and quince are blooming at a similar time as the hellebore. And they both have, like, nice, branchy stems. So what I'll do is put this one-- you know, since this is a short stem, I put this kind of lower in the arrangement. But I would just, like, hook its little neck, here, onto one of those branches, or prop it over one of the branches, so that you could get that effect. And sometimes, too, seeing the backs of the stems, and the silhouettes that you get-- It just all depends what the point is, and what the purpose of that flower that you're using is, in your arrangement. Because this, even pointing down like this, I think, would be really lovely, depending on the lines and the shapes that you're using in your arrangement. But if you have some that are a little bit droopier, you can prop them up using those branches and things. So, love this. Pink Ballerina. Another one that's on the market right now, this one's called Pink Frost. And this is one-- I got a couple of these at Lowe's-- had them. I like the stiff stem on that one. Yeah. Very hardy. And that's what Susan-- as soon as Susan picked it, she's like, yeah, this is a really hardy one. And several years ago I visited Pine Knot Farms, which is where some of the research in this book took place. And I cut several different types from their garden. They were so gracious, to let me do that. And this was the variety that really held up well, comparatively. I mean, this went on for almost a month, I think, whenever I had it that first time. So I think this is a really great one, if you're looking to add some cuts to your garden. But really, most hellebores, I think, do hold up quite well. All of the progress that they've made in breeding and all those kinds of things, they're a great, strong plant. So, anyway, this one, I just cut from the garden, right before we came in to record today. So I'm going to give it a quick snip, exposing as much of this area as I can. And then I'm going to have some Quick Dip, here, from Floralife. And I'm just going to do a 1, 2, 3. [LAUGH] And then I'm going to put in that deep water. And then, same thing with this. And this one, I'm not 100% sure on what exactly this is called, but I got it here at Pine Knot Farms, if you really love it and you're looking for one that's similar. It's a very unique-- It doesn't have the picotee, like this Ballerina. I love the little spots. But this is more of a gradation in color, from white to this just really rich burgundy. And the back sides of the petals are so lovely, too. And a double, like the Ballerina that we have, here. And most of the hellebores on the market now are hybrids, so you just have to go by variety name and which ones you like. Yeah. There we go. OK. So those ones are in there, and they're ready to go. So, Quick Dip is one way that you can process your hellebore. And another way that you can do it, kind of an old-fashioned technique-- we just wanted to show a couple of different techniques that you could try out-- is to take-- And, Jessie, why don't we just get a close-up of this, if we can, here. We want to get water up into the stem as quickly as possible. So we're just doing a very small, gentle, super-gentle scoring of the stem. And that is also done with tulips, occasionally. And that just helps them get water into that-- what's it called? The xylem? Mhm. In the-- Yeah, in the xylem. In case you have a stem that's sealed off at the base, somehow, that allows more water uptake. And if there's air bubbles in there, like an embolism comes out. Mhm. So there we go! So, tell us a little bit about how the Quick Dip works. Because it serves somewhat kind of a similar purpose, when it comes to-- It does. --the air bubbles and the embolism-- things like that. In theory, you shouldn't have to do this on your own cuts. But with the ones that are shipped in, especially if you have them wilted, the Quick Dip, what it does is it changes the surface tension of the liquid and the water that you're trying to get taken up. So, it's acidic, and it's just-- that's all you need, is that few seconds to change that surface pH. So, the acid breaks down kind of the surface. Mhm. Mhm. And then it pops those bubbles and lets everything flow through freely! And that's similar to what you're doing with the slits. You're allowing the air bubbles to be dissolved, in one way or another. And you get more uptake. OK. Yeah, because sometimes with hellebores, we get those little, droopy necks at the top, especially when you're shipping them in wholesale. And for a long time-- Susan and I were just talking about how, for a long time, it was considered that hellebores just weren't a "good" cut flower. And how unfortunate that we lost that. But we moved into a season where a lot of our sourcing was coming from other countries. And we were doing a lot of shipping in planes and all those types of things. And so, comparatively, in the world of flowers, it was a little bit more complicated to get hellebores going, and because of their bloom season being whenever it's cooler-- things like this-- maybe flowers weren't as much in demand. So there was sort of this little period of history, in the cut-flower world, where they disappeared. But whenever we were doing cut flowers using things that were in our own backyard, before, you know, airplanes and all those types of transportation methods were a piece of it, this is something that you'll see in floral history and in art and different things. You'll see these being used. Well, the hybrids certainly have made them more popular, because there's nicer colors, better stems. But yes, back in the '40s, when people grew their own flowers as a florist, they used them. And then, the tropics, they don't do well in the tropics. They have to have that cold period. They bloom in the snow. They're Lenten roses. So, now that there's more North American growers, we have more hellebores. More hellebores. Yeah, and how lucky we are, because just the variety that's available, now. And Pine Knot Farm has done so much work in pushing us forward, in terms of just the interesting types and colors and, you know, all the doubles and picotees and all those beautiful gradiations in the colors of the petals. I mean, it's just fantastic. They have such a great variety, there. Tell us, Susan, a little bit about these little rubber-band guys. [LAUGH] We were talking about when the best time is to cut them. In the summertime, we, of course, whenever it's warmer, we want to cut them early in the morning or late in the evening. But what's interesting about hellebores is, they are blooming whenever it is freezing, unlike most other flowers. So you actually have to pay attention to, is it frozen? [LAUGH] Well, these were cut last night, at 11 o'clock at night. And they were frozen solid. So, I had my doubts about bringing them over to Kelly. But, sure enough-- Yeah, pull them out! --every single one of them-- Wobble them around a little bit. --looks just fine. They're a little more wilty than the ones I cut the day before, before the freeze, but not much. So here's day before the freeze, what we're looking at, here. And this one's not too terribly much different. I don't see a huge, like, visible difference. What do you think? I don't! Now, what you're going to notice, especially if you're getting ones from your own yard, is the buds probably will never look good. They may turn brown. If they were frozen. Or the immature ones, that stem might decline much faster. But the bigger ones, they will be fine. Mhm! Now, it does depend on how long they stay cold, and whether it's windy and they have wind chill and dehydration. But a short spurt of snow or deep cold, they are OK! Mhm. Yeah, and that's something else that's important to consider, is, what-- and, a lot of times, with cuts, when you're having things, if you're someone who's having things shipped to you, there is a whole life that that flower lived before it even landed at your doorstep. And so, you might be doing all of the by-the-book right things to do but still be like, but these never opened, or these just kind of-- you know, whatever. They had a whole life. They could have not been hydrated properly, whenever they were a plant in the ground. They could have been malnourished. It's like, how strong was that plant before it was actually cut? And so, one of the great things about hellebores, I think that they are-- it's something that I think everybody should have in their-- I think everybody should have these in their garden. They're very easy, once you've got them in the ground. They're easy. A very easy plant. And tell us a little bit about when you think the best time is to cut them. Like, you would water them two days before or-- Yeah, about-- --what do you think? You know, just make sure it's either rained, or you watered, about 48 hours out. And then you should be able to cut them early in the morning, as long as they're not frozen, is probably your best time. And bring them in immediately, and put them straight into water. Where you could go wrong is leaving them lay around, like I did with the one. Yeah, yeah! [LAUGH] But, even so, look at how-- I don't remember exactly which one it was, but there's only three to choose from. It's the one I cut with the knife. Oh, yes, this one. It's this one. So this one accidentally got left out overnight in freezing-cold weather. And I didn't pick it up till that afternoon. The next day, and it is perfectly fine. Yeah, look at this. And I didn't put it in anything. This just went into water. So that's a tough plant. You know, it's almost an evergreen. Now, you'll also notice on these blooms, here-- I think it's on this one-- you can see where there is some freeze damage from the past freeze. OK. Here, let me hold that out, so Jessie can see it really well. But, if you can just kind of get rid of this-- you good, Jessie? You see that OK? I mean, you can just pinch this out-- Right. And it's still perfectly fine to use. And I use them like that, because people love green flowers. Mhm? And so, these will all turn green in a few months. And that's generally when I use them. Because my brides are getting married in May and not in February or March. So, even the burgundies turn towards a green color. Yeah. They all sort of fade, a little bit, as they're aging. And-- good grief-- OK, so, this starts coming out-- well, I know, we're up in the mountains. It's a little bit cooler longer. But the amount of time that this stays on the plant is really fantastic-- that it's usable as a cut. I mean, you really have, I would say three-- Into June. I use them into June. --solid three months! Mhm. Yeah. So, their color tones and things are going to be changing throughout that period. And the look of them, of course, will change. So-- let's see. Do we have any where the seed pods are maybe a little bit more developed? A few. And there is a reason why it's called "Lenten rose." It's at its peak during Lent, which is now. Which is now, mhm. There was-- I think one of the white ones has a pod on it. OK. Because they're a little earlier. So, some of these will come in at different times. So you have to kind of look at the ones that work for your yard. Mmm-- I feel like this one might be kind of as close as we're doing to get-- Oh, that's right. --in terms of time period, right now. But these will actually swell out. So, this is the female part of the plant. Right? Yeah? Mhm. That's your ovary forming, there. Mhm! And then these are the male part of the plant. You can see the pollen popping off of them. So the pollen's popping down in here and then going down in. And these are going to, then-- these little parts, right here, Jessie. They're very small right now. Mmm. It's right here. Can you see that? That's going to swell. Mhm. And make seeds. That's the ovary, and that's where the seeds will come on and live. So, there's lots of different stages, so you can have it where it's, you know-- actually, in this book, there's tons of pictures in there I could show. There's a green seed pod. And they're very usable with the green seed pod on them. Mhm. Yeah, absolutely. So, here's a picture of the life stages of the hellebore. And here is the part where-- you know, this is what it's going to look like late in the season, once the seed pods have developed and ripened on the plant. But tell us a little bit, Susan, about this life cycle that we're looking at, here. I know you mentioned four years to bloom, on this. So, if you're growing them in your yard, and you let the seed pods drop the seeds-- which you can barely see in the photo, there-- you should, in theory, have seedlings the next year. But they're going to be tiny. They're going to be like these little seedlings you see here. Now, you can move them. And probably the best time to move them is when they're that small. Oh, OK. They don't especially like being divided. They don't especially like being moved. OK. But the other important thing is, once they get really big and mature, they make a better cut flower. So maybe that first year or so, you might not really expect those flowers to be great and hold up well. Kind of like a peony, maybe. Like, you know, that kind of three-year mark. Well, for a lot of-- you grow a lot of perennials. And three years is when they kind of have established and they're doing well. So, as far as bloom goes, for those little guys that you might be wanting to do yourself, don't expect to see anything for about four years. Yeah? [LAUGH] Patience, big-time. And that's why hellebores are not that commercially available or that inexpensive, if you're buying. Right. They are a more expensive plant, and there's a lot of time that's involved in babying those things, unlike some of these annuals that you can pop up pretty inexpensively, at Lowe's or different things. Like this one, here, the Pink Frost, I think that that was maybe $16 or $18, compared to some of the other, kind of, quick annuals that they have or biannuals that they have that are coming and going. Yes I saw some at Lowe's, just yesterday, day before. $17 for just the standard Lowe's gallon pot. Yeah. Yeah, exactly. But they're great when you can get them going and established. There's nothing else really happening in the garden at that time. That's true. So it is that kind of like-- I guess I think I plant them more for myself, because it's like, oh, here's something! [LAUGH] You know, spring is here. Anything else that you wanted to share? I started growing them because all my brides were asking for green-- Oh, OK! --and green flowers. Right, right. So, I needed something green, and there's only so many green flowers. And in June, and in May, perfect green flowers. Yeah, yeah. I also use the leaves. Mhm! Yeah, I love these. Mhm. These are so great. I'm not sure how you use them, exactly, but I like to use them low in arrangements, over the rim of the container, to frame some of the larger flowers. And the leaves you can use all season long. I might be-- am I destroying my plant by clipping from the leaves after they've bloomed? Maybe a little bit. [LAUGH] If it's a big plant, I think they can handle it. They can handle it? Mhm? OK, great! Well, I just wanted to share, again, this book. It's called Hellebores, a Comprehensive Guide. Burrell and Tyler are the authors on this. And it is one of the American Horticultural Society award-winning books. And you hop over-- this was at the Royal Horticultural Society gardens, in England. Whenever I was there, they have-- this is one of the ones that they have in their library. But it's a comprehensive guide. And there's all kinds of great resources in here and a lifetime of several people that are kind of summarized in here. And also, what we've got is, there's a plant trial, back here, that John Dole from NC State headed up, in the appendix-- which I guess I don't-- there's a little nutrient study, here, in C. Back here, in Appendix D of this book, there was a study that Fanelli and John Dole from NC State, the Department of Horticulture Science, put together-- a little experiment using hellebores as a cut flower. And their results-- and you can see all of, you know, what their control was and their temperature and all those kinds of things. But 17 and 1/2 days is where they landed. They were experimenting with cut-flower preservatives. So, like, not the Quick Dip specifically, but those kinds of hydrating solutions and holding solutions, versus when you're cutting the plant. Because, for almost-- a lot of people-- and Susan, you know, I would consider one of them-- that cutting them later, you know, finds that there's really not a whole lot of problem, once they've got those seed pods on them. So, that's what he was testing. You know, was there a notable difference between if the seed pods were developed versus if they weren't? And he didn't seem to find a major-- in this study, he didn't see a major difference. But it doesn't mean that there might not be for someone else. Like, this one's starting to form a seed pod. So I would prefer to use one like that, because it's a little more leathery. Sure, mhm. And I would assume that it would last longer than one that still has all its anthers. Very delicate and soft. Mhm. Exactly. John was using a hydrating solution and a holding solution. A holding solution is a professional solution you can get from Floralife, is the one he uses. Oh, and I think he did-- actually, in this experiment, I think he used-- And Chrysal. Yeah, I think he used both-- like, the kind of equivalents of both brands-- and didn't see a big difference. Basically, they have less sugar in them than the standard Floralife that you would get in the little packets. So that's really the main difference. The hydrator is just a solution you leave them in for several hours. And it's similar to Quick Dip-- Mhm, but the plant just sits in it for a while. --just a different brand. OK. Why do you think people-- why do you think that, like, higher sugar content that you would get in a packet, if you were buying flowers from a florist or something, why wouldn't it be the lower sugar count, if that actually makes them last longer? Yes. Because, when you give somebody regular Floralife, with a lot of sugar, that's carbohydrates. So that feeds the flower, and it also makes it continue to mature. OK. So, if you're a flower grower or a florist, you just want to hold that in stasis. So you just barely want to feed it. You don't want it to continue to mature, and you don't want to feed the bacteria. Of course, there's things in there to keep the bacteria from growing. But that's why they give it very little sugar. OK. And then the home person gets the product with the sugar. Right. So then they're really seeing kind of the best parts of the plant, and the rest of the life cycle of it, I guess. And most flowers are cut in bud, so you want them to stay in bud till they get to where they're going. Right And then that extra sugar lets them open. Mhm. Perfect! Well, thank you so much, Susan, for popping on to join us, today, and to talk about hellebores a little bit. This has been really fun. And we're excited to share these beautiful things with you. So, best of luck on your hellebore planting that you have coming up. And you let us know if you have any questions.
 
 
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I'm Kelly, and I'm here with my friend Susan from Shady Grove Gardens. She's a grower here in Boone, North Carolina! Susan, why don't you tell us a little bit about what you do up at Shady Grove Gardens? All right. Well, we're growers and florist. And we've been doing-- this is year 31. 31, wow. We grow our flowers and use them for all our wedding designs. OK. So, we grow well over 300 different varieties, and we sell them to people like Kelly. Like me! Actually, to me! Yes. [LAUGHTER] And florist. So, I'm, like, nodding, like, oh, this is new information. But I of course know this, because Susan is one of the growers here in Boone. So, a lot of flowers that you saw whenever we were doing bunches of weddings and things like that, some of those things came from Susan's farm. Mhm! And we sell directly to brides, as well. OK, fantastic. So, before you started doing weddings and doing flowers just cut, you had a little bit of experience in landscape design. And then also tell us a little bit about your education. Well, I have a master's in Biology, and I have a Naturals degree and a Botany degree. And then I did landscape gardening, for about 20 years. And then we slowly transitioned into having a flower farm. So that's all we do, now. We have a flower farm and a nursery. We grow all our own seedlings. And I'm the grower, seedling, office mouse, designer. And Brent, my husband, is the main grower and farm manager. Yeah! Because they've got some flowers at their main place, where all of the seedlings and office work takes place. And they have a beautiful, you call it "The Peak," that's out-- just beautiful mountain views. I mean, one of the prettiest farms that I've ever been to. Fantastic views, great location. So, again, all of that then happens out at the Peak. Tell me a little bit about that Naturalist degree. What's included in that? Well, it's from Appalachian State. And, back then, we just did a lot of fieldwork. So it was all ornithology, mycology-- which is mushrooms-- You're going to have to tell me what-- so, mushrooms-- got it. Mushrooms and fungus, you know. So it was all fieldwork, as opposed to, like, learning how to do lab sorts of things. OK, sure. But I also took Plant Physiology and things like that, as well. Yeah, fantastic. Well, when it comes to hellebores, there are a few things that are really great that we want to share about keeping them hydrated. And one of them actually goes back to some of this plant physiology and some of those things that Susan's been talking about. And one of them is keeping the water that you're using-- having quite a full vase of water. Because having all of this water in here creates pressure that then pushes the water up through the stems! So that's one of the first things about hellebore hydration. And that would apply to a wide variety of plants, actually. So, it's great to have some deep water, whenever you're working with hellebores. We have several different types of hellebores here. And Susan really loves the ones that have their necks up, because they are a lot easier to use in arrangements. So, do you want to tell us a little bit about the ones that you brought today? All right. This one is actually a seedling, from my other hellebores around the yard. I will point out that it takes four years for them, at least, to bloom. And they don't move terribly well. So I love this one, and it's in a pot, so it's going probably back in my yard somewhere. OK, it's ready to go out. Uh-huh. This one is one that you can buy on the market. It's called Winter Thriller. There is a mix, and this one is Pink Ballerina. And it's a really nice ruffled double. But it does hang down a little bit. So, Kelly might be able to tell you how to solve that problem. [LAUGH] Yeah. Well, whenever they have kind of that natural facing, like, that their heads are moving down, sometimes what I'll do is take a branch-- like, for example, spiraea and quince are blooming at a similar time as the hellebore. And they both have, like, nice, branchy stems. So what I'll do is put this one-- you know, since this is a short stem, I put this kind of lower in the arrangement. But I would just, like, hook its little neck, here, onto one of those branches, or prop it over one of the branches, so that you could get that effect. And sometimes, too, seeing the backs of the stems, and the silhouettes that you get-- It just all depends what the point is, and what the purpose of that flower that you're using is, in your arrangement. Because this, even pointing down like this, I think, would be really lovely, depending on the lines and the shapes that you're using in your arrangement. But if you have some that are a little bit droopier, you can prop them up using those branches and things. So, love this. Pink Ballerina. Another one that's on the market right now, this one's called Pink Frost. And this is one-- I got a couple of these at Lowe's-- had them. I like the stiff stem on that one. Yeah. Very hardy. And that's what Susan-- as soon as Susan picked it, she's like, yeah, this is a really hardy one. And several years ago I visited Pine Knot Farms, which is where some of the research in this book took place. And I cut several different types from their garden. They were so gracious, to let me do that. And this was the variety that really held up well, comparatively. I mean, this went on for almost a month, I think, whenever I had it that first time. So I think this is a really great one, if you're looking to add some cuts to your garden. But really, most hellebores, I think, do hold up quite well. All of the progress that they've made in breeding and all those kinds of things, they're a great, strong plant. So, anyway, this one, I just cut from the garden, right before we came in to record today. So I'm going to give it a quick snip, exposing as much of this area as I can. And then I'm going to have some Quick Dip, here, from Floralife. And I'm just going to do a 1, 2, 3. [LAUGH] And then I'm going to put in that deep water. And then, same thing with this. And this one, I'm not 100% sure on what exactly this is called, but I got it here at Pine Knot Farms, if you really love it and you're looking for one that's similar. It's a very unique-- It doesn't have the picotee, like this Ballerina. I love the little spots. But this is more of a gradation in color, from white to this just really rich burgundy. And the back sides of the petals are so lovely, too. And a double, like the Ballerina that we have, here. And most of the hellebores on the market now are hybrids, so you just have to go by variety name and which ones you like. Yeah. There we go. OK. So those ones are in there, and they're ready to go. So, Quick Dip is one way that you can process your hellebore. And another way that you can do it, kind of an old-fashioned technique-- we just wanted to show a couple of different techniques that you could try out-- is to take-- And, Jessie, why don't we just get a close-up of this, if we can, here. We want to get water up into the stem as quickly as possible. So we're just doing a very small, gentle, super-gentle scoring of the stem. And that is also done with tulips, occasionally. And that just helps them get water into that-- what's it called? The xylem? Mhm. In the-- Yeah, in the xylem. In case you have a stem that's sealed off at the base, somehow, that allows more water uptake. And if there's air bubbles in there, like an embolism comes out. Mhm. So there we go! So, tell us a little bit about how the Quick Dip works. Because it serves somewhat kind of a similar purpose, when it comes to-- It does. --the air bubbles and the embolism-- things like that. In theory, you shouldn't have to do this on your own cuts. But with the ones that are shipped in, especially if you have them wilted, the Quick Dip, what it does is it changes the surface tension of the liquid and the water that you're trying to get taken up. So, it's acidic, and it's just-- that's all you need, is that few seconds to change that surface pH. So, the acid breaks down kind of the surface. Mhm. Mhm. And then it pops those bubbles and lets everything flow through freely! And that's similar to what you're doing with the slits. You're allowing the air bubbles to be dissolved, in one way or another. And you get more uptake. OK. Yeah, because sometimes with hellebores, we get those little, droopy necks at the top, especially when you're shipping them in wholesale. And for a long time-- Susan and I were just talking about how, for a long time, it was considered that hellebores just weren't a "good" cut flower. And how unfortunate that we lost that. But we moved into a season where a lot of our sourcing was coming from other countries. And we were doing a lot of shipping in planes and all those types of things. And so, comparatively, in the world of flowers, it was a little bit more complicated to get hellebores going, and because of their bloom season being whenever it's cooler-- things like this-- maybe flowers weren't as much in demand. So there was sort of this little period of history, in the cut-flower world, where they disappeared. But whenever we were doing cut flowers using things that were in our own backyard, before, you know, airplanes and all those types of transportation methods were a piece of it, this is something that you'll see in floral history and in art and different things. You'll see these being used. Well, the hybrids certainly have made them more popular, because there's nicer colors, better stems. But yes, back in the '40s, when people grew their own flowers as a florist, they used them. And then, the tropics, they don't do well in the tropics. They have to have that cold period. They bloom in the snow. They're Lenten roses. So, now that there's more North American growers, we have more hellebores. More hellebores. Yeah, and how lucky we are, because just the variety that's available, now. And Pine Knot Farm has done so much work in pushing us forward, in terms of just the interesting types and colors and, you know, all the doubles and picotees and all those beautiful gradiations in the colors of the petals. I mean, it's just fantastic. They have such a great variety, there. Tell us, Susan, a little bit about these little rubber-band guys. [LAUGH] We were talking about when the best time is to cut them. In the summertime, we, of course, whenever it's warmer, we want to cut them early in the morning or late in the evening. But what's interesting about hellebores is, they are blooming whenever it is freezing, unlike most other flowers. So you actually have to pay attention to, is it frozen? [LAUGH] Well, these were cut last night, at 11 o'clock at night. And they were frozen solid. So, I had my doubts about bringing them over to Kelly. But, sure enough-- Yeah, pull them out! --every single one of them-- Wobble them around a little bit. --looks just fine. They're a little more wilty than the ones I cut the day before, before the freeze, but not much. So here's day before the freeze, what we're looking at, here. And this one's not too terribly much different. I don't see a huge, like, visible difference. What do you think? I don't! Now, what you're going to notice, especially if you're getting ones from your own yard, is the buds probably will never look good. They may turn brown. If they were frozen. Or the immature ones, that stem might decline much faster. But the bigger ones, they will be fine. Mhm! Now, it does depend on how long they stay cold, and whether it's windy and they have wind chill and dehydration. But a short spurt of snow or deep cold, they are OK! Mhm. Yeah, and that's something else that's important to consider, is, what-- and, a lot of times, with cuts, when you're having things, if you're someone who's having things shipped to you, there is a whole life that that flower lived before it even landed at your doorstep. And so, you might be doing all of the by-the-book right things to do but still be like, but these never opened, or these just kind of-- you know, whatever. They had a whole life. They could have not been hydrated properly, whenever they were a plant in the ground. They could have been malnourished. It's like, how strong was that plant before it was actually cut? And so, one of the great things about hellebores, I think that they are-- it's something that I think everybody should have in their-- I think everybody should have these in their garden. They're very easy, once you've got them in the ground. They're easy. A very easy plant. And tell us a little bit about when you think the best time is to cut them. Like, you would water them two days before or-- Yeah, about-- --what do you think? You know, just make sure it's either rained, or you watered, about 48 hours out. And then you should be able to cut them early in the morning, as long as they're not frozen, is probably your best time. And bring them in immediately, and put them straight into water. Where you could go wrong is leaving them lay around, like I did with the one. Yeah, yeah! [LAUGH] But, even so, look at how-- I don't remember exactly which one it was, but there's only three to choose from. It's the one I cut with the knife. Oh, yes, this one. It's this one. So this one accidentally got left out overnight in freezing-cold weather. And I didn't pick it up till that afternoon. The next day, and it is perfectly fine. Yeah, look at this. And I didn't put it in anything. This just went into water. So that's a tough plant. You know, it's almost an evergreen. Now, you'll also notice on these blooms, here-- I think it's on this one-- you can see where there is some freeze damage from the past freeze. OK. Here, let me hold that out, so Jessie can see it really well. But, if you can just kind of get rid of this-- you good, Jessie? You see that OK? I mean, you can just pinch this out-- Right. And it's still perfectly fine to use. And I use them like that, because people love green flowers. Mhm? And so, these will all turn green in a few months. And that's generally when I use them. Because my brides are getting married in May and not in February or March. So, even the burgundies turn towards a green color. Yeah. They all sort of fade, a little bit, as they're aging. And-- good grief-- OK, so, this starts coming out-- well, I know, we're up in the mountains. It's a little bit cooler longer. But the amount of time that this stays on the plant is really fantastic-- that it's usable as a cut. I mean, you really have, I would say three-- Into June. I use them into June. --solid three months! Mhm. Yeah. So, their color tones and things are going to be changing throughout that period. And the look of them, of course, will change. So-- let's see. Do we have any where the seed pods are maybe a little bit more developed? A few. And there is a reason why it's called "Lenten rose." It's at its peak during Lent, which is now. Which is now, mhm. There was-- I think one of the white ones has a pod on it. OK. Because they're a little earlier. So, some of these will come in at different times. So you have to kind of look at the ones that work for your yard. Mmm-- I feel like this one might be kind of as close as we're doing to get-- Oh, that's right. --in terms of time period, right now. But these will actually swell out. So, this is the female part of the plant. Right? Yeah? Mhm. That's your ovary forming, there. Mhm! And then these are the male part of the plant. You can see the pollen popping off of them. So the pollen's popping down in here and then going down in. And these are going to, then-- these little parts, right here, Jessie. They're very small right now. Mmm. It's right here. Can you see that? That's going to swell. Mhm. And make seeds. That's the ovary, and that's where the seeds will come on and live. So, there's lots of different stages, so you can have it where it's, you know-- actually, in this book, there's tons of pictures in there I could show. There's a green seed pod. And they're very usable with the green seed pod on them. Mhm. Yeah, absolutely. So, here's a picture of the life stages of the hellebore. And here is the part where-- you know, this is what it's going to look like late in the season, once the seed pods have developed and ripened on the plant. But tell us a little bit, Susan, about this life cycle that we're looking at, here. I know you mentioned four years to bloom, on this. So, if you're growing them in your yard, and you let the seed pods drop the seeds-- which you can barely see in the photo, there-- you should, in theory, have seedlings the next year. But they're going to be tiny. They're going to be like these little seedlings you see here. Now, you can move them. And probably the best time to move them is when they're that small. Oh, OK. They don't especially like being divided. They don't especially like being moved. OK. But the other important thing is, once they get really big and mature, they make a better cut flower. So maybe that first year or so, you might not really expect those flowers to be great and hold up well. Kind of like a peony, maybe. Like, you know, that kind of three-year mark. Well, for a lot of-- you grow a lot of perennials. And three years is when they kind of have established and they're doing well. So, as far as bloom goes, for those little guys that you might be wanting to do yourself, don't expect to see anything for about four years. Yeah? [LAUGH] Patience, big-time. And that's why hellebores are not that commercially available or that inexpensive, if you're buying. Right. They are a more expensive plant, and there's a lot of time that's involved in babying those things, unlike some of these annuals that you can pop up pretty inexpensively, at Lowe's or different things. Like this one, here, the Pink Frost, I think that that was maybe $16 or $18, compared to some of the other, kind of, quick annuals that they have or biannuals that they have that are coming and going. Yes I saw some at Lowe's, just yesterday, day before. $17 for just the standard Lowe's gallon pot. Yeah. Yeah, exactly. But they're great when you can get them going and established. There's nothing else really happening in the garden at that time. That's true. So it is that kind of like-- I guess I think I plant them more for myself, because it's like, oh, here's something! [LAUGH] You know, spring is here. Anything else that you wanted to share? I started growing them because all my brides were asking for green-- Oh, OK! --and green flowers. Right, right. So, I needed something green, and there's only so many green flowers. And in June, and in May, perfect green flowers. Yeah, yeah. I also use the leaves. Mhm! Yeah, I love these. Mhm. These are so great. I'm not sure how you use them, exactly, but I like to use them low in arrangements, over the rim of the container, to frame some of the larger flowers. And the leaves you can use all season long. I might be-- am I destroying my plant by clipping from the leaves after they've bloomed? Maybe a little bit. [LAUGH] If it's a big plant, I think they can handle it. They can handle it? Mhm? OK, great! Well, I just wanted to share, again, this book. It's called Hellebores, a Comprehensive Guide. Burrell and Tyler are the authors on this. And it is one of the American Horticultural Society award-winning books. And you hop over-- this was at the Royal Horticultural Society gardens, in England. Whenever I was there, they have-- this is one of the ones that they have in their library. But it's a comprehensive guide. And there's all kinds of great resources in here and a lifetime of several people that are kind of summarized in here. And also, what we've got is, there's a plant trial, back here, that John Dole from NC State headed up, in the appendix-- which I guess I don't-- there's a little nutrient study, here, in C. Back here, in Appendix D of this book, there was a study that Fanelli and John Dole from NC State, the Department of Horticulture Science, put together-- a little experiment using hellebores as a cut flower. And their results-- and you can see all of, you know, what their control was and their temperature and all those kinds of things. But 17 and 1/2 days is where they landed. They were experimenting with cut-flower preservatives. So, like, not the Quick Dip specifically, but those kinds of hydrating solutions and holding solutions, versus when you're cutting the plant. Because, for almost-- a lot of people-- and Susan, you know, I would consider one of them-- that cutting them later, you know, finds that there's really not a whole lot of problem, once they've got those seed pods on them. So, that's what he was testing. You know, was there a notable difference between if the seed pods were developed versus if they weren't? And he didn't seem to find a major-- in this study, he didn't see a major difference. But it doesn't mean that there might not be for someone else. Like, this one's starting to form a seed pod. So I would prefer to use one like that, because it's a little more leathery. Sure, mhm. And I would assume that it would last longer than one that still has all its anthers. Very delicate and soft. Mhm. Exactly. John was using a hydrating solution and a holding solution. A holding solution is a professional solution you can get from Floralife, is the one he uses. Oh, and I think he did-- actually, in this experiment, I think he used-- And Chrysal. Yeah, I think he used both-- like, the kind of equivalents of both brands-- and didn't see a big difference. Basically, they have less sugar in them than the standard Floralife that you would get in the little packets. So that's really the main difference. The hydrator is just a solution you leave them in for several hours. And it's similar to Quick Dip-- Mhm, but the plant just sits in it for a while. --just a different brand. OK. Why do you think people-- why do you think that, like, higher sugar content that you would get in a packet, if you were buying flowers from a florist or something, why wouldn't it be the lower sugar count, if that actually makes them last longer? Yes. Because, when you give somebody regular Floralife, with a lot of sugar, that's carbohydrates. So that feeds the flower, and it also makes it continue to mature. OK. So, if you're a flower grower or a florist, you just want to hold that in stasis. So you just barely want to feed it. You don't want it to continue to mature, and you don't want to feed the bacteria. Of course, there's things in there to keep the bacteria from growing. But that's why they give it very little sugar. OK. And then the home person gets the product with the sugar. Right. So then they're really seeing kind of the best parts of the plant, and the rest of the life cycle of it, I guess. And most flowers are cut in bud, so you want them to stay in bud till they get to where they're going. Right And then that extra sugar lets them open. Mhm. Perfect! Well, thank you so much, Susan, for popping on to join us, today, and to talk about hellebores a little bit. This has been really fun. And we're excited to share these beautiful things with you. So, best of luck on your hellebore planting that you have coming up. And you let us know if you have any questions.
 
 
 
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How to Make High Quality Compost from Plants for Your Organic Garden

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 104 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

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All right. This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you once again. I'm traveling and I'm here checking out another cool place and I'm currently here in Houston, Texas. and where I'm at in Houston is actually the Fifth Ward, and for those guys who don't live in Houston the Fifth Ward is maybe not the most upper class neighborhoods, a lower class neighborhood when that maybe has gotten forgotten about. I mean I was just walking down the street there and there's piles of trash kind of sitting in the road. Anyways some people might consider this place trash, from today but I consider it gold. and where I'm at today is actually Farm Dirt Compost and they have a plant based, aerated compost and this is their little label here, 02, and their hours of operation. if you want to come here and buy their compost directly, its nine A.M. to three P.M. Monday through Friday and they also accept vegetative food waste and clean wood waste only. so yeah I mean besides just gardening, one of the most important things for me as a gardener is to have good compost, whether that means you're going to make yourself like many of you guys already do, or you know in some cases I need more compost than I could actually create myself. so I go out to visit places that make compost for you on a much bigger and a grandiose scale. and that's why I'm here today, to share this valuable resource with all you guys that live here, in the Houston area. Even the surrounding cities or even if you don't live near Houston, actually you can now mail order and get shipped directly to you, the farm dirt compost that you are going to learn about today. now we're sitting outside their shipping container and I can say we're going to go inside the shipping container and show you guys what's inside. But you know what, there's a packing shed and not much in there. What we really want to look at is a turn around to the yard here. And we're going to go out there and show you guys how they make the compost here in Houston, using renewable resources that are a waste product for many companies. It's actually - let's go start out by the street and show you guys a really good overview shot of what's going on here. So what we're looking at now, is I'm across the street from Farm Dirt Compost and as you guys can see behind me, you guys basically just see a whole big pile or literally a wall of wood chips happening. And this is one of the primary ingredients they use to make their plant based compost. So their plant based compost is made out of the wood chips and other you know tree leaves that are chipped up by landscape companies. the landscape companies then come here and pay a reduced fee to dump the chips here, instead of taken to the landfill where they basically just rot. And then they're combined with another ingredient to make the plant based compost that they're making here. So anyway let's go ahead into the yard and show you guys up close a delivery of the wood chips they've got and then we'll show you guys the other plant materials that they use as a source to create their awesome compost here. All right so what we're looking at now is one of the primary components of their plant based composts, right. it's right here. its basically as I stand here setting up my camera, a big landscaping truck came in, and they dumped this up. they dump this right here and what it is just shredded up wood chips or trees, with some of the leaves of the trees in there and it's already broken up into a smaller particle size so that can be easily composted. Now the reason why I want to share with this episode with you guys today on this particular company doing this work, is because you know not all compost are created equal and so many times they get gardeners saying, "John, is this a good compost?" because I don't know there's no real legal definition of what a compost is right. Actually some people would call this stuff, mulch what they're doing here. Actually all these piles on the outside are actually mulch piles. But nonetheless I mean there's no really good term on what compost is and so I want you guys to be familiar with actually looking at compost to be able to tell if it's a good compost or not. And I'll show you guys near the end of his video the product they produce here which in my opinion is the good compost by not only looking it, looking at it, feeling it, smelling it but by also asking for you know certain test reports to ensure they're making a good quality product. and unlike many compost that you guys may buy in the store right. They screen it to a nice size, which we'll cover in the episode and they also don't add inexpensive fillers. some of the places I've visited that make compost, they'll add fillers like sand to their compost which you know basically now you're paying a lot of money for sand and so while this compost here may cost a little bit of money at present time. It's like eighty-five dollars a yard. You know it's definitely worth it because it's not like you know; it's cut with sand. so like what, say you buy compost for forty-five dollars a yard, or half the price, but it's 50% percent sand. well that's the same price you're getting now you're buying sand. hope its good washed agriculture sand, not just some cheap sand that they're just using as a filler, or adding other filler products right. and the other thing that I like here, is that this is one hundred percent plant based compost. This is their only use in you know the wood chips and fruit and vegetable scraps that we'll see in a minute, to make the compost and in my opinion right to grow fruits and vegetables and fruit trees. We want to feed the plants what they're made out of, which is fruits and vegetables and trees right. The best food for trees is other trees. the best food for fruits and vegetables are other fruits or vegetables because the fruits and vegetables took up everything it needed. And then when it composted and decayed down, right, there's this nutrition that the plant needs. Of course you know depending on the source of the fruits and vegetables I would also add other trace minerals, which I'll talk about a bit later in this episode. Any case, next let's go over to an area where they're getting the shipments of the fruits and vegetables that they use the compost down. unfortunate because I am here in a Saturday and normally they only take deliveries on Monday through Friday. They don't have any fresh materials to show you. But I'll uncover some buried material. So besides the wood chips that you guys just saw, they get dumped off by the tree trimmers. The other valuable source of plant nutrition they're getting, comes in bins like this among other ways, from the local produce row here which is the wholesale produce market here in Houston. They get about one hundred of these little tote things here filled with you know, rotten fruits and vegetables and pieces of the chopped up fruits and vegetables right. And this is just basically the waste product of the produce industry and instead of going to the landfill which where rots and creates copious amounts of methane gas and other gases, here it is composted properly to create less of the different gases. But more importantly instead of just rotting in a landfill and never to be used again, it gets turned into good nutritious organic compost, that can be added to farms, gardens, your local shrubs and trees and even your lawn, to increase their growth because compost is the original way that nature fertilizes the trees, shrubs, the fruits and the vegetables, the ornamentals, the edibles, all the plants work on compost. And when we start trying to feed these synthetic fertilizers, that we think man is more intelligent than nature with these water soluble nutrients right. We're subverting the whole natural cycle of things and the compost, so I think especially in this day and age it's critical for companies like Farm Dirt to take some of these waste products that would end up in the landfill to make a valuable product out of it, to revive the local community and more important, us gardeners a good quality compost because I visit a lot of places and man, a lot of places they're not making good quality compost like they are here. So once they get, you know these bins from the produce row they combine that with other produce waste products from other sources, so this business actually started when the owner, or one of the owners called the Whole Foods up and said you know hey I see you chop up all the produce and you have rotten produce that you're thrown out every week. Hey can I get some of that produce to compost for my personal garden and Whole Foods like, no you know there's like liability issues and all this kind of stuff, anyways one of the owners has a yard in a landscaping company to like make compost and then he called that Whole Foods you know later, and said hey well I have a facility to take your compost or your food scraps to compost. and then once Whole Foods are, oh you have a facility, then they knew some of the legal issues might be you know diverted and then they're like yeah you get our compost and now, you know that was three years ago when they started this business and oh I do want to say that if you think John that place you're visiting looks real familiar. I saw you're on an episode of the Last Organic outpost in Houston and you visited the same yard. Well right at that time I showed this yard because this is the compost of the last organic outpost uses, but it's a separate entity making compost, you know for next, the next door neighbors and the community at large to purchase and buy and to you know sustainably you know reduce the amount of waste going into the landfill. and I think that's a big challenge in this society that we live in. we live in a disposable society. Right. And I want you guys to be producers instead of consumers right. Produce your own compost instead of come here, but of course if you can't do that you know and produce your own, come here and support them, because they are producing something that would normally you know just went to the landfill and been more of a you know in that whole consumption, mass consumption craziness cycle we have. So yeah they got they get the Whole Foods produce crafts as well as the local school district right. the local school district here wants to be the one of the greenest school districts and they're working with different schools in the school district to take their compost and then compost that here and create an amazing compost. So anyways let's go ahead and show you guys how the process specifically works with composting the wood chips and the food scraps. All right so what you're looking at now, is an active compost pile I'm sitting on it and I could actually feel that it is nice in warm. So what they do is they take proper ratios of the wood chips and the food scraps and they basically pile it up. And normally you know, they pile extra wood chips on the top, to keep all the bugs and the flies down, if they're doing their job properly. Maybe this area, maybe could have a few more wood chips on top and let's go ahead and dig underneath here and see what we could find. All right so what I'm finding is I'm finding a lot of the beer mash, so that the brewery process places that make brews and things they have the waste, kind of smells like oatmeal. and then underneath here we look further we find like big pieces - wow this is actually quite warm - of a watermelon and just the other fruits and vegetables in this mixture here. we're going to go and try to mix that back up for 'em. but basically that's what composting is. right you add some carbons and the right ratios of nitrogen. The carbon in the wood chips, the nitrogen is the food scraps and some of the leaves and what not. And compost happens. So composting is not rocket science right. One of the great sayings is that compost happens even if you don't get the ratio right. Everything will break down over time. That being said, its very important to them here at Farm Dirt to you know, minimize their composting cycle time. because they get shipments in every week. Lots of materials in and they've got to, as fast as they move this material in, they want to be moving it out, otherwise they're going to outgrow their small little space here. So they've done procedures and they're constantly improving their process to make it more efficient. Since I've been here just a couple years ago looks like they're really improving their process a lot. and they've got some upcoming changes that they talked to me about, that is even going to you know take them to the next level. But I might mention you guys later in this episode. Anyways one of the processes is to increase the productivity and decrease the amount of overall processing time is a ration of the piles, that cut off a week from their total processing time, which is from apples as they come in, rotten apples, to the dirt that goes out, its sixty days. So you guys at home should be able to produce a good compost in sixty days. I've been able to do it in the limit over a month, with my 13:17 composters but even on this massive industrial scale where they just have piles and piles of wood chips and food, in under sixty days. You know they have a finished compost product to sell. So yeah let's go ahead over to you know, one of the ways they speed up the composting process. So one of the ways they speed up the composting process, is by active aeration what you see in this little box here, little house and that's not a dog house. It's a blower house. So this house, houses a blower that has electricity plumbed into it. And they say there's blower comes out into this big P.V.C. tubing, then goes down and as you guys can see it just gets distributed down into these big pipes that then have a perforated tubing go underneath the compost piles that you know, are maybe five, six, feet tall and basically that forces air underneath it and forces the air up through the compost. and what this does, this feeds the microbial action in there right. The compost bacteria love air and when they get air, it's like us eating some chocolate cake. Well, I don't recommend chocolate cake, eating some chocolate persimmons and we're so happy and so excited and we're full of energy. we could do a lot of stuff. Well when the bacteria get air, they work overtime and they're so happy. They're working faster so they can shave a week off. their, you know the time that it takes to make the compost, because that's what it's all about here. Improving processes to make the time of the inputs coming in, and going out shorter, so that they could actually start producing more in less time. Now the next thing I want to do is actually take you guys over to another space in the yard and show you guys another tip they'll be soon using to decrease the composting time. So here I am again sitting on a mound of not compost, but activated mulch. this mulch here is not just the standard mulch that you'd buy of wood chips right, even though it looks like nice and dark and brown like some of them things are painted right, your local big box store. This is actually activated mulch. and what this is, is they take their finished compost product, they run it through their sifter that I'll show you guys in a minute and sift out all the quarter inch and below small particles. This is what gets bagged up and sold to you right. A lot of compost places might only sift down a half inch, and then they're leaving a lot of chunks. I don't like a lot of chunks in my compost. So all their chunks go into big piles like this, that they, they then they sell as activated mulch I think its about forty-five dollars a yard. And this is the mulch that you guys want if you guys want to like add nutrition. But also a mulch to your fruit trees and other trees around your property right. The reason why this is activated, is because it's already gone through the composting process, it was in one of those big piles that I saw you, that you guys saw earlier. but it's not the finished product they're selling directly. This is basically, while it does have a lot of little fine particulate compost still in there, this is a larger chunk. But these large chunks have already been inoculated with the bacteria in the fungi that's in there as you look at it. and as I'm looking at it now there's bacteria and fungi working on this stuff breaking it down and breaking up the constituent parts into plant nutrients for your trees and shrubs and things like that right. So if you are going to be using a mulch right, instead of just getting wood chips that are not a knock later even start to break down yet, and you have to go through that process, it be a lot wiser to get something like this it's already has the process. Now why am I telling you this? Because when they start a new pile of compost they take a good percentage of this inoculated mulch stuff, that actually has the activated bacteria and fungi and all the little microorganisms that make the compost. they add this to the wood, the virgin wood chips and the food scraps so that now, it basically kicks starts the process, kind of like using a starter culture, if you're doing fermented foods. and this is another thing that I recommend for you guys as home gardeners, making your own compost right. You could use your, your mulch that you screened off your last batch of compost, but I like to put in a scoop or two of my last batch of compost in my new compost, that'll just make things happen a lot faster. I don’t know if you guys can see this, but as you guys can see there's like compost wall above me. Maybe I should have maybe move the camera back a whole bunch. But there was a big whole compost wall behind me. this stuff is not quite ready, but it's getting ready to get harvested and then sifted out and then sold to one of you guys out there. but basically I want to show you guys this is because you know they got a nice lot of fungal hyphae, that’s all like I don't know if you guys can see, but it's like a white you know, in the compost instead of being dark, black and white. So this is definitely a really good sign. Now the other thing that they're not yet doing that they hope to implement soon once they get a seventy-two-hundred-dollar piece of equipment, is they're going to start to process their incoming food scraps and grind it to a smaller particle size that will create more surface area. and at the same time they're going to pull off some of the excess liquid off the produce. That then they could take and use to inoculate their, you know and make compost teas and inoculate their soil and so the don't have to deal with so much extra liquid in their compost and they could really dial in the amount of wood chips to ground up plant matter, or you know, fruit and vegetable scraps. So this is a really cool and that's going to help them save time, because once again, once things are broken down more for the bacteria, it's going to make it more easy for them to digest it, and you know finish the process of composting. Now you know, I talked to them about this, and they're not going to be basically shredding up their wood chips, they have done you know studies on grinding up their food scraps which worked really well. and they have home food scraps grinders for those guys do home composting to speed up your composting process. but they don't want to grind up the wood chips because they found out when they did this, there wasn't enough airflow in there because the wood chips you know, provide a lot of nooks and crannies in there. and when they grind up the food scraps, the food scraps will now attach to the different pieces of wood chips and compost faster, is what they're thinking and it'll be more efficient in their process and be able to save actually a lot of space and so may be able to move it more, more you know, wood chips in and more importantly, move it out quicker. Alright the next thing I want to do, is actually show you guys some of the finished compost that they produce here, that has not yet been screened. So now I'm sitting on another pile of what, plant based compost. I hate it when I go to places that have like cow bays to manure bays, chicken shit based compost. Because it's a lot smellier than here. Here actually like this finished compost that I'm sitting on, I mean it basically has no smell. Maybe I smell a little bit of wood something but mostly it's no smell and I want to encourage you guys as gardeners out there, you know to feed your plants other plants. So I encourage you guys to use plant based compost in general. it's a lot safer to use then animal manure based compost. Why is this? Well there can be many challenges with animal manure based compost, a lot of the stuff you buy at a big box store is number one, coming from the animal agriculture industry where they're feeding the animals GMO based corn and soy. and feeding them antibiotics and things like that which is not good because all that is going into the compost you guys are buying. and that's going in your food. In addition, they may be feeding you know or spraying on the G.M.O. corn or soy, things like roundup, things like bio solids, things like chemical fertilizers that may have heavy metal contamination. So that stuff gets run through the cow or the pig, the chicken, in the animal and then when you eat the animal then you're getting some that contamination, but it also comes out in their poop. So now when you're spreading the poop on your garden now you may be getting some of that contamination as well. and let's not talk about E. koi or other you know harmful bacteria that may be present in animal based manures, if not properly composted or if used in their raw state. and finally of course with animal based manure, you know you have a higher probability of burning your crops. I've never burn my crops with a plant based compost here and actually the compost here they recommend even you can plant your vegetables in it straight. and you know try that with some manure based compost. You know in general it's not going to be as successful as if you use a plant based compost and that's why I prefer a plant based compost. And of course if you could source and make your own animal manure or composting you know the ingredients, you know hey that's pretty good but hey I still like the plant based compost myself. because that is the natural system no where in nature do we find big mounds of animal manure that's being used to grow food. There are copious amounts of plant materials used to grow other trees and plants in the forest but there's no big piles, you know shit in the forest. maybe some you know poop here and there from animals that are in the forest that will be mixed in with all the plants but no, you know not the massive amount of poop that's generated due to the massive you know, a calf O's and big industrial animal agriculture where there just really needing to get rid of the animal excrement or poop, that may actually cause challenges with runoff and all these things as well. So yeah, so how do you tell if something's a good compost, because I mean happens a lot. John is this a good compost and so he sends me pictures or somebody sends me description. this is what's in the compost. You know this and this and this and this. you know and by looking at something, I can't tell you how good it is, because it's not, it tells me what's should be in there but didn't tell me what is actually in there until I pick it up see it, look at it and smell it right. in this compost here I mean, I can see here that this compost is just really nice rich and black. you know unlike some companies actually may spray things on their compost to get it to turn darker, so that you think it's a really rich compost. They don't do none of that here I'll tell you firsthand they don't have the money to buy anything extra to do here. they're basically on a shoestring budget, just trying to keep their bills paid and keep this operation of flow which is quite sad to me and that's one of the reasons I wanted to make this video for you guys, you guys can support them because they are doing the right thing and I want more companies like composting company here Farm Dirt to pop up in other cities and other countries even in the world, because this is really the solution to some of the waste that's being produced, some of the you know vegetative waste matter, wood chips and food waste that account for a big percentage of what's going to the landfill and this can be diverted to you know create less gases being emitted into the atmosphere, and to create a valuable product so that more people and farms could grow food with basically the broken down plant material. So yeah I mean just looking at this stuff it's nice, rich and black and this is the green material here right. I would never buy this for my garden it's a big problem with a lot of compost I see. they have a lot of woody matter in there and when places don't filter out the woody matter, basically that means they're making more money off you because they're adding things that are going to necessarily be totally ready for your garden to use right now. And that's why I like that at this place they screen their finished compost. its what I'm sitting on and also I'm seeing a lot of that fungal matter with the white in here, the fungal hyphae’s, they screen it down to a quarter inch. So let's go ahead and take a look at the machine that they screen their compost with as well as the finished sexy compost they make here. All right so what you're looking at now are huge gigantic compost sifters and this is one tool that I don't yet have and I would like to get. I don't think I need one this big here this is for their operation and as you guys can see it's got a nice quarter inch screen on it. They basically put the compost that I showed you guys just a minute ago up in this big bin right there. They turn this machine on and it runs and basically all the finish compost drops out the bottom and then all the chips in, that you know inoculated mulch comes out the other end and for those you guys are looking up to start an operation, you want to get one of these guys. this is called the Settler made in Canada. they work really good this thing's never broken on them and they're at aglobalrepair.ca is their website because I know a lot of people, you know get these industrial things and they break down. so yeah this is definitely a well made unit here. Let's next I want to go ahead and show you guys some of the screened material that's coming out that is being rejected from the compost the finished compost they sell here. All right so what we're looking at now is end of the compost are here and we're looking at is all the reject materials. so as much as this was rejected from you know the bad compost they offer you know they're still going to use this stuff. the stuff is still quite viable. You know and as you guys you guys learned earlier, they inoculate, they use this stuff that's already been pre-inoculated and still has a plenty of you know of material in here, that's you know under a quarter inch in my opinion to inoculate their new piles and then also they make this stuff available for you guys you know to use as mulch underneath your trees to you know prevent you know water evaporation and all this kind of stuff. so yeah this is probably one of the best things you guys can put underneath trees and shrubs, you know because it is starting to break down and I mean that's what the goal of you know feeding trees, other trees and wood chipping right you can put a virgin wood chips but it takes a lot longer to break, break down than one that's already you know been through the process. I guess the next thing I want to do is actually I want to show you guys some of the finished compost. they just finished up the last batch that they did so I think there's a little bit of remnants that I can actually show you guys of what their finished compost looks like and share with you guys more about what to look for in a compost when you buy it. So this is what's left of, this is their area once it gets screened it goes into here and this is the bagging area, and the area that they sell the finished compost. I don't know if you guys can see it, but basically we just got a nice pile right here behind me and we'll do a close up for you guys. this is what a good compost should look like right there. see that it's nice rich in black. Right. This is a screen to a quarter inch size so that I like that a lot. there's not the big pieces of wood chips or bark and all this other stuff that they had in there. This is pure compost. I mean it kind of looks a little bit like dirt. But this is not in dirt and you smell it and it actually has a nice earthy smell, it doesn't stink, it doesn't smell, like it doesn't smell like wood chips anymore. Actually to me the smells like you're in the forest. I should be cool. I want to make a bed out of like fresh compost and like a lie in it every night. I think that'd be refreshing right. I don't know that be weird. I think that's how we would live like we lived in nature. We didn't have these artificial mattresses with polyester and other stuff. I think I might have to try that, but yeah they're still smell just, smells really good right. And the other thing you want to do is you want to take a look at the texture, look at this, see that texture there. I mean this is not wet at all, it flows really easy and it's not quite as thin as sand. you know a lot of companies will cut their stuff with sand and you want to take some between your fingers and feel it. Roll it like this. it should kind of even if it's not super way it should kind of roll into a ball. If you're rolling it like this and you feel like grains in your hand like sand like if you're at the beach then they're cutting with sand, that's not a good thing. And by doing this test. I could tell they're definitely not doing that here. And so smell you know, should smell earthy. you want to do the grit tests. No grit in this stuff you want to you know try to roll it into a ball, you want to just you know make sure it has a nice consistency. You know little chunks, no big pieces of stuff and a nice rich and black just like that right. I've seen a lot of compost they're just kind of like tan in color and they have sand. And these are all ways you could actually physically look at, and tell if it's good or not. Right. And aside from that, you know these are some good indicators but these indicators can always be tricked. they can spray stuff on their compost to make it look black and people do all kinds of stuff to cheat the system but what is not cheating the system is what I want to show you guys, that actually have you guys ask for next right. And you know they have soil testing so most tests that are done on compost are NPK testing which is standard nutrient testing. and most places will have this right. But you know while those are good tests right I want you guys to ask for the extra curricular activity tests, which actually most places do not have, but I believe they should if more people start asking for them. Maybe they would get them and what this test is here on the phone here. It's actually called the Earth Fort biological analysis soil amendment. and this the kind of gardening I teach. I teach biologic organic gardening. And that's why you know this is even more important than just the N.P.K. numbers are you know aside from adding the nutrients, which the compost does as nutrients. The reason why I'm really on the compost is for the bacterial and fungal action in the compost because these are your free labor force. They are your slaves. Compost you are my slaves right here. These are my slaves. They can sue you for you being their slaves once you own them. But anyway they're your workers they're going to basically break down the organic matter that's still left in the compost as well as break down the organic matter that's in your soil, in your garden and turn it into nutrients for your plants in a non water soluble state so these nutrients will not wash away like chemical nutrients will and what the biologic analysis Soil Amendment testing here does, it basically tells you about all the different bacteria and fungus in there. So for example, you know if you don't know how to read these are right because they have a reference range and you just want to make sure most of the numbers are falling within the reference range. Now you know depending on the kind of compost not every number is always going to be within the reference range some might be abnormally high and some might be in a range some of a bit low but as long as most of them are in range. You're pretty good. And of course there's always going to be numbers that are higher which is really good. So the best thing to do would be get more to source of composts with different you know things that are high. So for example this compost here is a really high end amoeba’s amoeba has the ranges from ten thousand to like a hundred thousand and this is like I don't even know it's like ten million. It's like some crazy ass big number. I can't even read a number that big it's kind of insane it's like pushing the limits of how high the amoeba is can get you know over here we're looking at the active bacteria in the active bacteria the expected ranges between three and thirty the active bacteria on this step is six hundred thirty one and on the total bacteria the total bacteria is expected ranges between three and three thousand and the number for this compost is six thousand four hundred eighty four the active fungi you know like I showed you guys are not the white fungal hyphae’s in there. the active fungi are the ranges between three and thirty and this is twenty-four point eight. So this is on the high side of the range. So that's a really good. Of course some other numbers are limit low but you know what. Not every compost could meet all these different criteria. So for you know a plant based compost you know fruit and vegetable companies would shift this is running really good. Of course in addition to this I would encourage you guys to get a fungal dominated compost that really focuses on the fungi. and you know aside from the place here, that's inside the city limits of Houston, not too far for you guys to drive if you guys want to go to a place that I visited that has really good compost also but it's a lot further. It's in Conroe Texas known as Nature's Way Resources. If I remember, I'll put a video up, with a link to the video I made there, at their place and besides having a plant based compost like here which is going to be different, you know they also have a fungal dominated compost in there which is one of the things I'd recommend for you guys to you know do a mixture of the fungal plus the bacterial compost they have here. I guess the final step I want to show you guys actually what this looks like when it's all bagged up and actually share with you guys a special way. All my viewers get a special discount on this awesome compost that I share with you guys today. So now I want to share with the guys the finished product here at Farm Dirt, in the plant base eroded compost you guys saw the whole process of how they make this as well as a lot of tips you know that they use here that you guys could also use for composting at home. Now if you guys want to get some of this amazing compost that I should do with you guys today that I actually use myself because on previous trips I've actually gotten this compost and I took it back to the West coast with me to use it in my very garden to plant things in and it works great. Definitely some good stuff I could totally vouch for it. I hooked you guys up with a special discount. this is sold here in the Houston area at some better garden centers, but you could go there and pay full price but if you want to get the special GYG discounted price, you're going to have to come here to Farm Dirt on a meal when they're open or see them at the farmer's market that I was just at today. I think it's on like Saturdays on Richmond, and see I'm there mention the G Y G code. you're going to get a special discount, this normally at this time. And this may be something to change. sells for nine dollars as the regular price but if you mention the GYG discount you're going to get a bag one cubic foot for seven bucks and I don't think I could make it for that cheap at home actually. That's definitely a good price. If you guys want to get a cubic yard They're not like making a ton of this stuff right now but also give me a call, mention the GYG discount. They'll hook you up with a special discount that I pre-negotiated with them right and what I really want you guys to know is that they're making a good quality product here. there may be other places that make compost in the Houston area and other places and they may be cheaper in price but you know what a lot of times, you guys get what you pay for. this is not always true but it's definitely true here. you know you're going to pay you're going to pay some money for the compost here, but you're definitely getting some good stuff that's going to grow some healthy vegetables, fruits and even ornamentals for you and your family. so I always encourage you guys if they've got some good stuff support them, and support places that are doing good work like diverting so much of the, you know food scraps and yard waste that would normally just go to the landfill. so I really applaud them for the work they're doing here. This is some dirty work because the last time I was here. It was raining there, you know their tractors were stuck in the mud and I was just getting hammered with rain and it just wasn't a fun day but they're out here working man. like seems like every time I come out here they're out here working. And you know doing really good stuff here to help the city of Houston be more sustainable but also help us local gardeners. Now for those you guys that don't live in Houston, don't worry. I've also hooked you guys up right. Farm dirt compost is now also just starting to sell, online. and of course the online price is going to have to be more expensive than the price that you get locally, because they got to ship it and the shipping actually costs more, unfortunately than the compost does. but nonetheless you guys mention the GYG code, put that code in on the website. It's going to give you guys a special discounted price, so that you guys, no matter where in the fifty states you live, they're going to send you a priority flat rate box stuffed full of their good plant based compost, that you guys learned about today. So yeah that's pretty much it. I'll post links down below to other websites. you guys can get some of this amazing compost. I'm going to be sure to take some of this compost home with me today, to use again in my gardening because its some of the best stuff and give to my you know, my girlfriend's parents. Garden that's here locally. They've been growing in it too because I got some of that for them last time and their stuff is growing amazing. So you know, once again I always encourage you guys to support local compost companies that are making good products when you can. and after watching this episode you know some things to look for, when you guys go to buy compost and hopefully this will help you know, minimize the questions I get. John is this a good compost? I mean, I got to go there, see how they make it, look and see and that's the other big thing that's important for me. You know, you want to always ask the compost company, "hey! Can I come down and see your facility, see how you make it?" right, and if they're just like, "Yeah! Come on down, we'll share with you. You know, that's good because they're open source, they have nothing to hide, right. But it's the companies that say, "Oh no. We don't want you to come down here, we don't want you to bring your camera." Those are the companies I'm quite worried about because like, why don't they want me there. What do they have to hide, what don't they want you to know, what are they putting your compost that they don't want you to know about right. So I'm really glad that they have an open door policy year and they showed me around you know, showed me everything and I got to snoop around and see all kind of stuff happening here right. They've got nothing to hide. So yeah definitely some good compost, some of the best compost, I've found here inside the city in Houston. So if you guys enjoyed this episode learning more about compost, how you guys could make it yourself and how you guys can get some of the best compost here in Houston and in all of Texas, please be sure to give me a thumbs up in future episodes when I come back to Houston. I'll come by and make more episodes, maybe interviewing some of the compost makers and owners and all this kind of stuff. Also be sure to click that Subscribe button right down below, to be notified of my new and upcoming episodes coming out every three to four days, you never know where I'll be showing up, or what you'll be learning on my YouTube channel. and be sure, finally to check my past episodes out over twelve and up episodes now, a wealth of information of the different compost yards, how to compost at home yourself, how to grow your food all aspects so that you guys can be more sustainable and grow food for you and your family, instead of eating out of the grocery store. Maybe you're eating out of the grocery store second hand, because you're getting the compost made here. in any case that's my mission. Hope you guys enjoy this episode. I got to get going. Once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com we'll see next time, and until then, remember keep on growing.


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All right. This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you once again. I'm traveling and I'm here checking out another cool place and I'm currently here in Houston, Texas. and where I'm at in Houston is actually the Fifth Ward, and for those guys who don't live in Houston the Fifth Ward is maybe not the most upper class neighborhoods, a lower class neighborhood when that maybe has gotten forgotten about. I mean I was just walking down the street there and there's piles of trash kind of sitting in the road. Anyways some people might consider this place trash, from today but I consider it gold. and where I'm at today is actually Farm Dirt Compost and they have a plant based, aerated compost and this is their little label here, 02, and their hours of operation. if you want to come here and buy their compost directly, its nine A.M. to three P.M. Monday through Friday and they also accept vegetative food waste and clean wood waste only. so yeah I mean besides just gardening, one of the most important things for me as a gardener is to have good compost, whether that means you're going to make yourself like many of you guys already do, or you know in some cases I need more compost than I could actually create myself. so I go out to visit places that make compost for you on a much bigger and a grandiose scale. and that's why I'm here today, to share this valuable resource with all you guys that live here, in the Houston area. Even the surrounding cities or even if you don't live near Houston, actually you can now mail order and get shipped directly to you, the farm dirt compost that you are going to learn about today. now we're sitting outside their shipping container and I can say we're going to go inside the shipping container and show you guys what's inside. But you know what, there's a packing shed and not much in there. What we really want to look at is a turn around to the yard here. And we're going to go out there and show you guys how they make the compost here in Houston, using renewable resources that are a waste product for many companies. It's actually - let's go start out by the street and show you guys a really good overview shot of what's going on here. So what we're looking at now, is I'm across the street from Farm Dirt Compost and as you guys can see behind me, you guys basically just see a whole big pile or literally a wall of wood chips happening. And this is one of the primary ingredients they use to make their plant based compost. So their plant based compost is made out of the wood chips and other you know tree leaves that are chipped up by landscape companies. the landscape companies then come here and pay a reduced fee to dump the chips here, instead of taken to the landfill where they basically just rot. And then they're combined with another ingredient to make the plant based compost that they're making here. So anyway let's go ahead into the yard and show you guys up close a delivery of the wood chips they've got and then we'll show you guys the other plant materials that they use as a source to create their awesome compost here. All right so what we're looking at now is one of the primary components of their plant based composts, right. it's right here. its basically as I stand here setting up my camera, a big landscaping truck came in, and they dumped this up. they dump this right here and what it is just shredded up wood chips or trees, with some of the leaves of the trees in there and it's already broken up into a smaller particle size so that can be easily composted. Now the reason why I want to share with this episode with you guys today on this particular company doing this work, is because you know not all compost are created equal and so many times they get gardeners saying, "John, is this a good compost?" because I don't know there's no real legal definition of what a compost is right. Actually some people would call this stuff, mulch what they're doing here. Actually all these piles on the outside are actually mulch piles. But nonetheless I mean there's no really good term on what compost is and so I want you guys to be familiar with actually looking at compost to be able to tell if it's a good compost or not. And I'll show you guys near the end of his video the product they produce here which in my opinion is the good compost by not only looking it, looking at it, feeling it, smelling it but by also asking for you know certain test reports to ensure they're making a good quality product. and unlike many compost that you guys may buy in the store right. They screen it to a nice size, which we'll cover in the episode and they also don't add inexpensive fillers. some of the places I've visited that make compost, they'll add fillers like sand to their compost which you know basically now you're paying a lot of money for sand and so while this compost here may cost a little bit of money at present time. It's like eighty-five dollars a yard. You know it's definitely worth it because it's not like you know; it's cut with sand. so like what, say you buy compost for forty-five dollars a yard, or half the price, but it's 50% percent sand. well that's the same price you're getting now you're buying sand. hope its good washed agriculture sand, not just some cheap sand that they're just using as a filler, or adding other filler products right. and the other thing that I like here, is that this is one hundred percent plant based compost. This is their only use in you know the wood chips and fruit and vegetable scraps that we'll see in a minute, to make the compost and in my opinion right to grow fruits and vegetables and fruit trees. We want to feed the plants what they're made out of, which is fruits and vegetables and trees right. The best food for trees is other trees. the best food for fruits and vegetables are other fruits or vegetables because the fruits and vegetables took up everything it needed. And then when it composted and decayed down, right, there's this nutrition that the plant needs. Of course you know depending on the source of the fruits and vegetables I would also add other trace minerals, which I'll talk about a bit later in this episode. Any case, next let's go over to an area where they're getting the shipments of the fruits and vegetables that they use the compost down. unfortunate because I am here in a Saturday and normally they only take deliveries on Monday through Friday. They don't have any fresh materials to show you. But I'll uncover some buried material. So besides the wood chips that you guys just saw, they get dumped off by the tree trimmers. The other valuable source of plant nutrition they're getting, comes in bins like this among other ways, from the local produce row here which is the wholesale produce market here in Houston. They get about one hundred of these little tote things here filled with you know, rotten fruits and vegetables and pieces of the chopped up fruits and vegetables right. And this is just basically the waste product of the produce industry and instead of going to the landfill which where rots and creates copious amounts of methane gas and other gases, here it is composted properly to create less of the different gases. But more importantly instead of just rotting in a landfill and never to be used again, it gets turned into good nutritious organic compost, that can be added to farms, gardens, your local shrubs and trees and even your lawn, to increase their growth because compost is the original way that nature fertilizes the trees, shrubs, the fruits and the vegetables, the ornamentals, the edibles, all the plants work on compost. And when we start trying to feed these synthetic fertilizers, that we think man is more intelligent than nature with these water soluble nutrients right. We're subverting the whole natural cycle of things and the compost, so I think especially in this day and age it's critical for companies like Farm Dirt to take some of these waste products that would end up in the landfill to make a valuable product out of it, to revive the local community and more important, us gardeners a good quality compost because I visit a lot of places and man, a lot of places they're not making good quality compost like they are here. So once they get, you know these bins from the produce row they combine that with other produce waste products from other sources, so this business actually started when the owner, or one of the owners called the Whole Foods up and said you know hey I see you chop up all the produce and you have rotten produce that you're thrown out every week. Hey can I get some of that produce to compost for my personal garden and Whole Foods like, no you know there's like liability issues and all this kind of stuff, anyways one of the owners has a yard in a landscaping company to like make compost and then he called that Whole Foods you know later, and said hey well I have a facility to take your compost or your food scraps to compost. and then once Whole Foods are, oh you have a facility, then they knew some of the legal issues might be you know diverted and then they're like yeah you get our compost and now, you know that was three years ago when they started this business and oh I do want to say that if you think John that place you're visiting looks real familiar. I saw you're on an episode of the Last Organic outpost in Houston and you visited the same yard. Well right at that time I showed this yard because this is the compost of the last organic outpost uses, but it's a separate entity making compost, you know for next, the next door neighbors and the community at large to purchase and buy and to you know sustainably you know reduce the amount of waste going into the landfill. and I think that's a big challenge in this society that we live in. we live in a disposable society. Right. And I want you guys to be producers instead of consumers right. Produce your own compost instead of come here, but of course if you can't do that you know and produce your own, come here and support them, because they are producing something that would normally you know just went to the landfill and been more of a you know in that whole consumption, mass consumption craziness cycle we have. So yeah they got they get the Whole Foods produce crafts as well as the local school district right. the local school district here wants to be the one of the greenest school districts and they're working with different schools in the school district to take their compost and then compost that here and create an amazing compost. So anyways let's go ahead and show you guys how the process specifically works with composting the wood chips and the food scraps. All right so what you're looking at now, is an active compost pile I'm sitting on it and I could actually feel that it is nice in warm. So what they do is they take proper ratios of the wood chips and the food scraps and they basically pile it up. And normally you know, they pile extra wood chips on the top, to keep all the bugs and the flies down, if they're doing their job properly. Maybe this area, maybe could have a few more wood chips on top and let's go ahead and dig underneath here and see what we could find. All right so what I'm finding is I'm finding a lot of the beer mash, so that the brewery process places that make brews and things they have the waste, kind of smells like oatmeal. and then underneath here we look further we find like big pieces - wow this is actually quite warm - of a watermelon and just the other fruits and vegetables in this mixture here. we're going to go and try to mix that back up for 'em. but basically that's what composting is. right you add some carbons and the right ratios of nitrogen. The carbon in the wood chips, the nitrogen is the food scraps and some of the leaves and what not. And compost happens. So composting is not rocket science right. One of the great sayings is that compost happens even if you don't get the ratio right. Everything will break down over time. That being said, its very important to them here at Farm Dirt to you know, minimize their composting cycle time. because they get shipments in every week. Lots of materials in and they've got to, as fast as they move this material in, they want to be moving it out, otherwise they're going to outgrow their small little space here. So they've done procedures and they're constantly improving their process to make it more efficient. Since I've been here just a couple years ago looks like they're really improving their process a lot. and they've got some upcoming changes that they talked to me about, that is even going to you know take them to the next level. But I might mention you guys later in this episode. Anyways one of the processes is to increase the productivity and decrease the amount of overall processing time is a ration of the piles, that cut off a week from their total processing time, which is from apples as they come in, rotten apples, to the dirt that goes out, its sixty days. So you guys at home should be able to produce a good compost in sixty days. I've been able to do it in the limit over a month, with my 13:17 composters but even on this massive industrial scale where they just have piles and piles of wood chips and food, in under sixty days. You know they have a finished compost product to sell. So yeah let's go ahead over to you know, one of the ways they speed up the composting process. So one of the ways they speed up the composting process, is by active aeration what you see in this little box here, little house and that's not a dog house. It's a blower house. So this house, houses a blower that has electricity plumbed into it. And they say there's blower comes out into this big P.V.C. tubing, then goes down and as you guys can see it just gets distributed down into these big pipes that then have a perforated tubing go underneath the compost piles that you know, are maybe five, six, feet tall and basically that forces air underneath it and forces the air up through the compost. and what this does, this feeds the microbial action in there right. The compost bacteria love air and when they get air, it's like us eating some chocolate cake. Well, I don't recommend chocolate cake, eating some chocolate persimmons and we're so happy and so excited and we're full of energy. we could do a lot of stuff. Well when the bacteria get air, they work overtime and they're so happy. They're working faster so they can shave a week off. their, you know the time that it takes to make the compost, because that's what it's all about here. Improving processes to make the time of the inputs coming in, and going out shorter, so that they could actually start producing more in less time. Now the next thing I want to do is actually take you guys over to another space in the yard and show you guys another tip they'll be soon using to decrease the composting time. So here I am again sitting on a mound of not compost, but activated mulch. this mulch here is not just the standard mulch that you'd buy of wood chips right, even though it looks like nice and dark and brown like some of them things are painted right, your local big box store. This is actually activated mulch. and what this is, is they take their finished compost product, they run it through their sifter that I'll show you guys in a minute and sift out all the quarter inch and below small particles. This is what gets bagged up and sold to you right. A lot of compost places might only sift down a half inch, and then they're leaving a lot of chunks. I don't like a lot of chunks in my compost. So all their chunks go into big piles like this, that they, they then they sell as activated mulch I think its about forty-five dollars a yard. And this is the mulch that you guys want if you guys want to like add nutrition. But also a mulch to your fruit trees and other trees around your property right. The reason why this is activated, is because it's already gone through the composting process, it was in one of those big piles that I saw you, that you guys saw earlier. but it's not the finished product they're selling directly. This is basically, while it does have a lot of little fine particulate compost still in there, this is a larger chunk. But these large chunks have already been inoculated with the bacteria in the fungi that's in there as you look at it. and as I'm looking at it now there's bacteria and fungi working on this stuff breaking it down and breaking up the constituent parts into plant nutrients for your trees and shrubs and things like that right. So if you are going to be using a mulch right, instead of just getting wood chips that are not a knock later even start to break down yet, and you have to go through that process, it be a lot wiser to get something like this it's already has the process. Now why am I telling you this? Because when they start a new pile of compost they take a good percentage of this inoculated mulch stuff, that actually has the activated bacteria and fungi and all the little microorganisms that make the compost. they add this to the wood, the virgin wood chips and the food scraps so that now, it basically kicks starts the process, kind of like using a starter culture, if you're doing fermented foods. and this is another thing that I recommend for you guys as home gardeners, making your own compost right. You could use your, your mulch that you screened off your last batch of compost, but I like to put in a scoop or two of my last batch of compost in my new compost, that'll just make things happen a lot faster. I don’t know if you guys can see this, but as you guys can see there's like compost wall above me. Maybe I should have maybe move the camera back a whole bunch. But there was a big whole compost wall behind me. this stuff is not quite ready, but it's getting ready to get harvested and then sifted out and then sold to one of you guys out there. but basically I want to show you guys this is because you know they got a nice lot of fungal hyphae, that’s all like I don't know if you guys can see, but it's like a white you know, in the compost instead of being dark, black and white. So this is definitely a really good sign. Now the other thing that they're not yet doing that they hope to implement soon once they get a seventy-two-hundred-dollar piece of equipment, is they're going to start to process their incoming food scraps and grind it to a smaller particle size that will create more surface area. and at the same time they're going to pull off some of the excess liquid off the produce. That then they could take and use to inoculate their, you know and make compost teas and inoculate their soil and so the don't have to deal with so much extra liquid in their compost and they could really dial in the amount of wood chips to ground up plant matter, or you know, fruit and vegetable scraps. So this is a really cool and that's going to help them save time, because once again, once things are broken down more for the bacteria, it's going to make it more easy for them to digest it, and you know finish the process of composting. Now you know, I talked to them about this, and they're not going to be basically shredding up their wood chips, they have done you know studies on grinding up their food scraps which worked really well. and they have home food scraps grinders for those guys do home composting to speed up your composting process. but they don't want to grind up the wood chips because they found out when they did this, there wasn't enough airflow in there because the wood chips you know, provide a lot of nooks and crannies in there. and when they grind up the food scraps, the food scraps will now attach to the different pieces of wood chips and compost faster, is what they're thinking and it'll be more efficient in their process and be able to save actually a lot of space and so may be able to move it more, more you know, wood chips in and more importantly, move it out quicker. Alright the next thing I want to do, is actually show you guys some of the finished compost that they produce here, that has not yet been screened. So now I'm sitting on another pile of what, plant based compost. I hate it when I go to places that have like cow bays to manure bays, chicken shit based compost. Because it's a lot smellier than here. Here actually like this finished compost that I'm sitting on, I mean it basically has no smell. Maybe I smell a little bit of wood something but mostly it's no smell and I want to encourage you guys as gardeners out there, you know to feed your plants other plants. So I encourage you guys to use plant based compost in general. it's a lot safer to use then animal manure based compost. Why is this? Well there can be many challenges with animal manure based compost, a lot of the stuff you buy at a big box store is number one, coming from the animal agriculture industry where they're feeding the animals GMO based corn and soy. and feeding them antibiotics and things like that which is not good because all that is going into the compost you guys are buying. and that's going in your food. In addition, they may be feeding you know or spraying on the G.M.O. corn or soy, things like roundup, things like bio solids, things like chemical fertilizers that may have heavy metal contamination. So that stuff gets run through the cow or the pig, the chicken, in the animal and then when you eat the animal then you're getting some that contamination, but it also comes out in their poop. So now when you're spreading the poop on your garden now you may be getting some of that contamination as well. and let's not talk about E. koi or other you know harmful bacteria that may be present in animal based manures, if not properly composted or if used in their raw state. and finally of course with animal based manure, you know you have a higher probability of burning your crops. I've never burn my crops with a plant based compost here and actually the compost here they recommend even you can plant your vegetables in it straight. and you know try that with some manure based compost. You know in general it's not going to be as successful as if you use a plant based compost and that's why I prefer a plant based compost. And of course if you could source and make your own animal manure or composting you know the ingredients, you know hey that's pretty good but hey I still like the plant based compost myself. because that is the natural system no where in nature do we find big mounds of animal manure that's being used to grow food. There are copious amounts of plant materials used to grow other trees and plants in the forest but there's no big piles, you know shit in the forest. maybe some you know poop here and there from animals that are in the forest that will be mixed in with all the plants but no, you know not the massive amount of poop that's generated due to the massive you know, a calf O's and big industrial animal agriculture where there just really needing to get rid of the animal excrement or poop, that may actually cause challenges with runoff and all these things as well. So yeah, so how do you tell if something's a good compost, because I mean happens a lot. John is this a good compost and so he sends me pictures or somebody sends me description. this is what's in the compost. You know this and this and this and this. you know and by looking at something, I can't tell you how good it is, because it's not, it tells me what's should be in there but didn't tell me what is actually in there until I pick it up see it, look at it and smell it right. in this compost here I mean, I can see here that this compost is just really nice rich and black. you know unlike some companies actually may spray things on their compost to get it to turn darker, so that you think it's a really rich compost. They don't do none of that here I'll tell you firsthand they don't have the money to buy anything extra to do here. they're basically on a shoestring budget, just trying to keep their bills paid and keep this operation of flow which is quite sad to me and that's one of the reasons I wanted to make this video for you guys, you guys can support them because they are doing the right thing and I want more companies like composting company here Farm Dirt to pop up in other cities and other countries even in the world, because this is really the solution to some of the waste that's being produced, some of the you know vegetative waste matter, wood chips and food waste that account for a big percentage of what's going to the landfill and this can be diverted to you know create less gases being emitted into the atmosphere, and to create a valuable product so that more people and farms could grow food with basically the broken down plant material. So yeah I mean just looking at this stuff it's nice, rich and black and this is the green material here right. I would never buy this for my garden it's a big problem with a lot of compost I see. they have a lot of woody matter in there and when places don't filter out the woody matter, basically that means they're making more money off you because they're adding things that are going to necessarily be totally ready for your garden to use right now. And that's why I like that at this place they screen their finished compost. its what I'm sitting on and also I'm seeing a lot of that fungal matter with the white in here, the fungal hyphae’s, they screen it down to a quarter inch. So let's go ahead and take a look at the machine that they screen their compost with as well as the finished sexy compost they make here. All right so what you're looking at now are huge gigantic compost sifters and this is one tool that I don't yet have and I would like to get. I don't think I need one this big here this is for their operation and as you guys can see it's got a nice quarter inch screen on it. They basically put the compost that I showed you guys just a minute ago up in this big bin right there. They turn this machine on and it runs and basically all the finish compost drops out the bottom and then all the chips in, that you know inoculated mulch comes out the other end and for those you guys are looking up to start an operation, you want to get one of these guys. this is called the Settler made in Canada. they work really good this thing's never broken on them and they're at aglobalrepair.ca is their website because I know a lot of people, you know get these industrial things and they break down. so yeah this is definitely a well made unit here. Let's next I want to go ahead and show you guys some of the screened material that's coming out that is being rejected from the compost the finished compost they sell here. All right so what we're looking at now is end of the compost are here and we're looking at is all the reject materials. so as much as this was rejected from you know the bad compost they offer you know they're still going to use this stuff. the stuff is still quite viable. You know and as you guys you guys learned earlier, they inoculate, they use this stuff that's already been pre-inoculated and still has a plenty of you know of material in here, that's you know under a quarter inch in my opinion to inoculate their new piles and then also they make this stuff available for you guys you know to use as mulch underneath your trees to you know prevent you know water evaporation and all this kind of stuff. so yeah this is probably one of the best things you guys can put underneath trees and shrubs, you know because it is starting to break down and I mean that's what the goal of you know feeding trees, other trees and wood chipping right you can put a virgin wood chips but it takes a lot longer to break, break down than one that's already you know been through the process. I guess the next thing I want to do is actually I want to show you guys some of the finished compost. they just finished up the last batch that they did so I think there's a little bit of remnants that I can actually show you guys of what their finished compost looks like and share with you guys more about what to look for in a compost when you buy it. So this is what's left of, this is their area once it gets screened it goes into here and this is the bagging area, and the area that they sell the finished compost. I don't know if you guys can see it, but basically we just got a nice pile right here behind me and we'll do a close up for you guys. this is what a good compost should look like right there. see that it's nice rich in black. Right. This is a screen to a quarter inch size so that I like that a lot. there's not the big pieces of wood chips or bark and all this other stuff that they had in there. This is pure compost. I mean it kind of looks a little bit like dirt. But this is not in dirt and you smell it and it actually has a nice earthy smell, it doesn't stink, it doesn't smell, like it doesn't smell like wood chips anymore. Actually to me the smells like you're in the forest. I should be cool. I want to make a bed out of like fresh compost and like a lie in it every night. I think that'd be refreshing right. I don't know that be weird. I think that's how we would live like we lived in nature. We didn't have these artificial mattresses with polyester and other stuff. I think I might have to try that, but yeah they're still smell just, smells really good right. And the other thing you want to do is you want to take a look at the texture, look at this, see that texture there. I mean this is not wet at all, it flows really easy and it's not quite as thin as sand. you know a lot of companies will cut their stuff with sand and you want to take some between your fingers and feel it. Roll it like this. it should kind of even if it's not super way it should kind of roll into a ball. If you're rolling it like this and you feel like grains in your hand like sand like if you're at the beach then they're cutting with sand, that's not a good thing. And by doing this test. I could tell they're definitely not doing that here. And so smell you know, should smell earthy. you want to do the grit tests. No grit in this stuff you want to you know try to roll it into a ball, you want to just you know make sure it has a nice consistency. You know little chunks, no big pieces of stuff and a nice rich and black just like that right. I've seen a lot of compost they're just kind of like tan in color and they have sand. And these are all ways you could actually physically look at, and tell if it's good or not. Right. And aside from that, you know these are some good indicators but these indicators can always be tricked. they can spray stuff on their compost to make it look black and people do all kinds of stuff to cheat the system but what is not cheating the system is what I want to show you guys, that actually have you guys ask for next right. And you know they have soil testing so most tests that are done on compost are NPK testing which is standard nutrient testing. and most places will have this right. But you know while those are good tests right I want you guys to ask for the extra curricular activity tests, which actually most places do not have, but I believe they should if more people start asking for them. Maybe they would get them and what this test is here on the phone here. It's actually called the Earth Fort biological analysis soil amendment. and this the kind of gardening I teach. I teach biologic organic gardening. And that's why you know this is even more important than just the N.P.K. numbers are you know aside from adding the nutrients, which the compost does as nutrients. The reason why I'm really on the compost is for the bacterial and fungal action in the compost because these are your free labor force. They are your slaves. Compost you are my slaves right here. These are my slaves. They can sue you for you being their slaves once you own them. But anyway they're your workers they're going to basically break down the organic matter that's still left in the compost as well as break down the organic matter that's in your soil, in your garden and turn it into nutrients for your plants in a non water soluble state so these nutrients will not wash away like chemical nutrients will and what the biologic analysis Soil Amendment testing here does, it basically tells you about all the different bacteria and fungus in there. So for example, you know if you don't know how to read these are right because they have a reference range and you just want to make sure most of the numbers are falling within the reference range. Now you know depending on the kind of compost not every number is always going to be within the reference range some might be abnormally high and some might be in a range some of a bit low but as long as most of them are in range. You're pretty good. And of course there's always going to be numbers that are higher which is really good. So the best thing to do would be get more to source of composts with different you know things that are high. So for example this compost here is a really high end amoeba’s amoeba has the ranges from ten thousand to like a hundred thousand and this is like I don't even know it's like ten million. It's like some crazy ass big number. I can't even read a number that big it's kind of insane it's like pushing the limits of how high the amoeba is can get you know over here we're looking at the active bacteria in the active bacteria the expected ranges between three and thirty the active bacteria on this step is six hundred thirty one and on the total bacteria the total bacteria is expected ranges between three and three thousand and the number for this compost is six thousand four hundred eighty four the active fungi you know like I showed you guys are not the white fungal hyphae’s in there. the active fungi are the ranges between three and thirty and this is twenty-four point eight. So this is on the high side of the range. So that's a really good. Of course some other numbers are limit low but you know what. Not every compost could meet all these different criteria. So for you know a plant based compost you know fruit and vegetable companies would shift this is running really good. Of course in addition to this I would encourage you guys to get a fungal dominated compost that really focuses on the fungi. and you know aside from the place here, that's inside the city limits of Houston, not too far for you guys to drive if you guys want to go to a place that I visited that has really good compost also but it's a lot further. It's in Conroe Texas known as Nature's Way Resources. If I remember, I'll put a video up, with a link to the video I made there, at their place and besides having a plant based compost like here which is going to be different, you know they also have a fungal dominated compost in there which is one of the things I'd recommend for you guys to you know do a mixture of the fungal plus the bacterial compost they have here. I guess the final step I want to show you guys actually what this looks like when it's all bagged up and actually share with you guys a special way. All my viewers get a special discount on this awesome compost that I share with you guys today. So now I want to share with the guys the finished product here at Farm Dirt, in the plant base eroded compost you guys saw the whole process of how they make this as well as a lot of tips you know that they use here that you guys could also use for composting at home. Now if you guys want to get some of this amazing compost that I should do with you guys today that I actually use myself because on previous trips I've actually gotten this compost and I took it back to the West coast with me to use it in my very garden to plant things in and it works great. Definitely some good stuff I could totally vouch for it. I hooked you guys up with a special discount. this is sold here in the Houston area at some better garden centers, but you could go there and pay full price but if you want to get the special GYG discounted price, you're going to have to come here to Farm Dirt on a meal when they're open or see them at the farmer's market that I was just at today. I think it's on like Saturdays on Richmond, and see I'm there mention the G Y G code. you're going to get a special discount, this normally at this time. And this may be something to change. sells for nine dollars as the regular price but if you mention the GYG discount you're going to get a bag one cubic foot for seven bucks and I don't think I could make it for that cheap at home actually. That's definitely a good price. If you guys want to get a cubic yard They're not like making a ton of this stuff right now but also give me a call, mention the GYG discount. They'll hook you up with a special discount that I pre-negotiated with them right and what I really want you guys to know is that they're making a good quality product here. there may be other places that make compost in the Houston area and other places and they may be cheaper in price but you know what a lot of times, you guys get what you pay for. this is not always true but it's definitely true here. you know you're going to pay you're going to pay some money for the compost here, but you're definitely getting some good stuff that's going to grow some healthy vegetables, fruits and even ornamentals for you and your family. so I always encourage you guys if they've got some good stuff support them, and support places that are doing good work like diverting so much of the, you know food scraps and yard waste that would normally just go to the landfill. so I really applaud them for the work they're doing here. This is some dirty work because the last time I was here. It was raining there, you know their tractors were stuck in the mud and I was just getting hammered with rain and it just wasn't a fun day but they're out here working man. like seems like every time I come out here they're out here working. And you know doing really good stuff here to help the city of Houston be more sustainable but also help us local gardeners. Now for those you guys that don't live in Houston, don't worry. I've also hooked you guys up right. Farm dirt compost is now also just starting to sell, online. and of course the online price is going to have to be more expensive than the price that you get locally, because they got to ship it and the shipping actually costs more, unfortunately than the compost does. but nonetheless you guys mention the GYG code, put that code in on the website. It's going to give you guys a special discounted price, so that you guys, no matter where in the fifty states you live, they're going to send you a priority flat rate box stuffed full of their good plant based compost, that you guys learned about today. So yeah that's pretty much it. I'll post links down below to other websites. you guys can get some of this amazing compost. I'm going to be sure to take some of this compost home with me today, to use again in my gardening because its some of the best stuff and give to my you know, my girlfriend's parents. Garden that's here locally. They've been growing in it too because I got some of that for them last time and their stuff is growing amazing. So you know, once again I always encourage you guys to support local compost companies that are making good products when you can. and after watching this episode you know some things to look for, when you guys go to buy compost and hopefully this will help you know, minimize the questions I get. John is this a good compost? I mean, I got to go there, see how they make it, look and see and that's the other big thing that's important for me. You know, you want to always ask the compost company, "hey! Can I come down and see your facility, see how you make it?" right, and if they're just like, "Yeah! Come on down, we'll share with you. You know, that's good because they're open source, they have nothing to hide, right. But it's the companies that say, "Oh no. We don't want you to come down here, we don't want you to bring your camera." Those are the companies I'm quite worried about because like, why don't they want me there. What do they have to hide, what don't they want you to know, what are they putting your compost that they don't want you to know about right. So I'm really glad that they have an open door policy year and they showed me around you know, showed me everything and I got to snoop around and see all kind of stuff happening here right. They've got nothing to hide. So yeah definitely some good compost, some of the best compost, I've found here inside the city in Houston. So if you guys enjoyed this episode learning more about compost, how you guys could make it yourself and how you guys can get some of the best compost here in Houston and in all of Texas, please be sure to give me a thumbs up in future episodes when I come back to Houston. I'll come by and make more episodes, maybe interviewing some of the compost makers and owners and all this kind of stuff. Also be sure to click that Subscribe button right down below, to be notified of my new and upcoming episodes coming out every three to four days, you never know where I'll be showing up, or what you'll be learning on my YouTube channel. and be sure, finally to check my past episodes out over twelve and up episodes now, a wealth of information of the different compost yards, how to compost at home yourself, how to grow your food all aspects so that you guys can be more sustainable and grow food for you and your family, instead of eating out of the grocery store. Maybe you're eating out of the grocery store second hand, because you're getting the compost made here. in any case that's my mission. Hope you guys enjoy this episode. I got to get going. Once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com we'll see next time, and until then, remember keep on growing.


 
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How to trace minerals to grow his foods which include rock dust, ocean solids, soil humates and seaweeds.

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 170 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
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John: All right, this is John Kohler with  Growingyourgreens.com with another exciting episode for you. and what I'm going to do today is actually I got a special guest on the show. actually just recently I was at the 2016 Naturopathic doctors conference here in Las Vegas, Nevada. I make my way to many different health food and health conferences throughout the year, amongst all the other gardening and heirloom events that I visit to keep up to date with what's going on, with you know, not like traditional medical care, but what's considered nowadays alternative or complementary cure.  So I go to a lot of the different talks at the Naturopathic doctor’s convention and hear a lot of different speakers and learn about a lot of different products and supplements and actually new foods. you know, that they try to say in a package but then I just, you know, decide to grow 'em. And I learn about a lot of new stuff and one of the people who is there, I interviewed. that's going to come on a little bit later in this segment.  But before I get into him, I want to share more about what I'm into and growing in my garden, and why this is one of the fundamental keys to my gardening success and one of the reasons why I personally garden myself. And what it comes down to for me personally, is the trace minerals. You know you guys have heard me talk about it before. Whether you're going to get it from soil humates, rock dust, or even you know ocean solids, you know I want you guys to get the trace minerals into your garden. Because, number one your plants will respond. I have seen in my gardens and many friend’s gardens, when they start adding the trace minerals, their plants just get plain healthier. There's something in them trace minerals, that the plants love. they get healthier, in turn they take up these nutrients, these trace minerals in themselves and when they make their fruit, such as my peppers here or they make the leaves, lettuce or kale or collard greens or Egyptian spinach, whatever I'm growing, when they make their leaves, now they take up the inorganic form of that mineral and basically turn it into an organic mineral. and when it's in the state that is taken up into the plant, it basically changes the polarity or the charge on the mineral so that we can actually accept it easily into us. you know just sucking out a copper penny might get you some copper, but you're not going to have a high level of uptake because it's the wrong charge on it. And that's why I like to get my minerals from food.  Furthermore, I want to go into this, you know because a lot of guys haven't seen this before. it's actually a Senate document. the Senate document is from 1936. Document 264 74th Congress, 2nd session, and it's entitled 'The modern miracle men'. This was presented to Congress, way back then. And Congress and the government and people have known about this since that time. What it basically is, it relates to proper food mineral balances by Dr. Charles Northern, reprinted from Cosmopolitan June 1936. Alright, so basically it starts like this: do you know that most of us today are suffering from certain dangerous dietary deficiencies which cannot be remedied until the depleted stores from which our foods come are brought into proper mineral balance. The alarming fact, is that foods, fruits and vegetables and grains now being raised on millions of acres of land that are no longer contains enough of certain needed minerals are starving us no matter how much of them we eat. this is back in the 1930s. And let me tell you, through actually studies and reports I've seen from the U.S.D.A. minerals in the food, over the years, are just declining and declining and declining. nowadays they're at an all time low. And this is because commercial industry is not putting back all the various amounts of trace minerals back in the soil. They're focused on three main minerals N, P, K.  And then along with the many, conventional, synthetic made fertilizers along with the N P K, they're shoving in, in many cases without telling people, small amounts of minerals.  But these are not the minerals that we want, these are the heavy, heavy metal minerals that actually they're just dumping you know. The answer to pollution is not dilution, or I don't know, something like that. but anyway, they're diluting the heavy metals that toxic- that industry is creating in fertilizers, that then grow to grow food for cattle and also for us. So I want you guys to step out of that system and grow your own mineral rich food.  anyways you guys could look up this Senate document, but I think if I go to the end I could sum it up. I mean, it basically talks a lot about, a lot about a different about a lot of different things and here's one of the points: healthy plants mean healthy people, said he, we can't raise a strong race on weak soil. Why don't you try mending the deficiencies in your farm and growing some more minerals in your crops? So then they go on and basically they planted celery with trace minerals and they found that it had at least I think twice as much minerals as celery not grown with the trace minerals, also it stored longer. And it was healthier to eat, going on further in the book, I mean I want you guys to actually look up this book. I'll put a link down below to this. So you guys could look it up and read the whole thing yourself, to learn about all this stuff, because I mean I was exposed to this, must be like twenty years ago now. It says a famous nutrition authority recently said, one sure way to end the American people susceptibility to infection, is to supply through food based ration or iron, copper and other metals. an organism requirements may so utilize these elements, as to produce immunity from infection quite beyond anything we're able to produce artificially by our present method of immunization. you can't make up that deficiency by using patent medicine. So think about that. What is he really saying there. I mean I kind of feel like my English instructor when he's reading Shakespeare and stuff and I like, really didn't understand what all that stuff was about Shakespeare and all this stuff. but I understand this: basically he's saying, that if we have you know, food that's deficient, we're not getting all their trace minerals. we're going to get higher levels of diseases and you know even the latest medicine, immunizations or whatever, is not going to fix that efficiency. the deficiency isn’t a deficiency from a vaccine, or from a drug, which always have side effects, which are just undesired effects. but the deficiency is because we're not eating the proper foods anymore. And this is what I'm really so passionate about these days. I mean I guess at the end, I'll sum it up, last line of this booklet. it is simpler to cure sick soils, than sick people. which shall we choose? this was back in 1936 man. What do they choose? Well industry, the government, whomever is in charge, chose the path of least resistance, I suppose, which is the path of financial interests, big corporations, companies making a lot of money and you know making chemical fertilizers that could be sold after the World War. and they had all these excess, you know factories making you know bombs, now they could make fertilizer out of them and make money. and so I don't know, things didn't go exactly as, as I would have liked. and trace minerals are really important, and what I want to do next for you is actually turn this into an interview with Dr. Joel Wallach actually. He is the man, who enlightened me originally, about the importance of trace minerals, and how to get them into our bodies. so I see Dr. Wallach pretty much every year, at the Naturopathic Doctor’s Convention and this year I decided to interview him for you guys, to pass on his very important words of wisdom. because he's been doing this even longer than I have. so let's go ahead and get into the interview with Dr. Wallach.   So now I have the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Joel Wallach, and he's the expert on minerals that I've learned about, you know back in what is it, the 1990s. there was a cassette tape, this kind of dates a  little bit, that went around called Dead Doctors Don't Lie. And this is the man that made that tape, and he is the one that basically enlightened me, about the importance of trace minerals in our diets and why you should use them to grow your food, and how they can positively affect to help your health and your plants health. So I want to just get Dr. Wallach today on, to basically share with you guys the importance of using trace minerals in your garden, because if you go down to standard big box store, and you get some fertilizer package or conventional fertilizer, you know synthetic fertilizer has like ten ten ten, but those are three main minerals in there. and you know we need a lot more than that. So I'm not going to take the show away from Dr. Wallach, we want to get his expert opinion here. so Dr. Wallach, why is using just three standard minerals which is what most of conventional and even a lot of organic farming focuses on?   Dr. Wallach: Well John, first of all thank you for asking me to speak with you.  Plants only need three minerals. All vertebrates, including human beings require sixty. That's why we have this discrepancy, and we see other minerals from putting our wood ash from our wood stoves into the garden, and also the spring floods that leaves silt when the floodwater recedes, we plough that in. and that renews the minerals in the soil. but once you get electricity, there's no more wood ashes going into the garden, and because we have hydroelectric plants, there is no more flooding and so there's no more silt left in the spring to plough back in the soil and renews the minerals in the soil. and so in the agricultural industry, and as you know I'm a veterinarian, as well as a naturopathic physician, so in the agricultural industry, we make sure the cheapest, most economical and most efficient way to get the minerals into our dairy cows and our beef cows and our chickens and pigs and things, is to feed it to them, give it to them. The little alfalfa pellets, aren't just alfalfa, it's corn and alfalfa and maybe some wheat and maybe some rice. Certainly there's ninety cents of nutrients, sixty minerals, sixteen vitamins, from amino acids, three fatty acids put in there. And we put them in the animal feed because we don't have insurance for them. and they get this and it increases fertility, it increases longevity, increases live births and eliminates birth defects, increases production- instead of having a cow give you half a quart of milk or they're getting a gallon and a half, instead of chickens laying eggs at three a week, they'll lay three eggs a day and so on. and so by giving the animals the 90 essential nutrients, which include all the trace minerals which are cofactors, enzymes, and hormones working in the body, all vertibrateswhat happens is you're maximizing the genetic potential of that human being, or that animal, has for health, fending off disease, longevity, production. and this is the piece we're missing as humans. and humans, medical doctors will say, oh just eat well. you'll get everything you need. No, because plants might only have three minerals, they don't make minerals. If you put three minerals in the soil to make the plant happy, they'll make good seeds for the next generation, but you're not getting what you need. That's why there's blue zones, according to Dan Buettner, for Natural Geographic. and he called them blue zones, because he's circling with a blue crayon right on the map, very scientific. but these are the longest lived of peoples on earth and by dumb luck they live in places that have more than sixty minerals in their soil and they're still using wood stoves. These are all third world cultures, longest lived  peoples on Earth according to National Geographic. because they still have wood stoves, they are putting the wood ashes in the garden, so that the plant doesn't need more than three minerals but they'll suck them all up. and so then when you eat the plant has been fertilized with the wood ashes, with the plant minerals, right, because wood ashes are only actually the minerals the tree soaks up. and so that's why the longest lived people of the third world cultures, minerals, minerals, minerals. it eliminates all birth defects; all birth defects are caused by nutritional deficiencies in the embryos. there's no birth defects are passed on by genetics, none. That's an overreach of the science of genetics/ Genetics will determine your hair color, your eye color, your skin color, your gender, boy/girl kind of thing, and it will tell your liver cells to make liver cells, was repairing itself, to  John: Wow. Yeah I mean, I went to this talk earlier, I mean, this guy's a wealth of knowledge. I want to this talk earlier on epigenetics, which is basically the expression of your genes. so you have genes and if you have nutrient deficiencies, like especially in the trace minerals, then your, you may be sicker, a lot of different things could happen, because the expression of your genes is different than how they should be if you had all the nutrition in there. Anyways the doctor could talk for hours about this mineral for this and this, but I want to get in some more important information for you guys, like Doctor, you talked about the wood ashes. Right, so if my viewers that are gardening, if they use wood ashes in their garden, you know, I've heard things like, you know too many wood ashes might not be a good thing. but will they get all the minerals they need from wood ashes, or should they not guarantee that they're going to get all the minerals from just using the wood ashes, should they get maybe another product?  Dr. Wallach: because there's no guarantee, because nutritional minerals, John, do not occur in a uniform blank or on the coast here. they occur in veins like chocolate and chunky ice cream, but all swirls and swirls. And these twenty top longevity cultures, they by dumb luck, live in places that have all these minerals. have sixty or more minerals and so.  Rest ones who eat well, they garden organic gardening and they'll die of ruptured aneurysm at age thirty-two. That's because they didn't have the trace minerals in the soil. the only way to guarantee it, is to supplement with it, in your mouth or, supplement your garden with it. Ok. And course, we do have a product,  We 'll talk about that in a little bit Dr. Wallach: Yes, and so we have the ability to do that. And as a result the yield goes up, the health of the crops goes up, the health of the land goes up. And it's just one of those miracles, to increase your yield, time so many fold. For instance, use our program, you can take sweet potatoes, which would normally give you mature sweet potatoes of a quarter of a pound, they will be twelve, fourteen pounds, big as a football. And they're sweeter and more tender than the little ones. and the same was true with all the fruit and berries, strawberries, they're huge and they're bright red all the way through the center, they don't have that white pulp in the middle kind of thing. and tomatoes are three times bigger, same thing is true for animals are fed like soybeans or hay that are fertilized with these minerals. their milk production goes up, the egg production goes up, their weight gain and beef cattle and pigs goes up, fertility goes up, survivability of babies goes up, all their birth defects goes away, all the white muscle disease, things like mulberry heart disease in pigs, all those birth defects, cleft palate, Down syndrome, that all goes away, cerebropalsy, it all goes away by supplementing with these trace minerals. John: yeah, trace minerals are super important. If you guys watch me for any length of time, you guys know I'm really on and into the trace minerals. So Dr., I know there's a lot of people out there, that say, I don't need to add to trace minerals to my garden because my soil is fertile, where I live, and the minerals are already in there.  My plants grow fine. What would you say to them?  Dr. Wallach: Well the reason why the minerals are in the plants, is that the plants will suck them out of the soil, unless you're renewing those minerals by putting the plant minerals aka wood ashes in, or leaving in flood silt, that's coming form places that have the sixty minerals in it. after a period of six, eight, ten years, depending on how intense you grow crops in your garden, there won't be any minerals left in the garden. your garden will die, and you'll have to start adding commercial fertilizer.  OK. You must fertilize the soil, two or three or four times a year depending on what you're growing, to make it optimal for the plant and optimal for the man and animals that are eating those plans. Otherwise you're not going to guarantee, and I'll give you an analogy. I think this is a good place to kind of, end.   Alright.  Dr. Wallach: The analogy goes like this. Let's say you take your car to a mechanic, and he say it's time to change the oil. and you say well, I don't want to spend a lot of money for six quarts of high grade oil. I want the cheapest oil. So I can do better than. Instead of putting six quarts of cheap oil in your car, I’m going to put six quarts of dirt from Texas in your car. never mind there's lots of oil in Texas, there's bound to be some oil in that dirt from Texas. That'll take care of your car. Nobody would do that, even to an old rusted out, dented up car. You say no, I don't believe that one. But people believe when doctors say,  oh just eat well you will get everything  you need. What you want to do is take all ninety essential nutrients, even though you've been putting these nutrients in the garden, you still want to supplement. and then what you're getting from your food is value added. That's one way to look at it. You do not want to not supplement. you do not want to not supplement. and then you supplement the soil.  You will maximize your genetic potential for health and longevity at that point.  John: Yeah I mean, I totally agree. I don't want you guys to become deficient. So Dr., what's the soil product that you recommend us? I have some in my house, there's a liquid and a solid right, I got both of them myself. I've been using them, the blooming' mineral. So how can that actually create fertility and add these very important trace minerals into some of these gardening, and why do you come up with this product? Dr. Wallach: well there's seventy-eight minerals in this product, seventy-eight minerals, including all sixty essential minerals at optimal amounts. It's called Blooming mineral, as you pointed out. we have in forty pound bags of granules. We also have it in quart, and fifty-five gallon drums of the liquid. Depending on how big your operation is, either use a sprayer or a spreader. and so you can full your fees as well as do the granules on the soil. And so we kind of go through this, we have a lot of experience and so we can, actually I’m working on a book, but we do have one book that kind of covers this. it’s called "Rare Earths Forbidden Cures". Which you looked at earlier. And so that one is a very, very good one, tells what minerals are missing when you get certain diseases. How the minerals work. What enzyme system, what hormones require them to function properly.  John: Awesome, awesome and then I apply these minerals to my garden like after every growing season so once a year. You know, I grow two different cropping, so like a summer crop, and a winter crop, all I add the minerals and more compost and create fertility after every season of planting, because I'm pulling nutrients out in my plants and I want to put them back in, and even if I'm adding more than the plant are putting out, that's a good thing. that's like putting money in the bank. versus like taking money out of the bank and being withdrawn and overbalancing, getting like you know them fees right. You don't want to over pull from the soil.  So. actually Dr. Wallach got a call and he had to take off, so I couldn't get to finish my interview with him. So I'm kind of sad, but at least I'm glad I got what I got on tape for you guys. So you guys could hear it. So you guys could learn the importance of the trace minerals, you know, not only do I add trace minerals in for my plants, which some people still you know, fail to realize that plants really need more than just three N.P. K. or maybe fifteen or sixteen minerals. But I mean if nature, God, whomever put all these minerals on the earth, and they should be in the soil. then if they're not there, I mean then, then it's not we're not growing, or going according with nature. So here's the thing, like the soils are getting pulled out, the nutrients, the minerals are not getting put back in. So there's basically two solutions, right. When I learned about Dr. Wallach, I learned that Dead Doctors Don't Lie tape, and he was trying to sell a colloidal mineral supplement, which you know I took at the time.  But I tried to figure out likewise, like John, you could take a supplement, you could buy a supplement for the rest of your life, but what's even better than buying a supplement? Hey, I want to eat foods that are mineralized. and at the time I wasn't actually growing my food. I was getting all my food from the grocery store, from the farmer's market, and even most farmers unfortunately, do not add trace minerals. the majority of people, even home gardeners, don't add trace minerals, except if you're one of my long term viewers and watch me and and trust in what I say, and trust in the experts that I have on for you guys, because I'm just sharing what I've learned over the years, all these years that have been really important to me right. and I don't want to lose my life, you know, from something that I could have prevented. right I don't want to be my mistake right. And I'm just sharing what I know and that's why I make these videos So, anyways I just cited that, you know I could take these colloidal minerals, that's pretty good, but I don't want to be hooked on a supplement for the rest of my life. so I want to like, grow my own high quality food and eat food predominantly out of my garden that has all these trace minerals in there, in amounts that nature would require. So that's why I started gardening and growing my food. I took out my front yard, my front lawn, and started growing. I raised a bed of vegetable gardens, I was, like I think nine years ago now. before that I was growing in the periphery of my yard, and that's really good right? And I know a lot of you guys are growing with the trace minerals, and that's great, also. And there's many different types of the kind, actually Dr. Wallach himself actually has a company. It's actually called the Youngevity, it’s right here, this is one of his products right here. That's the Dr. Wallach right there. and basically this is, this is the blooming minerals product. This is a soil revitalizer and this is a OMRI certified for use in organic farming. This is a small jar full, It's two and a half pounds. It's actually kind of expensive, they have a bigger bag which is a much better deal in my opinion. This is the one that you will want to buy, if you want to revitalize your soil with up to seventy-six different minerals in there. and if we open it, and it has a list of all of them on the back. But this is the one he formulated, he put together and he's recommending. And so if you want to trust the doctor, that's what I would recommend to you guys.  And so I have a link down below, if you want to purchase this product. And I'll just show you guys what it looks like. basically it looks like this, and what this is in my opinion and I don't really know exactly for sure, because I'm not a soil microbiologist or all this stuff, but it looks like soil humates to me, right. And soil humates are commonly available for actually a lot less than what this is being sold for, but those soil humates may not be organic approved and you know they may be of varying quality. So I'm sure he checks each and every batch to ensure he's getting some of the best stuff because you're also paying more for it. So yeah, so besides just this stuff the blooming minerals or soil humates, you could also use things like a rock dust, and not all rock dust is created equal. I'm not really going to get into rock here. Be sure to click some of the links below, where I’ll have a link to my playlists about rock dust, where you can learn more about it. I'm also the ocean solids or ocean minerals and also put links down below, to some of those videos I did. so I do encourage you guys to do the minerals, and then to grow all your food and especially if you guys have pets or animals, grow the food for them using the trace minerals, so that they can be healthier. I mean as Dr. Wallach who's a, you know a veterinary, and went to school for animal husbandry, you know saw that they always would feed animals trace mineral supplements in their feed. Why don't we? From a young age, have trace mineral supplements right? They are worth their weight in something, instead of actually just going in one end and coming out the other.  So that's what I want to talk about next. If you guys aren't up to the point where you guys are actually growing a significant portion of your food, and just want to ensure you get the proper minerals. I want you guys to eat foods that have high levels of trace minerals in there. So aside from my home grown rock dust, you know, soil humates, blooming mineral, ocean solid, enhanced vegetables that I grow. I also take some different products such as seaweed powders, I take seaweed powders almost every day. seaweed have a wide spectrum of minerals, because in the oceans, they have significantly more minerals, than most parts of soil or of land soil.  Depending on less rain maybe, in one of the blue zones, and that's probably one of the reasons why blue zones people live so long. because they actually have the trace minerals.  But there's other reasons as well. But aside from that, I also take some supplementary minerals. and so the ones that I've been taken recently are these guys. so this is also this is the youngevity brand and this is actually Dr. Wallach's product. This is actually called the plant derived minerals. So this is the liquid version, and I like this a lot because actually there's no artificial colors, flavors, sweeteners and let me tell you, tastes like hell. If you're going to drink, you're going to be like whoa. I mean, I suppose it tastes better to me than alcohol, but I don't drink. But has a strong flavor when I drink, some reverse osmosis water after drinking this straight up, which actually I don't recommend for you guys. Actually the water tasted sweet, and that's how bad the minerals taste. So if you're going to get these minerals that are liquid then I do encourage you guys to maybe like mix them in with some juice or something like that, it will taste a lot better. But yeah, this has up to seventy-six different minerals also, that are listed on the back. and basically a thing about these minerals unlike a Centrum tablet or other minerals, these are actually from plant derived minerals. So basically these are plants that basically composted thousands of years ago and basically they put in a bottle. so the minerals are coming from plants. Now if you don't like liquids, like Josh doesn't like sipping liquids in bottles, you guys could actually get the capsules. so liquids or capsules and I've also taken these capsules, these capsules are actually in gelatin caps, so I don't like to take gelatin caps, I don't like to take a lot of processed things like that. So I actually open the capsules up and put in my tongue. I was not and that was another not so great idea that I had recently. It actually fuzzed and bubbled on my tongue and that even tasted worse than liquid. So I don't recommend doing that.  maybe mix the tablets in with a juice, once again I would empty the contents of the capsule, out of the capsule. or if you don't mind taking some gelatin, just swallow the capsule whole, while you're taking it with some juice and the capsule will dissolve and you'll get the minerals in you, and your body will absorb them and get healthier because it. I mean, I think overall Dr. Wallach looks great for his age, you know I'm sure nobody does everything exactly right, and I hope he eats his share of fresh fruits and vegetables grown in rock dust and soil humates enhanced and blooming minerals and all that stuff. and just eats the you know the majority of his food is plant food, because those are the best food and I mean that's why I got into gardening. and the Greens are why I got into gardening, one of the reasons is because the minerals. like I want to get the trace minerals in me, I don't want to have a mineral deficiency. You know there's many different health challenges, that can be caused by a mineral deficiency, according to documented research that I have seen. I will have an upcoming episode, actually on some brand new fertilizers that may help with certain conditions, that are formulated with certain minerals that are known to be deficient in individuals with certain conditions. So I'm really looking forward to that episode but in the meantime, right to keep your health, to have your wealth which is your health, I want you guys to supplement, you know, not only yourselves but also your soils more importantly, with the trace minerals. your plants will be happier and in the end you could be happier and I wish all of industry to simply do this. it would not be that much more expensive to start using rock dust, locally sourced rock dust from different quarries and adding that to the farmlands to increase their fertility, increase the nutrition of America's foods. and if America's not going to do that's great, if you guys are from another country, hey tell your ministry of agriculture and all this stuff, to watch my video. and I want you guys, whatever country you guys are in, to start mineralizing your guys' foods. I mean in some countries, they are actually taking seaweed powders and bacon into bread, and the health of the population is actually increasing, because of this. and I want America to be first in everything, but if there's anyone who could do it, I don't care who does it, because I just want, you know the world need to change. the world needs to start remineralizing the soil, not only for the soil health, not only for the people health but for the planet health as well. So if you guys want to pick up some of these mineral products for the soil or the ones you want to take internally, please check the link down below this video, that will get you to where you guys can order them. also be sure to click the Subscribe button right down below, to be notified by new and upcoming episodes upcoming out about every three to four days, you never know what I'll be talking about, or what you'll be learning about my YouTube gardening channel. also be sure to check my past episodes, my past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over twelve hundred episodes to date, teach you guys all aspects on how to grow your own food at home. and be sure like this video. that'll encourage me to maybe hit up Dr. Wallach next time for another interview and maybe you'll have a- some more good questions for- so well once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. We'll see you next time. And until then, remember keep on growing.   All right. This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com today with another exciting episode for you. and I'm happy to be at the National heirloom Expo. This is the world's Pure Food Fair. You're going to learn more about them.


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John: All right, this is John Kohler with  Growingyourgreens.com with another exciting episode for you. and what I'm going to do today is actually I got a special guest on the show. actually just recently I was at the 2016 Naturopathic doctors conference here in Las Vegas, Nevada. I make my way to many different health food and health conferences throughout the year, amongst all the other gardening and heirloom events that I visit to keep up to date with what's going on, with you know, not like traditional medical care, but what's considered nowadays alternative or complementary cure.  So I go to a lot of the different talks at the Naturopathic doctor’s convention and hear a lot of different speakers and learn about a lot of different products and supplements and actually new foods. you know, that they try to say in a package but then I just, you know, decide to grow 'em. And I learn about a lot of new stuff and one of the people who is there, I interviewed. that's going to come on a little bit later in this segment.  But before I get into him, I want to share more about what I'm into and growing in my garden, and why this is one of the fundamental keys to my gardening success and one of the reasons why I personally garden myself. And what it comes down to for me personally, is the trace minerals. You know you guys have heard me talk about it before. Whether you're going to get it from soil humates, rock dust, or even you know ocean solids, you know I want you guys to get the trace minerals into your garden. Because, number one your plants will respond. I have seen in my gardens and many friend’s gardens, when they start adding the trace minerals, their plants just get plain healthier. There's something in them trace minerals, that the plants love. they get healthier, in turn they take up these nutrients, these trace minerals in themselves and when they make their fruit, such as my peppers here or they make the leaves, lettuce or kale or collard greens or Egyptian spinach, whatever I'm growing, when they make their leaves, now they take up the inorganic form of that mineral and basically turn it into an organic mineral. and when it's in the state that is taken up into the plant, it basically changes the polarity or the charge on the mineral so that we can actually accept it easily into us. you know just sucking out a copper penny might get you some copper, but you're not going to have a high level of uptake because it's the wrong charge on it. And that's why I like to get my minerals from food.  Furthermore, I want to go into this, you know because a lot of guys haven't seen this before. it's actually a Senate document. the Senate document is from 1936. Document 264 74th Congress, 2nd session, and it's entitled 'The modern miracle men'. This was presented to Congress, way back then. And Congress and the government and people have known about this since that time. What it basically is, it relates to proper food mineral balances by Dr. Charles Northern, reprinted from Cosmopolitan June 1936. Alright, so basically it starts like this: do you know that most of us today are suffering from certain dangerous dietary deficiencies which cannot be remedied until the depleted stores from which our foods come are brought into proper mineral balance. The alarming fact, is that foods, fruits and vegetables and grains now being raised on millions of acres of land that are no longer contains enough of certain needed minerals are starving us no matter how much of them we eat. this is back in the 1930s. And let me tell you, through actually studies and reports I've seen from the U.S.D.A. minerals in the food, over the years, are just declining and declining and declining. nowadays they're at an all time low. And this is because commercial industry is not putting back all the various amounts of trace minerals back in the soil. They're focused on three main minerals N, P, K.  And then along with the many, conventional, synthetic made fertilizers along with the N P K, they're shoving in, in many cases without telling people, small amounts of minerals.  But these are not the minerals that we want, these are the heavy, heavy metal minerals that actually they're just dumping you know. The answer to pollution is not dilution, or I don't know, something like that. but anyway, they're diluting the heavy metals that toxic- that industry is creating in fertilizers, that then grow to grow food for cattle and also for us. So I want you guys to step out of that system and grow your own mineral rich food.  anyways you guys could look up this Senate document, but I think if I go to the end I could sum it up. I mean, it basically talks a lot about, a lot about a different about a lot of different things and here's one of the points: healthy plants mean healthy people, said he, we can't raise a strong race on weak soil. Why don't you try mending the deficiencies in your farm and growing some more minerals in your crops? So then they go on and basically they planted celery with trace minerals and they found that it had at least I think twice as much minerals as celery not grown with the trace minerals, also it stored longer. And it was healthier to eat, going on further in the book, I mean I want you guys to actually look up this book. I'll put a link down below to this. So you guys could look it up and read the whole thing yourself, to learn about all this stuff, because I mean I was exposed to this, must be like twenty years ago now. It says a famous nutrition authority recently said, one sure way to end the American people susceptibility to infection, is to supply through food based ration or iron, copper and other metals. an organism requirements may so utilize these elements, as to produce immunity from infection quite beyond anything we're able to produce artificially by our present method of immunization. you can't make up that deficiency by using patent medicine. So think about that. What is he really saying there. I mean I kind of feel like my English instructor when he's reading Shakespeare and stuff and I like, really didn't understand what all that stuff was about Shakespeare and all this stuff. but I understand this: basically he's saying, that if we have you know, food that's deficient, we're not getting all their trace minerals. we're going to get higher levels of diseases and you know even the latest medicine, immunizations or whatever, is not going to fix that efficiency. the deficiency isn’t a deficiency from a vaccine, or from a drug, which always have side effects, which are just undesired effects. but the deficiency is because we're not eating the proper foods anymore. And this is what I'm really so passionate about these days. I mean I guess at the end, I'll sum it up, last line of this booklet. it is simpler to cure sick soils, than sick people. which shall we choose? this was back in 1936 man. What do they choose? Well industry, the government, whomever is in charge, chose the path of least resistance, I suppose, which is the path of financial interests, big corporations, companies making a lot of money and you know making chemical fertilizers that could be sold after the World War. and they had all these excess, you know factories making you know bombs, now they could make fertilizer out of them and make money. and so I don't know, things didn't go exactly as, as I would have liked. and trace minerals are really important, and what I want to do next for you is actually turn this into an interview with Dr. Joel Wallach actually. He is the man, who enlightened me originally, about the importance of trace minerals, and how to get them into our bodies. so I see Dr. Wallach pretty much every year, at the Naturopathic Doctor’s Convention and this year I decided to interview him for you guys, to pass on his very important words of wisdom. because he's been doing this even longer than I have. so let's go ahead and get into the interview with Dr. Wallach.   So now I have the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Joel Wallach, and he's the expert on minerals that I've learned about, you know back in what is it, the 1990s. there was a cassette tape, this kind of dates a  little bit, that went around called Dead Doctors Don't Lie. And this is the man that made that tape, and he is the one that basically enlightened me, about the importance of trace minerals in our diets and why you should use them to grow your food, and how they can positively affect to help your health and your plants health. So I want to just get Dr. Wallach today on, to basically share with you guys the importance of using trace minerals in your garden, because if you go down to standard big box store, and you get some fertilizer package or conventional fertilizer, you know synthetic fertilizer has like ten ten ten, but those are three main minerals in there. and you know we need a lot more than that. So I'm not going to take the show away from Dr. Wallach, we want to get his expert opinion here. so Dr. Wallach, why is using just three standard minerals which is what most of conventional and even a lot of organic farming focuses on?   Dr. Wallach: Well John, first of all thank you for asking me to speak with you.  Plants only need three minerals. All vertebrates, including human beings require sixty. That's why we have this discrepancy, and we see other minerals from putting our wood ash from our wood stoves into the garden, and also the spring floods that leaves silt when the floodwater recedes, we plough that in. and that renews the minerals in the soil. but once you get electricity, there's no more wood ashes going into the garden, and because we have hydroelectric plants, there is no more flooding and so there's no more silt left in the spring to plough back in the soil and renews the minerals in the soil. and so in the agricultural industry, and as you know I'm a veterinarian, as well as a naturopathic physician, so in the agricultural industry, we make sure the cheapest, most economical and most efficient way to get the minerals into our dairy cows and our beef cows and our chickens and pigs and things, is to feed it to them, give it to them. The little alfalfa pellets, aren't just alfalfa, it's corn and alfalfa and maybe some wheat and maybe some rice. Certainly there's ninety cents of nutrients, sixty minerals, sixteen vitamins, from amino acids, three fatty acids put in there. And we put them in the animal feed because we don't have insurance for them. and they get this and it increases fertility, it increases longevity, increases live births and eliminates birth defects, increases production- instead of having a cow give you half a quart of milk or they're getting a gallon and a half, instead of chickens laying eggs at three a week, they'll lay three eggs a day and so on. and so by giving the animals the 90 essential nutrients, which include all the trace minerals which are cofactors, enzymes, and hormones working in the body, all vertibrateswhat happens is you're maximizing the genetic potential of that human being, or that animal, has for health, fending off disease, longevity, production. and this is the piece we're missing as humans. and humans, medical doctors will say, oh just eat well. you'll get everything you need. No, because plants might only have three minerals, they don't make minerals. If you put three minerals in the soil to make the plant happy, they'll make good seeds for the next generation, but you're not getting what you need. That's why there's blue zones, according to Dan Buettner, for Natural Geographic. and he called them blue zones, because he's circling with a blue crayon right on the map, very scientific. but these are the longest lived of peoples on earth and by dumb luck they live in places that have more than sixty minerals in their soil and they're still using wood stoves. These are all third world cultures, longest lived  peoples on Earth according to National Geographic. because they still have wood stoves, they are putting the wood ashes in the garden, so that the plant doesn't need more than three minerals but they'll suck them all up. and so then when you eat the plant has been fertilized with the wood ashes, with the plant minerals, right, because wood ashes are only actually the minerals the tree soaks up. and so that's why the longest lived people of the third world cultures, minerals, minerals, minerals. it eliminates all birth defects; all birth defects are caused by nutritional deficiencies in the embryos. there's no birth defects are passed on by genetics, none. That's an overreach of the science of genetics/ Genetics will determine your hair color, your eye color, your skin color, your gender, boy/girl kind of thing, and it will tell your liver cells to make liver cells, was repairing itself, to  John: Wow. Yeah I mean, I went to this talk earlier, I mean, this guy's a wealth of knowledge. I want to this talk earlier on epigenetics, which is basically the expression of your genes. so you have genes and if you have nutrient deficiencies, like especially in the trace minerals, then your, you may be sicker, a lot of different things could happen, because the expression of your genes is different than how they should be if you had all the nutrition in there. Anyways the doctor could talk for hours about this mineral for this and this, but I want to get in some more important information for you guys, like Doctor, you talked about the wood ashes. Right, so if my viewers that are gardening, if they use wood ashes in their garden, you know, I've heard things like, you know too many wood ashes might not be a good thing. but will they get all the minerals they need from wood ashes, or should they not guarantee that they're going to get all the minerals from just using the wood ashes, should they get maybe another product?  Dr. Wallach: because there's no guarantee, because nutritional minerals, John, do not occur in a uniform blank or on the coast here. they occur in veins like chocolate and chunky ice cream, but all swirls and swirls. And these twenty top longevity cultures, they by dumb luck, live in places that have all these minerals. have sixty or more minerals and so.  Rest ones who eat well, they garden organic gardening and they'll die of ruptured aneurysm at age thirty-two. That's because they didn't have the trace minerals in the soil. the only way to guarantee it, is to supplement with it, in your mouth or, supplement your garden with it. Ok. And course, we do have a product,  We 'll talk about that in a little bit Dr. Wallach: Yes, and so we have the ability to do that. And as a result the yield goes up, the health of the crops goes up, the health of the land goes up. And it's just one of those miracles, to increase your yield, time so many fold. For instance, use our program, you can take sweet potatoes, which would normally give you mature sweet potatoes of a quarter of a pound, they will be twelve, fourteen pounds, big as a football. And they're sweeter and more tender than the little ones. and the same was true with all the fruit and berries, strawberries, they're huge and they're bright red all the way through the center, they don't have that white pulp in the middle kind of thing. and tomatoes are three times bigger, same thing is true for animals are fed like soybeans or hay that are fertilized with these minerals. their milk production goes up, the egg production goes up, their weight gain and beef cattle and pigs goes up, fertility goes up, survivability of babies goes up, all their birth defects goes away, all the white muscle disease, things like mulberry heart disease in pigs, all those birth defects, cleft palate, Down syndrome, that all goes away, cerebropalsy, it all goes away by supplementing with these trace minerals. John: yeah, trace minerals are super important. If you guys watch me for any length of time, you guys know I'm really on and into the trace minerals. So Dr., I know there's a lot of people out there, that say, I don't need to add to trace minerals to my garden because my soil is fertile, where I live, and the minerals are already in there.  My plants grow fine. What would you say to them?  Dr. Wallach: Well the reason why the minerals are in the plants, is that the plants will suck them out of the soil, unless you're renewing those minerals by putting the plant minerals aka wood ashes in, or leaving in flood silt, that's coming form places that have the sixty minerals in it. after a period of six, eight, ten years, depending on how intense you grow crops in your garden, there won't be any minerals left in the garden. your garden will die, and you'll have to start adding commercial fertilizer.  OK. You must fertilize the soil, two or three or four times a year depending on what you're growing, to make it optimal for the plant and optimal for the man and animals that are eating those plans. Otherwise you're not going to guarantee, and I'll give you an analogy. I think this is a good place to kind of, end.   Alright.  Dr. Wallach: The analogy goes like this. Let's say you take your car to a mechanic, and he say it's time to change the oil. and you say well, I don't want to spend a lot of money for six quarts of high grade oil. I want the cheapest oil. So I can do better than. Instead of putting six quarts of cheap oil in your car, I’m going to put six quarts of dirt from Texas in your car. never mind there's lots of oil in Texas, there's bound to be some oil in that dirt from Texas. That'll take care of your car. Nobody would do that, even to an old rusted out, dented up car. You say no, I don't believe that one. But people believe when doctors say,  oh just eat well you will get everything  you need. What you want to do is take all ninety essential nutrients, even though you've been putting these nutrients in the garden, you still want to supplement. and then what you're getting from your food is value added. That's one way to look at it. You do not want to not supplement. you do not want to not supplement. and then you supplement the soil.  You will maximize your genetic potential for health and longevity at that point.  John: Yeah I mean, I totally agree. I don't want you guys to become deficient. So Dr., what's the soil product that you recommend us? I have some in my house, there's a liquid and a solid right, I got both of them myself. I've been using them, the blooming' mineral. So how can that actually create fertility and add these very important trace minerals into some of these gardening, and why do you come up with this product? Dr. Wallach: well there's seventy-eight minerals in this product, seventy-eight minerals, including all sixty essential minerals at optimal amounts. It's called Blooming mineral, as you pointed out. we have in forty pound bags of granules. We also have it in quart, and fifty-five gallon drums of the liquid. Depending on how big your operation is, either use a sprayer or a spreader. and so you can full your fees as well as do the granules on the soil. And so we kind of go through this, we have a lot of experience and so we can, actually I’m working on a book, but we do have one book that kind of covers this. it’s called "Rare Earths Forbidden Cures". Which you looked at earlier. And so that one is a very, very good one, tells what minerals are missing when you get certain diseases. How the minerals work. What enzyme system, what hormones require them to function properly.  John: Awesome, awesome and then I apply these minerals to my garden like after every growing season so once a year. You know, I grow two different cropping, so like a summer crop, and a winter crop, all I add the minerals and more compost and create fertility after every season of planting, because I'm pulling nutrients out in my plants and I want to put them back in, and even if I'm adding more than the plant are putting out, that's a good thing. that's like putting money in the bank. versus like taking money out of the bank and being withdrawn and overbalancing, getting like you know them fees right. You don't want to over pull from the soil.  So. actually Dr. Wallach got a call and he had to take off, so I couldn't get to finish my interview with him. So I'm kind of sad, but at least I'm glad I got what I got on tape for you guys. So you guys could hear it. So you guys could learn the importance of the trace minerals, you know, not only do I add trace minerals in for my plants, which some people still you know, fail to realize that plants really need more than just three N.P. K. or maybe fifteen or sixteen minerals. But I mean if nature, God, whomever put all these minerals on the earth, and they should be in the soil. then if they're not there, I mean then, then it's not we're not growing, or going according with nature. So here's the thing, like the soils are getting pulled out, the nutrients, the minerals are not getting put back in. So there's basically two solutions, right. When I learned about Dr. Wallach, I learned that Dead Doctors Don't Lie tape, and he was trying to sell a colloidal mineral supplement, which you know I took at the time.  But I tried to figure out likewise, like John, you could take a supplement, you could buy a supplement for the rest of your life, but what's even better than buying a supplement? Hey, I want to eat foods that are mineralized. and at the time I wasn't actually growing my food. I was getting all my food from the grocery store, from the farmer's market, and even most farmers unfortunately, do not add trace minerals. the majority of people, even home gardeners, don't add trace minerals, except if you're one of my long term viewers and watch me and and trust in what I say, and trust in the experts that I have on for you guys, because I'm just sharing what I've learned over the years, all these years that have been really important to me right. and I don't want to lose my life, you know, from something that I could have prevented. right I don't want to be my mistake right. And I'm just sharing what I know and that's why I make these videos So, anyways I just cited that, you know I could take these colloidal minerals, that's pretty good, but I don't want to be hooked on a supplement for the rest of my life. so I want to like, grow my own high quality food and eat food predominantly out of my garden that has all these trace minerals in there, in amounts that nature would require. So that's why I started gardening and growing my food. I took out my front yard, my front lawn, and started growing. I raised a bed of vegetable gardens, I was, like I think nine years ago now. before that I was growing in the periphery of my yard, and that's really good right? And I know a lot of you guys are growing with the trace minerals, and that's great, also. And there's many different types of the kind, actually Dr. Wallach himself actually has a company. It's actually called the Youngevity, it’s right here, this is one of his products right here. That's the Dr. Wallach right there. and basically this is, this is the blooming minerals product. This is a soil revitalizer and this is a OMRI certified for use in organic farming. This is a small jar full, It's two and a half pounds. It's actually kind of expensive, they have a bigger bag which is a much better deal in my opinion. This is the one that you will want to buy, if you want to revitalize your soil with up to seventy-six different minerals in there. and if we open it, and it has a list of all of them on the back. But this is the one he formulated, he put together and he's recommending. And so if you want to trust the doctor, that's what I would recommend to you guys.  And so I have a link down below, if you want to purchase this product. And I'll just show you guys what it looks like. basically it looks like this, and what this is in my opinion and I don't really know exactly for sure, because I'm not a soil microbiologist or all this stuff, but it looks like soil humates to me, right. And soil humates are commonly available for actually a lot less than what this is being sold for, but those soil humates may not be organic approved and you know they may be of varying quality. So I'm sure he checks each and every batch to ensure he's getting some of the best stuff because you're also paying more for it. So yeah, so besides just this stuff the blooming minerals or soil humates, you could also use things like a rock dust, and not all rock dust is created equal. I'm not really going to get into rock here. Be sure to click some of the links below, where I’ll have a link to my playlists about rock dust, where you can learn more about it. I'm also the ocean solids or ocean minerals and also put links down below, to some of those videos I did. so I do encourage you guys to do the minerals, and then to grow all your food and especially if you guys have pets or animals, grow the food for them using the trace minerals, so that they can be healthier. I mean as Dr. Wallach who's a, you know a veterinary, and went to school for animal husbandry, you know saw that they always would feed animals trace mineral supplements in their feed. Why don't we? From a young age, have trace mineral supplements right? They are worth their weight in something, instead of actually just going in one end and coming out the other.  So that's what I want to talk about next. If you guys aren't up to the point where you guys are actually growing a significant portion of your food, and just want to ensure you get the proper minerals. I want you guys to eat foods that have high levels of trace minerals in there. So aside from my home grown rock dust, you know, soil humates, blooming mineral, ocean solid, enhanced vegetables that I grow. I also take some different products such as seaweed powders, I take seaweed powders almost every day. seaweed have a wide spectrum of minerals, because in the oceans, they have significantly more minerals, than most parts of soil or of land soil.  Depending on less rain maybe, in one of the blue zones, and that's probably one of the reasons why blue zones people live so long. because they actually have the trace minerals.  But there's other reasons as well. But aside from that, I also take some supplementary minerals. and so the ones that I've been taken recently are these guys. so this is also this is the youngevity brand and this is actually Dr. Wallach's product. This is actually called the plant derived minerals. So this is the liquid version, and I like this a lot because actually there's no artificial colors, flavors, sweeteners and let me tell you, tastes like hell. If you're going to drink, you're going to be like whoa. I mean, I suppose it tastes better to me than alcohol, but I don't drink. But has a strong flavor when I drink, some reverse osmosis water after drinking this straight up, which actually I don't recommend for you guys. Actually the water tasted sweet, and that's how bad the minerals taste. So if you're going to get these minerals that are liquid then I do encourage you guys to maybe like mix them in with some juice or something like that, it will taste a lot better. But yeah, this has up to seventy-six different minerals also, that are listed on the back. and basically a thing about these minerals unlike a Centrum tablet or other minerals, these are actually from plant derived minerals. So basically these are plants that basically composted thousands of years ago and basically they put in a bottle. so the minerals are coming from plants. Now if you don't like liquids, like Josh doesn't like sipping liquids in bottles, you guys could actually get the capsules. so liquids or capsules and I've also taken these capsules, these capsules are actually in gelatin caps, so I don't like to take gelatin caps, I don't like to take a lot of processed things like that. So I actually open the capsules up and put in my tongue. I was not and that was another not so great idea that I had recently. It actually fuzzed and bubbled on my tongue and that even tasted worse than liquid. So I don't recommend doing that.  maybe mix the tablets in with a juice, once again I would empty the contents of the capsule, out of the capsule. or if you don't mind taking some gelatin, just swallow the capsule whole, while you're taking it with some juice and the capsule will dissolve and you'll get the minerals in you, and your body will absorb them and get healthier because it. I mean, I think overall Dr. Wallach looks great for his age, you know I'm sure nobody does everything exactly right, and I hope he eats his share of fresh fruits and vegetables grown in rock dust and soil humates enhanced and blooming minerals and all that stuff. and just eats the you know the majority of his food is plant food, because those are the best food and I mean that's why I got into gardening. and the Greens are why I got into gardening, one of the reasons is because the minerals. like I want to get the trace minerals in me, I don't want to have a mineral deficiency. You know there's many different health challenges, that can be caused by a mineral deficiency, according to documented research that I have seen. I will have an upcoming episode, actually on some brand new fertilizers that may help with certain conditions, that are formulated with certain minerals that are known to be deficient in individuals with certain conditions. So I'm really looking forward to that episode but in the meantime, right to keep your health, to have your wealth which is your health, I want you guys to supplement, you know, not only yourselves but also your soils more importantly, with the trace minerals. your plants will be happier and in the end you could be happier and I wish all of industry to simply do this. it would not be that much more expensive to start using rock dust, locally sourced rock dust from different quarries and adding that to the farmlands to increase their fertility, increase the nutrition of America's foods. and if America's not going to do that's great, if you guys are from another country, hey tell your ministry of agriculture and all this stuff, to watch my video. and I want you guys, whatever country you guys are in, to start mineralizing your guys' foods. I mean in some countries, they are actually taking seaweed powders and bacon into bread, and the health of the population is actually increasing, because of this. and I want America to be first in everything, but if there's anyone who could do it, I don't care who does it, because I just want, you know the world need to change. the world needs to start remineralizing the soil, not only for the soil health, not only for the people health but for the planet health as well. So if you guys want to pick up some of these mineral products for the soil or the ones you want to take internally, please check the link down below this video, that will get you to where you guys can order them. also be sure to click the Subscribe button right down below, to be notified by new and upcoming episodes upcoming out about every three to four days, you never know what I'll be talking about, or what you'll be learning about my YouTube gardening channel. also be sure to check my past episodes, my past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over twelve hundred episodes to date, teach you guys all aspects on how to grow your own food at home. and be sure like this video. that'll encourage me to maybe hit up Dr. Wallach next time for another interview and maybe you'll have a- some more good questions for- so well once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. We'll see you next time. And until then, remember keep on growing.   All right. This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com today with another exciting episode for you. and I'm happy to be at the National heirloom Expo. This is the world's Pure Food Fair. You're going to learn more about them.


 
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How to Double your pepper production in your garden without pruning

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 129 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
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Alright! This is John Kohler at GrowingYourGreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you and this one is a garden update. It’s currently October. End of the season. As you guys can see, things are going crazy here. Probably one of my best growing seasons yet. And I believe it’s because of maybe a few things I’m doing a little bit differently this year than last year. I’m doing, uh, you know, some trials. So, that’s what I want show you guys in this episode. Basically let you guys know that I always want to encourage you guys to try and experimenting new, different things in your garden. Even if you’ve done the same thing for the last fifty years because you’re older than I am and you’ve been gardening even more years than I am old! [laughs] Right… And, you know, you can always try new stuff just because you’ve done it a certain way for all of these years doesn’t mean there isn’t a better way to do it. And that’s why I’m on a continual learning and growing process to check out new, different things that I can add to my soil to see if I can even boost my growth, boost the quality of my food even better and, more importantly for me, boost the taste of the food. And some of the food that I’ve grown this year, like tomatoes and peppers, cucumbers, they’re off the hook! It really reminds me... Oh yeah, don’t forget about figs and pineapple guavas that I’ve been eating today. I’ve been mixing them into my diet for the last couple of days, just eating 99.9% out of my garden. But yeah, the food you grow is amazing and I’m always trying to increase it and even make it better. Even if you think you’ve got good stuff. Anyways, let’s head in my garden to show you guys what I want to show you today and how I’m really maximizing some of the genetic potential of some of my plants. So, as we walk in, I want show you guys these ones. This is known as the Bolivian cucumbers, also known as the Achocha. I’m currently harvesting more seeds for you guys. So, if you guys missed my episode on the best, most tolerant cucumber that grows like a weed episode, check it down below. I still do have seeds available at growyourgreens.ecwid.com if you guys want to get some seeds. Yeah, this thing is growing like crazy! Alright, welcome to my little jungle in the city. Figs are going off like crazy and I’m harvesting all kinds of stuff. My cucumbers are doing really well. It’s getting kind of colder so you guys can see some of the damage on the cucumbers right now, but the Bolivian cucumbers, no problem whatsoever. But the reason for this episode is that I want to take you guys down and show you guys my pepper bed over here. So this is my pepper bed. Look at how many peppers are in there. Like, these plants are totally maxed out. I counted I think on one of these plants over here there’s like twelve peppers on one plant. They’re all in different stages of ripening. You know, I like to leave my peppers on the plant, you know, until they’re fully ripe and ready to eat. And of course, what is ripe to one person is maybe not ripe to another person, so I really like to get them nice and deep red. Let me see if I can find one that is really a deep color, right? So here’s one that’s like a deep, rich, red color, right? The longer you keep the fruit on the plant, the more it will ripen up, the deeper and the more intense the color is. This is like some really bright red lipstick on a girl that’s really nice and dark, right? As compared to this pepper right here that’s not quite ripe yet, right? The darker the color—the more color, the more vibrancy in the fruit, the higher the anti-oxidant level, which means the healthier it is for you to eat. In addition, some plants such as the plants or the fruits in the Solanaceae family, such as the tomato and the pepper, the eggplants and all these things you know, have some toxins in there. So, like, when you eat the green pepper you kind of get that weird flavor. That may be some toxins. So, I want make sure these plants especially have really ripe fruit for lower negative attributes and better or more positive attributes. So, the main thing that I want to show you guys here is, like-- if you come over here… And look at this plant right here, I mean, it is… This plant is just loaded with peppers. Look at that. Have you ever seen a pepper plant that loaded with peppers? It’s totally amazing! And if you guys have been watching me for any length of time, I’ll post a link down below to a quick tour video I did a couple of months ago, maybe it was filmed two to three months ago now. And in that video, right before I put the video up or made the video, actually, I added some nutrients to this half of the pepper bed and this half of the pepper bed. I think the distinction line is maybe right here. I put a little green peg in. So, this side got a brand new worm casting that I’m playing with for the first time. And this side got my standby worm casting that I’ve been, you know, talking about and using for many years now. And it’s really cool when you do a side by side comparison to see the difference. So, on this side, if you guys look, we’ll do a pan shot of the peppers on this side. So this is one half of the bed that I used my brand new worm casting. You guys can see that there’s just so many peppers in here. It’s like, loaded right in here. All in here, so many ripe peppers, they’re just like, totally close together. Now, I did plant this square foot gardening style, like about twelve inches, eleven – twelve inches apart. And that’s this half. Now let’s go to this half over here… As you guys can see, some of these plants are a little bit more stunted, more smaller. All these are the same peppers from plants starting at the same time and some of these peppers have a lot less peppers on them. Like, a lot less. Also, I wanted to show you guys this. Over on this side we got some parsley growing. You can see how it looks, I mean, some of this looks pretty good. I planted parsley, like, on the ends. I really love parsley. Definitely one of the best herbs you can eat. It’s no longer a garnish, you should be eating it every day. And specially if you guys have bad breath, or your significant other complains about your bad breath, eat some parsley. That’ll help to make your breath taste good. Let me go ahead and show you guys the parsley on this other side. Once again, this is the same bed. We have all the same starting soil. We have the same watering schedule for the whole thing and on this side, check out this parsley. This parsley, like, overgrew my peppers here. You can see there’s a pepper just underneath all the parsley but this parsley has just really taken off. I mean, there’s peppers underneath the parsley. I didn’t expect the parsley to get this big. This is some of the biggest and, more importantly, tastiest parsley I’ve ever had. The parsley is actually—it, like, tastes-- It has a sweetness, I’m not going to say, like, I’d say it’s sweeter than a Granny Smith apple. And if I did a Briggs test on this parsley, probably the best parsley that I’ve seen a Briggs test on and that I’ve ever grown like, by far. So the parsley on this side. And, yeah, I want show you guys this side too. I mean, this is the same side where I have the new worm castings but, like, look at this inside here. Look at all these peppers on this one plant here. I mean, this thing is loaded, man! This is just pepper haven here. Look at this plant, man. I counted, some of these plants have twelve, thirteen, fourteen peppers on them. Totally amazing. Yeah, so now I’m glad that I finally shot this for you. Because I was waiting until I shoot this for you guys until I harvested them all. Because now I can harvest them, because now I don’t have to show them on the video anymore. But what I attribute the massive explosive growth and the higher yields and, of course, the good flavor with are a few things. So actually I’m going to go ahead and sit down and talk to you guys more about what I did to get these amazing yields, and specially what I did specifically on this side or this half of the bed that really blew up my growth. So now I want show you guys some of the practices I did to achieve this amazing outcome, right? Basically, as you guys know that have been following me for a while, you know, I’ve put very specific ingredients into my soil. I’ve been building this soil for many, many, many years now, since I first put this garden in. Which, if you guys haven’t seen, you could check back, you know, when I put this garden many, many, many years ago. I don’t even remember how many years ago, I stopped counting. But, you know, I filled this originally with compost and rock dust. And then over the years would add different nutritional amendments to my soil. I dare not call them fertilizers, because fertilizers are kind of something that wears out over time. And everything that I’ve added enriches and makes the soil fertility even better. So, the rock dust for the trace minerals. I’ve added different kinds of worm castings over the years. I’ve used the John and Bob’s products. I’ve used things like biochar, Kelp Meal. And, you know, a host of other things. Oh, of course, something really important too that I haven’t put as much as I’d like on, but I did really enrich it this past year. Between the change out of the seasons I put on the fungal dominated compost or a wood chip compost. And so, that added a lot of fertility to my soil. Check my past episodes for what exactly I do. But, you know, this whole bed started off with all those things I just mentioned on both sides. We got the plants planted when they’re pretty young, then I basically top dressed with two different worm castings. Yes, that’s right, worm castings. They’re probably one of my favorite things to add to your garden because they’re nature’s fertilizers. This is not something man made in a chemical factory like the miracle crab fertilizer you can buy at your store. This is what nature would feed the plants naturally because of the earth worms. And yes, I have plenty of earth worms in my garden eating, and digesting all of the different organic matter in my soil. Including all of the compost that I add every year. So, they’re creating extra fertility there. But just to make sure I topped it off with two different kinds of worm castings. So on this half of the bed, up to this little peg here we had the all new casting that I haven’t ever used before. It’s this stuff right here. This is the OGS, or Organic Solutions Premium Worm Castings. This is CDFA, Certified Organic Registered. It’s a product of California and this is a premium worm casting. So don’t confuse these premium worm castings with just standard worm castings. Alright? That’s the new one I tried. That’s where I got this explosive growth that you guys are looking at some of it right now. Just look at all the peppers. All you guys are seeing is red, I don’t know if it’s really clear on the camera. But I can look back in here, man, and it just puts a smile on my face, all the peppers! One of the reasons, cause these peppers taste amazing, I could just eat peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers out of my garden. And that was my dinner, you know? A while back. Because it just tastes so good you don’t need dressing when you got good flavored food. And I know you guys that have grown your own tomatoes know this. But, like, yes, you can have really sweet and delicious peppers that taste astronomically better than the store. And this is what I want for you guys, and this is why I make these videos. To show you guys what I’m up to, what I’m doing and how I get the specific results I get, so that you guys can duplicate that if you want to. Alright, so, on the other half of the bed, those were good, but they weren’t as good as this side. I used my favorite worm castings that I’ve been talking about for a long time. This is the Worm Gold Plus worm castings, right? And this one actually has Kelp and rock dust inside there. And so, this is the one I’ve been using for a long time, I even had George Hahn, the inventor of the Gold Worm Plus worm castings on. If I remember I’ll put a link down below to his video. The reason why I like the Worm Gold Plus is because he says he has very high chitinase degraders and very high cellulose degraders. Which, basically, the cellulose degraders allow the plants to convert more nutrients faster. And then the chinis degraders basically give your plants immunity against pests. And so that’s his claim de fame on there. And, of course, along with those are other nutrients. And then he also adds the rock dust and the Kelp which are two good things. But despite doing this, I didn’t get as good a yield on the back side of the bed as I did on the front side, all else being equal. So, you know, these OGS warm castings, I don’t exactly know what they’re putting in there, but I know they feed [the worms] a wide variety of things. They feed, I think, soluble humates, and grains and different things like insect frass. All different kinds of things to create these worm castings, right? I haven’t seen the specs or the data on this, but when I do, I’m expecting to see very high numbers and a very good quality casting. I mean, of course numbers are important on a piece of paper, but of course what even speaks more than numbers on a piece of paper is just how well it has grown for me this year. So, yeah, that’s pretty much my secret this year. I mean, of course doing all of the things that I normally do, but then, you know, you guys should probably get this stuff. The OGS worm castings. If you want to increase your growth. I mean, in some areas I got 50% more peppers than some areas where I did Worm Gold. The difference wasn’t as dramatic. I did a couple other beds with the same ratios and splits and, I mean, sometimes the difference was only 25% more but generally, it always favored the OGS castings that made higher yields. So, specially if you’re growing something like peppers that, you know, at the store lately I’ve seen peppers for $5 a pound for organic, sometimes I see them as high as $9,99 a pound for organic peppers. That’s why I grow these instead of tomatoes, cause they’re more expensive. But now, let’s maximize the yield. Twelve peppers per plant planted every eleven to twelve inches. That’s amazing, right? That’s a lot of food! You’re probably thinking “John, how are you going to eat all that food? How are you going to eat all those peppers?” Well, I juice peppers. Me and my girlfriend we love to juice peppers. We’ll juice enough peppers to make 32 ounces of juice for us each. And then we’ll turn that into a, basically a soup base for us by blending in some nuts, and some seeds, and adding in chopped up lettuces and other vegetables and cucumbers and some zucchini. And I even put in some seaweed, and some miso, and natto in there. It’s kind of like an udon style soup, man. But made with fresh peppers, so it’s super high in vitamin C, super high anti-oxidant. Other ways I’ll use them is to eat them straight, when they taste this good it’s easy to eat them straight. Dip them in guacamole, make a hummus dip or some other kind of dip of spread to put on and then just eat it. It’s super delicious. And then of course if I have extra, then I dehydrate them. So, I dehydrate them and then I actually add those later on in the year when I don’t have my peppers for the soup basis. When I’m buying peppers from the store ‘cause they’re going to be out of season pretty soon. So, to add back some extra flavor and use it as a thickener and to just make it healthier for me. So that’s how I use all of my peppers if you’re wondering. I definitely had a good time this season, I’m looking forward to planting out. Pretty soon, after I pull all the ripe peppers and then it will get replanted for the winter time. So, if you guys want to know where to get the OGS castings… Let’s see, their contact information is Organic Solutions LLC. They’re at 8053849020 and it’s organicsolutions.com. If you want to get the cheapest price and the Organic Solutions worm castings delivered to you guys, you want to visit my friend Josh at boogiebrew.net/gyg. Actually, he’s where I got these castings that I put on my garden. So you know you’re getting good stuff, you get it from Josh. And he’s where I got the Worm Gold Plus, right? So he has both of these. I guess the best deal is if you get a box half and half of each, but if it was me I’d probably just get the full box of the OGS. I’m not going to say these are cheap castings, right? I guess if you get the Worm Gold Plus and this box it’s maybe around a dollar a pound. But if you’re getting just these alone, the OGS castings, it’s going to be more expensive. But still, I guess the big part of it is the shipping cost. If you live locally, like in southern California, some Whole Foods stores actually even sell this stuff here. It might be more expensive at Whole Foods than ordering from Josh, actually. Or call OGS at Camarillo, in California. Go to them directly. So, yeah. It’s definitely good worm castings, definitely good results. I just top dressed, actually, each plant and the area around the plant after they were all planted, so I didn’t even dig it in. Optimally I like to dig it in with the soil and then maybe top dress later. Because as you guys can see the results speak for themselves. It’s very impressive. So yeah, specially if you’re growing different herbs, fruits, medicinal herbs, whatever. Use some of this stuff to increase your yield, bump your yields. If you’re a farmer you’re going to bump your profits. And if you’re a home gardener you’re just going to be eating more food out of your garden than out of the grocery store, and that’s what I want for each and every one of you. We need to move away from this system where we’re slaves to the system. Where we are consumers to the system, where we keep buying and buying and more crap and more crap. We want to become producers, and there’s little tricks you can do to produce more and consume less. Because when you produce high quality fruits and vegetables, you need to eat less of them to get the same nutrition. So, if you guys enjoyed this episode and want me to visit OGS and do a in depth video on how they make their stuff, give me a thumbs up! If I get a thousand thumbs up on these videos I’m going to go down to OGS myself personally. And give you guys a personal tour, we’re going to interview the owners and learn all about the OGS worm castings. You know, worm casting is only as good as what they’re feeding the worms. And I’ve used a lot of worm castings over the years, specially the EB stone worm castings. Those were pretty crappy. Anyways, there’s all other kinds of worm castings. Just cause it’s worm castings doesn’t automatically make it good. You want to ask what are they feeding the worms. We want to remember, quality over quantity. It’s very important in a lot of things in life. Specially things you do in the bedroom. So, anyways, give me a thumbs up if you want me to visit OGS. Also, be sure to check out my past episodes. My past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over 1200 episodes at this time to teach you guys all aspects of how to grow your own food at home. And also be sure to click that subscribe button right down below so you don’t miss out on any of my new and upcoming episodes I have coming up, every three to four days, you never know where I’m going to show up or what you will be learning and how your life will be enriched due to what you learn off my videos. So, in any case, I got to get to harvesting some peppers now. Once again, my name is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. We’ll see you next time. And until then, remember, keep on growing!


 
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Alright! This is John Kohler at GrowingYourGreens.com. Today we have another exciting episode for you and this one is a garden update. It’s currently October. End of the season. As you guys can see, things are going crazy here. Probably one of my best growing seasons yet. And I believe it’s because of maybe a few things I’m doing a little bit differently this year than last year. I’m doing, uh, you know, some trials. So, that’s what I want show you guys in this episode. Basically let you guys know that I always want to encourage you guys to try and experimenting new, different things in your garden. Even if you’ve done the same thing for the last fifty years because you’re older than I am and you’ve been gardening even more years than I am old! [laughs] Right… And, you know, you can always try new stuff just because you’ve done it a certain way for all of these years doesn’t mean there isn’t a better way to do it. And that’s why I’m on a continual learning and growing process to check out new, different things that I can add to my soil to see if I can even boost my growth, boost the quality of my food even better and, more importantly for me, boost the taste of the food. And some of the food that I’ve grown this year, like tomatoes and peppers, cucumbers, they’re off the hook! It really reminds me... Oh yeah, don’t forget about figs and pineapple guavas that I’ve been eating today. I’ve been mixing them into my diet for the last couple of days, just eating 99.9% out of my garden. But yeah, the food you grow is amazing and I’m always trying to increase it and even make it better. Even if you think you’ve got good stuff. Anyways, let’s head in my garden to show you guys what I want to show you today and how I’m really maximizing some of the genetic potential of some of my plants. So, as we walk in, I want show you guys these ones. This is known as the Bolivian cucumbers, also known as the Achocha. I’m currently harvesting more seeds for you guys. So, if you guys missed my episode on the best, most tolerant cucumber that grows like a weed episode, check it down below. I still do have seeds available at growyourgreens.ecwid.com if you guys want to get some seeds. Yeah, this thing is growing like crazy! Alright, welcome to my little jungle in the city. Figs are going off like crazy and I’m harvesting all kinds of stuff. My cucumbers are doing really well. It’s getting kind of colder so you guys can see some of the damage on the cucumbers right now, but the Bolivian cucumbers, no problem whatsoever. But the reason for this episode is that I want to take you guys down and show you guys my pepper bed over here. So this is my pepper bed. Look at how many peppers are in there. Like, these plants are totally maxed out. I counted I think on one of these plants over here there’s like twelve peppers on one plant. They’re all in different stages of ripening. You know, I like to leave my peppers on the plant, you know, until they’re fully ripe and ready to eat. And of course, what is ripe to one person is maybe not ripe to another person, so I really like to get them nice and deep red. Let me see if I can find one that is really a deep color, right? So here’s one that’s like a deep, rich, red color, right? The longer you keep the fruit on the plant, the more it will ripen up, the deeper and the more intense the color is. This is like some really bright red lipstick on a girl that’s really nice and dark, right? As compared to this pepper right here that’s not quite ripe yet, right? The darker the color—the more color, the more vibrancy in the fruit, the higher the anti-oxidant level, which means the healthier it is for you to eat. In addition, some plants such as the plants or the fruits in the Solanaceae family, such as the tomato and the pepper, the eggplants and all these things you know, have some toxins in there. So, like, when you eat the green pepper you kind of get that weird flavor. That may be some toxins. So, I want make sure these plants especially have really ripe fruit for lower negative attributes and better or more positive attributes. So, the main thing that I want to show you guys here is, like-- if you come over here… And look at this plant right here, I mean, it is… This plant is just loaded with peppers. Look at that. Have you ever seen a pepper plant that loaded with peppers? It’s totally amazing! And if you guys have been watching me for any length of time, I’ll post a link down below to a quick tour video I did a couple of months ago, maybe it was filmed two to three months ago now. And in that video, right before I put the video up or made the video, actually, I added some nutrients to this half of the pepper bed and this half of the pepper bed. I think the distinction line is maybe right here. I put a little green peg in. So, this side got a brand new worm casting that I’m playing with for the first time. And this side got my standby worm casting that I’ve been, you know, talking about and using for many years now. And it’s really cool when you do a side by side comparison to see the difference. So, on this side, if you guys look, we’ll do a pan shot of the peppers on this side. So this is one half of the bed that I used my brand new worm casting. You guys can see that there’s just so many peppers in here. It’s like, loaded right in here. All in here, so many ripe peppers, they’re just like, totally close together. Now, I did plant this square foot gardening style, like about twelve inches, eleven – twelve inches apart. And that’s this half. Now let’s go to this half over here… As you guys can see, some of these plants are a little bit more stunted, more smaller. All these are the same peppers from plants starting at the same time and some of these peppers have a lot less peppers on them. Like, a lot less. Also, I wanted to show you guys this. Over on this side we got some parsley growing. You can see how it looks, I mean, some of this looks pretty good. I planted parsley, like, on the ends. I really love parsley. Definitely one of the best herbs you can eat. It’s no longer a garnish, you should be eating it every day. And specially if you guys have bad breath, or your significant other complains about your bad breath, eat some parsley. That’ll help to make your breath taste good. Let me go ahead and show you guys the parsley on this other side. Once again, this is the same bed. We have all the same starting soil. We have the same watering schedule for the whole thing and on this side, check out this parsley. This parsley, like, overgrew my peppers here. You can see there’s a pepper just underneath all the parsley but this parsley has just really taken off. I mean, there’s peppers underneath the parsley. I didn’t expect the parsley to get this big. This is some of the biggest and, more importantly, tastiest parsley I’ve ever had. The parsley is actually—it, like, tastes-- It has a sweetness, I’m not going to say, like, I’d say it’s sweeter than a Granny Smith apple. And if I did a Briggs test on this parsley, probably the best parsley that I’ve seen a Briggs test on and that I’ve ever grown like, by far. So the parsley on this side. And, yeah, I want show you guys this side too. I mean, this is the same side where I have the new worm castings but, like, look at this inside here. Look at all these peppers on this one plant here. I mean, this thing is loaded, man! This is just pepper haven here. Look at this plant, man. I counted, some of these plants have twelve, thirteen, fourteen peppers on them. Totally amazing. Yeah, so now I’m glad that I finally shot this for you. Because I was waiting until I shoot this for you guys until I harvested them all. Because now I can harvest them, because now I don’t have to show them on the video anymore. But what I attribute the massive explosive growth and the higher yields and, of course, the good flavor with are a few things. So actually I’m going to go ahead and sit down and talk to you guys more about what I did to get these amazing yields, and specially what I did specifically on this side or this half of the bed that really blew up my growth. So now I want show you guys some of the practices I did to achieve this amazing outcome, right? Basically, as you guys know that have been following me for a while, you know, I’ve put very specific ingredients into my soil. I’ve been building this soil for many, many, many years now, since I first put this garden in. Which, if you guys haven’t seen, you could check back, you know, when I put this garden many, many, many years ago. I don’t even remember how many years ago, I stopped counting. But, you know, I filled this originally with compost and rock dust. And then over the years would add different nutritional amendments to my soil. I dare not call them fertilizers, because fertilizers are kind of something that wears out over time. And everything that I’ve added enriches and makes the soil fertility even better. So, the rock dust for the trace minerals. I’ve added different kinds of worm castings over the years. I’ve used the John and Bob’s products. I’ve used things like biochar, Kelp Meal. And, you know, a host of other things. Oh, of course, something really important too that I haven’t put as much as I’d like on, but I did really enrich it this past year. Between the change out of the seasons I put on the fungal dominated compost or a wood chip compost. And so, that added a lot of fertility to my soil. Check my past episodes for what exactly I do. But, you know, this whole bed started off with all those things I just mentioned on both sides. We got the plants planted when they’re pretty young, then I basically top dressed with two different worm castings. Yes, that’s right, worm castings. They’re probably one of my favorite things to add to your garden because they’re nature’s fertilizers. This is not something man made in a chemical factory like the miracle crab fertilizer you can buy at your store. This is what nature would feed the plants naturally because of the earth worms. And yes, I have plenty of earth worms in my garden eating, and digesting all of the different organic matter in my soil. Including all of the compost that I add every year. So, they’re creating extra fertility there. But just to make sure I topped it off with two different kinds of worm castings. So on this half of the bed, up to this little peg here we had the all new casting that I haven’t ever used before. It’s this stuff right here. This is the OGS, or Organic Solutions Premium Worm Castings. This is CDFA, Certified Organic Registered. It’s a product of California and this is a premium worm casting. So don’t confuse these premium worm castings with just standard worm castings. Alright? That’s the new one I tried. That’s where I got this explosive growth that you guys are looking at some of it right now. Just look at all the peppers. All you guys are seeing is red, I don’t know if it’s really clear on the camera. But I can look back in here, man, and it just puts a smile on my face, all the peppers! One of the reasons, cause these peppers taste amazing, I could just eat peppers, tomatoes and cucumbers out of my garden. And that was my dinner, you know? A while back. Because it just tastes so good you don’t need dressing when you got good flavored food. And I know you guys that have grown your own tomatoes know this. But, like, yes, you can have really sweet and delicious peppers that taste astronomically better than the store. And this is what I want for you guys, and this is why I make these videos. To show you guys what I’m up to, what I’m doing and how I get the specific results I get, so that you guys can duplicate that if you want to. Alright, so, on the other half of the bed, those were good, but they weren’t as good as this side. I used my favorite worm castings that I’ve been talking about for a long time. This is the Worm Gold Plus worm castings, right? And this one actually has Kelp and rock dust inside there. And so, this is the one I’ve been using for a long time, I even had George Hahn, the inventor of the Gold Worm Plus worm castings on. If I remember I’ll put a link down below to his video. The reason why I like the Worm Gold Plus is because he says he has very high chitinase degraders and very high cellulose degraders. Which, basically, the cellulose degraders allow the plants to convert more nutrients faster. And then the chinis degraders basically give your plants immunity against pests. And so that’s his claim de fame on there. And, of course, along with those are other nutrients. And then he also adds the rock dust and the Kelp which are two good things. But despite doing this, I didn’t get as good a yield on the back side of the bed as I did on the front side, all else being equal. So, you know, these OGS warm castings, I don’t exactly know what they’re putting in there, but I know they feed [the worms] a wide variety of things. They feed, I think, soluble humates, and grains and different things like insect frass. All different kinds of things to create these worm castings, right? I haven’t seen the specs or the data on this, but when I do, I’m expecting to see very high numbers and a very good quality casting. I mean, of course numbers are important on a piece of paper, but of course what even speaks more than numbers on a piece of paper is just how well it has grown for me this year. So, yeah, that’s pretty much my secret this year. I mean, of course doing all of the things that I normally do, but then, you know, you guys should probably get this stuff. The OGS worm castings. If you want to increase your growth. I mean, in some areas I got 50% more peppers than some areas where I did Worm Gold. The difference wasn’t as dramatic. I did a couple other beds with the same ratios and splits and, I mean, sometimes the difference was only 25% more but generally, it always favored the OGS castings that made higher yields. So, specially if you’re growing something like peppers that, you know, at the store lately I’ve seen peppers for $5 a pound for organic, sometimes I see them as high as $9,99 a pound for organic peppers. That’s why I grow these instead of tomatoes, cause they’re more expensive. But now, let’s maximize the yield. Twelve peppers per plant planted every eleven to twelve inches. That’s amazing, right? That’s a lot of food! You’re probably thinking “John, how are you going to eat all that food? How are you going to eat all those peppers?” Well, I juice peppers. Me and my girlfriend we love to juice peppers. We’ll juice enough peppers to make 32 ounces of juice for us each. And then we’ll turn that into a, basically a soup base for us by blending in some nuts, and some seeds, and adding in chopped up lettuces and other vegetables and cucumbers and some zucchini. And I even put in some seaweed, and some miso, and natto in there. It’s kind of like an udon style soup, man. But made with fresh peppers, so it’s super high in vitamin C, super high anti-oxidant. Other ways I’ll use them is to eat them straight, when they taste this good it’s easy to eat them straight. Dip them in guacamole, make a hummus dip or some other kind of dip of spread to put on and then just eat it. It’s super delicious. And then of course if I have extra, then I dehydrate them. So, I dehydrate them and then I actually add those later on in the year when I don’t have my peppers for the soup basis. When I’m buying peppers from the store ‘cause they’re going to be out of season pretty soon. So, to add back some extra flavor and use it as a thickener and to just make it healthier for me. So that’s how I use all of my peppers if you’re wondering. I definitely had a good time this season, I’m looking forward to planting out. Pretty soon, after I pull all the ripe peppers and then it will get replanted for the winter time. So, if you guys want to know where to get the OGS castings… Let’s see, their contact information is Organic Solutions LLC. They’re at 8053849020 and it’s organicsolutions.com. If you want to get the cheapest price and the Organic Solutions worm castings delivered to you guys, you want to visit my friend Josh at boogiebrew.net/gyg. Actually, he’s where I got these castings that I put on my garden. So you know you’re getting good stuff, you get it from Josh. And he’s where I got the Worm Gold Plus, right? So he has both of these. I guess the best deal is if you get a box half and half of each, but if it was me I’d probably just get the full box of the OGS. I’m not going to say these are cheap castings, right? I guess if you get the Worm Gold Plus and this box it’s maybe around a dollar a pound. But if you’re getting just these alone, the OGS castings, it’s going to be more expensive. But still, I guess the big part of it is the shipping cost. If you live locally, like in southern California, some Whole Foods stores actually even sell this stuff here. It might be more expensive at Whole Foods than ordering from Josh, actually. Or call OGS at Camarillo, in California. Go to them directly. So, yeah. It’s definitely good worm castings, definitely good results. I just top dressed, actually, each plant and the area around the plant after they were all planted, so I didn’t even dig it in. Optimally I like to dig it in with the soil and then maybe top dress later. Because as you guys can see the results speak for themselves. It’s very impressive. So yeah, specially if you’re growing different herbs, fruits, medicinal herbs, whatever. Use some of this stuff to increase your yield, bump your yields. If you’re a farmer you’re going to bump your profits. And if you’re a home gardener you’re just going to be eating more food out of your garden than out of the grocery store, and that’s what I want for each and every one of you. We need to move away from this system where we’re slaves to the system. Where we are consumers to the system, where we keep buying and buying and more crap and more crap. We want to become producers, and there’s little tricks you can do to produce more and consume less. Because when you produce high quality fruits and vegetables, you need to eat less of them to get the same nutrition. So, if you guys enjoyed this episode and want me to visit OGS and do a in depth video on how they make their stuff, give me a thumbs up! If I get a thousand thumbs up on these videos I’m going to go down to OGS myself personally. And give you guys a personal tour, we’re going to interview the owners and learn all about the OGS worm castings. You know, worm casting is only as good as what they’re feeding the worms. And I’ve used a lot of worm castings over the years, specially the EB stone worm castings. Those were pretty crappy. Anyways, there’s all other kinds of worm castings. Just cause it’s worm castings doesn’t automatically make it good. You want to ask what are they feeding the worms. We want to remember, quality over quantity. It’s very important in a lot of things in life. Specially things you do in the bedroom. So, anyways, give me a thumbs up if you want me to visit OGS. Also, be sure to check out my past episodes. My past episodes are a wealth of knowledge. I have over 1200 episodes at this time to teach you guys all aspects of how to grow your own food at home. And also be sure to click that subscribe button right down below so you don’t miss out on any of my new and upcoming episodes I have coming up, every three to four days, you never know where I’m going to show up or what you will be learning and how your life will be enriched due to what you learn off my videos. So, in any case, I got to get to harvesting some peppers now. Once again, my name is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens.com. We’ll see you next time. And until then, remember, keep on growing!


 
 
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The top 10 tomato growing tips which will help you grow the best tomatoes ever

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 147 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

  
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growing fresh big and delicious tomatoes in your garden is not only easy but very rewarding in today's episode we look at 10 tomato growing tips that will help you grow your best tomatoes ever so sit back and enjoy this journey to tomato well so in this popular video that I had posted almost four years ago this is one of my most viewed videos I did receive a lot of comments especially for the fact that there was no talk during the video I'm trying to address most of those issues in this new video today's episode is divided into these 10 sections and I'm sure that once you go through these 10 sections you will have a great idea about how to grow great tomatoes in your garden so first let's look at the container sizes for tomatoes if you have growing tomatoes in raised beds or the ground you don't need to worry about container size however if you're growing your tomatoes in pots or containers let's look at what's the ideal size the minimum size of a container should be 16 inches what you see here is a 16 inch wide container and I recommend this as a bare minimum for growing tomatoes this sized container has enough room for the tomato plant to grow very well for the entire season and it was about 7 gallons of soil 7 to 8 gallons now the ideal container size for growing tomatoes is a whiskey barrel container the one that you see here on your screen right now and the whiskey barrel container is good for one tomato plant only I know a lot of people who plant two or three plants in one container that will not let your tomato plant grow very well because the roots won't have a lot of space to grow so the ideal container size for tomato is this whiskey barrel container and I'll provide links to some of the containers in the video description below so you can buy them but this is the ideal container size the shape doesn't really matter this is a square shaped container which contains about 8 gallons of soil and this is good enough to grow one tomato plant now if you do not have any space or just want the least container size possible you can grow tomatoes in a five-gallon container what you see here and I recommend that you only grow determinate tomato varieties in this kind of a container and we look at the determinate tomato varieties and in it determinate tomato varieties in the future sections of this video now let us talk about the planting technique a very important step in growing great Tomatoes make sure that when you're planting your Tomatoes you plant them firstly in a decently sized container or in the ground or the raised bed as we discussed in the previous section and when you take your plant out of the container make sure that you plant the tomato plant deep as deep as you can now why is that the tomato plant actually will grow roots all along the sides of its stem if you plant it deep so this is like giving a boost to the root system for your Tomatoes and this applies not only to containers but also to plant that you grow in raised beds or in the ground if you plant your tomato plants deep enough they will Bend a very strong root system they will also stay very still and firm and upright during storms and heavy winds so that's another advantage of planting your plants deep now let's look at the soil that you need to grow tomatoes so if you're growing in the ground you don't really have much choice but to amend your soil but when you're growing in containers let's look at the different types of soils that are available to your tomato plants the first mix that you're going to see is a common mix that I use for most of my tomato plants and containers and that is a mix of compost perlite and peat moss and once you have these three in equal proportions you can add amendments like azomite as you can see here we are adding some azomite here even add some organic tomato fertilizer before you plant your Tomatoes it's a good way to prepare your potting mix for your Tomatoes now let me tell you why I like this mix not only for tomatoes but other container plants firstly it's a very lightweight mix it has a lot of porosity because of the added perlite you can even use vermiculite if you want and the compost helps in moisture retention the compost and the peat moss together form a GERD water retentive mix so your potting mix is light and it is also water retentive it's a great combination to grow your plants and now let's take a look at a fast draining potting mix that will give you even more vigorous growth at an expense though which I will shortly explain you for this potting mix you need five parts of ground cover bark or wood chips which you can find at most home improvement stores you need one part of peat moss and one part of perlite now as long as you're mixing your ingredients in this proportion you will have a very fast planing mix you also need to add some garden lime to this mix because peat moss is slightly acidic and the garden lime actually helps reduce the acidity of the peat moss but you still need to test your soil pH once you have created the mix now mix all the ingredients together and what you get is a very lightweight very high draining potting mix and this will help your plants grow very fast it has a lot of space for the roots to grow I usually moist in this mix before I put it in my containers because it's so dry and here you can see it is such a nice looking potting mix and let's look at the pros and cons so the benefits of using this potting mix is that it lets your plant grow to their full genetic potential but the downside is that it requires a lot of watering because it's a very fast training mix you might need to water your plants once or even twice or hot days and then you also need to add a lot of fertilizer to your tomato plants or liquid fertilizer if you're using this mix because the nutrients get drained very quickly from this potting mix but if you have the time and the energy and the effort to use this mix go for it you won't be disappointed now soil for raised beds is slightly different than the one you use for containers soils for raised bed should have a lot of organic matter a lot of compost and a lot of soil mixed into it as well what I'm doing here is adding some leaves dried leaves and then adding some layer of soil and then also adding some more compost on the top this is my homemade compost and then I cover it with another layer of soil now by using this kind of a mix for your raised beds a layered mix it will give you the best results to grow tomatoes not only tomatoes but other vegetables as well but tomatoes benefit immensely from such a raised bed mix with a lot of organic matter once all this is mixed in just make sure you lay it out very well on your raised bed just top it off with some soil and you're ready to plant your Tomatoes compost has a lot of nutrients a lot of beneficial nutrients as well as a lot of microorganisms earthworms and other soil bacteria that are very helpful for your tomato plants so I highly recommend that you keep adding compost to your raised bed as much as you can another important component of your soil is your soil pH the ideal pH for tomatoes is between 6 to 7 and you can easily buy a soil testing kit see the video description for a product link to test your soil to get the best tomatoes a good watering schedule is the next most important thing for tomato plants now I recommend that you put your tomato plants on a drip irrigation schedule especially if you're growing in containers containers can dry up very fast depending on what kind of mix you use and by putting your tomatoes on a drip irrigation schedule you take the guesswork out of watering your plants the thumb rule is to water for just enough time that the container starts to drain from the bottom so it's about three minutes for me for most of my containers I use a wider emitter as you can see here these disky barrels have a lot more space so I use these emitters which throw out more water and when you are irrigating raised beds make sure you use micro sprinklers and then make sure that they run for at least about seven minutes for deep watering your tomato plants a lot of people are very afraid of over watering your tomato plants but don't worry in hot places like California and Florida for example you do need to water your tomato plants very well otherwise they will not grow that well and will not produce good tomatoes fertilizers or the next important thing to ensure the good growth of your tomato plants there are two types of fertilizers organic fertilizers and synthetic fertilizers each one of them has pros and cons and we'll soon see that organic fertilizers like this one that you see here are made from the byproducts of the animal industry and mostly consists of feathers bones blood some fertilizers even contain the remnants of fish which is a fish fertilizer so mostly animal based products although there are some products that contain like seaweed which is a plant based product now let's look at the pros and cons of using an organic tomato fertilizer the best thing is that it's good for the environment it's made from natural ingredients and they're slow releasing naturally so you don't have the problem of over applying a fertilizer to your plant the downside is that they are not immediately available to your plant and it might take up to four to six months for organic fertilizers to be available so to make organic fertilizers effective you need to apply them at regular intervals to your containers to your raised beds so that they are available in time when the plants need them the next type of fertilizers are the synthetic or the salt based fertilizers which are manufactured and most of my friends who use these kind of fertilizers are either vegans vegetarians or do not support the animal slaughter industry and let's look at the pros and cons of this fertilizer the benefit of this fertilizer salt based fertilizers or synthetic fertilizers is that they are readily available to the clients as soon as you apply it and some of them can even be a slow-release fertilizer which will last for up to three months downside is that when a lot of salt leeches into the water table it's not so good for the environment so if you are concerned about the environment and again this is up for debate because there's no real proof that synthetic fertilizers are really bad for the planet but if you do believe in that then I would recommend that you use organic fertilizers for the best use and to grow the best tomatoes and here is another tip when your plants are small and just beginning to grow use a high nitrogen fertilizer they are also called all-purpose fertilizers when your plants are established and they start flowering switch to a low nitrogen fertilizer that will help you grow a lot of tomatoes rather than growing greens your plants will produce a lot of tomatoes let's now look at some of the problems that you face when growing tomatoes insects the tomato hornworm is one of the most destructive tomato pests so if you see this large caterpillar just handpick and remove it otherwise it will just decimate your crop grubs are bite insects that are beneath the soil surface and chew on your tomato roots they also attract moles and Gophers and when they become adults they become the fig eater beetle which will devour your Tomatoes now let's look at some fungal diseases on Tomatoes rust which are brown powdery residues on the leaves and which are very evident here is one of the most common fungal diseases that you see on Tomatoes to prevent rust just remove the affected leaves the diseased leaves and then spray with neem oil to prevent this rust from spreading the next most common fungal disease is the leaf blight which will cause your tomato leaves to get yellow and diseased now the leaf blight doesn't really have a big effect on your yields of tomatoes however it's something that will make your plant look unsightly so here you can see some more leaf blight and it looks pretty similar to some of the other viral diseases that tomato has but in all cases these are mostly fungal diseases which will cause your leaves to get yellow tomatoes also are prone to some viral diseases like the leaf curl that you see here and although the leaf curl again doesn't really affect the vigor of the tomato plant it does make the plant to look a little unsightly as you can see here the leaves have curled and these viral diseases are usually transmitted by pests so the only solution to the viral diseases is to replace the plant and plant a new one for the fungal diseases you can spray with neem oil a very effective way to get rid of most fungal diseases for your tomato plants and it's organic as well so you can add one capful of neem oil to the water that's there in the small sprayer or if you're using a gallon sprayer for every gallon of water add 2 tablespoons of neem oil and then shake your container will shake your sprayer very well and then spray on your tomato plants this stops most of the fungal diseases on your tomato plants now make sure that you do this late in the day although neem doesn't have any effect on bees you still want to be careful so do this late in the day when the bees are not active in your garden what you see here is blossom and wrought a problem that affects both peppers and tomatoes what you're seeing here is blossom and rot on some peppers and you'll also see the blossom end rot on some Tomatoes like the Roma tomatoes San Marzano and the solution to blossom end rot is to first of all use a good watering schedule make sure that you use a fertilizer that's rich in calcium and that should help you prevent blossom end rot birds love your tomatoes just as much as you do so to prevent birds from eating your tomatoes just cover it with this net and this is also helpful to prevent your tomatoes from being eaten by rodents you can also leave a little bit of water a birdbath near your tomato plant and since the birds usually attack your tomato plants for the water or the seeds they will leave your tomatoes alone when they see the water now rodents also can decimate your tomato plant and if you see damage like this you probably have more than one rodent in your garden the solution is something I'm not going to discuss in this video there are a lot of ways you can get rid of rodents in your garden now let's look at some tomato varieties tomatoes are broadly classified as determinate and indeterminate depending on how they grow determinate tomatoes grow to a certain height and then produce tomatoes all at once in determinate tomatoes rather keep growing and keep producing tomatoes for a long time now there are some other varieties of tomatoes as well which you see on your screen and we're not going to go into the details of each variety because there are just too many types of tomatoes that exist now let's look at some common tomato varieties that you can grow for the first time gardener the early girl or the better boy variety is not only very easy to grow it also produces a lot of tomatoes so if you're starting out this is a great variety that I would recommend and the next variety that I highly recommend is the honey Gold tomato which is a yellow tomato that's really sweet and very prolific it's very similar to the Sun gold Tomatoes righty and produces a lot of delicious yellow color tomatoes the Juliette hybrid tomato was bred specifically for producing great fruits and having great disease resistance this is another very prolific tomato variety that you can grow in your home garden and I'm sure you won't be disappointed when you grow this variety this is a great type tomato and produces these grape sized red tomatoes that are absolutely delicious and the best part about growing the Juliet tomato is that it grows very well in a container you can grow one Juliet tomato plant in a whiskey barrel container and it will give you the best yield that you've ever seen from a tomato plant this is a very prolific variety produces lot of fruits and can withstand both high temperatures and cold weather the San Marzano is a very delicious taste kind of tomato that makes great ketchups and tomato sauces and paste this is another very prolific variety it's a heirloom variety which will give you a really good yield a lot of chefs just value the taste of this tomato and it really is absolutely delicious so try growing the san marzano at home and you will be pleasantly surprised now let's look at some other hybrid varieties this is the red pride hybrid tomato and remember that the hybrid tomatoes are just natural selection of tomato plants by crossbreeding across plants that are good in some way or the other the mountain pride hybrid is another example of a great tomato variety grows excellent in containers produces these large Tomatoes as you see here and for those of you who are looking to grow tomatoes with a large size the mountain pride hybrid is an excellent tomato variety to grow as you see here these are very large tomatoes and yielding from just one plant the Cherokee purple is a heirloom tomato variety heirlooms are tomatoes that have been bred over several years and they have always been grown from the seeds of the previous generation and that's what gives these Tomatoes an excellent taste they don't have great disease resistance but they taste really good the Cherokee purple is a purple color tomato that is very delicious as well a lot of people like the acidic taste of this tomato variety and that is what hair looms are famous for they taste excellent they don't have great disease resistance but they are very delicious the black creme is another example of a heirloom tomato variety not very easy to grow very challenging but produces some fruits that are very delicious now let's look at the propagation methods for tomato now you all know that tomatoes can be grown from seed that is the most ideal way to grow tomatoes you just start your seeds indoors 6 weeks before the growing season and then transplant them into containers after which you can transplant them to larger containers to the raised bed or the ground the other propagation method is to just plant some stocks of tomatoes now when you're pruning your tomato plants which you will do anyways you get these a tomato shoots which are cut from the plant all you do is just take a container and then plant your tomatoes stock into this container and what you get is another tomato plant which is very much identical to the parent plant so this is a great way to propagate Tomatoes and it is really a very easy way to propagate Tomatoes tomatoes do need to be staked and pruned and let's look at the pruning technique first now I usually prune tomatoes that I grow in my containers but I generally do not prune Tomatoes that are growing in the ground however a little bit of pruning is still okay just look around your plants and find these suckers that you see and try to cut them so that they don't over grow and don't cause a plant that you cannot manage however there is no hard and fast rule even if you do not prune your tomato plants you're still going to get a good harvest but pruning lets you maintain a better shape for your plant and in case of determinate tomatoes or in case of growing tomatoes in containers it helps you maintain the size of your tomato plants and remember to prune the dead leaves and branches from the bottom part of your tomato plant this improves air flow to your plant and keeps it free from a lot of diseases and pests so with the simple technique you can keep your tomato plants disease-free staking or supporting your tomato plants will let you grow vertically which is a great benefit the most common type of steak that we use is the four prong steak and this steak is very cheaply available in most garden stores the key to using this steak is to make sure that it goes down all the way into the ground what you do not want to do is leave the steak just Midway or not fully into the ground that way it doesn't work really well so what you do is just take the support and push the prongs deep into the soil and that really gives you a good support for your tomato plants the ultimate of cage is the other tomato cage that's very commonly available and it was great on 16-inch containers and it is almost perfectly sized for a container of this size for whiskey barrel containers I prefer to use the grow tall tomato cage which is pretty good-sized and just big enough for a whiskey barrel and comparing all the staking techniques together the four thong stake is pretty cheap but the grow tall tomato cage that you see here is actually very useful and can support very heavy tomato plants now let's get into some tips and tricks for growing tomatoes Epsom salt and organic amendment for your soil and it's very beneficial for tomatoes it contains magnesium and sulfur and most soils are deficient of these minerals and plants like tomatoes and peppers take up a lot of magnesium and sulfur so do feed your plants with Epsom salt once every three weeks and to prepare the solution we use two tablespoons in a two gallon container so it means that you add one tablespoon per gallon of water and then just add water let the Epsom salt dissolve in the water and then completely drench your plant with this Epsom salt solution and if you do this every three weeks or so you make sure that your soil stays very enriched with magnesium and sulfur and that will give you the best tomatoes once your tomato plant starts blooming it's important to hand pollinate your Tomatoes watch for open flowers and then just use a vibrating toothbrush to pollinate each flower of your tomato plant this dramatically increases yields tomatoes are mostly when pollinated but by using this technique you ensure more fruit production for your tomato plants and that brings us to the end of this episode and I'm sure that by watching all of this information about growing tomatoes you might have a lot of questions so do post them in the comment box below if you like our videos please do give us a thumbs up and we'll see you again soon happy gardening


 
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growing fresh big and delicious tomatoes in your garden is not only easy but very rewarding in today's episode we look at 10 tomato growing tips that will help you grow your best tomatoes ever so sit back and enjoy this journey to tomato well so in this popular video that I had posted almost four years ago this is one of my most viewed videos I did receive a lot of comments especially for the fact that there was no talk during the video I'm trying to address most of those issues in this new video today's episode is divided into these 10 sections and I'm sure that once you go through these 10 sections you will have a great idea about how to grow great tomatoes in your garden so first let's look at the container sizes for tomatoes if you have growing tomatoes in raised beds or the ground you don't need to worry about container size however if you're growing your tomatoes in pots or containers let's look at what's the ideal size the minimum size of a container should be 16 inches what you see here is a 16 inch wide container and I recommend this as a bare minimum for growing tomatoes this sized container has enough room for the tomato plant to grow very well for the entire season and it was about 7 gallons of soil 7 to 8 gallons now the ideal container size for growing tomatoes is a whiskey barrel container the one that you see here on your screen right now and the whiskey barrel container is good for one tomato plant only I know a lot of people who plant two or three plants in one container that will not let your tomato plant grow very well because the roots won't have a lot of space to grow so the ideal container size for tomato is this whiskey barrel container and I'll provide links to some of the containers in the video description below so you can buy them but this is the ideal container size the shape doesn't really matter this is a square shaped container which contains about 8 gallons of soil and this is good enough to grow one tomato plant now if you do not have any space or just want the least container size possible you can grow tomatoes in a five-gallon container what you see here and I recommend that you only grow determinate tomato varieties in this kind of a container and we look at the determinate tomato varieties and in it determinate tomato varieties in the future sections of this video now let us talk about the planting technique a very important step in growing great Tomatoes make sure that when you're planting your Tomatoes you plant them firstly in a decently sized container or in the ground or the raised bed as we discussed in the previous section and when you take your plant out of the container make sure that you plant the tomato plant deep as deep as you can now why is that the tomato plant actually will grow roots all along the sides of its stem if you plant it deep so this is like giving a boost to the root system for your Tomatoes and this applies not only to containers but also to plant that you grow in raised beds or in the ground if you plant your tomato plants deep enough they will Bend a very strong root system they will also stay very still and firm and upright during storms and heavy winds so that's another advantage of planting your plants deep now let's look at the soil that you need to grow tomatoes so if you're growing in the ground you don't really have much choice but to amend your soil but when you're growing in containers let's look at the different types of soils that are available to your tomato plants the first mix that you're going to see is a common mix that I use for most of my tomato plants and containers and that is a mix of compost perlite and peat moss and once you have these three in equal proportions you can add amendments like azomite as you can see here we are adding some azomite here even add some organic tomato fertilizer before you plant your Tomatoes it's a good way to prepare your potting mix for your Tomatoes now let me tell you why I like this mix not only for tomatoes but other container plants firstly it's a very lightweight mix it has a lot of porosity because of the added perlite you can even use vermiculite if you want and the compost helps in moisture retention the compost and the peat moss together form a GERD water retentive mix so your potting mix is light and it is also water retentive it's a great combination to grow your plants and now let's take a look at a fast draining potting mix that will give you even more vigorous growth at an expense though which I will shortly explain you for this potting mix you need five parts of ground cover bark or wood chips which you can find at most home improvement stores you need one part of peat moss and one part of perlite now as long as you're mixing your ingredients in this proportion you will have a very fast planing mix you also need to add some garden lime to this mix because peat moss is slightly acidic and the garden lime actually helps reduce the acidity of the peat moss but you still need to test your soil pH once you have created the mix now mix all the ingredients together and what you get is a very lightweight very high draining potting mix and this will help your plants grow very fast it has a lot of space for the roots to grow I usually moist in this mix before I put it in my containers because it's so dry and here you can see it is such a nice looking potting mix and let's look at the pros and cons so the benefits of using this potting mix is that it lets your plant grow to their full genetic potential but the downside is that it requires a lot of watering because it's a very fast training mix you might need to water your plants once or even twice or hot days and then you also need to add a lot of fertilizer to your tomato plants or liquid fertilizer if you're using this mix because the nutrients get drained very quickly from this potting mix but if you have the time and the energy and the effort to use this mix go for it you won't be disappointed now soil for raised beds is slightly different than the one you use for containers soils for raised bed should have a lot of organic matter a lot of compost and a lot of soil mixed into it as well what I'm doing here is adding some leaves dried leaves and then adding some layer of soil and then also adding some more compost on the top this is my homemade compost and then I cover it with another layer of soil now by using this kind of a mix for your raised beds a layered mix it will give you the best results to grow tomatoes not only tomatoes but other vegetables as well but tomatoes benefit immensely from such a raised bed mix with a lot of organic matter once all this is mixed in just make sure you lay it out very well on your raised bed just top it off with some soil and you're ready to plant your Tomatoes compost has a lot of nutrients a lot of beneficial nutrients as well as a lot of microorganisms earthworms and other soil bacteria that are very helpful for your tomato plants so I highly recommend that you keep adding compost to your raised bed as much as you can another important component of your soil is your soil pH the ideal pH for tomatoes is between 6 to 7 and you can easily buy a soil testing kit see the video description for a product link to test your soil to get the best tomatoes a good watering schedule is the next most important thing for tomato plants now I recommend that you put your tomato plants on a drip irrigation schedule especially if you're growing in containers containers can dry up very fast depending on what kind of mix you use and by putting your tomatoes on a drip irrigation schedule you take the guesswork out of watering your plants the thumb rule is to water for just enough time that the container starts to drain from the bottom so it's about three minutes for me for most of my containers I use a wider emitter as you can see here these disky barrels have a lot more space so I use these emitters which throw out more water and when you are irrigating raised beds make sure you use micro sprinklers and then make sure that they run for at least about seven minutes for deep watering your tomato plants a lot of people are very afraid of over watering your tomato plants but don't worry in hot places like California and Florida for example you do need to water your tomato plants very well otherwise they will not grow that well and will not produce good tomatoes fertilizers or the next important thing to ensure the good growth of your tomato plants there are two types of fertilizers organic fertilizers and synthetic fertilizers each one of them has pros and cons and we'll soon see that organic fertilizers like this one that you see here are made from the byproducts of the animal industry and mostly consists of feathers bones blood some fertilizers even contain the remnants of fish which is a fish fertilizer so mostly animal based products although there are some products that contain like seaweed which is a plant based product now let's look at the pros and cons of using an organic tomato fertilizer the best thing is that it's good for the environment it's made from natural ingredients and they're slow releasing naturally so you don't have the problem of over applying a fertilizer to your plant the downside is that they are not immediately available to your plant and it might take up to four to six months for organic fertilizers to be available so to make organic fertilizers effective you need to apply them at regular intervals to your containers to your raised beds so that they are available in time when the plants need them the next type of fertilizers are the synthetic or the salt based fertilizers which are manufactured and most of my friends who use these kind of fertilizers are either vegans vegetarians or do not support the animal slaughter industry and let's look at the pros and cons of this fertilizer the benefit of this fertilizer salt based fertilizers or synthetic fertilizers is that they are readily available to the clients as soon as you apply it and some of them can even be a slow-release fertilizer which will last for up to three months downside is that when a lot of salt leeches into the water table it's not so good for the environment so if you are concerned about the environment and again this is up for debate because there's no real proof that synthetic fertilizers are really bad for the planet but if you do believe in that then I would recommend that you use organic fertilizers for the best use and to grow the best tomatoes and here is another tip when your plants are small and just beginning to grow use a high nitrogen fertilizer they are also called all-purpose fertilizers when your plants are established and they start flowering switch to a low nitrogen fertilizer that will help you grow a lot of tomatoes rather than growing greens your plants will produce a lot of tomatoes let's now look at some of the problems that you face when growing tomatoes insects the tomato hornworm is one of the most destructive tomato pests so if you see this large caterpillar just handpick and remove it otherwise it will just decimate your crop grubs are bite insects that are beneath the soil surface and chew on your tomato roots they also attract moles and Gophers and when they become adults they become the fig eater beetle which will devour your Tomatoes now let's look at some fungal diseases on Tomatoes rust which are brown powdery residues on the leaves and which are very evident here is one of the most common fungal diseases that you see on Tomatoes to prevent rust just remove the affected leaves the diseased leaves and then spray with neem oil to prevent this rust from spreading the next most common fungal disease is the leaf blight which will cause your tomato leaves to get yellow and diseased now the leaf blight doesn't really have a big effect on your yields of tomatoes however it's something that will make your plant look unsightly so here you can see some more leaf blight and it looks pretty similar to some of the other viral diseases that tomato has but in all cases these are mostly fungal diseases which will cause your leaves to get yellow tomatoes also are prone to some viral diseases like the leaf curl that you see here and although the leaf curl again doesn't really affect the vigor of the tomato plant it does make the plant to look a little unsightly as you can see here the leaves have curled and these viral diseases are usually transmitted by pests so the only solution to the viral diseases is to replace the plant and plant a new one for the fungal diseases you can spray with neem oil a very effective way to get rid of most fungal diseases for your tomato plants and it's organic as well so you can add one capful of neem oil to the water that's there in the small sprayer or if you're using a gallon sprayer for every gallon of water add 2 tablespoons of neem oil and then shake your container will shake your sprayer very well and then spray on your tomato plants this stops most of the fungal diseases on your tomato plants now make sure that you do this late in the day although neem doesn't have any effect on bees you still want to be careful so do this late in the day when the bees are not active in your garden what you see here is blossom and wrought a problem that affects both peppers and tomatoes what you're seeing here is blossom and rot on some peppers and you'll also see the blossom end rot on some Tomatoes like the Roma tomatoes San Marzano and the solution to blossom end rot is to first of all use a good watering schedule make sure that you use a fertilizer that's rich in calcium and that should help you prevent blossom end rot birds love your tomatoes just as much as you do so to prevent birds from eating your tomatoes just cover it with this net and this is also helpful to prevent your tomatoes from being eaten by rodents you can also leave a little bit of water a birdbath near your tomato plant and since the birds usually attack your tomato plants for the water or the seeds they will leave your tomatoes alone when they see the water now rodents also can decimate your tomato plant and if you see damage like this you probably have more than one rodent in your garden the solution is something I'm not going to discuss in this video there are a lot of ways you can get rid of rodents in your garden now let's look at some tomato varieties tomatoes are broadly classified as determinate and indeterminate depending on how they grow determinate tomatoes grow to a certain height and then produce tomatoes all at once in determinate tomatoes rather keep growing and keep producing tomatoes for a long time now there are some other varieties of tomatoes as well which you see on your screen and we're not going to go into the details of each variety because there are just too many types of tomatoes that exist now let's look at some common tomato varieties that you can grow for the first time gardener the early girl or the better boy variety is not only very easy to grow it also produces a lot of tomatoes so if you're starting out this is a great variety that I would recommend and the next variety that I highly recommend is the honey Gold tomato which is a yellow tomato that's really sweet and very prolific it's very similar to the Sun gold Tomatoes righty and produces a lot of delicious yellow color tomatoes the Juliette hybrid tomato was bred specifically for producing great fruits and having great disease resistance this is another very prolific tomato variety that you can grow in your home garden and I'm sure you won't be disappointed when you grow this variety this is a great type tomato and produces these grape sized red tomatoes that are absolutely delicious and the best part about growing the Juliet tomato is that it grows very well in a container you can grow one Juliet tomato plant in a whiskey barrel container and it will give you the best yield that you've ever seen from a tomato plant this is a very prolific variety produces lot of fruits and can withstand both high temperatures and cold weather the San Marzano is a very delicious taste kind of tomato that makes great ketchups and tomato sauces and paste this is another very prolific variety it's a heirloom variety which will give you a really good yield a lot of chefs just value the taste of this tomato and it really is absolutely delicious so try growing the san marzano at home and you will be pleasantly surprised now let's look at some other hybrid varieties this is the red pride hybrid tomato and remember that the hybrid tomatoes are just natural selection of tomato plants by crossbreeding across plants that are good in some way or the other the mountain pride hybrid is another example of a great tomato variety grows excellent in containers produces these large Tomatoes as you see here and for those of you who are looking to grow tomatoes with a large size the mountain pride hybrid is an excellent tomato variety to grow as you see here these are very large tomatoes and yielding from just one plant the Cherokee purple is a heirloom tomato variety heirlooms are tomatoes that have been bred over several years and they have always been grown from the seeds of the previous generation and that's what gives these Tomatoes an excellent taste they don't have great disease resistance but they taste really good the Cherokee purple is a purple color tomato that is very delicious as well a lot of people like the acidic taste of this tomato variety and that is what hair looms are famous for they taste excellent they don't have great disease resistance but they are very delicious the black creme is another example of a heirloom tomato variety not very easy to grow very challenging but produces some fruits that are very delicious now let's look at the propagation methods for tomato now you all know that tomatoes can be grown from seed that is the most ideal way to grow tomatoes you just start your seeds indoors 6 weeks before the growing season and then transplant them into containers after which you can transplant them to larger containers to the raised bed or the ground the other propagation method is to just plant some stocks of tomatoes now when you're pruning your tomato plants which you will do anyways you get these a tomato shoots which are cut from the plant all you do is just take a container and then plant your tomatoes stock into this container and what you get is another tomato plant which is very much identical to the parent plant so this is a great way to propagate Tomatoes and it is really a very easy way to propagate Tomatoes tomatoes do need to be staked and pruned and let's look at the pruning technique first now I usually prune tomatoes that I grow in my containers but I generally do not prune Tomatoes that are growing in the ground however a little bit of pruning is still okay just look around your plants and find these suckers that you see and try to cut them so that they don't over grow and don't cause a plant that you cannot manage however there is no hard and fast rule even if you do not prune your tomato plants you're still going to get a good harvest but pruning lets you maintain a better shape for your plant and in case of determinate tomatoes or in case of growing tomatoes in containers it helps you maintain the size of your tomato plants and remember to prune the dead leaves and branches from the bottom part of your tomato plant this improves air flow to your plant and keeps it free from a lot of diseases and pests so with the simple technique you can keep your tomato plants disease-free staking or supporting your tomato plants will let you grow vertically which is a great benefit the most common type of steak that we use is the four prong steak and this steak is very cheaply available in most garden stores the key to using this steak is to make sure that it goes down all the way into the ground what you do not want to do is leave the steak just Midway or not fully into the ground that way it doesn't work really well so what you do is just take the support and push the prongs deep into the soil and that really gives you a good support for your tomato plants the ultimate of cage is the other tomato cage that's very commonly available and it was great on 16-inch containers and it is almost perfectly sized for a container of this size for whiskey barrel containers I prefer to use the grow tall tomato cage which is pretty good-sized and just big enough for a whiskey barrel and comparing all the staking techniques together the four thong stake is pretty cheap but the grow tall tomato cage that you see here is actually very useful and can support very heavy tomato plants now let's get into some tips and tricks for growing tomatoes Epsom salt and organic amendment for your soil and it's very beneficial for tomatoes it contains magnesium and sulfur and most soils are deficient of these minerals and plants like tomatoes and peppers take up a lot of magnesium and sulfur so do feed your plants with Epsom salt once every three weeks and to prepare the solution we use two tablespoons in a two gallon container so it means that you add one tablespoon per gallon of water and then just add water let the Epsom salt dissolve in the water and then completely drench your plant with this Epsom salt solution and if you do this every three weeks or so you make sure that your soil stays very enriched with magnesium and sulfur and that will give you the best tomatoes once your tomato plant starts blooming it's important to hand pollinate your Tomatoes watch for open flowers and then just use a vibrating toothbrush to pollinate each flower of your tomato plant this dramatically increases yields tomatoes are mostly when pollinated but by using this technique you ensure more fruit production for your tomato plants and that brings us to the end of this episode and I'm sure that by watching all of this information about growing tomatoes you might have a lot of questions so do post them in the comment box below if you like our videos please do give us a thumbs up and we'll see you again soon happy gardening


 
 
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How to grow Flame seedless (a hybrid of Thompson seedless) grapes in your garden.

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 149 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
 
 
 
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the 2 year grape journey is a sweet and interesting journey of planting Thompson seedless grapes all the way to harvest so sit back and enjoy as we go through grape paradise so we started our grapes back in january of 2015 this is the flame seedless grape we got this at home people and you can get these grape plants at any gardening center in your area and the first thing you need to do is once you get the package you just open it and you want to make sure that the roots stay hydrated while you're preparing your potting mix or while you are planning to plant this in the ground as you can see here this is a bare rooted plant and you just keep it in water just make sure the roots stay hydrated while you prepare your potting mix we will be planting this in a container you can plant it in the ground as well and here we go it's just a simple container with water and now we're going to prepare our potting mix we're going to be using a large pot grape trees grow into very large plants and need a lot of space for the roots so we're gonna be using this container, it has a lot of holes drilled as you can see a common question that a lot of users ask me is if you need holes in containers when growing plants and the answer is yes you do we're going to be using a mix of peat moss one-third of peat moss i'm just using this compressed bale of peat moss that you can get at any garden store make sure that you break up the pieces very well and to this mix we're going to be adding one-third of compost now i'm using some homemade compost here you can buy bagged compost if you want and some of my compost is unfinished so I'm going to be removing some of the unfinished compost from this mix and make sure that i have a lot of finished compost now it doesn't really matter even if you have a lot of unfinished compost it will eventually break down but i just want to make sure that the compost that I have is almost finished and I'm going to be mixing this in very well with the peat moss and what I'm going to be doing for the third part is adding some vermiculite now I had an option to use perlite here i just had some vermiculite with me and it was relatively hot weather not very hot but it was sunny and I just want to make sure that there is adequate moisture retention for the plant especially moving into the spring season and the summer season now you can substitute this with perlite, perlite is equally good it improve drainage and it doesn't retain moisture though vermiculite does retain moisture while providing good drainage for your plants the potting mix for your plants now mix in thoroughly and your potting mix is created now I'm gonna be just adding this potting mix to our container a large container now this is a pretty large container as you can see here it's probably about 22 inches in diameter and about 20 inches high very similar to a whiskey barrel container but just a little better shaped now when you add the potting mix just make sure that you add some water at every stage so if you fill up the entire container and then add water you're going to be having some issues with the drainage so what I'm doing is I'm adding some potting mix adding some water and then continuing to add the potting mix until we complete the container now it's time to plant we're gonna be planting it just this way as you see here is just make sure that the plant is well balanced in the center and then you can add additional potting mix along the sides to make sure that the plant is well seated and this is exactly what you need to do for planting your plant and what we have done before this is made sure that the roots are hydrated so that the plant roots doesn't dry and the plant is not in shock and finally you need to water the plant so just make sure you water it a few times make sure that the potting mix is well soaked then and it might take some time for the mix to start draining just be patient you might have to water this two or three times and this is the trellis for our grape plant as you can see here not this one this one is the one on the raised bed but the one along the wall the wooden trellis or the arbor of the home that's right next to the wall so fast forward one month and you can see that the plant has started producing a lot of new growth now as long as you get this new growth you can consider your planting as a success you're gonna be getting a lot more shoots growing from this grape plant now now as you can see here I have tied some mason line now what does Mason line does is it is a strong trellis support for these grape plans to grow and what I'm going to do is as the plant grows i'm just going to train it to grow around this string or this Mason line you can get Mason lines very easily at any hardware store I'll also try to provide a link in the video description below now let's go back to the selection for the grape plant the reason we chose flame seedless grapes to plant is because they require less chilling hours or chill hours now it's very important to understand what is chill hours in places like Southern California we get very less cold in the winters so the chill hours is a number which tells you whether your fruit plants will produce fruit or not for that year so this variety of grape the flames seedless requires very less chill hours if you noticed when we planted the plant if you notice the package it had a chill hour rating of hundred chill hours now usually we get about a hundred to 200 chill hours every year during the winters however some years are exceptions for example the year before last we got just 72 chill hours as you saw here we trimmed off some of the shoots that were growing towards the bottom during the first year you want to make sure that you grow two to three main branches some people recommend growing just one branch but i would recommend growing at least two branches for your grape plant and the reason is it eventually becomes easier to manage your grape plant in the second and the third and the later years and as you can see here our Mason lines are still intact and we are training our grape plant around this support trellis support using the Mason line and in the first year you can see that the plant is producing some buds and some flowers and it looks like it's going to be producing some grapes now remember that during the first year it is recommended that you remove all the fruit from your grapes so that your plant concentrates on growing shoots now I did not do that because I just wanted to see if this would produce any grapes and the results are interesting so I'll let you watch the video through this year and see what do you think about it you can see here it's going pretty well it's following our trellis and coming back to the chill hours just make sure that you buy your grape plant with the chill hours that are specific to your region most of the grapes have very high children quirements and they will not grow in your area if you have warm winters so in April you can see that the plant has produced a lot more foliage and the grapes that it produced are also growing a little larger but the plant has shown a lot of lush growth now let's talk about the fertilizer requirements for grapes now grapes must have adequate nutrition and fertilizer during the growing season which is February through September and every three months you need to make sure that you add some kind of fertilizer so you can follow the schedule that you see on your screen here and that's a good idea of when you should add fertilizer to your grape plant you can use organic fruit tree fertilizer you can you slow release fertilizer all of them work very well for growing grapes we keep training our plants as we discussed as they keep growing just make sure that you train them we've been doing that for a while now and you can see that the plants are now reaching towards the arbor that they're supposed to grow on so how about the grapes that were growing on the plant what happened to them by now i recommend that you remove all your grapes during the first year just cut them and throw them away just because they won't produce true grapes now what happened in my case is the gape plant was growing very well and the grapes were actually showing on the plant but one fine day when I looked at the grapes on the plant they had all dried and vanished so they didn't really produce well they were premature fruits and it's best to get rid of them so yes if you're growing grapes for the first year you can just cut and threw away all your grapes it might be difficult to do that but as you can see here the plant has grown into a very lush green plant so that's our progress of the grape plant in the first year and as you can see here it's now june in the first year and the plant has produced a very nice network of stems that we grow very well in the next growing season so let's look at how the next growing season turns up so the plant has remained dormant for the fall in the winter season and now in march of the next year mar 2016 the plant has grown into a very nice network of stems a lot of leaves are now sprouting and showing up you can see a lot of new growth in the plants right here in March which is the spring season now you must add fertilizer for your grape plants starting the season March is the first month when you should start adding fertilizer you can even do it in February and you can see here the plant is now producing a lot of new growth and some new buds that now look like grapes bunches of grapes growing and the key to getting good fruit from your grape plant is that you need to see a lot of these bunches being produced on the plant if you see one or two you're not going to get a lot of fruits from your grape plant so in April you can see that there's more lush green foliage produced by the plant and more buds that are growing and these buds will form flowers and eventually form grapes so all-in-all the plant looks very beautiful and just look at the fruits here these are the buds and they will eventually open up into flowers and they look very pretty you can see some of the buds that have transformed into fruits and you can see those dried flowers along the fruits and the grapes are very interesting fruits they look pretty interesting and you can see that they already start looking like grapes like a bunch of grapes at this stage here's another flower you can see very clearly the flowers the buds sprouting into flowers and they are self pollinating you don't need any other pollinators for your grape plant and you here you can see we have about three to four main branches now you can limit your grape plant to less than that I just had enough space for about three branches and I let it grow and you can see that the plant has grown very vigorously on the support and is growing very well now in the next year or the second year and it will continue to grow that way you can see more greenery and more buds and more fruit being produced in your plants now grapes need full Sun to grow so if you have areas which do not get about eight hours of Sun it's not a good idea to grow grapes there and this is one of the reasons why I planted my grape plant in a container because i thought i could move it later now in me you can see that the plants have a lot of more bunches of grapes growing and the grapes are now showing a lot of definition and unlike the first year where they just fell off the plant the fruits are now staying very well on the tree you can see a nice view of the garden and the arbor and the trellis where the grape plant is growing and I thought this was the best part of the garden that I could utilize to grow grapes because there's a lot of space here we got a lot of good support and I could just place the container along the wall of the support to grow my grape plant so when you grow your grape plant just make sure that you choose a nice spot so that the grapes can grow along the support and then produce all these beautiful grapes that you can see here if you've been following my monthly videos I've shown my grapes harvest during the summer months and the beautiful grapes the Thompson seedless grapes produces grapes that grow from green to yellow to red as they ripen here we can see big bunches of grapes growing and now it really looks like you're going to be getting a lot of grapes for harvest during the season and by elevating the grapes to a height you make sure that rodents stay away from all birds stay away from at it might be possible that birds might eat some of your grapes especially when they're very ripe now in June we made our first harvest and as you can see here the grapes are about dark green to slightly light green here and what I'm doing is I'm not harvesting the whole bunch I'm just harvesting a few grapes from the sides and what I realized was that these grapes were still very good to eat now if you look at the grapes they are not really ripe they don't look very ripe as they don't look like yellow or red in color so they actually taste tangy now some people like eating tangy grapes they're not extremely sweet but they have a very unique flavor so if you're one of those folks that like to eat tangy grapes this is a good time to harvest your grapes and you can start eating them you can even start putting them in smoothies make grape juice out of it they are all very good uses for that and once I realized that the grapes were sweet enough to harvest we harvested our first bunch of grapes and its really very rewarding to harvest something like grapes in your backyard grapes are extremely easy to grow in the California weather so if you live in the coastal areas, California or any other area that is conducive to growing grapes you should try it out you can see here more bunches of grapes that are now ripening and slowly we started seeing that we had a lot of grapes to harvest on any given day we would harvest 2 or 3 bunches of grapes as you can see here beautiful-looking grapes and we are still in june so towards the end of june is when we saw that the grapes were turning slightly yellow as you can see here in fact the grapes that are right for actually falling down from the vine the grapevine so we make sure that we harvested every now and then and here you can clearly see a very good harvest and at this stage the grapes are sweet so we went from tangy tasting grapes to sweet grapes by end of june and with this kind of color with this kind of a yellow color the grapes are very nice very delicious and nice to eat now in July we saw that the grapes started turning even more sweet and the colors are color was turning towards red as you can see here slightly red and at this stage when the grapes start turning red they taste very sweet you can see here most of these groups are reddish yellow in color and here you can clearly see the grapes turning red in color and these are the ripe grapes these are extremely sweet very delicious to eat and if you want you can wait till this stage but what I've realized is that if you wait for all your grapes to be in the stage you want to lose a lot of grapes because they're going to fall down from the tree so what I recommend as a harvest schedule is to start in june harvest slowly from july through august and you're going to get a really good harvest that way so here you can see beautiful harvest and growing grapes is a real pleasure it's very rewarding so i highly recommend that you start growing grapes in your area if you can once again beautiful-looking harvest as you can see here and for a harvest season from june through august it's a long harvest season from just one plant you can expect a lot of grapes and as you can see here this plant is quite large and it did produce a lot of grapes this year for the second year now the Thompson seedless grapes are the one variety I highly recommend that you grow in your home garden it's a very easy variety you to grow and it produces a lot but if you do want to try out some other variety that's perfectly fine just make sure that the chill hours match the chill hours in your area once again you can see here beautiful-looking grapes right out of the grape vine and in August you can see that we continue to harvest our grapes and they're the same they're reddish-yellow very delicious and the sun has really increased the amount of sugar in the fruit and they're tasting very sweet now at the end of august you can start pruning your grape plant once you have harvested all your fruits and you want to make sure that you remove all the dead and diseased stems remove all the dead leaves and make sure that your plant is ready for the next growing season so there we have it folks that was our two-year grape journey this journey took a long time to film and make so I'd appreciate if you could give us a thumbs up if you like this video if you like all our videos and you would like to support us do click on the support button on our Channel and that way you can contribute towards the success of California Gardening and i also want to tell you that when you're buying your grape plant if you have a costco a local costco do check it out they have some great deals on grape plants and you can buy them for a very good price i wish you all a very happy 2017 we'll see you again soon happy gardening view all
 


 
 
 
 
words:

the 2 year grape journey is a sweet and interesting journey of planting Thompson seedless grapes all the way to harvest so sit back and enjoy as we go through grape paradise so we started our grapes back in january of 2015 this is the flame seedless grape we got this at home people and you can get these grape plants at any gardening center in your area and the first thing you need to do is once you get the package you just open it and you want to make sure that the roots stay hydrated while you're preparing your potting mix or while you are planning to plant this in the ground as you can see here this is a bare rooted plant and you just keep it in water just make sure the roots stay hydrated while you prepare your potting mix we will be planting this in a container you can plant it in the ground as well and here we go it's just a simple container with water and now we're going to prepare our potting mix we're going to be using a large pot grape trees grow into very large plants and need a lot of space for the roots so we're gonna be using this container, it has a lot of holes drilled as you can see a common question that a lot of users ask me is if you need holes in containers when growing plants and the answer is yes you do we're going to be using a mix of peat moss one-third of peat moss i'm just using this compressed bale of peat moss that you can get at any garden store make sure that you break up the pieces very well and to this mix we're going to be adding one-third of compost now i'm using some homemade compost here you can buy bagged compost if you want and some of my compost is unfinished so I'm going to be removing some of the unfinished compost from this mix and make sure that i have a lot of finished compost now it doesn't really matter even if you have a lot of unfinished compost it will eventually break down but i just want to make sure that the compost that I have is almost finished and I'm going to be mixing this in very well with the peat moss and what I'm going to be doing for the third part is adding some vermiculite now I had an option to use perlite here i just had some vermiculite with me and it was relatively hot weather not very hot but it was sunny and I just want to make sure that there is adequate moisture retention for the plant especially moving into the spring season and the summer season now you can substitute this with perlite, perlite is equally good it improve drainage and it doesn't retain moisture though vermiculite does retain moisture while providing good drainage for your plants the potting mix for your plants now mix in thoroughly and your potting mix is created now I'm gonna be just adding this potting mix to our container a large container now this is a pretty large container as you can see here it's probably about 22 inches in diameter and about 20 inches high very similar to a whiskey barrel container but just a little better shaped now when you add the potting mix just make sure that you add some water at every stage so if you fill up the entire container and then add water you're going to be having some issues with the drainage so what I'm doing is I'm adding some potting mix adding some water and then continuing to add the potting mix until we complete the container now it's time to plant we're gonna be planting it just this way as you see here is just make sure that the plant is well balanced in the center and then you can add additional potting mix along the sides to make sure that the plant is well seated and this is exactly what you need to do for planting your plant and what we have done before this is made sure that the roots are hydrated so that the plant roots doesn't dry and the plant is not in shock and finally you need to water the plant so just make sure you water it a few times make sure that the potting mix is well soaked then and it might take some time for the mix to start draining just be patient you might have to water this two or three times and this is the trellis for our grape plant as you can see here not this one this one is the one on the raised bed but the one along the wall the wooden trellis or the arbor of the home that's right next to the wall so fast forward one month and you can see that the plant has started producing a lot of new growth now as long as you get this new growth you can consider your planting as a success you're gonna be getting a lot more shoots growing from this grape plant now now as you can see here I have tied some mason line now what does Mason line does is it is a strong trellis support for these grape plans to grow and what I'm going to do is as the plant grows i'm just going to train it to grow around this string or this Mason line you can get Mason lines very easily at any hardware store I'll also try to provide a link in the video description below now let's go back to the selection for the grape plant the reason we chose flame seedless grapes to plant is because they require less chilling hours or chill hours now it's very important to understand what is chill hours in places like Southern California we get very less cold in the winters so the chill hours is a number which tells you whether your fruit plants will produce fruit or not for that year so this variety of grape the flames seedless requires very less chill hours if you noticed when we planted the plant if you notice the package it had a chill hour rating of hundred chill hours now usually we get about a hundred to 200 chill hours every year during the winters however some years are exceptions for example the year before last we got just 72 chill hours as you saw here we trimmed off some of the shoots that were growing towards the bottom during the first year you want to make sure that you grow two to three main branches some people recommend growing just one branch but i would recommend growing at least two branches for your grape plant and the reason is it eventually becomes easier to manage your grape plant in the second and the third and the later years and as you can see here our Mason lines are still intact and we are training our grape plant around this support trellis support using the Mason line and in the first year you can see that the plant is producing some buds and some flowers and it looks like it's going to be producing some grapes now remember that during the first year it is recommended that you remove all the fruit from your grapes so that your plant concentrates on growing shoots now I did not do that because I just wanted to see if this would produce any grapes and the results are interesting so I'll let you watch the video through this year and see what do you think about it you can see here it's going pretty well it's following our trellis and coming back to the chill hours just make sure that you buy your grape plant with the chill hours that are specific to your region most of the grapes have very high children quirements and they will not grow in your area if you have warm winters so in April you can see that the plant has produced a lot more foliage and the grapes that it produced are also growing a little larger but the plant has shown a lot of lush growth now let's talk about the fertilizer requirements for grapes now grapes must have adequate nutrition and fertilizer during the growing season which is February through September and every three months you need to make sure that you add some kind of fertilizer so you can follow the schedule that you see on your screen here and that's a good idea of when you should add fertilizer to your grape plant you can use organic fruit tree fertilizer you can you slow release fertilizer all of them work very well for growing grapes we keep training our plants as we discussed as they keep growing just make sure that you train them we've been doing that for a while now and you can see that the plants are now reaching towards the arbor that they're supposed to grow on so how about the grapes that were growing on the plant what happened to them by now i recommend that you remove all your grapes during the first year just cut them and throw them away just because they won't produce true grapes now what happened in my case is the gape plant was growing very well and the grapes were actually showing on the plant but one fine day when I looked at the grapes on the plant they had all dried and vanished so they didn't really produce well they were premature fruits and it's best to get rid of them so yes if you're growing grapes for the first year you can just cut and threw away all your grapes it might be difficult to do that but as you can see here the plant has grown into a very lush green plant so that's our progress of the grape plant in the first year and as you can see here it's now june in the first year and the plant has produced a very nice network of stems that we grow very well in the next growing season so let's look at how the next growing season turns up so the plant has remained dormant for the fall in the winter season and now in march of the next year mar 2016 the plant has grown into a very nice network of stems a lot of leaves are now sprouting and showing up you can see a lot of new growth in the plants right here in March which is the spring season now you must add fertilizer for your grape plants starting the season March is the first month when you should start adding fertilizer you can even do it in February and you can see here the plant is now producing a lot of new growth and some new buds that now look like grapes bunches of grapes growing and the key to getting good fruit from your grape plant is that you need to see a lot of these bunches being produced on the plant if you see one or two you're not going to get a lot of fruits from your grape plant so in April you can see that there's more lush green foliage produced by the plant and more buds that are growing and these buds will form flowers and eventually form grapes so all-in-all the plant looks very beautiful and just look at the fruits here these are the buds and they will eventually open up into flowers and they look very pretty you can see some of the buds that have transformed into fruits and you can see those dried flowers along the fruits and the grapes are very interesting fruits they look pretty interesting and you can see that they already start looking like grapes like a bunch of grapes at this stage here's another flower you can see very clearly the flowers the buds sprouting into flowers and they are self pollinating you don't need any other pollinators for your grape plant and you here you can see we have about three to four main branches now you can limit your grape plant to less than that I just had enough space for about three branches and I let it grow and you can see that the plant has grown very vigorously on the support and is growing very well now in the next year or the second year and it will continue to grow that way you can see more greenery and more buds and more fruit being produced in your plants now grapes need full Sun to grow so if you have areas which do not get about eight hours of Sun it's not a good idea to grow grapes there and this is one of the reasons why I planted my grape plant in a container because i thought i could move it later now in me you can see that the plants have a lot of more bunches of grapes growing and the grapes are now showing a lot of definition and unlike the first year where they just fell off the plant the fruits are now staying very well on the tree you can see a nice view of the garden and the arbor and the trellis where the grape plant is growing and I thought this was the best part of the garden that I could utilize to grow grapes because there's a lot of space here we got a lot of good support and I could just place the container along the wall of the support to grow my grape plant so when you grow your grape plant just make sure that you choose a nice spot so that the grapes can grow along the support and then produce all these beautiful grapes that you can see here if you've been following my monthly videos I've shown my grapes harvest during the summer months and the beautiful grapes the Thompson seedless grapes produces grapes that grow from green to yellow to red as they ripen here we can see big bunches of grapes growing and now it really looks like you're going to be getting a lot of grapes for harvest during the season and by elevating the grapes to a height you make sure that rodents stay away from all birds stay away from at it might be possible that birds might eat some of your grapes especially when they're very ripe now in June we made our first harvest and as you can see here the grapes are about dark green to slightly light green here and what I'm doing is I'm not harvesting the whole bunch I'm just harvesting a few grapes from the sides and what I realized was that these grapes were still very good to eat now if you look at the grapes they are not really ripe they don't look very ripe as they don't look like yellow or red in color so they actually taste tangy now some people like eating tangy grapes they're not extremely sweet but they have a very unique flavor so if you're one of those folks that like to eat tangy grapes this is a good time to harvest your grapes and you can start eating them you can even start putting them in smoothies make grape juice out of it they are all very good uses for that and once I realized that the grapes were sweet enough to harvest we harvested our first bunch of grapes and its really very rewarding to harvest something like grapes in your backyard grapes are extremely easy to grow in the California weather so if you live in the coastal areas, California or any other area that is conducive to growing grapes you should try it out you can see here more bunches of grapes that are now ripening and slowly we started seeing that we had a lot of grapes to harvest on any given day we would harvest 2 or 3 bunches of grapes as you can see here beautiful-looking grapes and we are still in june so towards the end of june is when we saw that the grapes were turning slightly yellow as you can see here in fact the grapes that are right for actually falling down from the vine the grapevine so we make sure that we harvested every now and then and here you can clearly see a very good harvest and at this stage the grapes are sweet so we went from tangy tasting grapes to sweet grapes by end of june and with this kind of color with this kind of a yellow color the grapes are very nice very delicious and nice to eat now in July we saw that the grapes started turning even more sweet and the colors are color was turning towards red as you can see here slightly red and at this stage when the grapes start turning red they taste very sweet you can see here most of these groups are reddish yellow in color and here you can clearly see the grapes turning red in color and these are the ripe grapes these are extremely sweet very delicious to eat and if you want you can wait till this stage but what I've realized is that if you wait for all your grapes to be in the stage you want to lose a lot of grapes because they're going to fall down from the tree so what I recommend as a harvest schedule is to start in june harvest slowly from july through august and you're going to get a really good harvest that way so here you can see beautiful harvest and growing grapes is a real pleasure it's very rewarding so i highly recommend that you start growing grapes in your area if you can once again beautiful-looking harvest as you can see here and for a harvest season from june through august it's a long harvest season from just one plant you can expect a lot of grapes and as you can see here this plant is quite large and it did produce a lot of grapes this year for the second year now the Thompson seedless grapes are the one variety I highly recommend that you grow in your home garden it's a very easy variety you to grow and it produces a lot but if you do want to try out some other variety that's perfectly fine just make sure that the chill hours match the chill hours in your area once again you can see here beautiful-looking grapes right out of the grape vine and in August you can see that we continue to harvest our grapes and they're the same they're reddish-yellow very delicious and the sun has really increased the amount of sugar in the fruit and they're tasting very sweet now at the end of august you can start pruning your grape plant once you have harvested all your fruits and you want to make sure that you remove all the dead and diseased stems remove all the dead leaves and make sure that your plant is ready for the next growing season so there we have it folks that was our two-year grape journey this journey took a long time to film and make so I'd appreciate if you could give us a thumbs up if you like this video if you like all our videos and you would like to support us do click on the support button on our Channel and that way you can contribute towards the success of California Gardening and i also want to tell you that when you're buying your grape plant if you have a costco a local costco do check it out they have some great deals on grape plants and you can buy them for a very good price i wish you all a very happy 2017 we'll see you again soon happy gardening

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Top 5 tips for growing the most vegetables in small space gardens

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 102 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

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Alright, this is John Kohler with ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ today we have another exciting episode for you and today we got my 2016 presentation for the ‘Homesteading Summit’, so I want to thank Margery and all the staff that’s running the ‘Homesteading Summit’ out there and allowing me as a participant. I greatly appreciate it and hope all you viewers and everybody watching this is going to benefit from my presentation. You guys seen a lot of different presentations in this homesteading summit, and I love these summits because it gets everybody’s different opinion on basically the topic that they’re an expert on and let me tell you, I am the expert –in my opinion- when it comes to fitting the most amount of food, into a small, small space so that you guys can produce as much food as you can even if you live on a small urban tract home lot which I happen to live on. I live in a big city, about a million people in the greater area here, and even in a small residential tract home, I grow a large portion of my food. So in this presentation, what I’ll be sharing with you guys is my top 5 tips so you guys can grow the most amount of food or more vegetables in small spaces. So this is –what you’re looking at is actually half of my backyard garden here, the other half’s maybe not as camera ready, cause I got a shade cloth over it. But, as you guys can see if you just look down, you guys barely can see actually any dirt or ground out there, you just basically see all green and that’s cause I have tons of plants growing down there. Since the first video that I made back in –I don’t know about nine years ago, 2009. I started converting my front yard into a raised bed edible vegetable garden, and here this is my backyard that I’ve also converted. And over the years I’ve planted and replanted things, I’ve visited hundreds of different farms and peoples yards, sharing with you guys how they’re doing it. So, every time I visit a place or even have a new season under my belt, I learn new stuff and this is all the information I share with you guys and I’m really happy and proud that my videos have reached –I don’t know- three hundred and thirty thousand people, that’s how many subscribers I have and my videos have been viewed over forty-seven million times and I have a collection of over twelve hundred free episodes, where you guys can glean knowledge on how to grow in small places, how to grow the best quality fruits, how to grow the best vegetables, and even just how to build your soil. So, even if you’re not going to grow in a small place, my videos can apply to you, because I visit many different farms and all different kinds of places in my travels that I cover in my episodes. Anyways, let’s get off my roof and lets head down and get into the top five tips so you guys can grow more food in a small space. So the first way to start growing more food in your space is to create what I call: Growable areas, you guys are thinking, “John, what is a grow-able area?” Well a growable area to me is just simply a place where you can actually plant the foods or plant the crops you want to grow, if you just have a backyard –when I got this property it was a lawn, maybe some weeds coming up. Like to me a lawn and weeds that’s not really a growable area, I did some conversion to create it into a growable area, actually I have videos converting this very backyard into a growable area, I think, I first weed wacked the whole yard then I put down raised beds and filled it with some good soil blend mixture and I then just started planting in it, and whether you make a raised beds, containers or just basically you know, do sheet mulching: So like you would take your property, over the grass lay like a couple layers of cardboard down, and just put compost up on top and then you grow in that even without making a raised bed, you need to create growable area and I strive to maximize the amount of my growable area. Of course within a growable area like the backyard here, you see 1, 2, 3, , 4 different raised beds down the row, and this is my pathway so I can get a wheel barrow. You’re going to want to have some walkways, and I’ve minimized the walkway size on some of my raised beds, in between some of these beds it’s just maybe a foot or so, maybe 16 inches and that’s just the bare minimum I need to walkthrough, so I could have the maximum amount of growing area. Some of these pathways, like the main pathways like here and I have a main pathway there that connects to the other side of the yard, are maybe like 33 to 36 inches wide. That allows me to easily push a wheel barrow through so I could take compost to where I need it, plus it kind of just gives me some space to move sometimes, if I’m bringing materials in or out. So, other than just the pathways, my whole backyard is growable space. What I like to do next for you guys is actually share with you guys the two main ways I create growable space: Raised beds and containers, and I’m doing that in a few different ways, so let’s go ahead and show you guys a few ways. So, what you’re looking at here is one of my growable areas or simply a raised bed, that basically Mel Bartholomew came up with, so thanks Mel if you’re watching this and I do recommend his book ‘Square Foot Gardening Method’ but here's a raised bed here and you can use things like wood or concrete blocks or bricks. I chose to use some concrete blocks here that were local and inexpensive, I also did not mortar them in, I basically can just stack them up, and fill it with the good soil mixture and start growing in it. So this creates a growable area, where as this was just grass and I just rolled and tilled the grass and just start planting in the grass, that may be a growable area for you, but I wouldn’t necessarily do it that way, because you’re not going to have the highest probability of success, just tilling up the ground and spreading the seeds, when you’re roller tilling you’re going to get a lot of weeds, so I want to get rid of that, you know page in history and create a new one, so that’s why I like the raised beds whether they’re concrete blocks or another material. Actually lets go to the other side of my yard to show you guys another material that I chose to use for my raised beds. So here's yet another material I’m using for my raised beds and these are basically just simply some plastic raised beds, these were on clearance at ‘Wal-Mart’ for ten bucks. They’re –I don’t know- maybe like 8 inches high and a 4-foot diameter, so they’re circular. Now, I prefer actually square raised beds, you can kind of fit more in and this kind of gives me some extra space here that I’m not growing in. But at the time I got these for ten bucks, that was definitely a good investment and they’re holding up nicely, they’ve held up for several years now, so I’ve definitely got my money’s worth and one day I’m probably going to convert this side of the yard to the concrete squared off raised beds that I really fit a lot more plants into. No matter what kind of raised bed you choose –you can get a prebuilt one, you could build your own out of wood, plastic, concrete, lots of different materials. I’ve seen people use like wonder board, tile, metal- whatever you choose, I would encourage you guys to make your raised beds minimum, 8 inches and 12 inches is a good max unless you have architectural or structural features that you want to like kind of look nice. So, my front yard raised beds in the front of the house, they’re as tall as 33 inches and as you get closer to the house they’re as short as 12 inches. So, I really like 12 inches, is which I find to be optimal, the more soil in the bed the healthier and the more room your plants have to spread out. Alright, so let me go ahead and show you guys the last way you can create some more growing space in your space without having a raised bed, and this is important for you guys that live in apartments, condos, or other places with a much smaller amount of space. So another way to create growing space is to use containers, so actually I have a big, giant pot here, I think it’s like 30 inches in diameter so I always encourage you guys to have the largest size pot you guys can afford. This is maybe 30 inches in diameter and maybe like two feet high, and actually its self-watering, so there's a water reservoir in here, so that’s really nice, makes taking care of my plants a little bit easier especially in the summer. But yea, in a container you can fill it with some good soil blend mixture, similar to a raised bed, maybe I do it a little bit differently and grow lots of food in there. So, in this bed I got things like spilanthes, I got some volunteer dandelion coming up, I got some marigolds, got this cool shiso, there's some basil in this bed, and a few tomatoes, and so yea even in a container you can grow lots of food, and I would encourage you guys, if you guys especially live in desert southwest -like I do- you want to definitely get the largest container you guys can and it’s also very important to put on an automatic irrigation system, containers in the desert southwest dry out particularly quickly and if you forget to water once, that’s the end of your plants, they’re ‘Kaput’, so for that reason I really encourage you guys to get a automatic irrigation system and even if you don’t live in the desert southwest I always encourage an automatic irrigation system so that you don’t have to water; so that you could literally go on vacation, come back, and then you have tons of food growing automatically for you. Let me go ahead and show you guys another smaller container that I’m using in my garden to grow a very specific crop and why. So in between some of my circular raised beds, they always leave a nice little space in the kitty corner –whatever-catty corner, between them so I’ve chosen to put some little pots inside here or containers to grow more food in. In some of these I have tomatoes, some of them I have dandelions, and this one actually I have mint: Mint is an herb that I love and I believe everybody should grow some herbs, they’re quite easy to grow, we’ll talk about this in a little bit. But mint really grows easily it doesn’t like take over the whole raised bed like if you planted it in with other herbs. It has its own little pot to grow and it flourishes and when you’re standing by it, it smells nice. I think this is maybe a chocolate mint or salad mint, but yea it smells really nice. So even amongst your raised beds you know, you can have containers next to them and yes this is on an automatic irrigation system. But, yea those are the top two ways I have to create growing space in your garden. Next let’s move on to the second way on how to grow more food in a small space. So, the next way that I have for you guys to grow more food in a smaller space, is to space your plants appropriately. If you pick up a standard seed packet like this ‘Organic Sweetie Tomatoes’, on the back it says things like, “days to germination, 7 to 10. Days to harvest 70 to 75. Planting depth, quarter inch. Spacing, row slash plant, three feet by two feet,” so if you follow the spacing on the seed packet, you’re going to space your plants every two to three feet and you’re not going to be able to fit a lot of plants in your small space that way. So what I prefer to do is I prefer to use a method known as ‘Bio-intensive spacing’ or ‘Square-Foot Gardening Spacing’ which is –they’re both fairly similar, basically it allows you when you have a good soil blend and rich soil it allows you to space things closer and grow things vertically and grow things closer together so you can have more plants in less space. More plants means you’re going to get a higher yield, in addition because you are planting the plants so closely, basically the ground gets shaded out, so the need for mulching is greatly reduced. And so you guys can see my peppers here -I don’t know if you guys can see- here is one you know trunk coming up here, one trunk coming here, one trunk coming up here, and basically the square-foot gardening spacing for peppers is about every twelve inches you should have a plant and as you guys can see these plants have progressed and grown and grown quite well over the season and they basically quite well filled in nicely. I mean all the way down I have plants every square-foot. So, this will allow you to maximize your yields in a smaller amount of space, because simply your packing more plants in. So the first tip was create the most growing area, second tip was to plant more plant density in the same amount of space and look up the ‘Square-foot Gardening Spacing’ or ‘Bio-intensive Spacing’ so you guys could plant the most. Every plants a little bit different, certain kinds of tomatoes like patio tomatoes, I’ll space like every one foot, some other kinds of larger tomatoes I could plant every 2 feet and then something like lettuce is like really close every 6 inches, and garlic and onions are going to be like every 4 inches. Peas I plant every 4 inches up a trellis, but every plant is a little bit different and some plants take more space than others, so for example zucchini: Is going to take a 3 foot radius circle, so if you have a 4-foot by 4-foot bed that’s going to take up the majority of your real-estate in there, now the zucchini is going to produce a lot of food but you’re also giving up a lot of space, so for that reason I like to grow zucchinis in a container off by themselves so they can just take up the whole space and not overflow into my raised beds but over flow onto a pathway where I can just move them aside and walk right through. Alright, so let’s get onto the third way to grow more food in a small space. So, the third way to maximize your food production in a small space is simply, grow vertically. This is very important to me because the horizontal space that I own is limited, its confined by the walls and we have a smaller craft home, but your air space, going up into the air is virtually unlimited and I think ‘Jack and the Giant Beanstalk’ he maximizes space efficiency for sure, and I don’t know if you guys are going to grow beanstalks that enter into the clouds but I’ve seen plenty of large fruit trees that grow 20, 30, 40, 50 feet up and that’s space you guys don’t have to pay for. Unfortunately none of my plants get 50 feet tall, some of them maybe push 10 feet tall, some of my tomatoes are pushing over 10 feet tall, my pepper this year over 7 feet tall at this point, but this is basically free space that you guys get to use that you don’t have to pay for. So, instead of growing a lot of low covering crops, grow some tall ones and under the tall crops grow some low covering crops so you could actually stack different plants in different layers, so I really like this a lot. What we’re showing you guys right now, is an example of one of my peppers that may be in the foreground shot that are growing up vertically and I have them all staked up; this is very important, you’re going to have a lot of stakes and trellises in a small residential space and then what we’re looking at here is my Malabar spinach vine. So, I love the Malabar spinach vines, they are a summer crop for me, they don’t like the frost, if you live in a tropical climate they can grow year round. But basically these guys grow up and they basically trellis themselves, as you guys can see they’re winding up the top of my trellis and they do this automatically; I mean that’s how they’re supposed to grow and on the other side that you’re not seeing, as you can see, I can pull a leaf over. But, this is my jicama vine, my jicama vine I mean that thing just vines out and loves growing high, I mean it would sprawl all over the ground and this would also sprawl over the ground if you didn’t have a trellis to put it up on, but you would not create as much food, because the area covering the surface is not going to be as much as the area when you take it vertically. Likewise some of the other plants in this bed, this is called the ‘Bolivian Pablo’ it grows nice and erect and tall as well, and grows lots of food instead of just vining out on the ground like my peanuts on the other side. But yea, growing vertically, critically important so I always encourage you guys especially around your fence lines –you know we have a fence- all around your property where you have walls, grow things vertically up those walls to cover the unsightly wall and also to grow you more food in that space; I think that’s definitely a valuable use of space and yet another way you guys can grow a lot of food in a small space. So, the next tip I have for you guys is to grow the most productive crops. That’s super critical, cause if you grow a crop that doesn’t grow a lot of food you’re not going to have a lot of food. So, what do I mean by growing the most productive crops? Well basically I can kind break this down, off the top of my head into four categories. Number first category is you’re going to want to grow crops that have a fast turn, you know I interviewed Kurtis Stone who’s a farmer and makes over a hundred-thousand dollars on an acre or something, so check my other videos for that, but the way he does that is by growing a lot of fast turn crops, crops that are done very quickly that create a high dollar volume for his income. But, as gardeners we could use this same technique to maximize the food that we’re growing. So for example, one of the fast turn crops I like is radishes, they can be done in as little as 3 weeks and you could have greens even quicker. Another great fast turn crop for you guys, that you guys don’t even need a yard to grow outside is sprouts and micro-greens. I grow buck-weed sprouts in as short as 1 day in the hot summer, I just sprout the seeds and they got little tails and I eat them, and I grew it. But, you could also grow micro-greens that can take up to 10 days or 2 weeks and grow things like wheatgrass and sunflower sprouts and buckwheat sprouts, these things are fast turn crops and there’s actually very highly nutritious crops as well that I want you guys to eat, but yea fast turn crops very important. Some other fast turn crops that I like, like I’m looking at here is my arugula. Arugula is a fairly fast grower as is mustard greens, as is the Komatsuna which is a Japanese mustard green, which I like more than mustard greens, they’re actually more edible than standard mustard greens that are actually quite hot and spicy unless you cook them. There’s also varieties of turnips and other crops that can be grown in as short as a month, some crops like can take 100 days to produce, so I always want you guys to pay attention to the days to harvest when you’re buying your plants and try to choose the plants that have a shorter days to harvest. This means you’re going to maximize the time that you’ll be able to harvest the crop -especially in the summer- before you get that dreaded frost. Aright so let’s see, let’s go into a few more ways besides fast turn crops, that I like to select the best crops or highest yielding crops to grow. So the next crop style I like to grow is climate appropriate crops, this is very important and critical cause if you grow a crop or a vegetable that doesn’t grow well in your area, you’re going to get poor yields. But, on the flipside if you grow a crop that is designed for your specific weather patterns, your specific situation, you’re going to get higher yields. So I always encourage you guys to support local seed sellers and buy seeds from your area and also save your own seeds, cause those crops as you grow them in the same area for year after year after year, they’re going to be more acclimatized to your specific situation. Here in the southwest desert, what I’m growing here is one whole large bed of sweet potatoes, which actually tubers are another excellent crop to grow. Tubers will produce the highest amount of calories in the least amount of space and often times you can use them actually as an under story. These are an under story to some tomatoes and Malabar spinach vines that I have growing up above it. So yea, very important, plant climate appropriate crops and find out what those are in your area. For my area I have plenty of videos sharing the crops that do the best in a desert area. So the next crop I want you guys to grow that’s going to yield the most food for you guys are perennial crops. Perennial vegetables are some of my favorite vegetables in the whole wide world, whether that’s my tree collards that we’ll look at next, or these guys which are my Egyptian perennial walking onions. This bed grows year round for me, sleet, snow, hail, 100 plus degree weather, no problem, my perennial onions keep putting off these delicious onion greens that are more nutritious than actually the onion bulbs themselves and also I can dig up the bulbs under the ground and then they create little bulbets on the top that I actually just harvested a little while ago and sent off to a lot of you guys, so you guys could grow the same walking onions I’m growing. But, yea perennial crops literally you plant them once, you dedicate an area and space for them and they come back every year or –some of the perennials that I like the most- just grow year round. Some other perennial crops could be herbs, certain herbs; my sage and rosemary they grow year round without me having to do anything. My mint, that also grows year round, so yea focus on perennial crops that’ll do well in your area or come back every year. So my favorite perennial crop over all others at this point in time from my climate zone are these guys right here: These are my perennial green tree collards and these are like collard greens but instead of you plant, they grow, they go to set seed and flower and they’re done; these guys just continue to grow, I mean these guys are toppling me, they’re pushing 8 feet tall now. I’ve had some over 15 feet tall in the past and with a nice large trunk. But these guys basically you have greens to eat every day in a mild climate, I think maybe it’s a zone 6 or above, other zones you may need to protect it to grow it in the winter time. But, yea here in my zone 9 this guy grows year round without any issues, there's a green variety and also a purple variety of the tree collards, so yea one of my favorites and you guys definitely got to grow those. These are normally only propagated by cutting, so don’t try to look for seeds. That being said and if they do go to seed, they rarely seed maybe only under stressful conditions, mine have gone to seed in the last couple of years. So, I have saved the seeds and make those available at the website, so you guys can get these. That being said, they are not true seeds, so the seeds that I’m producing are probably cross pollinated with tree collard genetics and also maybe some of my other brassica genetics that I’m growing in the winter time to create some new and unique crosses, so yea the tree collards. So the tree collards that’ll bring us into the next crop that I want you guys to grow to maximize the use of your small space. So the last crop I want you guys to grow in your small space are simply, leafy greens. As you guys can see over here I have like a whole bed of leafy greens, this happens to be the Egyptian spinach, and the Egyptian spinach is actually more nutritious than kale, but most of you guys haven’t heard of Egyptian spinach. I learned about it at a ‘Health Food Trade Show’ where they’re trying to sale Egyptian spinach in tablets, powdered and in tablets. So why not grow your own, it’s definitely healthier and my channel is actually called ‘Growing Your Greens’ and it’s called ‘Growing Your Greens’ for a reason: Because I want you guys to focus on some of the crops that are going to grow the most, because think about it, the leafy greens here as soon as the leaves emerge out of the plant, you can eat them. Whereas next door here I have my pepper greens which some people might eat pepper greens, but basically for the peppers you’re waiting for the plant to produce all the greens and then flower and fruit and make the peppers. So, it’s not as an efficient use of space as growing some greens, where even the baby delicate shoots are edible. In addition greens can be very expensive to buy and unfortunately greens are one of the things that really don’t ship to well, especially these Egyptian spinach greens. So this is going to also save you guys a lot more money and I want you guys to grow year round greens and consume your greens year round, even if that includes growing micro-greens and sprouts indoors in the winter. Greens are the most important foods with the most nutrients and the least amount of calories, I want to encourage you guys to eat a plant dominated diet, if you’re going to meat and other things that’s great but the majority of your diet, if you want to be healthy and truly healthy and disease proof yourself, you want to eat your vegetables. Especially the leafy greens, they have been shown to have a lot of phytochemicals, phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals that can help prevent disease. So the fifth and final way to grow more food in a small amount of space, is actually don’t grow food at all. As much as you saw that I’m growing a lot of food, I’m not really focused on growing food, what I’m focused on is actually growing and building my soil. Because if you think about it all the food that you’re going to be growing comes from the soil, so if you have crappy soil, crappy dirt you’re not going to have healthy plants that are going to produce to their genetic potential. My goal with everything I plant is to provide it an optimal growing environment including optimal soil, water, sunlight so that it can grow to its full potential, and that’s why I like –what- Kareem Abdul Jabar he’s 7 feet, he grew probably to his –or close to- his height potential anyways. But I want my plants to grow to their genetic potential so they grow taller, grow bigger, grow larger leaves, grow larger fruit, but more importantly for me grow healthier foods. And where I’m standing right now is actually in my compost alley, I have over 12 different composters. This is my favorite, it’s the ‘Joraform Composter’, ‘Joraform 400’ and inside here I’m creating my soil fertility –wow this is actually quite hot- by composting my food waste and also garden clippings from my garden, and in addition to the compost besides those two ingredients I also add things like the bio-char and the rock dust, which are critical components to have a higher quality compost. Now, this is just my bacterial sourced compost that I make myself, in addition to this compost I use another kind of compost that you guys probably haven’t heard of before. It’s actually called a ‘Fungal Dominated Compost’ this above all else, above the bacterial compost this is even more important because its missing from most of you guy’s gardens. The fungal dominated compost has lots of fungal activity , whereas the bacterial compost has lots of bacterial activity and I’m not saying we want to plant our vegetable gardens in fungal dominated soil only, but we want to bring that level of fungal activity up, because most fungal activity in most gardens that I’ve visited based on seeing how the crops grow, it’s really quite low. I did a video called ‘Supersize Your Vegetables with Woodchips and Rock Dust’ where they grew dinosaur kale leaves wider than my head. This boggled my mind and I still strive to grow kale leaves that large, I’ve grown chard leaves that large, but I’ve grown collard leaves that large but not the dinosaur kale leaves, and this is because they had a fungal rich and dominated environment. Because they’re grown in 100% slow composted woodchips using the mushrooms, so yea check that episode for more information about the fungal dominated compost so you guys can grow larger vegetables, which means more yield for you. Now besides just adding the compost which is mainly adding organic matter with also the micro-life, the microbial life in the compost. There's a few other things that I really want to educate you guys on that’s very important to add to your garden beds that are not usually talked about even in organic gardening. So, let’s actually go ahead and head over to the table and I’ll share with you guys these last two things that I’d like to add. So besides just the compost which is what many organic gardeners believe you need like, “The compost, it’s got everything in there you need,” well my opinion on this is simply this: If your composting fruit scraps and food scraps and things from your garden that’s not nutrient rich your compost is not going to have the nutrients in there. I’ve seen really poor compost being generated, some gardeners and farmers places that I’ve visited, maybe it went anaerobic, maybe it didn’t have enough nutrition in there, so the quality is not as good. So, for that reason I like to boost up my compost and add some additional ingredients, I add a lot of different things to my garden and you know each of them have their own place and I like to add them. But, I just want to share with you guys the two most important things that I believe you guys should add to your garden: The first one is a really rich worm castings, the reason why I like the worm castings is not because of the NPK numbers that it has inside there, but because it is one of the most biologically active nutrients you can add to your garden. Meaning, it has lots of bacteria, microbes, and fungi and different kootenays degraders, and salaiz degraders, that are going to work for you in your garden. They’re really the back bone of your garden, its these microbes, the food soil web that you may have often heard about, and so the worm castings whether you have worms in your raised beds like I do and they make their castings in place so you don’t have to transport them, or whether you bring them in like I have brought in these guys the ‘Worm Gold Plus’ as well as other worm castings in my garden and once again the reason for this is the microbes, in addition I also have used products such as ‘Micrisel Inoculants’ as well as ‘Bacterial Inoculants’ to my garden because it’s a very important part that is often left out, and if your microbes are too low than your production is also going to be low. If your microbes are at a high level than you’re going to have a greater level of success because the microbes are basically breaking down the organic matter and minerals and making those available for the plant. This is one of the reasons why the plants actually send down root exudates or basically sugars down to the roots for the microbes to feed on, so that there’s more microbes in the roots that could actually break down and take more nutrients and help the plant take up the nutrients. So yea, microbes very important no matter what way you get them. Another way I like to add them is actually through the compost tea, using some worm castings, some fungal dominated compost as well as some other ingredients and I do have an open source video on how to make your own recipe or buy a premade one. Now, I’ve saved the best for last, the best for last to what I believe every garden should be using and unfortunately many are still not, are the trace minerals. The trace minerals are key to growth based on my research and besides my research, also my experience. When I started adding trace minerals to my garden, my yields went up, the health of my plants went up, the taste of the food I grew also went up. So whether you get this brand the ‘Azomite’ brand, it’s a micronized trace minerals also known as rock dust but not all rock dust are created equal, they all have a different varying spectrum of minerals in there. This product claims they have up to like 70 different minerals or so and so I want to get these minerals in natures proportions, back into my garden and let my plants figure out what they need to uptake, instead of just giving them a ten, ten, ten NPK fertilizer which would mainly feed in three main minerals that your focused on as well as a lot of the other potentially mineral contaminants or heavy metals that they’re actually hiding in commercial fertilizers these days unfortunately. But yea, the trace minerals is the complete opposite of that, when you start adding trace minerals you will see that growth will increase, the health of your plants will increase and of course you’re going to have higher yields. Now I always encourage you guys to get hoard of cultural grade rock dust such as the ‘Azomite’ I also have used things like ‘CBD Minerals’ and ‘Excelarite’ and ‘Cascade Minerals’ there are so many different brands I have videos on them if you need to learn more about the rock dust and for the cheapest source you know you could always go to a local rock and stone quarry there digging up rocks out of the ground, crushing and screening them for underlayment’s of road ways and what not. But, they always have the fine particles of the dust that you may be able to buy for free or cheap near you. Now, the other way I like to add the trace minerals that are critical to plant growth are through sea minerals, so these –this sea mineral is actually is actually called the SEA-90 there's many of other different brands that I have used in the past ‘Ocean Grow’ and ‘Ocean Solution’ but the SEA-90 has 90 different minerals, trace minerals in small trace amounts. Now this product and many of the sea products have high sodium levels so for that reason we want to put trace amounts, we don’t sprinkle this stuff in our soil, put it directly on our plants not going to be a good thing. You literally take one teaspoon of this stuff mixed in one gallon of water, mix that up and then you can foil or feed and spray onto the soil of your plants to feed them and I like to do that no more than twice a month, for the sea minerals that have a sodium content in there, cause too much sodium not a good thing. But sodium is an essential nutrient, both for us and our plants and if its deficient, and I’ve had friends deficient in sodium -most of you guys probably watching have excess sodium which is not too good- that is not a good thing either. So yea, I want to encourage you guys to add the trace minerals to your garden, one of the most important things you could add, if you don’t believe in trace minerals just buy a bag and try it out. Do can experiment in half part of your garden with it and half without for the same exact plants, and after the seasons over, might take a couple of seasons for the minerals to get worked in and broken down through the microbial action –very important- you will see a difference. Yea so I mean I think that's pretty much it, that’s sums up my ‘Top 5 Ways to Increase the Amount of Food’ you guys can grow in a small space, be sure to share this video and this presentation with others that may like it and that it can be helpful for. In the end I want to close by basically telling you that I want you guys to focus your diets around growing fruits and vegetables. Growing fruits and vegetables in my opinion, in my experience they’re much easier than taking care of animals. If you have chickens, goats, turkeys, pigs, sheep, whatever, they’re like having second children. They need your attention constantly like much more -my plants they don’t ‘Baaa’ back to me, or ‘Cluck’ at me, or ‘Crow’ at me, or do anything, they’re just waiting for my automatic irrigation system to kick on every day, I can go out of town and they’re done. I don’t got to feed them every day, I’m feeding them by growing them in good compost, good soil and besides just that they’re so much easier to take care of than animals is they’re much more nutritious for us. The big problem with today in America is all the processed food that people eating and even besides the processed foods is the high amounts of animal consumption that’s being eaten on a daily basis. I really want to encourage you guys to eat more vegetables, eat more fruits and vegetables. If we look back to traditional peoples they didn’t just have diets of three meals of meat a day, like most Americans are eating. Meat was a treat, I like that meat is a treat; it should be a treat for you guys, have small amounts of meat everyday if you need to eat the meat or just go meatless. Meatless Mondays and do a meatless Monday every day, eat more vegetables because you will be healthier. Vegetables are one of the things that are shown to be predominately eaten in the blue zones around the world where people live the longest and are the healthiest. They do eat some meat right, but small amounts, small percentage maybe 10% of total calories from meat and most Americans are eating 30 or 40 percent or more. So I just really want you guys to eat the vegetables, this is what I learned how to turn my health around, cause I almost lost my life when I was in my twenties and I learned that the best way to live was to eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, so that’s what I grow, that’s what I teach, and that’s what I’ve simply learned over all these years and I want to share and pass on the knowledge I’ve learned with you guys, and that’s what I simply do on my YouTube channel. So if you’re not already a subscriber please check me out at ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ which will forward you to my YouTube channel and be sure to click that subscribe button so you don’t miss out on any of my exciting upcoming episodes. I want to thank you guys for just staying till the end of this presentation for the ‘Homesteading Summit’ I want to thank Margery and all the staff there at ‘Homesteading Summit’ for putting this on, I think it’s a great event to create more awareness and to get more people to grow food because that’s why I do the work I do. So once again my names John Kohler with ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ we’ll see you next time and until then remember: Keep on growing.


 
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Alright, this is John Kohler with ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ today we have another exciting episode for you and today we got my 2016 presentation for the ‘Homesteading Summit’, so I want to thank Margery and all the staff that’s running the ‘Homesteading Summit’ out there and allowing me as a participant. I greatly appreciate it and hope all you viewers and everybody watching this is going to benefit from my presentation. You guys seen a lot of different presentations in this homesteading summit, and I love these summits because it gets everybody’s different opinion on basically the topic that they’re an expert on and let me tell you, I am the expert –in my opinion- when it comes to fitting the most amount of food, into a small, small space so that you guys can produce as much food as you can even if you live on a small urban tract home lot which I happen to live on. I live in a big city, about a million people in the greater area here, and even in a small residential tract home, I grow a large portion of my food. So in this presentation, what I’ll be sharing with you guys is my top 5 tips so you guys can grow the most amount of food or more vegetables in small spaces. So this is –what you’re looking at is actually half of my backyard garden here, the other half’s maybe not as camera ready, cause I got a shade cloth over it. But, as you guys can see if you just look down, you guys barely can see actually any dirt or ground out there, you just basically see all green and that’s cause I have tons of plants growing down there. Since the first video that I made back in –I don’t know about nine years ago, 2009. I started converting my front yard into a raised bed edible vegetable garden, and here this is my backyard that I’ve also converted. And over the years I’ve planted and replanted things, I’ve visited hundreds of different farms and peoples yards, sharing with you guys how they’re doing it. So, every time I visit a place or even have a new season under my belt, I learn new stuff and this is all the information I share with you guys and I’m really happy and proud that my videos have reached –I don’t know- three hundred and thirty thousand people, that’s how many subscribers I have and my videos have been viewed over forty-seven million times and I have a collection of over twelve hundred free episodes, where you guys can glean knowledge on how to grow in small places, how to grow the best quality fruits, how to grow the best vegetables, and even just how to build your soil. So, even if you’re not going to grow in a small place, my videos can apply to you, because I visit many different farms and all different kinds of places in my travels that I cover in my episodes. Anyways, let’s get off my roof and lets head down and get into the top five tips so you guys can grow more food in a small space. So the first way to start growing more food in your space is to create what I call: Growable areas, you guys are thinking, “John, what is a grow-able area?” Well a growable area to me is just simply a place where you can actually plant the foods or plant the crops you want to grow, if you just have a backyard –when I got this property it was a lawn, maybe some weeds coming up. Like to me a lawn and weeds that’s not really a growable area, I did some conversion to create it into a growable area, actually I have videos converting this very backyard into a growable area, I think, I first weed wacked the whole yard then I put down raised beds and filled it with some good soil blend mixture and I then just started planting in it, and whether you make a raised beds, containers or just basically you know, do sheet mulching: So like you would take your property, over the grass lay like a couple layers of cardboard down, and just put compost up on top and then you grow in that even without making a raised bed, you need to create growable area and I strive to maximize the amount of my growable area. Of course within a growable area like the backyard here, you see 1, 2, 3, , 4 different raised beds down the row, and this is my pathway so I can get a wheel barrow. You’re going to want to have some walkways, and I’ve minimized the walkway size on some of my raised beds, in between some of these beds it’s just maybe a foot or so, maybe 16 inches and that’s just the bare minimum I need to walkthrough, so I could have the maximum amount of growing area. Some of these pathways, like the main pathways like here and I have a main pathway there that connects to the other side of the yard, are maybe like 33 to 36 inches wide. That allows me to easily push a wheel barrow through so I could take compost to where I need it, plus it kind of just gives me some space to move sometimes, if I’m bringing materials in or out. So, other than just the pathways, my whole backyard is growable space. What I like to do next for you guys is actually share with you guys the two main ways I create growable space: Raised beds and containers, and I’m doing that in a few different ways, so let’s go ahead and show you guys a few ways. So, what you’re looking at here is one of my growable areas or simply a raised bed, that basically Mel Bartholomew came up with, so thanks Mel if you’re watching this and I do recommend his book ‘Square Foot Gardening Method’ but here's a raised bed here and you can use things like wood or concrete blocks or bricks. I chose to use some concrete blocks here that were local and inexpensive, I also did not mortar them in, I basically can just stack them up, and fill it with the good soil mixture and start growing in it. So this creates a growable area, where as this was just grass and I just rolled and tilled the grass and just start planting in the grass, that may be a growable area for you, but I wouldn’t necessarily do it that way, because you’re not going to have the highest probability of success, just tilling up the ground and spreading the seeds, when you’re roller tilling you’re going to get a lot of weeds, so I want to get rid of that, you know page in history and create a new one, so that’s why I like the raised beds whether they’re concrete blocks or another material. Actually lets go to the other side of my yard to show you guys another material that I chose to use for my raised beds. So here's yet another material I’m using for my raised beds and these are basically just simply some plastic raised beds, these were on clearance at ‘Wal-Mart’ for ten bucks. They’re –I don’t know- maybe like 8 inches high and a 4-foot diameter, so they’re circular. Now, I prefer actually square raised beds, you can kind of fit more in and this kind of gives me some extra space here that I’m not growing in. But at the time I got these for ten bucks, that was definitely a good investment and they’re holding up nicely, they’ve held up for several years now, so I’ve definitely got my money’s worth and one day I’m probably going to convert this side of the yard to the concrete squared off raised beds that I really fit a lot more plants into. No matter what kind of raised bed you choose –you can get a prebuilt one, you could build your own out of wood, plastic, concrete, lots of different materials. I’ve seen people use like wonder board, tile, metal- whatever you choose, I would encourage you guys to make your raised beds minimum, 8 inches and 12 inches is a good max unless you have architectural or structural features that you want to like kind of look nice. So, my front yard raised beds in the front of the house, they’re as tall as 33 inches and as you get closer to the house they’re as short as 12 inches. So, I really like 12 inches, is which I find to be optimal, the more soil in the bed the healthier and the more room your plants have to spread out. Alright, so let me go ahead and show you guys the last way you can create some more growing space in your space without having a raised bed, and this is important for you guys that live in apartments, condos, or other places with a much smaller amount of space. So another way to create growing space is to use containers, so actually I have a big, giant pot here, I think it’s like 30 inches in diameter so I always encourage you guys to have the largest size pot you guys can afford. This is maybe 30 inches in diameter and maybe like two feet high, and actually its self-watering, so there's a water reservoir in here, so that’s really nice, makes taking care of my plants a little bit easier especially in the summer. But yea, in a container you can fill it with some good soil blend mixture, similar to a raised bed, maybe I do it a little bit differently and grow lots of food in there. So, in this bed I got things like spilanthes, I got some volunteer dandelion coming up, I got some marigolds, got this cool shiso, there's some basil in this bed, and a few tomatoes, and so yea even in a container you can grow lots of food, and I would encourage you guys, if you guys especially live in desert southwest -like I do- you want to definitely get the largest container you guys can and it’s also very important to put on an automatic irrigation system, containers in the desert southwest dry out particularly quickly and if you forget to water once, that’s the end of your plants, they’re ‘Kaput’, so for that reason I really encourage you guys to get a automatic irrigation system and even if you don’t live in the desert southwest I always encourage an automatic irrigation system so that you don’t have to water; so that you could literally go on vacation, come back, and then you have tons of food growing automatically for you. Let me go ahead and show you guys another smaller container that I’m using in my garden to grow a very specific crop and why. So in between some of my circular raised beds, they always leave a nice little space in the kitty corner –whatever-catty corner, between them so I’ve chosen to put some little pots inside here or containers to grow more food in. In some of these I have tomatoes, some of them I have dandelions, and this one actually I have mint: Mint is an herb that I love and I believe everybody should grow some herbs, they’re quite easy to grow, we’ll talk about this in a little bit. But mint really grows easily it doesn’t like take over the whole raised bed like if you planted it in with other herbs. It has its own little pot to grow and it flourishes and when you’re standing by it, it smells nice. I think this is maybe a chocolate mint or salad mint, but yea it smells really nice. So even amongst your raised beds you know, you can have containers next to them and yes this is on an automatic irrigation system. But, yea those are the top two ways I have to create growing space in your garden. Next let’s move on to the second way on how to grow more food in a small space. So, the next way that I have for you guys to grow more food in a smaller space, is to space your plants appropriately. If you pick up a standard seed packet like this ‘Organic Sweetie Tomatoes’, on the back it says things like, “days to germination, 7 to 10. Days to harvest 70 to 75. Planting depth, quarter inch. Spacing, row slash plant, three feet by two feet,” so if you follow the spacing on the seed packet, you’re going to space your plants every two to three feet and you’re not going to be able to fit a lot of plants in your small space that way. So what I prefer to do is I prefer to use a method known as ‘Bio-intensive spacing’ or ‘Square-Foot Gardening Spacing’ which is –they’re both fairly similar, basically it allows you when you have a good soil blend and rich soil it allows you to space things closer and grow things vertically and grow things closer together so you can have more plants in less space. More plants means you’re going to get a higher yield, in addition because you are planting the plants so closely, basically the ground gets shaded out, so the need for mulching is greatly reduced. And so you guys can see my peppers here -I don’t know if you guys can see- here is one you know trunk coming up here, one trunk coming here, one trunk coming up here, and basically the square-foot gardening spacing for peppers is about every twelve inches you should have a plant and as you guys can see these plants have progressed and grown and grown quite well over the season and they basically quite well filled in nicely. I mean all the way down I have plants every square-foot. So, this will allow you to maximize your yields in a smaller amount of space, because simply your packing more plants in. So the first tip was create the most growing area, second tip was to plant more plant density in the same amount of space and look up the ‘Square-foot Gardening Spacing’ or ‘Bio-intensive Spacing’ so you guys could plant the most. Every plants a little bit different, certain kinds of tomatoes like patio tomatoes, I’ll space like every one foot, some other kinds of larger tomatoes I could plant every 2 feet and then something like lettuce is like really close every 6 inches, and garlic and onions are going to be like every 4 inches. Peas I plant every 4 inches up a trellis, but every plant is a little bit different and some plants take more space than others, so for example zucchini: Is going to take a 3 foot radius circle, so if you have a 4-foot by 4-foot bed that’s going to take up the majority of your real-estate in there, now the zucchini is going to produce a lot of food but you’re also giving up a lot of space, so for that reason I like to grow zucchinis in a container off by themselves so they can just take up the whole space and not overflow into my raised beds but over flow onto a pathway where I can just move them aside and walk right through. Alright, so let’s get onto the third way to grow more food in a small space. So, the third way to maximize your food production in a small space is simply, grow vertically. This is very important to me because the horizontal space that I own is limited, its confined by the walls and we have a smaller craft home, but your air space, going up into the air is virtually unlimited and I think ‘Jack and the Giant Beanstalk’ he maximizes space efficiency for sure, and I don’t know if you guys are going to grow beanstalks that enter into the clouds but I’ve seen plenty of large fruit trees that grow 20, 30, 40, 50 feet up and that’s space you guys don’t have to pay for. Unfortunately none of my plants get 50 feet tall, some of them maybe push 10 feet tall, some of my tomatoes are pushing over 10 feet tall, my pepper this year over 7 feet tall at this point, but this is basically free space that you guys get to use that you don’t have to pay for. So, instead of growing a lot of low covering crops, grow some tall ones and under the tall crops grow some low covering crops so you could actually stack different plants in different layers, so I really like this a lot. What we’re showing you guys right now, is an example of one of my peppers that may be in the foreground shot that are growing up vertically and I have them all staked up; this is very important, you’re going to have a lot of stakes and trellises in a small residential space and then what we’re looking at here is my Malabar spinach vine. So, I love the Malabar spinach vines, they are a summer crop for me, they don’t like the frost, if you live in a tropical climate they can grow year round. But basically these guys grow up and they basically trellis themselves, as you guys can see they’re winding up the top of my trellis and they do this automatically; I mean that’s how they’re supposed to grow and on the other side that you’re not seeing, as you can see, I can pull a leaf over. But, this is my jicama vine, my jicama vine I mean that thing just vines out and loves growing high, I mean it would sprawl all over the ground and this would also sprawl over the ground if you didn’t have a trellis to put it up on, but you would not create as much food, because the area covering the surface is not going to be as much as the area when you take it vertically. Likewise some of the other plants in this bed, this is called the ‘Bolivian Pablo’ it grows nice and erect and tall as well, and grows lots of food instead of just vining out on the ground like my peanuts on the other side. But yea, growing vertically, critically important so I always encourage you guys especially around your fence lines –you know we have a fence- all around your property where you have walls, grow things vertically up those walls to cover the unsightly wall and also to grow you more food in that space; I think that’s definitely a valuable use of space and yet another way you guys can grow a lot of food in a small space. So, the next tip I have for you guys is to grow the most productive crops. That’s super critical, cause if you grow a crop that doesn’t grow a lot of food you’re not going to have a lot of food. So, what do I mean by growing the most productive crops? Well basically I can kind break this down, off the top of my head into four categories. Number first category is you’re going to want to grow crops that have a fast turn, you know I interviewed Kurtis Stone who’s a farmer and makes over a hundred-thousand dollars on an acre or something, so check my other videos for that, but the way he does that is by growing a lot of fast turn crops, crops that are done very quickly that create a high dollar volume for his income. But, as gardeners we could use this same technique to maximize the food that we’re growing. So for example, one of the fast turn crops I like is radishes, they can be done in as little as 3 weeks and you could have greens even quicker. Another great fast turn crop for you guys, that you guys don’t even need a yard to grow outside is sprouts and micro-greens. I grow buck-weed sprouts in as short as 1 day in the hot summer, I just sprout the seeds and they got little tails and I eat them, and I grew it. But, you could also grow micro-greens that can take up to 10 days or 2 weeks and grow things like wheatgrass and sunflower sprouts and buckwheat sprouts, these things are fast turn crops and there’s actually very highly nutritious crops as well that I want you guys to eat, but yea fast turn crops very important. Some other fast turn crops that I like, like I’m looking at here is my arugula. Arugula is a fairly fast grower as is mustard greens, as is the Komatsuna which is a Japanese mustard green, which I like more than mustard greens, they’re actually more edible than standard mustard greens that are actually quite hot and spicy unless you cook them. There’s also varieties of turnips and other crops that can be grown in as short as a month, some crops like can take 100 days to produce, so I always want you guys to pay attention to the days to harvest when you’re buying your plants and try to choose the plants that have a shorter days to harvest. This means you’re going to maximize the time that you’ll be able to harvest the crop -especially in the summer- before you get that dreaded frost. Aright so let’s see, let’s go into a few more ways besides fast turn crops, that I like to select the best crops or highest yielding crops to grow. So the next crop style I like to grow is climate appropriate crops, this is very important and critical cause if you grow a crop or a vegetable that doesn’t grow well in your area, you’re going to get poor yields. But, on the flipside if you grow a crop that is designed for your specific weather patterns, your specific situation, you’re going to get higher yields. So I always encourage you guys to support local seed sellers and buy seeds from your area and also save your own seeds, cause those crops as you grow them in the same area for year after year after year, they’re going to be more acclimatized to your specific situation. Here in the southwest desert, what I’m growing here is one whole large bed of sweet potatoes, which actually tubers are another excellent crop to grow. Tubers will produce the highest amount of calories in the least amount of space and often times you can use them actually as an under story. These are an under story to some tomatoes and Malabar spinach vines that I have growing up above it. So yea, very important, plant climate appropriate crops and find out what those are in your area. For my area I have plenty of videos sharing the crops that do the best in a desert area. So the next crop I want you guys to grow that’s going to yield the most food for you guys are perennial crops. Perennial vegetables are some of my favorite vegetables in the whole wide world, whether that’s my tree collards that we’ll look at next, or these guys which are my Egyptian perennial walking onions. This bed grows year round for me, sleet, snow, hail, 100 plus degree weather, no problem, my perennial onions keep putting off these delicious onion greens that are more nutritious than actually the onion bulbs themselves and also I can dig up the bulbs under the ground and then they create little bulbets on the top that I actually just harvested a little while ago and sent off to a lot of you guys, so you guys could grow the same walking onions I’m growing. But, yea perennial crops literally you plant them once, you dedicate an area and space for them and they come back every year or –some of the perennials that I like the most- just grow year round. Some other perennial crops could be herbs, certain herbs; my sage and rosemary they grow year round without me having to do anything. My mint, that also grows year round, so yea focus on perennial crops that’ll do well in your area or come back every year. So my favorite perennial crop over all others at this point in time from my climate zone are these guys right here: These are my perennial green tree collards and these are like collard greens but instead of you plant, they grow, they go to set seed and flower and they’re done; these guys just continue to grow, I mean these guys are toppling me, they’re pushing 8 feet tall now. I’ve had some over 15 feet tall in the past and with a nice large trunk. But these guys basically you have greens to eat every day in a mild climate, I think maybe it’s a zone 6 or above, other zones you may need to protect it to grow it in the winter time. But, yea here in my zone 9 this guy grows year round without any issues, there's a green variety and also a purple variety of the tree collards, so yea one of my favorites and you guys definitely got to grow those. These are normally only propagated by cutting, so don’t try to look for seeds. That being said and if they do go to seed, they rarely seed maybe only under stressful conditions, mine have gone to seed in the last couple of years. So, I have saved the seeds and make those available at the website, so you guys can get these. That being said, they are not true seeds, so the seeds that I’m producing are probably cross pollinated with tree collard genetics and also maybe some of my other brassica genetics that I’m growing in the winter time to create some new and unique crosses, so yea the tree collards. So the tree collards that’ll bring us into the next crop that I want you guys to grow to maximize the use of your small space. So the last crop I want you guys to grow in your small space are simply, leafy greens. As you guys can see over here I have like a whole bed of leafy greens, this happens to be the Egyptian spinach, and the Egyptian spinach is actually more nutritious than kale, but most of you guys haven’t heard of Egyptian spinach. I learned about it at a ‘Health Food Trade Show’ where they’re trying to sale Egyptian spinach in tablets, powdered and in tablets. So why not grow your own, it’s definitely healthier and my channel is actually called ‘Growing Your Greens’ and it’s called ‘Growing Your Greens’ for a reason: Because I want you guys to focus on some of the crops that are going to grow the most, because think about it, the leafy greens here as soon as the leaves emerge out of the plant, you can eat them. Whereas next door here I have my pepper greens which some people might eat pepper greens, but basically for the peppers you’re waiting for the plant to produce all the greens and then flower and fruit and make the peppers. So, it’s not as an efficient use of space as growing some greens, where even the baby delicate shoots are edible. In addition greens can be very expensive to buy and unfortunately greens are one of the things that really don’t ship to well, especially these Egyptian spinach greens. So this is going to also save you guys a lot more money and I want you guys to grow year round greens and consume your greens year round, even if that includes growing micro-greens and sprouts indoors in the winter. Greens are the most important foods with the most nutrients and the least amount of calories, I want to encourage you guys to eat a plant dominated diet, if you’re going to meat and other things that’s great but the majority of your diet, if you want to be healthy and truly healthy and disease proof yourself, you want to eat your vegetables. Especially the leafy greens, they have been shown to have a lot of phytochemicals, phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals that can help prevent disease. So the fifth and final way to grow more food in a small amount of space, is actually don’t grow food at all. As much as you saw that I’m growing a lot of food, I’m not really focused on growing food, what I’m focused on is actually growing and building my soil. Because if you think about it all the food that you’re going to be growing comes from the soil, so if you have crappy soil, crappy dirt you’re not going to have healthy plants that are going to produce to their genetic potential. My goal with everything I plant is to provide it an optimal growing environment including optimal soil, water, sunlight so that it can grow to its full potential, and that’s why I like –what- Kareem Abdul Jabar he’s 7 feet, he grew probably to his –or close to- his height potential anyways. But I want my plants to grow to their genetic potential so they grow taller, grow bigger, grow larger leaves, grow larger fruit, but more importantly for me grow healthier foods. And where I’m standing right now is actually in my compost alley, I have over 12 different composters. This is my favorite, it’s the ‘Joraform Composter’, ‘Joraform 400’ and inside here I’m creating my soil fertility –wow this is actually quite hot- by composting my food waste and also garden clippings from my garden, and in addition to the compost besides those two ingredients I also add things like the bio-char and the rock dust, which are critical components to have a higher quality compost. Now, this is just my bacterial sourced compost that I make myself, in addition to this compost I use another kind of compost that you guys probably haven’t heard of before. It’s actually called a ‘Fungal Dominated Compost’ this above all else, above the bacterial compost this is even more important because its missing from most of you guy’s gardens. The fungal dominated compost has lots of fungal activity , whereas the bacterial compost has lots of bacterial activity and I’m not saying we want to plant our vegetable gardens in fungal dominated soil only, but we want to bring that level of fungal activity up, because most fungal activity in most gardens that I’ve visited based on seeing how the crops grow, it’s really quite low. I did a video called ‘Supersize Your Vegetables with Woodchips and Rock Dust’ where they grew dinosaur kale leaves wider than my head. This boggled my mind and I still strive to grow kale leaves that large, I’ve grown chard leaves that large, but I’ve grown collard leaves that large but not the dinosaur kale leaves, and this is because they had a fungal rich and dominated environment. Because they’re grown in 100% slow composted woodchips using the mushrooms, so yea check that episode for more information about the fungal dominated compost so you guys can grow larger vegetables, which means more yield for you. Now besides just adding the compost which is mainly adding organic matter with also the micro-life, the microbial life in the compost. There's a few other things that I really want to educate you guys on that’s very important to add to your garden beds that are not usually talked about even in organic gardening. So, let’s actually go ahead and head over to the table and I’ll share with you guys these last two things that I’d like to add. So besides just the compost which is what many organic gardeners believe you need like, “The compost, it’s got everything in there you need,” well my opinion on this is simply this: If your composting fruit scraps and food scraps and things from your garden that’s not nutrient rich your compost is not going to have the nutrients in there. I’ve seen really poor compost being generated, some gardeners and farmers places that I’ve visited, maybe it went anaerobic, maybe it didn’t have enough nutrition in there, so the quality is not as good. So, for that reason I like to boost up my compost and add some additional ingredients, I add a lot of different things to my garden and you know each of them have their own place and I like to add them. But, I just want to share with you guys the two most important things that I believe you guys should add to your garden: The first one is a really rich worm castings, the reason why I like the worm castings is not because of the NPK numbers that it has inside there, but because it is one of the most biologically active nutrients you can add to your garden. Meaning, it has lots of bacteria, microbes, and fungi and different kootenays degraders, and salaiz degraders, that are going to work for you in your garden. They’re really the back bone of your garden, its these microbes, the food soil web that you may have often heard about, and so the worm castings whether you have worms in your raised beds like I do and they make their castings in place so you don’t have to transport them, or whether you bring them in like I have brought in these guys the ‘Worm Gold Plus’ as well as other worm castings in my garden and once again the reason for this is the microbes, in addition I also have used products such as ‘Micrisel Inoculants’ as well as ‘Bacterial Inoculants’ to my garden because it’s a very important part that is often left out, and if your microbes are too low than your production is also going to be low. If your microbes are at a high level than you’re going to have a greater level of success because the microbes are basically breaking down the organic matter and minerals and making those available for the plant. This is one of the reasons why the plants actually send down root exudates or basically sugars down to the roots for the microbes to feed on, so that there’s more microbes in the roots that could actually break down and take more nutrients and help the plant take up the nutrients. So yea, microbes very important no matter what way you get them. Another way I like to add them is actually through the compost tea, using some worm castings, some fungal dominated compost as well as some other ingredients and I do have an open source video on how to make your own recipe or buy a premade one. Now, I’ve saved the best for last, the best for last to what I believe every garden should be using and unfortunately many are still not, are the trace minerals. The trace minerals are key to growth based on my research and besides my research, also my experience. When I started adding trace minerals to my garden, my yields went up, the health of my plants went up, the taste of the food I grew also went up. So whether you get this brand the ‘Azomite’ brand, it’s a micronized trace minerals also known as rock dust but not all rock dust are created equal, they all have a different varying spectrum of minerals in there. This product claims they have up to like 70 different minerals or so and so I want to get these minerals in natures proportions, back into my garden and let my plants figure out what they need to uptake, instead of just giving them a ten, ten, ten NPK fertilizer which would mainly feed in three main minerals that your focused on as well as a lot of the other potentially mineral contaminants or heavy metals that they’re actually hiding in commercial fertilizers these days unfortunately. But yea, the trace minerals is the complete opposite of that, when you start adding trace minerals you will see that growth will increase, the health of your plants will increase and of course you’re going to have higher yields. Now I always encourage you guys to get hoard of cultural grade rock dust such as the ‘Azomite’ I also have used things like ‘CBD Minerals’ and ‘Excelarite’ and ‘Cascade Minerals’ there are so many different brands I have videos on them if you need to learn more about the rock dust and for the cheapest source you know you could always go to a local rock and stone quarry there digging up rocks out of the ground, crushing and screening them for underlayment’s of road ways and what not. But, they always have the fine particles of the dust that you may be able to buy for free or cheap near you. Now, the other way I like to add the trace minerals that are critical to plant growth are through sea minerals, so these –this sea mineral is actually is actually called the SEA-90 there's many of other different brands that I have used in the past ‘Ocean Grow’ and ‘Ocean Solution’ but the SEA-90 has 90 different minerals, trace minerals in small trace amounts. Now this product and many of the sea products have high sodium levels so for that reason we want to put trace amounts, we don’t sprinkle this stuff in our soil, put it directly on our plants not going to be a good thing. You literally take one teaspoon of this stuff mixed in one gallon of water, mix that up and then you can foil or feed and spray onto the soil of your plants to feed them and I like to do that no more than twice a month, for the sea minerals that have a sodium content in there, cause too much sodium not a good thing. But sodium is an essential nutrient, both for us and our plants and if its deficient, and I’ve had friends deficient in sodium -most of you guys probably watching have excess sodium which is not too good- that is not a good thing either. So yea, I want to encourage you guys to add the trace minerals to your garden, one of the most important things you could add, if you don’t believe in trace minerals just buy a bag and try it out. Do can experiment in half part of your garden with it and half without for the same exact plants, and after the seasons over, might take a couple of seasons for the minerals to get worked in and broken down through the microbial action –very important- you will see a difference. Yea so I mean I think that's pretty much it, that’s sums up my ‘Top 5 Ways to Increase the Amount of Food’ you guys can grow in a small space, be sure to share this video and this presentation with others that may like it and that it can be helpful for. In the end I want to close by basically telling you that I want you guys to focus your diets around growing fruits and vegetables. Growing fruits and vegetables in my opinion, in my experience they’re much easier than taking care of animals. If you have chickens, goats, turkeys, pigs, sheep, whatever, they’re like having second children. They need your attention constantly like much more -my plants they don’t ‘Baaa’ back to me, or ‘Cluck’ at me, or ‘Crow’ at me, or do anything, they’re just waiting for my automatic irrigation system to kick on every day, I can go out of town and they’re done. I don’t got to feed them every day, I’m feeding them by growing them in good compost, good soil and besides just that they’re so much easier to take care of than animals is they’re much more nutritious for us. The big problem with today in America is all the processed food that people eating and even besides the processed foods is the high amounts of animal consumption that’s being eaten on a daily basis. I really want to encourage you guys to eat more vegetables, eat more fruits and vegetables. If we look back to traditional peoples they didn’t just have diets of three meals of meat a day, like most Americans are eating. Meat was a treat, I like that meat is a treat; it should be a treat for you guys, have small amounts of meat everyday if you need to eat the meat or just go meatless. Meatless Mondays and do a meatless Monday every day, eat more vegetables because you will be healthier. Vegetables are one of the things that are shown to be predominately eaten in the blue zones around the world where people live the longest and are the healthiest. They do eat some meat right, but small amounts, small percentage maybe 10% of total calories from meat and most Americans are eating 30 or 40 percent or more. So I just really want you guys to eat the vegetables, this is what I learned how to turn my health around, cause I almost lost my life when I was in my twenties and I learned that the best way to live was to eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, so that’s what I grow, that’s what I teach, and that’s what I’ve simply learned over all these years and I want to share and pass on the knowledge I’ve learned with you guys, and that’s what I simply do on my YouTube channel. So if you’re not already a subscriber please check me out at ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ which will forward you to my YouTube channel and be sure to click that subscribe button so you don’t miss out on any of my exciting upcoming episodes. I want to thank you guys for just staying till the end of this presentation for the ‘Homesteading Summit’ I want to thank Margery and all the staff there at ‘Homesteading Summit’ for putting this on, I think it’s a great event to create more awareness and to get more people to grow food because that’s why I do the work I do. So once again my names John Kohler with ‘GrowingYourGreens.com’ we’ll see you next time and until then remember: Keep on growing.


 
 
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how to take free local resources including food waste, coffee grounds and more and turn them into compost and then feed them to the worms

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 102 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
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Alright! This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com today we have another very exciting episode for you. I am here in Chicago, Illinois and I’m at a cool place and no, it’s not a farm you can see behind me. They are not like really growing stuff here. Well actually, they are growing something in here. They are growing worms and making worm castings, an essential element for you guys’ farm or home garden. So, I’m here today to share with you guys what they are doing and they are doing something amazing that every municipality, every city, every state, everywhere in the country should be doing what they are doing here, in this yard, I don’t know, West 48th Street here in Chicago and they are turning food scraps and things from the waste stream that will normally get put into the landfill. Rot, create methane, gas and which really not serve, you know, the purpose of feeding the earth back. It just rots, it’s just a waste when things have to go to the landfills. So I’m really glad that they are diverting, uh, food waste here and what they get delivered here in, you know, big sacks that are all delivered actually by bicycles which is, uh, super cool. The sacks have things like coffee, you know, beans, residuals after they press out the coffee and then they also have things like food scraps in some of the plastic bags there that they get from different farms, grocery stores and restaurants. Over on this side, they got a bunch of five-gallon buckets. The five-gallon buckets, they collect from different, you know, people. Well, they don’t actually collect them, they have haulers that collect them and then they drop them off here and people basically put their food waste in there and then they come here and get composted, not necessarily composted. The worms eat them…the worms don’t even eat them. Well you will learn more about that in a minute. They basically give that…they feed it to the worms and then they make, you know, the worms have babies because they are nice and happy. Then, the worms also make the worm castings which is one of the best nutrients that you guys should be adding to your gardens. You guys should definitely be having your own worms in the garden to make castings right there in your garden beds. You don’t need to keep adding the castings, I mean, garden beds, you just actually add a few worms in the beginning and provided you have a good system and you are not, you know, putting chemical fertilizers and all this crap to kill your worms and if you give them enough water and food source, which is like compost, worms love to eat compost or food scraps, they are going to multiply. Then at some point, like, you are going to dig in your soil like, “I knew it” and you are going to feel bad, “Oh My God! I just cut a worm up in half when I’m planting my [?]transplants” because they are so many worms in there, right. That’s a good problem to have, to have overabundance of worms and worm eggs, you know, this kind of stuff. But I know a lot of you guys are new gardeners so you guys got to start somewhere so, you know, the place you should start, maybe even order some worms from Nature’s Little Recyclers and we are going to go ahead and go into the yard today and show you guys the process that it goes through from food to worms to how they grow them indoors year round, here in Chicago even when there is snow on the ground outside, in the winter time and how they grow even in the summer time. They grow indoors and also outside. In the summer, they convert, you know, because it can get too hot in the building for the worms, they get up for the right temperature, they grow outside. So yeah, let’s go ahead and take you on this journey of how they actually grow worms and worm castings here at Nature’s Little Recyclers. Alright, so they got this big huge fence and let’s see if I can open this up. I got to pull. Alright, come on inside. So, the first thing I have learnt about having a worm farm, that is really cool, is that all your feed stock you are feeding your worms are free or can be free because it is unfortunate that some worm farms use Purina worm chow to feed their worms. Such thing is a travesty, is a waste. That stuff should not even be sold because they are so many things going to the landfill that they are rescuing and you can feed your worms for free without having to buy worm chow to feed your worms and make Purina a rich company. Anyways, I don’t advocate you guys eating any kind of processed foods, whether that’s for your worms, you know, for your pets, Purina dog foods or processed foods for you. I want you guys to eat real foods like they are feeding the worms. Now, I don’t know that I necessarily, you know, eat this stuff right here, the coffee grounds maybe if I was starving. It’s priceless nutrients in there, it actually smells quite good but they get things like coffee grounds and, you know, in these bags here. I don’t know what they got, let’s see. All they use are these bio-degradable plastics bags. Oh, they got some egg shells in here and they got all these shreds and these, uh, little sticks here and whatever, these stems. These looks like stems of like collard greens or kale. Maybe, there is a kale chip factory that’s stripping these and then use them to cook with and they strip these off and then they come here to feed the worms. So, you know, the feed stock is free and they don’t have to keep buying this. So this is super-intelligent. Actually, one of the owners here started selling worms when I think when he was a teenager. He picked up a book, you know, “Start a worm farm and make money” or something like that, right. And you guys can do this too, start one of these up, if you guys-, wherever you guys live in the world except in Chicago because they are doing it here. No wait! If you are in Chicago, do it too because, guess what, there are so much extra trash and waste going to the landfill. These are needed like multiple companies like these in every single city around the country so that we can take things like coffee grounds and food scraps out of the whole landfill system. And then, guess what, you get free inputs to feed the worms and then, guess what, you get to grow the worms, sell the worms. You can sell the worm eggs. You can also sell their castings. Or better yet, use them for your own garden or farm and you can set this up as a side business, right. So yeah, really cool. So this is just one of the feed sources they get from more industrial suppliers like coffee, you know, by the big huge bag, the grounds and all the food scraps but they also, you know, work with some local delivery companies that actual pick up the compost from people and they deliver that here. So let me go ahead and show you guys some of that food stock they get for the worms in the five-gallon buckets over yonder. Alright, so now I’m sitting amongst all these five-gallon buckets. Five-gallon buckets are great resource and unfortunately also go to the landfill, you know. Check with local delis or bakeries, they get a lot of goods shipped in these buckets to the, you know, to the delis whether that’s pickles or olives or to the bakeries, whether that’s like some kind of crazy, nasty whipped cream and all these frostings that I don’t recommend you guys to eat, or fruit compote, fillings with like all kind of artificial stuff in there. And I’ll tell you, I got some buckets from the bakery and had to wash them out. Man! That stuff didn’t wash out and it’s like, man, people eat this stuff and I could barely get it washed out just in my shower like with just water like it just wouldn’t dissolve. What happens when you eat that stuff? I don’t even want to know. But anyways, they got a lot of buckets here and in the buckets, basically once again they got the bio-degradable bags and they just collect these from households and people. They got all kind of different stuff in here. I should open this up. It smells kind of like it’s been fermented a little bit and inside here, we got, you know, a piece of carrot...Hey man! These are good pieces of carrots, man. They should have juiced these. I don’t know what they had thought about feeding them to the worms and it looks like they got pieces of onions in there. I mean, every one is a little bit different. They might have lemons in some. Let’s see what’s in this side. Oh look at this, they got cilantro in there. Oh, they shouldn’t have this little tag on there. No, this is Italian parsley, sorry. That’s pretty much well used. Oh, they got celery in here. They got some celery. This might have been good celery but right now, this is good worm food, right. Check it out, in nature there is no such thing as waste. I challenge you to challenge me on that. Find some waste in nature. If it is not made by man, if it is not made out of plastic, right, everything is bio-degradable and is returned to the earth. Even us, right. And I want you guys to think about this and do more to return things you use on your farm or in your garden and return it to the earth or feed it to the worms and check this out, you know, even man-made polystyrene or whatever that stuff is, the foam-packing material, right, they found out that mealworms can even digest that stuff, right. Nature is incredible, it’s only when we get involved and start, like you know, making plastics and do all these things that are not necessarily directly at the nature, do we create waste. So I want you guys to, you know, focus on using more natural products in your lives, whether it is in your garden or especially in your home and try to shy away from plastics. I know we can’t get away from plastics completely because plastics make it possible but they can serve us in a useful way where we are reusing buckets, you know, and reusing and reusing. I use them to collect compost in my personal kitchen that I take out to my compost tumblers, right, and I collect, you know, harvest things into the bucket, right and I cut down my plants and I put those in the bucket to take to my composters. There are so many uses of the five-gallon buckets and I want to encourage you guys to get some, you know, and divert them from the landfills and use them and reuse them in your garden until they burst up in the UV sun after a couple of years, right. I really did a video actually, one of my favorite videos I made, believe it or not, I made it like five, six years ago that made me use a five-gallon bucket. I’ll put a link down below if I remember that. Check that out, I definitely had a fun time making it and even this day, I remember that video. It’s one of my all-time favorites, so yeah, check it out. Anyway, as you guys can see, they got, like, so much food to feed the worms. They got some like backlog here so anyways, let’s go ahead in next and show you guys how they grow the worms or actually, how they used to grow the worms, how they grow the worms now and I have got the whole process. Let’s go ahead and share with you inside the worm farm inside the building. So now we are inside the building of Nature’s Little Recyclers and in the winter, spring, fall, this is the perfect environment to be growing worms. They are not growing food; they are growing worms. Well, it might be food for some different fish and creatures that like to eat worms. Birds, they love worms. But they are growing the worms in here and, you know, you got to have the right temperature, the right moisture level and there are experts in knowing all this stuff because they have been doing this for a long time. And how it is, is that it’s not even that expensive to keep worms. Well, they are using these plastic totes. These have definitely been around the block or two a few times. And, you know, they have put some holes in there for some aeration and, you know, some drainage so that it’s not too moist in there for the worms and they just basically put all the different inputs that you guys saw into these bins and then they put worms in there and the worms eat the garbage or the food scraps and all the input materials that they are getting for free. Now, here is the thing that you probably never heard before, right. The worms don’t really eat the food. “What John? How does that work? You put the food in there, the worms eat it, it comes out their rear end and make some, you know, worm castings.” That’s not exactly it. I mean, we might eat food and you might think we digest it and it comes out of our other end. But, believe it or not, inside us, we have beneficial microbes or our microbiomes. Things like lactobacillus and other beneficial bacteria and they help us digest our food, right. Much like the worms. The worms don’t really digest. They got no teeth to even break up stuff. They eat the food particles…they don’t even eat the food particles. The bacteria break down the food particles and then the worms eat all that stuff, right and in the worm’s gut, they could actually digest… the bacteria digest the food particles and the worm absorbs that. So yeah, the worms don’t directly eat it. They have a whole host of microbiome that help them do that. Check this out, just like in our poop, when we poop, right, our poop when we poop it out, it’s mostly bacteria and when the worms make the worm castings, it’s also mostly bacteria and other beneficial organisms, right. These are the very organisms that are going to help, you know, bring in and create more fertility to your soil by adding, you know, a whole host of different organisms that are going to go into your soil and actually break down the organic matter in your soils and make that available for the plants. That’s the reason why worm castings are so important. Now, this is the first way they were doing this and one time they have like five hundred of these bins and you guys can get one of these bins at Home Depot or Walmart and keep your own worms. It’s super simple, super easy. I’m not going to get into how to do that specifically. There are plenty YouTube videos on doing that but you guys can easily do that. But they had some challenges with it, you know, doing it this way in a large commercial system so they got to something even better than this. So let me go ahead and show you guys that next. So the new container they are using to grow their worms are these guys, they are actually called max crates or something like that and basically, if you ever go to, you know, buy apples at the grocery store, you might see one of these guys with all the apples or almonds in there. They buy these brand new and they also get some that are being reused from the recycling industry when these no longer have a good purpose or life in whatever they are used for in the beginning. They just simply take these and because they are a lot larger, they don’t need to have as many plus these are stackable. They can stack these up to ten how they usually stack them and be like three high and they modified this and made it even better than just what it is. Basically what they did, they took a drill and they drilled some holes on here, they drilled some dredge in here and they put some holes on the side and put some PVC that run all the way through the crate and what it does is they perforated it, they put holes in the PVC tubes. So this adds extra aeration into, you know, into the bin there so the worms can have a little bit more aeration but is also important for the first step of feeding the worms. So they don’t just instantly take one of these guys with all the tubes and stuff and put all the food scraps in there and they put the worms in. No, no, no… they have to go through a thermophilic step first, you know, for it to be, I guess, the law and also, you know, it prevents pathogens and also the other thing it does is that it breaks down some of the matter and start composting it and it creates more bacteria and breaks up the cell walls for the worms so that it actually makes a better worm food right for them. So next they fill this up with their mixtures that they are getting outside including this stuff in this bag here which is actually called coffee bean chaff and they mix up appropriate mixture including some cardboard and what not and so they have like a really very food source. They mix it up and basically they let this thermophilic composter to compost for a few days or a couple weeks or whatever and they hook about here, blowers to these pipes and then they blow air through there. So this encourages the compost to happen faster. Once they got it up to a hot temperature and it cools down, then and only then, will they actually put the worms in there. So now, the compost is broken down a little bit and the worms really go to town and like it a lot more than just raw food scraps, right. Then, they feed the worms and after that, they harvest it, right. That’s how simple this system is to make and then, you know, if you have appropriate levels of water which they only maybe water once a month. Depending if they have wet food scraps, they don’t even need to add water to this system. They have a mixture of different things and it’s just super sustainable when they are getting free feed stock to feed the worms, right. Most gardens or whatever, maybe you are making your own compost and stuff and all people may bring in input from the outside, right. This is super-intelligent because it diverts waste that will normally go into the landfills. I guess the next step that I want to show you guys is once they got all this, they sift these stuff out to make the worm castings that they sell to gardeners all over the country and also people can pick up in the local area and yeah, so let’s go ahead and show you guys how they sift out this stuff after it has been in there for a good long time and the worms have digested. So the next thing I want to share with you guys, actually how they stacked those bins. You guys can see they got these bins stacked up three tall. The top two bins actually have the worms and the bottom bin collects all the leachate, or that is, the liquid that runs off and out of these bins. So some people might call that worm tea but that’s not worm tea, let’s not get these, you know, um, terminologies confused. That is basically the leachate or the worm pee, alright. Worm pee, worm tea, they rhyme but they are not the same thing. You know, this is different than the aerated worm compost tea that I will show you guys in a minute. This stuff it may be good for your garden. Some gardeners say it’s not good for your garden. My personal opinion on the leachate is you want to take the leachate you want to dilute it down. Yes. Adding it back to the soil is just yet another way to get organic matter and further nutrients back into the soil. That’s one of the best ways you guys could use the leachate. But whatever you do, don’t call it a compost tea, because of my opinion, it’s not. So once the worms eat the food, you know, and go through the whole bedding material, they take the bedding material and they put it into this device right here, which is a sifter or sorter and I’m going to actually demonstrate it right here. They are going to make me put this stuff like right here and throw it in there. Oh! There are worms, I see worms crawling around. Then what happens is that they press this button on the back and what’s happening now is that this thing shakes and there are two sets of this. This first section has small holes. So this catches all the worm castings and then they ship out to people around the country. And next, [?]as they go, as they go down. Then over on this area, what happens is that they have larger holes. So this area is designed to catch all the worm eggs which they use in how they keep their breeding stock up so that they can have more babies to sell to you guys. And then the final section, the big chunks just fall of the front which then they rotate them back in and refeed the worms. That’s pretty much how simple what is, you know, sort out all the worm castings in specially designed screens that does this all for them. Let me go ahead and turn this guy off. I think I need one of this guys to sift all my compost, maybe I’ll have like a little bit bigger holes than what they got here but this thing is really cool. Next, we are going to show you guys after they sift this stuff out, they have the castings, they have the big stuff that they throw back in. Then what they are going to do is pick out and select the worms they get to ship out to you guys. So let’s go to the area they have setup where they actually, you know, select out and ship worms. So after they sift out the worm and the castings that you guys saw, they are left with a few things, right. They are left with this right here, which is a hundred percent, mostly pure worm castings which is basically the worm poop. This stuff is rich and biologically active and the main reason why I like these worm castings compared to many other ones is because of what they are feeding their worms, right. We are only as healthy as the food we eat. Your dog is only as healthy as the food he eats and the worms are only as healthy and the castings are only as good as the food they are eating. So, I don’t necessarily like worms that are been fed Purina worm chow or manure or GMO corn or any kind of these things. I like what they are using here. They are using a wide variety of fruits and vegetable scraps and cardboard, coffee grounds and actually, you know, they get egg shells in and even, like, you know, bones and all these crazy things, mixed diverse food source. This is what we want for us. When you hear diversity, as good as kale is, don’t just eat kale all day. You want to eat kale, collard, spinach, lettuce, arugula, you know, radicchio, [xx], [xx], lovages, spinach. You want to eat all the different things and have a diverse diet. That’s what they are really doing to the worms here and that’s why I like these castings. These are really nice castings and when you get a casting, you should be able to smell it and it shouldn’t smell bad. If your casting smells bad, then you have some big problems. They should have a neutral smell and they should look nice, rich dark and black just like these ones right here. So you know, uh, they are left with the castings like one bucket of these guys which are worth the weight in gold for your garden and then there have left a bunch more of the larger material that, you know, they feed in and feed back into the worms. So once they get the finished worm castings, they can actually ship out the worm castings to you or they can create a value added product with the worm castings and I also encourage you guys to do what you want with your worm castings. What they do is that they got this big huge vortex brewery here and then they compost tea out of it or, you know what, casting tea, right. This is not the same as the leachate or the liquid that comes out of the worm dens, right. This is totally different because this is aerobic. They bubble this up and they brew it up and the bacteria multiply then sell this in the local area and use it on the farms that they work with to help, you know, re-establish bacterial and fungal colonies in the soil so that the soil can be more productive. You guys can do this too but the problem with compost tea is that you got to use it or lose it. So you bubble it for about twenty-four hours and then you want to spread it out immediately, you don’t want to let it sit because the colony count will actually go down if you don’t bubble it enough or if you bubble it too long. Be sure to click a link down below if I remember to put the link in the video down below to an open-source compost tea recipe that uses, you know, predominantly worm castings as one of the sources to increase the biological activity of your garden. So now what I want to do is I want to share with you guys actually how they screen out the worms and select them to ship to you. It is a very intelligent process. You know, a lot of worm sellers may just use a rotating tumbler that sorts out the worms and when you do that, you might get damaged worms. And, you know, when you get the box, you open it up, it kind of smells funky that’s because some of the worms didn’t make it and their bodies are decomposing. It’s like…it’s gross, right. So I’m glad they actually hand select and ship out the worms to you and check out how they do this. This is super-smart. They are using nature, you know, or worms’ natural tendencies to their advantage so that they can harvest them. In these, we got these heat lamps. It’s actually quite hot. I’m glad I don’t work in here eight hours a day sorting worms. But what they do is heat up the top of the soil. So what’s this like? This is like the sun coming down and heating the earth and when that happens, the worms don’t want to be out in the sun. They don’t like sun-bathing like all these ladies in Hawaii and stuff, right. They want to be under the ground where it’s like nice and cool and they are collected, you know, and chill out underneath the ground. They don’t want to be in the sun because they will dry up, right. Yeah, we have all seen those shoveled-up worms. It’s sad when you see those shoveled-up worms, right. So what happens is that the worms have a natural tendency when it’s hot on the surface of the soil, they are going to burrow down. So then all the worms burrow to the bottom and then they basically scoop out the stuff from the top, scoop it to the side and then they harvest the stuff on the bottom and…Wow! Look at this, man! This is where the worms are. Look at that, they are like tons of worms here. I don’t know if you guys can see them in the bottom there. This is what then they put in the bags to ship to you guys and how they pack it is really cool because, you know, unlike a lot of places where they use a lot of plastic, you know, they are trying to do things as sustainable and renewable as possible. And everything they ship you except for the plastic tape that’s covering on the box, you can compost or you can feed back to your worms including the cardboard that should be shredded. Actually, inside the box they use newspaper from the local area. They are using that as a, you know, packing material. Inside here, they have a paper bag that helps keep some of the moisture in for the worms and as a second barrier in case some of the worms get out of what’s inside here and they basically ship it in this little cloak bag that they have tied it off. All this is made out of cotton. This is all compostable and so the worms can breathe. Now another thing that they do which is super-intelligent, they actually add some peat moss, uh, you know, in here so it keeps a more stable environment for the worms. So you are insured you are going to get live worms and they only ship a few times a week, um, you know, to insure you are going to get the freshest, most alive worms, you know, without ones that are not alive, that have croaked during the shipment. So this is really cool they are shipping it in this way. Yeah, Oh! The other thing I wanted to show you guys, actually they showed me a worm egg. Let me see if I can find it over here, man. Oh yeah right, the worm egg. Here’s the worm egg right here. Man, it’s so small and tiny. It’s fallen down, I’m losing it. Alright, here’s the worm egg. I don’t know if you guys will be able to see that but I got a HD camera now. Here’s the little worm egg. I don’t know if you guys can see that there. So small and tiny, it kind of like, uh, you know, looks like a little seed, it’s kind of clear and this will hatch a bunch of the worms. So, you know, some places they sell worm eggs. They keep them here to use and sell locally. They don’t ship them out and then they use that to repopulate their stores of worms so that they could have even a larger army to break down all the food scraps so that they can make more worms to sell and, you know, more worm castings to give out to you guys. So yeah, really cool. You know, worms work in nature naturally so, you know, you don’t have to grow worms in these big bins, you don’t have to, like, you know, sort out your worms, right. You could avoid all this by just putting live worms in your garden. If you have like twenty garden beds, you want to order like a pound of worms and divide it into twenty portions and put a few worms in each garden bed, right. If you provide the worms a good home, a good environment, you have a nice moisture level, you have good organic matter in there, they are going to be happy. They are going to eat all the food scraps and all the compost, you know, degraded stuff in there and create more fertility and add fertility to your soil and you are not even doing any work to add this fertility. The worms are doing all the work. It’s how nature works, right. You guys got to get some worms if you have never added worms to your garden. I mean, one of the things I do is that I put worm eggs into my garden, I have added worms to my garden. When I see one of my raised beds may have like a lot of worms and some beds don’t have worms, I will like move them to different beds and when I dig up to plant the plants and when I find a worm, I’m like “Oh! Where am I going to put you? I’m going to put you over here because I don’t see many worms in that bed, right.” So we want to get an even distribution of worms in all our different raised beds so that they can start working for us. They are free labor and free labor is the labor that I like the most, right, when I have workers working for me including the bacteria, the fungi, the worms that help cultivate these things for your garden. Alright, so what we are going to do next is actually we are going to talk to Dale Hubbard, the CEO here and he is going to share with you guys a lot more about worms that you and I actually never heard of. So now I’m here with Dale, the CEO of Nature’s Little Recyclers and you will never guess by looking at this guy with his dirty hands that he is the CEO but he keeps this whole business running and I’m glad that he is just a guy like one of us, right. He is not some big huffy business-suit sitting in some office doing crap and getting paid a lot of money. He actually probably works hard for his money – Dale Hubbard: I do. John: - by the looks of it. But anyways, we are here to ask him a few questions today on why it's important that his business is here operating and why they even got started and whole bunch of other things about worms that you guys probably never heard anywhere else. So Dale, the first question I have for you is “Why did you guys start this business because it’s you and your partner, Ed, right?” Dale: Yup. So the number one reason why we started this business was, um, He wanted to grow…actually, my partner wanted to grow earthworms. He is like, looking for another thing to do and [xx] “I think I want to grow earthworms.” At first, I thought he was crazy. I was like “No way you are growing earthworms. This is crazy. I’m not helping you.” Then he goes down to a place called The Plant Chicago, which is an indoor vertical farm and he started processing all the waste and producing compost and then I started meeting all the farmers and everybody and I realized that in Chicago, the one reason we don’t have more farms here is because the soil is so bad. It’s full of mercury and lead and in order to produce good, um, good healthier organic food, we need to build up the soil to feed. So we figured by taking the trash, uh, compost and feed it to our worms, we get high grade of fertilizers for it. John: That’s awesome. Yes, so let’s talk about this mercury and lead. I mean, this is why I encourage you guys to grow in raised beds instead of growing in the ground especially if you guys are in a big city. You want to bring in some stuff and the worm castings should be a big part of that, you know. I think I was over at your other facility because this is the indoor facility. The outdoor facility, you know, you guys were using wood chips in addition to the food scraps and the waste and the worms to break that down. So what are you guys doing over there so that the farmer can be successful growing there because you help out that farm as well as other farms and communal gardens and things in the area, right? Dale: Yeah, absolutely. So one of the big things we do is we work with other development projects to get the farms off the ground and over there, what we are doing is, we are converting a parking lot, I think it’s a half-acre lot and we are changing it into a [?]high grow able food. So by this time next year, there is going to be an organic farm there. John: That’s awesome, that’s awesome. So, you know, um, let’s talk about, like, diverting the food waste. As you guys can see behind us, we got the bags, we got all the buckets full of waste that they have yet to process or they have to process by throwing into the bins and the worms have to process it. But let’s talk about why, you know, it’s so important to divert all this waste that will normally go into the landfill. Dale: So yeah, the number one thing that is produced in the landfill is methane and what’s causing it, is the food waste. What happens to the food waste is that it gets trapped in the landfill and lose oxygen and therefore goes anaerobic and produces methane. So number one producer of methane. Um, everybody gives the cows the bad rep but they are actually number two. So by processing it this way, there is no methane produced and the fact that it not only stops methane from getting produced, it also [xx] carbon-dioxide in the process. So it reverses both effects of the most dangerous gases in global warming. John: Wow! So yeah, all you guys still throwing out your food waste, minimally compost them or better yet, like they are doing here, feed them to worms and if you guys are looking for a second job or a new, you know, thing to get into aside because you hate your job, right, you can work with worms all day and start a worm business. Get these castings, get these worms out to people, your local community and ship them all over. We need more of the businesses like this and that’s why I’m here sharing with you guys, uh, them today. So the next question. Let’s talk about the worms. You know, Dale told me that the worms actually don’t eat the food. So what’s up with this? I see you put the food in there and the food disappears but the worms are not eating it? What’s going on? Dale: So actually, worms are…it’s not just the worms, the extra whole microbial process that comes with the worms, what they do is they create enzymes and microbes that break down the food for the worms. Then, when the food becomes soft and almost liquefied, then the worms go through it and eat it all. John: So Dale, the next question I have for you is actually, uh, you know, what percentage of these nutrients…you are going through a lot of food scraps and food waste here but I know you are not getting it all, what percentage are you saving and what percentage is still going, you know, to the landfill? Dale: So actually, we only save a fraction of, uh, compost or what is produced in Chicago. We…all of Chicago, all the composting programs only two percent of stuff is actually diverted from the landfill. The other ninety-eight still goes to the landfill and that’s pretty much true across the country. So almost all this stuff is still going to the landfills so we need lots of people to compost, we need a lots of worm farmers, a lot of more composters to get it done. John: Yeah, it’s a great, a great business to have, right. So let’s talk about now, let’s talk about shipping the worms and shipping the worm castings to people all over the country. Dale: Yeah. John: Right, why did you guys decide to, like you know, sell them and ship them instead of just sell them in the local area? Dale: So the number one reason we decided to ship them was, uh, is the internet, right. We can ship to the whole country, you know, which is a click of a button versus locally, it was hard to get our name out and stuff. So we started selling on national sites like Amazon, our very own website which allowed us to, um, get a lot of early sales and promote our brand tremendously. John: That’s awesome. Yeah, I mean, that’s one of the reason why I’m here because I actually found them on the internet. Found their website, found their prices. Actually, their prices on delivered worms are, like, the lowest prices I found and we will talk more about that and give you guys a special deal at the end but they have amazing prices on the worms and they also sell the castings. These are so beneficial to you guys’ garden. So Dale, what are some of the reasons why worms and the worm castings are beneficial for people in their gardens and why should they use them? Dale: Sure, well the number one source in organic fertilizer has a lot of nutrients and micro-nutrients you won’t get from normal fertilizer, uh, normal soil. They also can help with pest control, um, and they increase the water retention of your soil. So farmers are calling this, black gold. John: Yeah, black gold. So let’s talk about the word ‘humus’, right. You know that word and why the worm castings is one of the best humus out there? Dale: So humus allow air to get into the soil so you, kind of, break up soil. One of the projects, one of the reasons we use, uh, in one of our projects, we use worm castings because it’s an old farm land that is compacted. It had been traditionally, conventionally farmed for decades and all those soil became compacted out in the edge of the city. So we are using worm castings to put air and humus back into it in order to allow to start growing organically again. John: That’s awesome. Yeah, I mean, worm castings – they are an essential part of my gardening style and I want them to be a part of yours also. The best way of course is to have your own worms in your raised beds or have your own worm box, if you want to do a worm box, or a worm bin like you guys saw a little bit earlier and to get started, you will need the worms. That’s why Dale could help you out. So you guys saw the process, how they pick out the worms, ship you guys the worms and you can buy the worms and then put them into your garden. So Dale, when somebody buys the worms and they get them shipped to you, right when they get the box, what should they do? Should they leave the box sitting there for a week before they get to them or where do they put them once they get them? Dale: So the first thing we always say is to open the box right away to make sure the worms are in a good condition. Um, the number one thing you need to do is to moisture them, that’s the biggest thing you need to do. They can sit in the container for up to two weeks as long you add moisture to the system, uh, to the container but otherwise, we recommend feeding it right away to your bins as fast as you can. That will be the best thing for the worms. John: Yeah. So, you know, set up your own worm bin to put them in there to get them growing or just simply, like I mentioned, you put them into your garden beds. You know, take a little bit and put in every garden bed provided you have a good soil mixture with high organic matter and you have the right water. That’s where they are supposed to live. Worms are supposed to live in the soil, not necessarily in the bin like they are doing here but this allows them to grow and propagate and get those out to more people and as they are doing, diverting the food waste, one of the more important things you guys could do. So because, you know, I visited them and I liked their stuff, I also negotiated with Dale, the CEO of the company, a good discount for you guys, so we are going to get for you guys a 10% discount on any of the products on their website and so you are going to want to order from them. I definitely can approve of their castings that I saw and handled personally as well as the worms, they look like they got some really nice ones. So you guys can get, not only the lowest price that they have without my discount, you are going to get my discount too. So you probably not going to find lower price online if you want to buy, you know, a pack of worms. So Dale, how many worms come in a pack? Dale: So a pound of worms usually contains a thousand, about a thousand worms. We deliver more than a thousand worms in it. Actually, it is usually a good thing to start like a five-gallon bin at your home garden… Oh! And John, I got a gift for you. There you go. John: Oh cool man! Check it out, he’s given me my own package of worms in the paper bag like they would come shipped to you and in a cloak bag inside with all the bedding material just like you guys are going to order and I’m going to take this back on the airplane tonight when I fly back to, um, Vegas. I’m sure the TSA is going to have fun stopping me. “What you got in that bag?” Then I’m going to say, “I’ve got worms. You want some.” So yeah, so now you guys can order the same ones. I’m going to order some castings. So Dale, somebody wants to learn more about you guys and your company and what you guys are doing and want to reach out to you, they want to start one of these, you know, wherever they live. How can they get a hold of you? Dale: So this way, you can get hold of us, at nlrwormshop.com, it’s our website and NLR Worms is also on social media, Facebook, twitter, all of it. Um, so that it is will be the easy way you can contact us. John: Cool. They also have a cool YouTube channel that I checked out that probably doesn’t have a lot of views but maybe they will get more views after you guys see this video today. So, yeah. Any other last comments or things you would like to share to my viewers today about the worms, about the worm composting, about diverting the food waste or anything that we talked about. Dale: Um, we say we produce the best worms. We give it a 100% guarantee on all our products so if you aren’t happy, we take it back and all this [?]money they can choose, could help to make the world a better place. John: That’s awesome, man. That’s why I make these videos so the world can be a better place through the education work that I’m able to do to, you know, highlight companies like Dale’s here and adds, you know, are doing good in the world. This is how we are going to create a better world by showing what good people are doing to create solutions in the world instead of creating more problems. They are creating a solution for the food waste and instead of creating problems by, you know, processing petroleum and fracking, creating more problems. Let’s create solution in our world. One of the ways you guys can easily do that is to start composting, start worm composting and of course, start growing your own food so you can become a producer instead of a consumer in our unfortunately consumers’ society that we live in. It’s not going to happen overnight, right. You can start growing a small portion of your food and every little bit helps. Every bit of food scraps you don’t put into the landfill is helping out the world. It’s going to also help build your garden too. So I encourage you guys to do that today. If you want to learn how, be sure to click that subscribe button right down below. Our videos come out every 3 – 4 days educating you guys on all ranges of subjects so that you guys could, you know, grow more food at home. Also check my past episodes, I have over 1100 episodes online sharing with you guys all the knowledge you will need to grow your own food, compost, make worm compost, make regular compost, whatever you guys want to do and also be sure to like this video. You guys like this video. If I get enough likes, I’m going to come back on my next trip and we are going to get more into detail on how they do their process because this was just a general overview video. Also be sure to check that link down below to go to their website to get the special deal on the worms and don’t forget the coupon code GYG You are not going to get that anywhere else. So hope you guys enjoy this episode. Once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. Will see you next time and until then, remember keep on growing.


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Alright! This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com today we have another very exciting episode for you. I am here in Chicago, Illinois and I’m at a cool place and no, it’s not a farm you can see behind me. They are not like really growing stuff here. Well actually, they are growing something in here. They are growing worms and making worm castings, an essential element for you guys’ farm or home garden. So, I’m here today to share with you guys what they are doing and they are doing something amazing that every municipality, every city, every state, everywhere in the country should be doing what they are doing here, in this yard, I don’t know, West 48th Street here in Chicago and they are turning food scraps and things from the waste stream that will normally get put into the landfill. Rot, create methane, gas and which really not serve, you know, the purpose of feeding the earth back. It just rots, it’s just a waste when things have to go to the landfills. So I’m really glad that they are diverting, uh, food waste here and what they get delivered here in, you know, big sacks that are all delivered actually by bicycles which is, uh, super cool. The sacks have things like coffee, you know, beans, residuals after they press out the coffee and then they also have things like food scraps in some of the plastic bags there that they get from different farms, grocery stores and restaurants. Over on this side, they got a bunch of five-gallon buckets. The five-gallon buckets, they collect from different, you know, people. Well, they don’t actually collect them, they have haulers that collect them and then they drop them off here and people basically put their food waste in there and then they come here and get composted, not necessarily composted. The worms eat them…the worms don’t even eat them. Well you will learn more about that in a minute. They basically give that…they feed it to the worms and then they make, you know, the worms have babies because they are nice and happy. Then, the worms also make the worm castings which is one of the best nutrients that you guys should be adding to your gardens. You guys should definitely be having your own worms in the garden to make castings right there in your garden beds. You don’t need to keep adding the castings, I mean, garden beds, you just actually add a few worms in the beginning and provided you have a good system and you are not, you know, putting chemical fertilizers and all this crap to kill your worms and if you give them enough water and food source, which is like compost, worms love to eat compost or food scraps, they are going to multiply. Then at some point, like, you are going to dig in your soil like, “I knew it” and you are going to feel bad, “Oh My God! I just cut a worm up in half when I’m planting my [?]transplants” because they are so many worms in there, right. That’s a good problem to have, to have overabundance of worms and worm eggs, you know, this kind of stuff. But I know a lot of you guys are new gardeners so you guys got to start somewhere so, you know, the place you should start, maybe even order some worms from Nature’s Little Recyclers and we are going to go ahead and go into the yard today and show you guys the process that it goes through from food to worms to how they grow them indoors year round, here in Chicago even when there is snow on the ground outside, in the winter time and how they grow even in the summer time. They grow indoors and also outside. In the summer, they convert, you know, because it can get too hot in the building for the worms, they get up for the right temperature, they grow outside. So yeah, let’s go ahead and take you on this journey of how they actually grow worms and worm castings here at Nature’s Little Recyclers. Alright, so they got this big huge fence and let’s see if I can open this up. I got to pull. Alright, come on inside. So, the first thing I have learnt about having a worm farm, that is really cool, is that all your feed stock you are feeding your worms are free or can be free because it is unfortunate that some worm farms use Purina worm chow to feed their worms. Such thing is a travesty, is a waste. That stuff should not even be sold because they are so many things going to the landfill that they are rescuing and you can feed your worms for free without having to buy worm chow to feed your worms and make Purina a rich company. Anyways, I don’t advocate you guys eating any kind of processed foods, whether that’s for your worms, you know, for your pets, Purina dog foods or processed foods for you. I want you guys to eat real foods like they are feeding the worms. Now, I don’t know that I necessarily, you know, eat this stuff right here, the coffee grounds maybe if I was starving. It’s priceless nutrients in there, it actually smells quite good but they get things like coffee grounds and, you know, in these bags here. I don’t know what they got, let’s see. All they use are these bio-degradable plastics bags. Oh, they got some egg shells in here and they got all these shreds and these, uh, little sticks here and whatever, these stems. These looks like stems of like collard greens or kale. Maybe, there is a kale chip factory that’s stripping these and then use them to cook with and they strip these off and then they come here to feed the worms. So, you know, the feed stock is free and they don’t have to keep buying this. So this is super-intelligent. Actually, one of the owners here started selling worms when I think when he was a teenager. He picked up a book, you know, “Start a worm farm and make money” or something like that, right. And you guys can do this too, start one of these up, if you guys-, wherever you guys live in the world except in Chicago because they are doing it here. No wait! If you are in Chicago, do it too because, guess what, there are so much extra trash and waste going to the landfill. These are needed like multiple companies like these in every single city around the country so that we can take things like coffee grounds and food scraps out of the whole landfill system. And then, guess what, you get free inputs to feed the worms and then, guess what, you get to grow the worms, sell the worms. You can sell the worm eggs. You can also sell their castings. Or better yet, use them for your own garden or farm and you can set this up as a side business, right. So yeah, really cool. So this is just one of the feed sources they get from more industrial suppliers like coffee, you know, by the big huge bag, the grounds and all the food scraps but they also, you know, work with some local delivery companies that actual pick up the compost from people and they deliver that here. So let me go ahead and show you guys some of that food stock they get for the worms in the five-gallon buckets over yonder. Alright, so now I’m sitting amongst all these five-gallon buckets. Five-gallon buckets are great resource and unfortunately also go to the landfill, you know. Check with local delis or bakeries, they get a lot of goods shipped in these buckets to the, you know, to the delis whether that’s pickles or olives or to the bakeries, whether that’s like some kind of crazy, nasty whipped cream and all these frostings that I don’t recommend you guys to eat, or fruit compote, fillings with like all kind of artificial stuff in there. And I’ll tell you, I got some buckets from the bakery and had to wash them out. Man! That stuff didn’t wash out and it’s like, man, people eat this stuff and I could barely get it washed out just in my shower like with just water like it just wouldn’t dissolve. What happens when you eat that stuff? I don’t even want to know. But anyways, they got a lot of buckets here and in the buckets, basically once again they got the bio-degradable bags and they just collect these from households and people. They got all kind of different stuff in here. I should open this up. It smells kind of like it’s been fermented a little bit and inside here, we got, you know, a piece of carrot...Hey man! These are good pieces of carrots, man. They should have juiced these. I don’t know what they had thought about feeding them to the worms and it looks like they got pieces of onions in there. I mean, every one is a little bit different. They might have lemons in some. Let’s see what’s in this side. Oh look at this, they got cilantro in there. Oh, they shouldn’t have this little tag on there. No, this is Italian parsley, sorry. That’s pretty much well used. Oh, they got celery in here. They got some celery. This might have been good celery but right now, this is good worm food, right. Check it out, in nature there is no such thing as waste. I challenge you to challenge me on that. Find some waste in nature. If it is not made by man, if it is not made out of plastic, right, everything is bio-degradable and is returned to the earth. Even us, right. And I want you guys to think about this and do more to return things you use on your farm or in your garden and return it to the earth or feed it to the worms and check this out, you know, even man-made polystyrene or whatever that stuff is, the foam-packing material, right, they found out that mealworms can even digest that stuff, right. Nature is incredible, it’s only when we get involved and start, like you know, making plastics and do all these things that are not necessarily directly at the nature, do we create waste. So I want you guys to, you know, focus on using more natural products in your lives, whether it is in your garden or especially in your home and try to shy away from plastics. I know we can’t get away from plastics completely because plastics make it possible but they can serve us in a useful way where we are reusing buckets, you know, and reusing and reusing. I use them to collect compost in my personal kitchen that I take out to my compost tumblers, right, and I collect, you know, harvest things into the bucket, right and I cut down my plants and I put those in the bucket to take to my composters. There are so many uses of the five-gallon buckets and I want to encourage you guys to get some, you know, and divert them from the landfills and use them and reuse them in your garden until they burst up in the UV sun after a couple of years, right. I really did a video actually, one of my favorite videos I made, believe it or not, I made it like five, six years ago that made me use a five-gallon bucket. I’ll put a link down below if I remember that. Check that out, I definitely had a fun time making it and even this day, I remember that video. It’s one of my all-time favorites, so yeah, check it out. Anyway, as you guys can see, they got, like, so much food to feed the worms. They got some like backlog here so anyways, let’s go ahead in next and show you guys how they grow the worms or actually, how they used to grow the worms, how they grow the worms now and I have got the whole process. Let’s go ahead and share with you inside the worm farm inside the building. So now we are inside the building of Nature’s Little Recyclers and in the winter, spring, fall, this is the perfect environment to be growing worms. They are not growing food; they are growing worms. Well, it might be food for some different fish and creatures that like to eat worms. Birds, they love worms. But they are growing the worms in here and, you know, you got to have the right temperature, the right moisture level and there are experts in knowing all this stuff because they have been doing this for a long time. And how it is, is that it’s not even that expensive to keep worms. Well, they are using these plastic totes. These have definitely been around the block or two a few times. And, you know, they have put some holes in there for some aeration and, you know, some drainage so that it’s not too moist in there for the worms and they just basically put all the different inputs that you guys saw into these bins and then they put worms in there and the worms eat the garbage or the food scraps and all the input materials that they are getting for free. Now, here is the thing that you probably never heard before, right. The worms don’t really eat the food. “What John? How does that work? You put the food in there, the worms eat it, it comes out their rear end and make some, you know, worm castings.” That’s not exactly it. I mean, we might eat food and you might think we digest it and it comes out of our other end. But, believe it or not, inside us, we have beneficial microbes or our microbiomes. Things like lactobacillus and other beneficial bacteria and they help us digest our food, right. Much like the worms. The worms don’t really digest. They got no teeth to even break up stuff. They eat the food particles…they don’t even eat the food particles. The bacteria break down the food particles and then the worms eat all that stuff, right and in the worm’s gut, they could actually digest… the bacteria digest the food particles and the worm absorbs that. So yeah, the worms don’t directly eat it. They have a whole host of microbiome that help them do that. Check this out, just like in our poop, when we poop, right, our poop when we poop it out, it’s mostly bacteria and when the worms make the worm castings, it’s also mostly bacteria and other beneficial organisms, right. These are the very organisms that are going to help, you know, bring in and create more fertility to your soil by adding, you know, a whole host of different organisms that are going to go into your soil and actually break down the organic matter in your soils and make that available for the plants. That’s the reason why worm castings are so important. Now, this is the first way they were doing this and one time they have like five hundred of these bins and you guys can get one of these bins at Home Depot or Walmart and keep your own worms. It’s super simple, super easy. I’m not going to get into how to do that specifically. There are plenty YouTube videos on doing that but you guys can easily do that. But they had some challenges with it, you know, doing it this way in a large commercial system so they got to something even better than this. So let me go ahead and show you guys that next. So the new container they are using to grow their worms are these guys, they are actually called max crates or something like that and basically, if you ever go to, you know, buy apples at the grocery store, you might see one of these guys with all the apples or almonds in there. They buy these brand new and they also get some that are being reused from the recycling industry when these no longer have a good purpose or life in whatever they are used for in the beginning. They just simply take these and because they are a lot larger, they don’t need to have as many plus these are stackable. They can stack these up to ten how they usually stack them and be like three high and they modified this and made it even better than just what it is. Basically what they did, they took a drill and they drilled some holes on here, they drilled some dredge in here and they put some holes on the side and put some PVC that run all the way through the crate and what it does is they perforated it, they put holes in the PVC tubes. So this adds extra aeration into, you know, into the bin there so the worms can have a little bit more aeration but is also important for the first step of feeding the worms. So they don’t just instantly take one of these guys with all the tubes and stuff and put all the food scraps in there and they put the worms in. No, no, no… they have to go through a thermophilic step first, you know, for it to be, I guess, the law and also, you know, it prevents pathogens and also the other thing it does is that it breaks down some of the matter and start composting it and it creates more bacteria and breaks up the cell walls for the worms so that it actually makes a better worm food right for them. So next they fill this up with their mixtures that they are getting outside including this stuff in this bag here which is actually called coffee bean chaff and they mix up appropriate mixture including some cardboard and what not and so they have like a really very food source. They mix it up and basically they let this thermophilic composter to compost for a few days or a couple weeks or whatever and they hook about here, blowers to these pipes and then they blow air through there. So this encourages the compost to happen faster. Once they got it up to a hot temperature and it cools down, then and only then, will they actually put the worms in there. So now, the compost is broken down a little bit and the worms really go to town and like it a lot more than just raw food scraps, right. Then, they feed the worms and after that, they harvest it, right. That’s how simple this system is to make and then, you know, if you have appropriate levels of water which they only maybe water once a month. Depending if they have wet food scraps, they don’t even need to add water to this system. They have a mixture of different things and it’s just super sustainable when they are getting free feed stock to feed the worms, right. Most gardens or whatever, maybe you are making your own compost and stuff and all people may bring in input from the outside, right. This is super-intelligent because it diverts waste that will normally go into the landfills. I guess the next step that I want to show you guys is once they got all this, they sift these stuff out to make the worm castings that they sell to gardeners all over the country and also people can pick up in the local area and yeah, so let’s go ahead and show you guys how they sift out this stuff after it has been in there for a good long time and the worms have digested. So the next thing I want to share with you guys, actually how they stacked those bins. You guys can see they got these bins stacked up three tall. The top two bins actually have the worms and the bottom bin collects all the leachate, or that is, the liquid that runs off and out of these bins. So some people might call that worm tea but that’s not worm tea, let’s not get these, you know, um, terminologies confused. That is basically the leachate or the worm pee, alright. Worm pee, worm tea, they rhyme but they are not the same thing. You know, this is different than the aerated worm compost tea that I will show you guys in a minute. This stuff it may be good for your garden. Some gardeners say it’s not good for your garden. My personal opinion on the leachate is you want to take the leachate you want to dilute it down. Yes. Adding it back to the soil is just yet another way to get organic matter and further nutrients back into the soil. That’s one of the best ways you guys could use the leachate. But whatever you do, don’t call it a compost tea, because of my opinion, it’s not. So once the worms eat the food, you know, and go through the whole bedding material, they take the bedding material and they put it into this device right here, which is a sifter or sorter and I’m going to actually demonstrate it right here. They are going to make me put this stuff like right here and throw it in there. Oh! There are worms, I see worms crawling around. Then what happens is that they press this button on the back and what’s happening now is that this thing shakes and there are two sets of this. This first section has small holes. So this catches all the worm castings and then they ship out to people around the country. And next, [?]as they go, as they go down. Then over on this area, what happens is that they have larger holes. So this area is designed to catch all the worm eggs which they use in how they keep their breeding stock up so that they can have more babies to sell to you guys. And then the final section, the big chunks just fall of the front which then they rotate them back in and refeed the worms. That’s pretty much how simple what is, you know, sort out all the worm castings in specially designed screens that does this all for them. Let me go ahead and turn this guy off. I think I need one of this guys to sift all my compost, maybe I’ll have like a little bit bigger holes than what they got here but this thing is really cool. Next, we are going to show you guys after they sift this stuff out, they have the castings, they have the big stuff that they throw back in. Then what they are going to do is pick out and select the worms they get to ship out to you guys. So let’s go to the area they have setup where they actually, you know, select out and ship worms. So after they sift out the worm and the castings that you guys saw, they are left with a few things, right. They are left with this right here, which is a hundred percent, mostly pure worm castings which is basically the worm poop. This stuff is rich and biologically active and the main reason why I like these worm castings compared to many other ones is because of what they are feeding their worms, right. We are only as healthy as the food we eat. Your dog is only as healthy as the food he eats and the worms are only as healthy and the castings are only as good as the food they are eating. So, I don’t necessarily like worms that are been fed Purina worm chow or manure or GMO corn or any kind of these things. I like what they are using here. They are using a wide variety of fruits and vegetable scraps and cardboard, coffee grounds and actually, you know, they get egg shells in and even, like, you know, bones and all these crazy things, mixed diverse food source. This is what we want for us. When you hear diversity, as good as kale is, don’t just eat kale all day. You want to eat kale, collard, spinach, lettuce, arugula, you know, radicchio, [xx], [xx], lovages, spinach. You want to eat all the different things and have a diverse diet. That’s what they are really doing to the worms here and that’s why I like these castings. These are really nice castings and when you get a casting, you should be able to smell it and it shouldn’t smell bad. If your casting smells bad, then you have some big problems. They should have a neutral smell and they should look nice, rich dark and black just like these ones right here. So you know, uh, they are left with the castings like one bucket of these guys which are worth the weight in gold for your garden and then there have left a bunch more of the larger material that, you know, they feed in and feed back into the worms. So once they get the finished worm castings, they can actually ship out the worm castings to you or they can create a value added product with the worm castings and I also encourage you guys to do what you want with your worm castings. What they do is that they got this big huge vortex brewery here and then they compost tea out of it or, you know what, casting tea, right. This is not the same as the leachate or the liquid that comes out of the worm dens, right. This is totally different because this is aerobic. They bubble this up and they brew it up and the bacteria multiply then sell this in the local area and use it on the farms that they work with to help, you know, re-establish bacterial and fungal colonies in the soil so that the soil can be more productive. You guys can do this too but the problem with compost tea is that you got to use it or lose it. So you bubble it for about twenty-four hours and then you want to spread it out immediately, you don’t want to let it sit because the colony count will actually go down if you don’t bubble it enough or if you bubble it too long. Be sure to click a link down below if I remember to put the link in the video down below to an open-source compost tea recipe that uses, you know, predominantly worm castings as one of the sources to increase the biological activity of your garden. So now what I want to do is I want to share with you guys actually how they screen out the worms and select them to ship to you. It is a very intelligent process. You know, a lot of worm sellers may just use a rotating tumbler that sorts out the worms and when you do that, you might get damaged worms. And, you know, when you get the box, you open it up, it kind of smells funky that’s because some of the worms didn’t make it and their bodies are decomposing. It’s like…it’s gross, right. So I’m glad they actually hand select and ship out the worms to you and check out how they do this. This is super-smart. They are using nature, you know, or worms’ natural tendencies to their advantage so that they can harvest them. In these, we got these heat lamps. It’s actually quite hot. I’m glad I don’t work in here eight hours a day sorting worms. But what they do is heat up the top of the soil. So what’s this like? This is like the sun coming down and heating the earth and when that happens, the worms don’t want to be out in the sun. They don’t like sun-bathing like all these ladies in Hawaii and stuff, right. They want to be under the ground where it’s like nice and cool and they are collected, you know, and chill out underneath the ground. They don’t want to be in the sun because they will dry up, right. Yeah, we have all seen those shoveled-up worms. It’s sad when you see those shoveled-up worms, right. So what happens is that the worms have a natural tendency when it’s hot on the surface of the soil, they are going to burrow down. So then all the worms burrow to the bottom and then they basically scoop out the stuff from the top, scoop it to the side and then they harvest the stuff on the bottom and…Wow! Look at this, man! This is where the worms are. Look at that, they are like tons of worms here. I don’t know if you guys can see them in the bottom there. This is what then they put in the bags to ship to you guys and how they pack it is really cool because, you know, unlike a lot of places where they use a lot of plastic, you know, they are trying to do things as sustainable and renewable as possible. And everything they ship you except for the plastic tape that’s covering on the box, you can compost or you can feed back to your worms including the cardboard that should be shredded. Actually, inside the box they use newspaper from the local area. They are using that as a, you know, packing material. Inside here, they have a paper bag that helps keep some of the moisture in for the worms and as a second barrier in case some of the worms get out of what’s inside here and they basically ship it in this little cloak bag that they have tied it off. All this is made out of cotton. This is all compostable and so the worms can breathe. Now another thing that they do which is super-intelligent, they actually add some peat moss, uh, you know, in here so it keeps a more stable environment for the worms. So you are insured you are going to get live worms and they only ship a few times a week, um, you know, to insure you are going to get the freshest, most alive worms, you know, without ones that are not alive, that have croaked during the shipment. So this is really cool they are shipping it in this way. Yeah, Oh! The other thing I wanted to show you guys, actually they showed me a worm egg. Let me see if I can find it over here, man. Oh yeah right, the worm egg. Here’s the worm egg right here. Man, it’s so small and tiny. It’s fallen down, I’m losing it. Alright, here’s the worm egg. I don’t know if you guys will be able to see that but I got a HD camera now. Here’s the little worm egg. I don’t know if you guys can see that there. So small and tiny, it kind of like, uh, you know, looks like a little seed, it’s kind of clear and this will hatch a bunch of the worms. So, you know, some places they sell worm eggs. They keep them here to use and sell locally. They don’t ship them out and then they use that to repopulate their stores of worms so that they could have even a larger army to break down all the food scraps so that they can make more worms to sell and, you know, more worm castings to give out to you guys. So yeah, really cool. You know, worms work in nature naturally so, you know, you don’t have to grow worms in these big bins, you don’t have to, like, you know, sort out your worms, right. You could avoid all this by just putting live worms in your garden. If you have like twenty garden beds, you want to order like a pound of worms and divide it into twenty portions and put a few worms in each garden bed, right. If you provide the worms a good home, a good environment, you have a nice moisture level, you have good organic matter in there, they are going to be happy. They are going to eat all the food scraps and all the compost, you know, degraded stuff in there and create more fertility and add fertility to your soil and you are not even doing any work to add this fertility. The worms are doing all the work. It’s how nature works, right. You guys got to get some worms if you have never added worms to your garden. I mean, one of the things I do is that I put worm eggs into my garden, I have added worms to my garden. When I see one of my raised beds may have like a lot of worms and some beds don’t have worms, I will like move them to different beds and when I dig up to plant the plants and when I find a worm, I’m like “Oh! Where am I going to put you? I’m going to put you over here because I don’t see many worms in that bed, right.” So we want to get an even distribution of worms in all our different raised beds so that they can start working for us. They are free labor and free labor is the labor that I like the most, right, when I have workers working for me including the bacteria, the fungi, the worms that help cultivate these things for your garden. Alright, so what we are going to do next is actually we are going to talk to Dale Hubbard, the CEO here and he is going to share with you guys a lot more about worms that you and I actually never heard of. So now I’m here with Dale, the CEO of Nature’s Little Recyclers and you will never guess by looking at this guy with his dirty hands that he is the CEO but he keeps this whole business running and I’m glad that he is just a guy like one of us, right. He is not some big huffy business-suit sitting in some office doing crap and getting paid a lot of money. He actually probably works hard for his money – Dale Hubbard: I do. John: - by the looks of it. But anyways, we are here to ask him a few questions today on why it's important that his business is here operating and why they even got started and whole bunch of other things about worms that you guys probably never heard anywhere else. So Dale, the first question I have for you is “Why did you guys start this business because it’s you and your partner, Ed, right?” Dale: Yup. So the number one reason why we started this business was, um, He wanted to grow…actually, my partner wanted to grow earthworms. He is like, looking for another thing to do and [xx] “I think I want to grow earthworms.” At first, I thought he was crazy. I was like “No way you are growing earthworms. This is crazy. I’m not helping you.” Then he goes down to a place called The Plant Chicago, which is an indoor vertical farm and he started processing all the waste and producing compost and then I started meeting all the farmers and everybody and I realized that in Chicago, the one reason we don’t have more farms here is because the soil is so bad. It’s full of mercury and lead and in order to produce good, um, good healthier organic food, we need to build up the soil to feed. So we figured by taking the trash, uh, compost and feed it to our worms, we get high grade of fertilizers for it. John: That’s awesome. Yes, so let’s talk about this mercury and lead. I mean, this is why I encourage you guys to grow in raised beds instead of growing in the ground especially if you guys are in a big city. You want to bring in some stuff and the worm castings should be a big part of that, you know. I think I was over at your other facility because this is the indoor facility. The outdoor facility, you know, you guys were using wood chips in addition to the food scraps and the waste and the worms to break that down. So what are you guys doing over there so that the farmer can be successful growing there because you help out that farm as well as other farms and communal gardens and things in the area, right? Dale: Yeah, absolutely. So one of the big things we do is we work with other development projects to get the farms off the ground and over there, what we are doing is, we are converting a parking lot, I think it’s a half-acre lot and we are changing it into a [?]high grow able food. So by this time next year, there is going to be an organic farm there. John: That’s awesome, that’s awesome. So, you know, um, let’s talk about, like, diverting the food waste. As you guys can see behind us, we got the bags, we got all the buckets full of waste that they have yet to process or they have to process by throwing into the bins and the worms have to process it. But let’s talk about why, you know, it’s so important to divert all this waste that will normally go into the landfill. Dale: So yeah, the number one thing that is produced in the landfill is methane and what’s causing it, is the food waste. What happens to the food waste is that it gets trapped in the landfill and lose oxygen and therefore goes anaerobic and produces methane. So number one producer of methane. Um, everybody gives the cows the bad rep but they are actually number two. So by processing it this way, there is no methane produced and the fact that it not only stops methane from getting produced, it also [xx] carbon-dioxide in the process. So it reverses both effects of the most dangerous gases in global warming. John: Wow! So yeah, all you guys still throwing out your food waste, minimally compost them or better yet, like they are doing here, feed them to worms and if you guys are looking for a second job or a new, you know, thing to get into aside because you hate your job, right, you can work with worms all day and start a worm business. Get these castings, get these worms out to people, your local community and ship them all over. We need more of the businesses like this and that’s why I’m here sharing with you guys, uh, them today. So the next question. Let’s talk about the worms. You know, Dale told me that the worms actually don’t eat the food. So what’s up with this? I see you put the food in there and the food disappears but the worms are not eating it? What’s going on? Dale: So actually, worms are…it’s not just the worms, the extra whole microbial process that comes with the worms, what they do is they create enzymes and microbes that break down the food for the worms. Then, when the food becomes soft and almost liquefied, then the worms go through it and eat it all. John: So Dale, the next question I have for you is actually, uh, you know, what percentage of these nutrients…you are going through a lot of food scraps and food waste here but I know you are not getting it all, what percentage are you saving and what percentage is still going, you know, to the landfill? Dale: So actually, we only save a fraction of, uh, compost or what is produced in Chicago. We…all of Chicago, all the composting programs only two percent of stuff is actually diverted from the landfill. The other ninety-eight still goes to the landfill and that’s pretty much true across the country. So almost all this stuff is still going to the landfills so we need lots of people to compost, we need a lots of worm farmers, a lot of more composters to get it done. John: Yeah, it’s a great, a great business to have, right. So let’s talk about now, let’s talk about shipping the worms and shipping the worm castings to people all over the country. Dale: Yeah. John: Right, why did you guys decide to, like you know, sell them and ship them instead of just sell them in the local area? Dale: So the number one reason we decided to ship them was, uh, is the internet, right. We can ship to the whole country, you know, which is a click of a button versus locally, it was hard to get our name out and stuff. So we started selling on national sites like Amazon, our very own website which allowed us to, um, get a lot of early sales and promote our brand tremendously. John: That’s awesome. Yeah, I mean, that’s one of the reason why I’m here because I actually found them on the internet. Found their website, found their prices. Actually, their prices on delivered worms are, like, the lowest prices I found and we will talk more about that and give you guys a special deal at the end but they have amazing prices on the worms and they also sell the castings. These are so beneficial to you guys’ garden. So Dale, what are some of the reasons why worms and the worm castings are beneficial for people in their gardens and why should they use them? Dale: Sure, well the number one source in organic fertilizer has a lot of nutrients and micro-nutrients you won’t get from normal fertilizer, uh, normal soil. They also can help with pest control, um, and they increase the water retention of your soil. So farmers are calling this, black gold. John: Yeah, black gold. So let’s talk about the word ‘humus’, right. You know that word and why the worm castings is one of the best humus out there? Dale: So humus allow air to get into the soil so you, kind of, break up soil. One of the projects, one of the reasons we use, uh, in one of our projects, we use worm castings because it’s an old farm land that is compacted. It had been traditionally, conventionally farmed for decades and all those soil became compacted out in the edge of the city. So we are using worm castings to put air and humus back into it in order to allow to start growing organically again. John: That’s awesome. Yeah, I mean, worm castings – they are an essential part of my gardening style and I want them to be a part of yours also. The best way of course is to have your own worms in your raised beds or have your own worm box, if you want to do a worm box, or a worm bin like you guys saw a little bit earlier and to get started, you will need the worms. That’s why Dale could help you out. So you guys saw the process, how they pick out the worms, ship you guys the worms and you can buy the worms and then put them into your garden. So Dale, when somebody buys the worms and they get them shipped to you, right when they get the box, what should they do? Should they leave the box sitting there for a week before they get to them or where do they put them once they get them? Dale: So the first thing we always say is to open the box right away to make sure the worms are in a good condition. Um, the number one thing you need to do is to moisture them, that’s the biggest thing you need to do. They can sit in the container for up to two weeks as long you add moisture to the system, uh, to the container but otherwise, we recommend feeding it right away to your bins as fast as you can. That will be the best thing for the worms. John: Yeah. So, you know, set up your own worm bin to put them in there to get them growing or just simply, like I mentioned, you put them into your garden beds. You know, take a little bit and put in every garden bed provided you have a good soil mixture with high organic matter and you have the right water. That’s where they are supposed to live. Worms are supposed to live in the soil, not necessarily in the bin like they are doing here but this allows them to grow and propagate and get those out to more people and as they are doing, diverting the food waste, one of the more important things you guys could do. So because, you know, I visited them and I liked their stuff, I also negotiated with Dale, the CEO of the company, a good discount for you guys, so we are going to get for you guys a 10% discount on any of the products on their website and so you are going to want to order from them. I definitely can approve of their castings that I saw and handled personally as well as the worms, they look like they got some really nice ones. So you guys can get, not only the lowest price that they have without my discount, you are going to get my discount too. So you probably not going to find lower price online if you want to buy, you know, a pack of worms. So Dale, how many worms come in a pack? Dale: So a pound of worms usually contains a thousand, about a thousand worms. We deliver more than a thousand worms in it. Actually, it is usually a good thing to start like a five-gallon bin at your home garden… Oh! And John, I got a gift for you. There you go. John: Oh cool man! Check it out, he’s given me my own package of worms in the paper bag like they would come shipped to you and in a cloak bag inside with all the bedding material just like you guys are going to order and I’m going to take this back on the airplane tonight when I fly back to, um, Vegas. I’m sure the TSA is going to have fun stopping me. “What you got in that bag?” Then I’m going to say, “I’ve got worms. You want some.” So yeah, so now you guys can order the same ones. I’m going to order some castings. So Dale, somebody wants to learn more about you guys and your company and what you guys are doing and want to reach out to you, they want to start one of these, you know, wherever they live. How can they get a hold of you? Dale: So this way, you can get hold of us, at nlrwormshop.com, it’s our website and NLR Worms is also on social media, Facebook, twitter, all of it. Um, so that it is will be the easy way you can contact us. John: Cool. They also have a cool YouTube channel that I checked out that probably doesn’t have a lot of views but maybe they will get more views after you guys see this video today. So, yeah. Any other last comments or things you would like to share to my viewers today about the worms, about the worm composting, about diverting the food waste or anything that we talked about. Dale: Um, we say we produce the best worms. We give it a 100% guarantee on all our products so if you aren’t happy, we take it back and all this [?]money they can choose, could help to make the world a better place. John: That’s awesome, man. That’s why I make these videos so the world can be a better place through the education work that I’m able to do to, you know, highlight companies like Dale’s here and adds, you know, are doing good in the world. This is how we are going to create a better world by showing what good people are doing to create solutions in the world instead of creating more problems. They are creating a solution for the food waste and instead of creating problems by, you know, processing petroleum and fracking, creating more problems. Let’s create solution in our world. One of the ways you guys can easily do that is to start composting, start worm composting and of course, start growing your own food so you can become a producer instead of a consumer in our unfortunately consumers’ society that we live in. It’s not going to happen overnight, right. You can start growing a small portion of your food and every little bit helps. Every bit of food scraps you don’t put into the landfill is helping out the world. It’s going to also help build your garden too. So I encourage you guys to do that today. If you want to learn how, be sure to click that subscribe button right down below. Our videos come out every 3 – 4 days educating you guys on all ranges of subjects so that you guys could, you know, grow more food at home. Also check my past episodes, I have over 1100 episodes online sharing with you guys all the knowledge you will need to grow your own food, compost, make worm compost, make regular compost, whatever you guys want to do and also be sure to like this video. You guys like this video. If I get enough likes, I’m going to come back on my next trip and we are going to get more into detail on how they do their process because this was just a general overview video. Also be sure to check that link down below to go to their website to get the special deal on the worms and don’t forget the coupon code GYG You are not going to get that anywhere else. So hope you guys enjoy this episode. Once again, my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com. Will see you next time and until then, remember keep on growing.


 
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how to grows veggies without adding any fertilizer or Soil Amendments.

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 84 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
 
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Alright this is John Kohler from growingyourgreens.com to bring you another exciting episode for you. I'm still here in Houston and I don't know what area in Houston it is, but doesn't looks like, you know, the best of neighbourhoods. But anyways, what I'm going to do today is actually visit the house right behind me, not the one over there with the bananas in the front, but this one behind the white fence there, the doors open, that has a red truck. This is going to be a interesting episode actually, this episode may challenge the beliefs you guys have about gardening. It's challenging some of the beliefs I have about gardening as well. So, the guy here, Tino, is actually from Greece and he's been growing, he's using little kid, he's been actually on this property about for last 4 to 5 years, when he's been actually growing food here. He does thing little bit differently, let me tell you this story actually. I first met Tino when I was actually at the Farm Dirt Compost, the place, and the guy their introduced me to him and he was like " You gotta meet this guy " and I was like driving off and I was kind of in a rush, because I had to like, you know get back to what I was doing, and he was like trying to tell me all this stuff and he was like, "You're gardening wrong! You don't need to add all the minerals, you don't need to add all the fertilizers, you don't need to draw and raise bed, It's all Wrong!" and I'm like, "Whoa, this guy is pretty interesting". But you know I'm always open like, even if somebody doesn't agree with me, that's fine. I know a lot of you guys may watch my videos and may not agree with everything I believe in, and that's fine. I'm just sharing my beliefs whether you want to believe what I believe, that's up to you guys right, totally up to you guys. But what I really like to do is I like to show many different styles of gardening, so that you guys could do whatever you want to do, right?, there's many kinds of gardener, I'm never going to say "Ooh this kind of gardening is the right way, this is the wrong way", depending on your particular situation, there are definitely better or worse ways to do it. So, actually in this situation, where we are here in Houston, with the given soil here, with the given climate, Tino's definitely figured out a way, you know, to garden and grow some food, actually with minimal inputs. Ok, so that was the first time I saw Tino and then I drove off. He didn't give me his contact and in front I'm like, maybe I'll run into that guy later. As luck turns out today, I was actually at the farmers market and he had a stand there, he was selling all kinds of plant starts, and actually he had the cheapest price for lettuce and other leafy greens at the market. It was like $5 for a nice size, flat of lettuce and other mixed greens that he was offering. So, we got to talking again and I'm like "Hey, what are you doing this afternoon?", he was like "Nothing", and I'm like "good can I come over and I want to see what you're doing and make a video". So, that's why I'm making a video for you guys to show you guy actually what he's doing, because he believes in, you know, gardening on the free and cheap, and I know that this is an episode a lot of you guys have been wanting for a long time, gardening on the free and cheap like, "John, you don't gotta waste money on that rock dust, you don't gotta bottle these worm castings, you don't gotta bottle these things that you garden", you could garden the free and cheap and it's not that hard. So, I don't wanna say that Tino is doing entirely free, there's a few things he brings in, but he actually brings in very few inputs for the impressive growth that he has and he does a lot of things himself, and builds things and he does a lot of techniques that I'm only gotta show you guys, maybe a few of them today, that actually in practices that he's done and learned overtime, by actually making mistakes, and that's why making mistakes is really good, because when you make a mistake, you learn how successfully not to do something. So, hopefully next time you'll do a bit better and he's actually even invented his little tools to do some of the things, you know , that he does, that I'll get to show you guys, that actually is quite impressive, actually that helped me out, it's something I'll be able to use now and save immense amounts of time. But yeah, he's definitely an interesting guy and he's from Greece and so I'm gonna call this episode, 'The Big Fat Greek Vegetable Garden Episode'. So let's go right behind the doors and show you guys what's growing on over here. So now we're at the gate for Tino's place here, and as you guys can see, he's got a nice white painted fence all the way around his property. This is not, maybe the nicest of areas so actually building a fence around your property, if you're able to do that, because I know that in some places you are not able to do that. Probably a good idea, right?, it keeps like stray animals and peoples from picking your stuff, but more importantly, also offers you guys some protection, form some of the elements, from some of the strong winds, he's blocking the wind with having a solid fence. Of course you could grow your own fence too, with many different plants and have trees and different things growing so tightly close together, which will be my first choice, rather than having a fence, just sitting here. Grow a living fence, it's actually gonna dig their roots in the soil and create further soil fertility. In any case, let's go beyond this fence and actually see what he's got growing on. Alright so now let's do a walk in to the yard here and as you guys could see, there is stuff growing everywhere, basically some are really long raise beds, he has lots of foods growing in all these raise beds and each bed is just a little bit different. But he does have some things that he does, you know, in all of them for sure, and as you guys could see , he also has a lot of plants starts. This is the back of his truck, he just got back from the farmers market. These are all the vegetables starts, he sells at the farmers market and this cooler right here, he basically just to harvest, just a part of his bed and it was like just full last night and he sold most of it at the farmers market, now he has this, some left over to eat for a salad for himself. But, you know, all that actually came from this bed over here, that he just clipped out and I'm looking at it and you could tell the clip from stuff out, but there's still so much more food in this bed. So, he says here this bed is about 45 Feet long and 4 Feet wide, it could feed about 5 people. So a family of 5, all the salad greens and greens they would want. So, I know a lot of you guys may have the space to do this. Let's see the other beds over here, this time of year, you know in December, he's growing lettuce primarily and some other leafy greens, dandelion, onions, some braska family plants and over on this side, he has all his nursery, starts that he's offering to people, and if he doesn't sell them, then he ends up planting them in his garden. So every gardener that I meet, there's things that we as gardeners can agree on and of course there's things that we may not agree on, where we have differences of opinion on, and that's alright, we're not gonna start World War III because we think that we should garden differently, that's alright. We can learn from each other, and I wanna encourage you guys in this episode to like, pick out the bits of things in this episode, that's gonna enhance your garden, and maybe even challenge your gardening style and to even adjust it, and make changes to improve what you're doing, and you know, maybe you believe in, what I'm gonna share with you guys today, maybe you don't. That's alright, I don't really care, but I want you guys to experiment, right, try some of the beds, how he's grown it. See if in your exact environment it actually grows better or maybe it's gonna grow worse, you know, than you're currently existing raise beds with sides. Anyways, one of the things that we both agree on here, Tino and me, is this guy, this roader tool, alright, he bought this, he used it a long time ago, but he no longer uses it to tiller, unless it's just maybe to clean up some of the in between the raised beds, but he does not till the soil. He believes in a no till method, this is very critical to both my style of gardening and Tino's style of gardening, you know. When you start disturbing the soil you lose fertility, you lose microbial life in there and these are the two things that we're trying to enhance with our gardening styles. Next I wanna show you guys, something else actually, that he used to do and that he actually gave up. That's maybe not exactly in agreeing to me, but that's alright because everybody has their own way of gardening. So one thing Tino doesn't do, is he doesn't create Compost Tea, he just simply doesn't believe in it. He tried it, he has a barrel here and what not, all the hoses and he used to create a Compost Tea but he didn't really see a difference, you know, with it. So he just basically discontinued the practise and you know I would say that maybe under ideal situation, when you got actually enough soil microbes in your garden, you might not need to use the Compost Tea, you know, I believe personally in diversity of microbes that, you know, can only be more beneficial, than not having them. But of course things are gonna grow with or without Compost Tea, things are gonna grow with or without, things like the rock dust. That I like to add, he doesn't even add the rock dust, doesn't believe in it and believe that you guys are wasting your money on rock dust, and that's cool, you know, we're gonna have a confrontation about that at the end of this, you know, he believes that all the nutrients are in the soil, and I agree, there's definitely nutrients in the soil, you know, and from what it looks like, things are growing really good. But I kind of wonder on like the, nutritional quality of the produce that is being grown, aside from just looking good, you know, if we did a breakdown of the nutrients in there, what would that look like. So that's what I think would be quite interesting to compare, lettuce at my garden, for example, compared to the lettuce at his garden, and kind of see where nutrition falls, and if the nutrition falls better in his favour maybe I'll abandon what I'm doing. But I don't know coz , you know, the thing for me is, like one of my main values with gardening is like, I almost lost my life, right, I've had major health condition and I'm totally, one of the main reasons why I'm gardening is to grow the highest quality food, or what I believe to be a highest quality food, and that's what I've have gone out and learned how to do, and that's what I share with you guys, and when I'm at my garden, but when I come to somebody else's garden, they might not have the same ideals as me. They might not have almost lost their life from a health condition, you know, they might not value their health as much as I do, so, they just wanna grow food on the free or cheap, but that's more important to them, and that's cool, you know, like, I'm not gonna tell you guys your values, I'm gonna tell you that, you know, in my opinion your life is the most valuable thing you guys own in the world, free and clear, and , you know, if you do things like smoking and maybe like, eat too many processed foods and junk foods, you know, that's gonna put your health in the toilet, and I don't choose to do that, but if you guys wanna do that, that's up to you, I don't really care. Anyways, let's show another thing, that actually both Tino and I both agree on. So now I'm inside Tino's house, and it's really just, you know, small house actually he said he converted his garage, that was his garage, into his living space and actually, the garden area that you guys just saw, he actually tore down a duplex that was outside. It was here like a 100 years, it was probably about time to either refurb it or tear it down, and he tore it down because he wanted to use the space instead of living for gardening and then just grow in a much and then actually live in a much smaller space, so his garden is actually about 5000 sq ft and his living space, I don't know, probably takes up the rest of the plot, maybe, I don't know, 3000 sq ft less, you know, just the walk ways is around the house or what not. So , you know, I wanna encourage you guys to , you know, he lives a minimalist lifestyle, he doesn't have much, he has a little bathroom, a little living area with a kitchen and a bedroom and stuff, and I think, you know, we've gotten too opulent in America and all these super huge houses, 2000, 4000 sq ft, and how much do you really use, how much you really need, it's just more space to fill up with junk you don't need. Anyways, one of the things he does in his kitchen is actually, he stores all his seeds on the top shelf there. You guys can see all the containers of seeds that he saves every year. So actually, the most of the things that he grows is actually from seeds that he saves. Of course, yes, he buys some seeds to get him started, but once he buys the seeds once, he grows that plant out too flourish him, saves the seeds and then he stores them up there and then he grows them out the following year. One of the things that actually he grows , actually that's quite good , is actually he'll go and buy produce from store and then he'll plant it. So, he's done this with green onions and he found that, green onions planted from the store didn't work so well. Instead what he found, were these guys, and these are like the little baby onions. They're called the pearl onions, and he likes these little pearl onions coz he'll just take these little pearl onions, that are like a couple bucks per bag, and there's a lots of these little onions here that most people might boil and eat or however they eat them. But he just takes these guys and he grows them out. So, now you just got, you know, I don't know, at least, like, several dozen plants for 2.50, and he says, these guys actually grow better than the green onions with the roots on them. So, yeah he definitely cuts a lot of cost, he's not growing on the total free but he's really doing it on a cheap. So, there's two main ways that Tino starts his seeds from, and these are the two ways that I use as well and would encourage you guys to use, right? Number one, he does direct seeding. Depending on what plant it is, he may direct seed them into his raised bed, I mean that's what I'm gonna show you guys now. So, he has a special technique for doing that, to, you know, preserve more soil moisture and to conserve water, you know, he uses sitting water here, I think, you should probably, maybe, catch some water off this roof, and what not to use that when he is able, but he uses sitting water and he only uses as much water as he needs, he doesn't like to use any excess water, and one of his beliefs is that, you gotta let fend for themselves. If you water your plants too much, their gonna be weak, their gonna be lazy, their roots are not gonna grow deep and seek out the water they need, as well as other nutrients in the soil, they need to fully thrive, and you know, overall actually, I do agree with that, you know, I think that's a good idea not to over-water plants, and many people, tend to over-water their plants which is definitely not a good thing in my opinion, and of course, it's not good to under-water your plants either. Anyways, as you guys could see, he's got one of his raised beds here, now, here's the thing, his raised beds, he does not have any sides on them, he does not believe in putting sides on your raised beds, because when you put a side on the raised beds, it may, you know, increase temperature a little bit, which is a pro, but he says the major con is, once it starts getting hot, you know, the sun will hit the sides of your raised beds, it'll heat up the soil, it'll cause more moisture loss inside the raised bed, which means you're gonna have to water more which means when you're watering more, you're gonna be leeching more nutrients out of your soil, and then its just a, you know, cycle. So, instead of a having sides on his beds, he just basically has a slope to raise bed, that actually he fills up with plants, so that the plants could cover the soil and he could actually grow more food in less space than having the sides. Another thing about Tino that he has learned very specific techniques that he does to, you know, start things from seed, to start things from tram plants to transplant things and I'm probably not going to be able to share with you guys all his techniques in this episode, but I'm gonna share a few of them, as much as I am able to retain and remember which hopefully is in line with what he shared with me. So, the start is seeds, basically he waters the soil or the ground where he's going to be planting. He then sprinkles the seed down all over and then I think he maybe waters a little bit more and then he puts the plastic over at the top, this clear, kind of plastic, and if we pull this up a little bit, you guys probably can't see underneath there too much, but some of the seeds underneath here are actually starting to germinate out, you know, when he puts the clear plastic over at the soil, it holds the moisture in, so it provides a nice place for the seeds to germinate, number one. Number two, it keeps the pests, like birds that might come down and eat your seeds away. Number three, it also keeps the ants and what not away, coz he does have a ant problems here, with the seeds and the ants and all this kind of stuff. So, it's basically covering the soil and protecting the soil. Now, here's the thing, he only will do this technique if it's under 80 Degrees in a day time, if it's over 80, he's not gonna use this. coz then you're gonna end up burning the soil. This also keeps, you know, the soil a bit warmer, so the seeds will have a nicer time to germinate, coz some seeds don't like to germinate when it's too cold, probably challenge that a lot of you guys are having right now, coz it's probably still winter time. But yeah, here in Houston, really nice day to day, we're in the 70's, and we're here in December. So, yeah, that's how he gets all this started, and this is just one of the ways, he does it. Let me go ahead and show you guys, after he does this, how the, all the seedlings look, in their raised bed. So, as you guys could see here's the bed, behind me here and this is one that he actually use the same technique that I should you, I don't know, maybe a month or two so ago and it looks like he's got some amazing growth, and he just literally threw out all the seeds. Here we have some spinach and, you know, it's growing really tightly and next to each other, as you guys could see also the lettuce behind me, it's also growing really tight and all next to each other, right? To him, there's no such thing as planting things too closely, but there is a problem with planting things too far apart. So I do encourage you guys, its in my opinion, its in probably Tino's as well, it's better to plant things too closely than too far apart, so that you're curving the soil. Plus, you know, the things that is actually planted too closely, to him, that's a good thing coz guess what, he'll come over and he'll pluck the things that are too close out of the bed, and then he'll transplant those into the six packs, which then is an income or revenue stream for him to make. He could also pull those up and just clip them, cut them back and eat them and let the other ones around them, grow. So, basically he's just growing more food in less space, this is actually quite intelligent. The other thing about this is that, you know, he doesn't add on any large amounts, any kind of compost or worm castings or rock dust or even any fertilizers, right, he just growing in the dirt that's sitting here, right, and in my opinion that's good and it's bad, I mean, we need to remember that, you know, depending on where you live, your soil could vary widely. You could actually be lucky and live in a place where that has fertile soil, you could also be unlucky, in maybe live in a place that maybe doesn't have the best of soil. Where I'm sitting right now is actually underneath, where his house used to sit. There was a house here, he tore it out, you know, the house was here for a hundred years, so the soil underneath the house has been basically covered for a hundred years and then he uncovered it, it probably hasn't been, you know, contaminated too much with all kinds of stuff, and so it's actually a fairly fertile and he's, you know, built it up over time. Because there is, the fact of the matter is, there is organic matter in most soils and here he has a clay soil, so, you know, it actually does and is actually quite nutritious, if it, you know, doesn't get water logged, and actually that's why we're sitting right now on these, 4 by 4's that actually is his walk ways, cause when it rains here, you get caked on the mud. But yeah, so yeah, it looks like, things are growing really good in here and next I wanna show you guys another technique he uses in his raised beds to grow, more food in less space. So, another technique he uses, besides planting things super close and super densely, is he actually does companion style planting, and he plants more than just one thing is a bed sometimes, you know, you guys saw where he had just mostly lettuce and spinach, but even in that bed, you know, every, so many feet he actually had an eggplant, little baby, that's gonna be growing up for the next season, after his lettuce or spinach is done, and in this bed, this is more of a cut and come again bed. He has things like the beets, he has a fennel, he has a cilantro, he has some parsley, he has a lettuce, all different kinds of stuff, and as you guys could see in the video there, this is really filled in, really nicely, it's like totally packed with plants, and he's proud of this fact, and actually I'm like yeah this is quite impressive, I like how, he's really densely seeded things, and they basically have to out compete themselves, and they just basically grow and, you know, what he's gonna do, he's gonna come in here and some of the bigger plants, he might actually just cut out and then those are the ones that he's gonna take to market, those are the ones that he's gonna eat, and then all the other ones, are basically just gonna fill in the space that was now created, when he did cut one out. In addition, , you know, he has planted things so closely and just basically three seeds down, that some of the seeds are coming up, so now there's new seedlings, that are this small, coming up in between the lettuces, so when he cuts down some of them, the new ones that are just emerging are now gonna get larger. So I mean, I think this is a technique that we can all learn and benefit from, you know, specially if you're trying to grow on the free and cheap, you could maximize your space, maximize the diversity for the most amount of yield. Up until now, you guys saw how basically he seeds his beds out and grows from seeds in place, I now wanna share with you guys, another way to do it, and you know, direct seed or planting from transplants, they both have their pros and cons, I like to personally do a little bit of each, and as it looks like here, so does Tino. So, now I wanted to share with you guys, just a, maybe a few more techniques he does, actually on my way to showing you guys the other way he starts his seeds out. These are his raised beds here, and as you guys could see, the soil is just mounted up to the sides and he's got things growing up the sides so that it just doesn't come to a edge, where he's not planting, it kind of slopes down mildly and he's been planting onions and different lettuces, right down the sides, so that, they'll actually fill it in, so it'll have a nice little narrow pathway in the middle, now it probably be a good idea to maybe do something like wood chips in between, so that you don't get all muddy, also the which was gonna break down over time, create more fertility. But anyways, he has all this stuff, here's the eggplant like I talked about planted within the lettuce, and also there's those little onion sets that I showed you guys earlier, little balls in between here. Over on this side, he has lots of different varieties of lettuces, including some of my favourite lettuces, those really dark rich lettuces that are at deeply pigmented, right. I wanna encourage you guys to eat deeply pigmented lettuce and other foods, coz they are higher in anti-oxidants. So yeah, and this is like, some of them really, this bed just really looks nice. He has, like so much food here, and I'm glad that he's probably one of the lowest priced sellers at the farmers market for your greens and by the looks of his greens, they're all quite healthy, and probably ones that you'd want to buy yourself, if you're not growing them yourself, here in Houston. he uses all organic methods. He doesn't sprays any kind of chemicals and all this kind of stuff, and actually he's getting some really superb results. So, another way besides direct seeding his plants, sometimes he'll actually start them in these little flats, you know, these are not plastic nursery flats, these are wooden flats that is he actually he made himself out of some 2 by 4 , and actually some, looks like, 1 by 6, fence post, like cedar fence post potentially, and that some good wood to use, coz it's gonna last a bit longer than just a pine or something. But these are nice, durable and stout. So, basically he fills this little container with a specific soil blend, that I'll share with you guys next, and then he basically grows his transplants. But to do that he does it in a few special ways to ensure he gets higher germination, because, once again, he doesn't want the water to dry out, he wants the proper moisture level. This is very important to him, to have a proper moisture level and also more importantly properly washed soil. So, the way that Tino starts his plants from the seed in the little containers are, he basically makes a little mini green house for them, and it's really simple, it's just this once again, the clear plastic that he likes so much and you guys could see, we'll go ahead and remove the plastic over here and underneath here , you guys could see, all these little baby starts, that are growing, that he says, that took like 4 days. These guys, are ready to have the plastic taken off, coz they are getting so tall, and that's another thing I wanna point out right, Tino does certain things for certain reason. If you guys looked, when I showed you guys these bins, side of the bins are made out of 2 by 4's, but the ends, but then the sides right, are actually made out of 2 by 6's and they're taller. This gives them about that much space, so that when he lays the plastic on top, it's not dragging on the top of the soil, so that gives the plants just a little bit amount of space to grow up. Once the plants almost touch the plastic, then that's time for the plastic to come off, coz otherwise the plants will start to bend and he doesn't want that at all, and yeah, he keeps nice little humid area for the plants to germinate, so this saves water, also creates a nice environment, you know, he's also right now seeding out some tomatoes, which generally like to germinate when it's warmer out, and by using this technique, he gets to warm up the soil, so that his tomato seeds could germinate here in Houston, even in December. So, now I wanna share with you guys, a special soil blend that Tino uses to start his transplants in, that I didn't get to show you guys yet. Now, this is the only time that actually he brings in some soil, but he also creates some, that I'll show you guys in a minute, to start his transplants, and he puts no coconut core, no peep moss and none of this stuff, right, he doesn't believe in it, right, and he's got a pretty good system down, I mean what he's doing, for the transplants is amazing, he's got some of the healthiest transplants that I've actually seen. One of the things I learned is to cover your wheel barrel, right, to cover the soil in the wheel barrel from the sun, the rain, all this kind of stuff. That's something I need to do, and this actually makes a nice little work table or work surface for you all too. So anyways let's go ahead and move this off, and as you guys could see here, he's got some really nice rich black soil, and one of his secrets is, he sips this down to quarter inch, so he gets comply by some compost from a certain place or maybe he gets a farm dirt compost sometimes. He sips it down, and then he adds some of his super potent compost that he's making right behind in a way that I've actually never seen before, which is gonna be good for you guys to see. But yeah, the soil is nice and filtered down, nice screened out, he has no big large chunks of stuff, that's very important and when I smell it, it actually has a nice mild neutral smell, looks like some really good stuff and this is where he starts all hi transplants in. Now, I know some of you guys might be thinking, "John, that's a really rich mixture of he's growing in all compost ", because they say don't grow in compost, you know , they say use a sterile soil medium. But, you know, one of the things that he does actually, once he puts this in a little six pack or tray, he'll actually wash, take the hose and he'll actually wash out, like, if you put coffee in a coffee maker, the water goes through and it leeches all the nutrients out of the coffee to put in your glass and you drink, right? He actually waters this compost down and there's like basically it's really brown and dark coming off and he does this for quite a while, depending on that the plants more mature or less mature, the plants more mature, they can handle a little bit stronger mix, but the plants that are baby, then he wants to kind of water a lot of the nutrients out of the plants, coz he says that might shock the plant. So yeah, so anyways, this mixture is mostly the stuff that he bought and brought in and the other stuff is what I'm going to show you guys next. Now, the reason why he does this is, this is the principal that I actually also agree with and why he treats his baby plants and his baby vegetables so well is because this, right? The most important time to determine the health of a plant over its life span is when it's a baby. If it had a rough time when it was a baby, if you're buying it from transplants from a nursery, that the roots are wrapping around the base and the basically the plant is root bound or if you are buying plants that aren't so healthy right? Those plants will not really ever turn out to their full genetic potential, they won't ever produce a lot of food, right?, coz they've already had hard times, they've already been stressed out, if like, you know I have friends and have been yelled at as a kid or maybe, you know, god forbid, beating as children and sometimes like you know, they have some issues when they grow older, now hopefully people can get counselling and stuff like that, but plants can't get counselling. So, you wanna start them off and give them the best environment, the best upbringing possible, whether you direct seed them or whether you start up from transplants, and that's actually one of the things he's doing here, you know, he strives to have the highest quality baby plants because in the end, that's gonna mean, he's gonna have higher quality, better tastier, larger large plants, and that's actually something that's not actually often talked about unfortunately in gardening. Anyways, let's go ahead and take a look at this unique way he's making compost, that I have never even seen before or even could've imagine. So, I know what you guys might be thinking, "John, what is that guy Tino have these big ass things in his yard, alright, is he a junk collector, well actually he has a few things kind of laying around like I do, but actually its pretty neat and tidy around here. These guys may seem a little bit out of place and look off, but actually they serve a very important purpose because instead of having a tumbling composter like I did, right?, he's repurposing something he got for free or cheap that I think is thrown out and I believe is a waste to throw these guys out because he's found an excellent use of them. He used to work in, you know, refrigeration and all this kinds of stuff. What these two things are, these are the ice makers, these are those big industrial ice makers that you might see in on the top there, that have all that, you know, machinery and equipment but the bottom is basically just an insulated, you know, brain that actually keeps the temperature regulated, so it keeps it cold inside there. Also has a nice little lid here that can be open closed. So when he's ready to harvest his compost, he just opens up this lid right?, and all his compost by gravity just drops to the bottom in here. So he has a really nice rich stuff. Now he's not using traditional composting like with worms, no no no, he's not using traditionally composting, that composts with heat actually. What he's doing is something unique and different and basically what he's doing is he's just modelling nature. He's speeding up the process and he's providing a home or a habitat for the creatures that live inside his ice box compost bins, right? and let me go ahead and show you guys, what some of them looks like, alright. So , each of these ice makers bottoms anyways, are at different stages, you know, the one on the other side is the stuff he's harvesting from, this is the stuff, it's kind of like letting digest and compost or more prominently break down over time. Like this one, coz it still has a little window here, that you could actually just, go in and you could actually see all the materials that he's been stacking up. So, basically it's open at the top, he basically puts in, you know, old okra twigs you know, food scraps, you know, yard wastes and things and basically just funnels down and you know, on the top there's not a lot of living material. It's kind of like a lot of dry, but this is the insulation level and as he packs more stuff on the top, all the stuff kind of works down at its own pace and breaks down, you know, here you could see some of the stuffs that's not really broken down, but in here, there's like a little area, that we could actually just dig into, and you could see this stuff, it's getting broken down and let me go ahead and open the door to show you guys what's breaking this organic material down. Alright, so this is the ice maker that still in process, not yet ready to be harvested, we'll open this guy up for you guys and look at that, I don't know if you guys could see that on a HD camera, but just in this ice bin thing here, I see all these little creatures and actually when I opened the door, they all like went into little like caves inside all this compost, you know, what these little creatures are, I see like rollie pollies, I see cockroaches and who knows what other kind of bugs are living in here. He didn't add these bugs I here, they just showed up, right? You provide food for the bugs, they're gonna show up and they're gonna chow it down, right?, you have a big table of tropical fruit, I'm gonna show up and I'm gonna eat it all, and that's what the bugs are doing. He's providing a nice home for them, they show up and they basically eat all the organic material and then they poop it out, which is creating a really rich, nutrition for his plants, you know, the bugs and things will basically breakdown the organic batter and when they poop out, they poop it out actually some of the richest biology, you know. So, they can be pooping out fungus or fungi, bacteria, fungi and different chitinease degraders, cellulose degraders and all these things. Its kind of like, you know, they have worm castings, which we know is so good, they also have meal worm castings, which is so good, and they also have other excrements from bugs, that, you know, in the forest, on the forest floor you just see all these bugs scurrying around and eating all the different organic matter, well hey he's just doing that in a more contained space so this is actually, instead of a worm bin, it's actually just a bug bin, using just the local bugs to breakdown his nutrients. This is something that's not really even talked about right?, and I think this is a really good way to do it. I mean there are black soldier flies all these different bugs, but you know, in my garden I have a lot of the little pill bugs or whatever and there just breaking down the leaf material and organic matter actually in my beds, so actually I don't even have to have a bin, and you know some of those bugs also if they're in your garden, maybe not be a good thing, they also chomp on your young plants. If you don't have a lot of organic matter, so this maybe a better option. So, you know, I like that he's doing this to create a really rich mix, so he uses some of this stuff with some of the box stuff to start off his transplant. So, I'm really glad I came to visit Tino today, coz one of the areas that actually I haven't been maybe the most successful as a gardener is starting transplants. So he has a system down, totally to get really good transplants. These are some of the healthiest transplants I've seen of all the places I've visited, like, he plants them really dense and then actually he plucks them out as he needs them. So, right here we have basically the, some celery that he planted, and as you guys could see in this half right here it's pretty thinned out, coz he's plucking all the large ones, and its the large ones that actually, he takes out of here. He could either, A, you know, put them into little six packs, like he's just done with these guys, and then sell them and then if he don't sell them, he can plant it in his garden, and other, or, he could actually just take these out and just pop them in his garden. So, he's gonna be actually starting, he's doing some beets right now, he's gonna pop out the beets and then put them in his garden to grow the beets, because he found that you know, if he just direct seed the beets, they don't come up so well. But if you put them in here first, then they work a lot better. SO, you know, you're only gonna learn this by maybe reading things online, or trying yourself, and see what works or not right? I always encourage you guys to try to, like, make your gardening life, like, easier and work less, right? So, if you direct seed things, hey, that's always the best, coz that's gonna be the least amount of effort, if you gotta transplant and do all these kinds of stuffs, its little bit more effort, but if it allows you to grow more food, it's definitely worth it. So, yeah, so what he did here was, he was just coming over and he was just popping out some of these guys and he waters these guys, and he just will pop out the little roots there, like that and take this little transplant and then he'll actually put it into a six pack or maybe even a 72 pack and make those available to people. Now the next thing I wanna share is actually, once he pops these guys out, I wanna show you guys his technique, that he uses, where he can actually transplant up to 2 thousand plants in one day just by himself, which to me is amazing coz like I transplant stuff all the time, and I'm really slow, you know, coz I don't have his technique down, so I'm gonna basically take his technique that he uses for transplants and run with it, coz it's actually quite intelligent and actually quite smart and he's actually even invented his own tool to do it. So, let's take a look at that next. So, now I'm gonna show you guys the first step to transplanting. Basically what he did was he took a, his a 6 pack here, he's actually using nice size six packs, you know. I encourage you guys always, when you're purchasing 6 packs, if you're gonna be using them, is to try to buy the ones that actually have, that hold the most soil. Some of them are like long and skinny, and in my opinion, those aren't that good, we wanna have lots of soil in there. So, as he filled up this with the soil mixture from the wheel barrel that I showed you guys earlier, and then he washes it down, it's very important step right? You could do it with like little hose, he just does it with a hose just like spray this down gently and basically he lets the water soak all the way through. So, now number 1, you're gonna have really nice rich soil, that's fully watered, but you're not just gonna, like, plant in it, where there's still water on top. You're gonna wanna give it some time to let the water drain out, and if you guys look at the coming out, I could see the water, even though the ground's like dirt. I could see the water that's coming out that looks like that coffee. We're leeching some of the nutrients out, or the tea out of the compost on to the ground, and he'll do this several times to bring it down to the level where he feels comfortable, and then plant his plants in that, right?, and as I said, you know, if the plants are younger, then he's gonna rinse it more, and if the plants are a bit bigger, then he doesn't rinse it as much. But this is a critical step to plant in a 100 percent straight, you know screen compost, which is you know, goes against the many gardeners style, which they ,"Oh you gotta use a sterile medium, coz if you use compost it could cause problems", but all his stuff's looking great. So, he's doing a lot of things that maybe go against convention gardening wisdom, and I would encourage you guys to try it, see what happens. So, now I'm gonna share with you guys Tino's revolutionary planting technique that even enlightened me actually. As you guys could see, we've actually already rinsed the soil out and it's a drained fairly well. Most of it has drained pretty well, except of these two cells, and so, that's very important, right? One of the most important thing he stresses is you wanna have well draining soil. If the soil is not draining and it stays wet, right?, you're gonna rot out your plant's roots, you know, and he has a high probability to success, not to say he doesn't lose a couple plants sometimes, coz you know whatever happens. But he does things to ensure his success of his baby plants. So, the first step is, once you have rinsed it all out, you're gonna have these little transplants here that you basically just pluck up. So the first step is to just put them in a wash, right?, you're gonna dunk them in the water, we dunk them in some water, and we bring them out, check it out, the roots are now all together, where as before, you know, the roots were kind of like, really bushy. So that's very important, number 1. Number 2, he has a special screwdriver, so this is not just any screwdriver, he took a standard screw driver here and took a special file, I think he used maybe a chainsaw file and he basically just put a notch in the tip of the screwdriver, and this is very important not to put a point in, but it's a kind of rounded notch, so you know, there's no sharp edges on the screw driver, that is gonna cut the roots of the plants you're transplanting, then all he does is, he takes a little plant here and he goes down, maybe a little bit above half way right?, coz basically, his whole goal is to get this roots, in the little cell as quickly and efficiently as possible, and so he basically, he'll put this down, sometimes he'll like formulate a figure 8, you know, to get it, if the roots really long, then he'll take the little screw driver, and the little tip there and then he'll put them in the roots so all kind of like line it up like this, kind of like right about maybe there, and then basically he pushes down in one fall swoop and then basically, he's now planted the plant. The other thing at the same time that, he's going down, he'll kind of like leave a little bit of hole, you know, as he comes down. What that Little hole's gonna do, that's gonna ensure the water directs down and also it's gonna funnel the water down so that it drains faster. This is another critical component, if you're growing in straight compost, coz I've seen sometimes the compost will not drain, and then you're gonna get water logged, and that's why many people use or grow, peat moss because it basically, give a larger method of air, larger , you know, probability of air or like a cushion basically. Where's in this case you gotta be more precise, and so you know, with this, like literally hundreds of plants starts over there it looks like he's pretty much precise every time. So yeah, this is something, that's gonna save me a lot of time, coz normally I would've just took these guys and try to plant these with all the roots hanging out, but just by simply dunking them into water, and having a little screwdriver thing, then you're gonna go ahead and go down, let me go ahead and give you guys a close up on this, its kind of cool. We're gonna go ahead and put this down, and he basically sometimes like, loops this around a little bit, and see if we could, sometimes he just loops this around a little bit, makes a little 'u' out of it or a circle, then he just shoves this all down just like that and this took me a couple times to figure out how to do it, but now, you know, I think he'd probably approve of my technique. But yeah, he just does whole little six packs like this and actually here's one that he did, so you guys could see, what it looks like. So next what I wanna show you guys is actually after he pots those up, kind of like this, he's potted them all up. These are kind of sitting out and depending on how large they are, he'll either put them in a shade, like if they're just transplanted out or sometimes he'll put them in area with the sun and he'll rotate this depending on his specific desires for the plant. If the plants getting too big, he wants the growth to slow down. he'll put it in shade, if he wants them to grow faster and get topped off, looking nice for market, he may put them in the sun. That's very important. The other things is sometimes, instead of doing the six packs, he'll also do, you know, large flats of 72. So look at this, this is like a really nice flat of lettuce here, and he'll even take sometimes the ones maybe not performing, underperforming, it's too small, he'll put it in a longer one so that, you know, there all consistent size. So you're gonna get some of the best plant starts. You know I popped up some of these roots and some of these guys, maybe like, we'll do it on these guys here, see, look at this, this is one of the starts he did and look at that, if you guys notice, there's no roots up near the top because he sucked this down in the ground, you know when he's transplanting, all the roots are at the bottom and these roots are not wrapping around each other yet. He'll also even come in and root prune in these guys sometimes, if the roots are getting too much, so that they actually don't get roop bound so that when you guys take his plant starts home, you're gonna get some amazing results, like he's getting in his garden here, and , you know, his price is actually quite affordable, some of the best prices I've seen in Houston, like if you're getting like just a standard 6 pack, it's like 2.50 for a healthy 6 pack, that's very important. If you guys, wanna buy, you know, whole flat, basically he'll give you a whole flat of 6 packs for, I think around, 12 bucks and if you're buying a 72, you got the hook-up deal, 20 bucks, right, and if you buy , like 5 flats of 72 plants like this, he'll even go down further, so I encourage you guys, if you guys are not starting you plant starts yourself, you live here in Houston area, definitely call him up, and he'll hook you up with some of the healthiest plant starts in the lowest prices that I've seen. I mean if I lived here, I'd definitely be getting some of the 72 packs you know, it's definitely easy way to go, because you're gonna have a higher level of success when you guys start out with healthy plants, like he's making here. I think the last part of this episode, I'd like to actually sit down with Tino, he is from Greece, originally, so he has a thick accent, so maybe hard for you guys to listen to him, so I'll try to do the best I can, to maybe, help him explain what he's trying to say and I hope as soon as I'm able to also getting subtitles on this for you guys. John - So, now I'm here with Tino, the gardener extraordinaire that has created this paradise here in Houston with all his amazing plants, that actually he doesn't add any fertilizers to, and all his amazing transplants, that you guys saw just a few of them, I mean it's just impressive the amount of healthy transplants he has going. I only have a limited amount of time left here today, before I actually have to take off, but I want to ask him a few questions about his garden and why he chooses to grow all this food here, for him and his family. So a teen of the first question is, Why are you growing all this food here, especially where your duplex used to be on your property. Tino - Because I like to, I like to grow and I can't eat all these, just some of myself, some I'll give it away to someone and I like to grow, I like garden, that's all I do. There's not a man, there's no you know, I like to do, I like what I'm doing. John - Yeah, so I mean he just basically loves gardening and I mean I love gardening, I mean it's good to get out in nature and have a hobby, that's a productive hobby and actually his hobby is quite productive, produces hundreds of plant starts or even thousands of plant starts for his garden and also you guys in the local area. So, another thing I wanna talk to you guys about, Tino, is that something I didn't get to mention in the video, that was important to me, that I didn't get to talk about is you know, another aspect of your gardening on the free or cheap, beside bringing not many inputs in is how you communicate with the plants. This is something I do myself and I know, you also do. So, you wanna talk little bit about talking and more importantly listening to your plants, and how important it is for your gardening style? Tino - The, the plants they, you can, you can watch them and they tell you story like they tell you, like , like if you play on cassette, they tell you like a, how can I explain that, that's I'm hard to explain that, you have to explain that. John - Can you explain it in Greek? Your language, your native language. Tino - No no no, I cannot, no no no. They tell you what they need, what they, just look at them, you see , how they are growing, you see how they, it's it's very, they tell you a story, the whole story, how they growing, like how, what they need, how they can be better, how they can, it's very, it's very simple but it's very complicated, you know, it could be very complicated for some, lot of people, then simple for some others, and I don't know how to explain that. John - Yeah, so I stumped him, he's having a hard time explaining, but I'll try to give you my best, so, basically he's saying, every plant will tell a story and you need to listen to the plant and I know, you know, I would call Tino here a plant whisperer like they have dog whisperers and all these things. He knows plants and you could listen to the plants and hear, maybe not hear what they are saying, but you could kind of feel their vibe, I mean, we are all interconnected on this planet, and we sometimes forget that, and you need to open up, to be able to listen more, you know. I mean that's one of the things that I learned is to become a better speaker, you need to become a better listener. So I encourage all you guys to listen to your garden, you know, he'll sit out on his chair just looking over his garden and listening to his plants and seeing them and feeling what they need and then he'll take appropriate action to do that, and I know a lot of you guys are new, you guys may think I'm crazy and Tino's crazy for talking to the plants and not talking to the plants and listening to the plants and all this stuff. But, you know what, one day its gonna click, you're gonna be in your garden and you're plants are gonna tell you, "John I need water", "John, hey put some of this on me" or "put some of that on me" or "hey, I need more sun, I need less sun", and whatever, they're gonna tell you some stuff, and then all you need, all your job is to do as a gardener is to react and give them what they really need, not what you think they need, and I think this causes a lot of challenges in gardening, "Oh, I, my plants need water", you flood the heck out of them man, they lose their life coz, you're flooding them out, right? I mean let's talk about that Tino, you, you water very minimally here, right?, you only water, when necessary, you let the plants fend for themselves, and why, why do you do this? Tino - Because, I have to water the plants when I start them, when I start I have to water the plants because, I can't, like some to start, something, then after, after they're watered, when they grow out, start growing, I let them go to find their own moisture, I try to harder the soil the most I can. So, keep the moisture on the soil and they're good to go, that's all you need, you don't need nothing else, that's all you need. By hardening the soil, with a plants, with a , then you've got everything. That's all you need. That's all. John - Yeah, so he has no irrigation system here and nothing like that, and I mean this time here in December, everything looks amazing. Tino - Just giving them basics, you know what I mean, give them the basics. It's like a raise a plants like raise a kid. That's the way I see it. You see, if you wanted the plants to succeed, just let them go the hard way , you know what I mean, they're gonna find their own way, they're gonna go deeper, they're gonna find moisture, they'll find what they need. So by giving the plants anything they need , so , they become lazy, so they depend on you, for work, for food, for disease, for everything. You have to fight all this, so let the plants to find what they need, by themselves. Don't give them what they need. They're gonna find it, give them the basics, that's the basic thing, moisture, that's all you need, and the rest is, they can do, they can do better by their own. John - Yeah,, I mean I , definitely agree like, right? My parents they didn't give me allowance I was the like kid that got all his money, I had to like go out and find a job and make money and I think that's why I turned out pretty good, you know. We all know them spoiled kids right?, they're just messed up in their lives, coz they've just been given everything, and likewise your plants are similar right? So, cut that water off your plants sometimes, you know, don't over water them, you know. I encourage you guys to check your soil moisture levels, make sure they have the proper amount of water, but don't give them too much. Make them fend for themselves and find their own water. Of course this also depends on your particular environment you live in and also your soil, so I wouldn't wanna say that anybody in Las Vegas should in the middle of a summer, let your plants fend for summer, coz that's gonna be a bit more challenging than it is here in Houston. So, the other thing, you know, that actually we maybe don't see eye to eye on, coz we have maybe different goals and values, which is alright, is, adding fertilizers, nutrition and worm castings, and even compost, like you add very little with any compost. I think you added some to this, but all your bed pretty much you don't add any compost. So, you wanna speak to all these things that people put in their gardens and why you feel, is not needed. Tino - You don't need it because you, you, need the worms, where they belong, in the ground. Their compost, their composting the ground, they make castings in the ground , they harden the soil, they have the things, they do more, you see, by buying the chemical product, that. By keeping the germs in the ground, and take them out of the bins, take it from the bins, they do much better. That's the way it's supposed to be. John - I would agree with that, he says, take your worms out of your bins and put them in the ground, provided you have, you know, the right temperatures year round, where they could actually live in the ground, like here there's no problem, other places may be more challenging. Put them in the ground so that worms can eat and digest and poop where you need them and they can irrigate the soil instead of having them, locked up in a bin. I mean. I'm definitely for that now, actually in my, I don't have a worm bin, all my worms are in the bin. I like to add some supplementary worm castings for my beds for additional fertility but I would agree the best is actually having the worms in the bin. Tino - The another thing is, you got the castings, you see the, the plants, every plant, the worms they make a tunnel under the soil. John - Worms make tunnels. Tino - All the tunnels they find castings, the plants will find the whole plants, the plans that hold the follow the tunnel, so the they'll now have to penetrate the hard soil. So they build it very strong root system, by building very strong root system, you're building a beautiful plant. Sheltered beautiful plant. That holds. You have to have a feet, strong feet to run a marathon, you know, you can't do it without strong feet. You can't have a healthy plant without healthy roots. The worms they play very, they do very, that's very important for the worms to be on the ground where your plants are and live, always live like a some kind, like leaves, you know that leaves that you, when you cut your plants, just cut them don't pull them out leave the rest of the roots to die so, you feed the worms, they can't. Sometimes that's this ground right here, sometimes I got, if I have a worm like this big, Lyme worms, I'm talking about Lyme worms, they by not tilling the soil, they, you see they building like, like a tunnel system, and by tilling the soil you can never till. John - Because the worms yeah, that'll destroy the soils, yeah. Irrigate the nutrients. Tino - That's very important for the plants, for the plants, to have a open tunnel underneath John - Yeah, it also causes irrigations too. Tino - They find food in the tunnel, they find oxygen, they find, they can built a very strong wall system. That's what you need, that's the basic, that's the most important thing for any plant. John - I mean I totally agree with Tino on this fact, the worms belong best in your beds. That's the best place for them and they do a lot of things in the beds as nature would want them to, so your plants could thrive. Tino - By Buying like a bag worm compost, and throw them on your plants, throw them on your beds is not gonna do nothing. It's do something, but it's missing the whole point, the whole point is missing. John - I agree with the worm castings on the top of the beds, mixed in , it's gonna help. Now some worm castings are better than others, coz some worm castings may have worm casting eggs, so now you're actually putting the eggs and the worm castings in the beds, so now the worms could hatch at the same time. Anyways let's we pretty much agree on the whole worm situation. Let's talk about something maybe that we don't maybe see eye to eye on, the rock dust. So, what do you think about the rock dust, Tino. Tino - What's rock dust? John - Rock dust, the ground up rocks. Tino - You, we're made of rocks, this planet itself is made by that, by big rocks. So, you don't have to pay from , you don't have to go to the, for sand and big rocks, you know. You got that underneath in your soil, you got everything you need. It's all accessible to your plants because the way you, the way you garden, the way you, you, cultivate your plants, that's not accessible, and then you have to bring all this stuff, plus it's money, the business a lot of things is involved, so you just put all this on the side and the sow seeds on the ground, and see what happens, and then you'll learn from there. Your next, next thing's gonna be, you're gonna move up better and better all the times, and then you're gonna end up, with something like a, you don't have to do nothing, you don't have to bring nothing from the outside, all that you have is something, plants and best of any kinds of vegetables, I think you have pretty much everything. I have no problem because I have everything, without bringing, without bringing nothing. So, it's good for, I mean, it's good for nature, it's good for the everybody. It's good for your health, its good for you, it's good for your money, it's good for your pocket, its good for everything. Plus you got the top quality vegetables, by doing this, you got much more, that's the point, that was the mission. By doing more you got less, that's the way it works for the vegetables. It doesn't work, maybe that doesn't work in other things, but the garden, that's the way it works. By doing less you got more. John - So yeah I mean, definitely this is Tino's opinion about this topic and maybe many of you guys too. I get a lot of flag by all the stuff I buy to put in my garden, right? But once again, just like Tino, this is his hobby, he, he puts a lot of time and love into his garden. I put you know some time and you know, some money and products into my garden which I believe are gonna help me, even if its psychological that my food is healthier, that I'm eating it, I'm eating healthier food in my mind, it's still helping me, right?, if I'm wasting money unnecessasarily, you know, based on the research I've done, in my trials and experiments I've done I believe, some of the things I add actually are helpful to my garden to create higher quality food and not to say that he's not growing amazing food here, because he has absolutely is, the thing to remember that there's many ways to garden, some soils are more nutritious]us than others and you can't just say, "Oh the guy Tino, I just grow with anything if you guys could live next door to Tino, then grow just like he does, guess what, you're gonna have the same remarkable success that he does coz you're gonna be in the same soil, the same climate, the same environment, right? But unfortunately, I know a lot of you guys live in Australia, the UK, maybe you live in Georgia, maybe you live in Maine, you know, things vary a lot. Then you have to like, maybe kind of learn how to do things little bit differently, and that's alright you know. I'm here to just share with you guys, what different people are doing. So, Tino, let's talk about something's that would probably both agree with, chemical fertilizers. What do you think about, chemical fertilizers. Tino - It's the, you had to see that, you had to see that, you see young kids with lot of problems, health problems you see, you see lot of, you never see, it's going, it's going like ,something like a disease. You got disease , you got problems everywhere, so we have to go back, I think you know better than nobody else, you know about this better. But top quality healthy food, consuming top quality healthy food, you got, normally you got your and I think, you know better than anybody else about this and it's, you contaminated your life, you contaminated your food, yourself. It's you have to live the plant, the plant is smart enough, the seed, the single seed is smart enough if it falls to the ground, and there are amount of moistures, he knows exactly what to do, and right temperature and moisture, he knows exactly what to do, he doesn't need nobody to tell. You don't need to go all this classes and all this crap and then you listen all this crap, and I mean, start by yourself, if you have a soil and you , luckily a piece of soil and little piece of space in your house, in your farm, if you have a soil, you need to measure things, you need to measure things, make sure you have the sunlight and drainage. It doesn't matter what kind of soil you have, of course it doesn't have to be contaminated, it doesn't matter m=what kind of soil you have, you can grow pretty much everything. You need a drainage, two important things, a drainage and sun light. John - And the right moisture Tino - The moisture's gonna, you're gonna have to, you have to do that. The plants have to do that. So, you can grow anything, it's nothing. It's unlimited, you can grow anywhere you could do anything. John - Yeah, I mean view all
 


 
 
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Alright this is John Kohler from growingyourgreens.com to bring you another exciting episode for you. I'm still here in Houston and I don't know what area in Houston it is, but doesn't looks like, you know, the best of neighbourhoods. But anyways, what I'm going to do today is actually visit the house right behind me, not the one over there with the bananas in the front, but this one behind the white fence there, the doors open, that has a red truck. This is going to be a interesting episode actually, this episode may challenge the beliefs you guys have about gardening. It's challenging some of the beliefs I have about gardening as well. So, the guy here, Tino, is actually from Greece and he's been growing, he's using little kid, he's been actually on this property about for last 4 to 5 years, when he's been actually growing food here. He does thing little bit differently, let me tell you this story actually. I first met Tino when I was actually at the Farm Dirt Compost, the place, and the guy their introduced me to him and he was like " You gotta meet this guy " and I was like driving off and I was kind of in a rush, because I had to like, you know get back to what I was doing, and he was like trying to tell me all this stuff and he was like, "You're gardening wrong! You don't need to add all the minerals, you don't need to add all the fertilizers, you don't need to draw and raise bed, It's all Wrong!" and I'm like, "Whoa, this guy is pretty interesting". But you know I'm always open like, even if somebody doesn't agree with me, that's fine. I know a lot of you guys may watch my videos and may not agree with everything I believe in, and that's fine. I'm just sharing my beliefs whether you want to believe what I believe, that's up to you guys right, totally up to you guys. But what I really like to do is I like to show many different styles of gardening, so that you guys could do whatever you want to do, right?, there's many kinds of gardener, I'm never going to say "Ooh this kind of gardening is the right way, this is the wrong way", depending on your particular situation, there are definitely better or worse ways to do it. So, actually in this situation, where we are here in Houston, with the given soil here, with the given climate, Tino's definitely figured out a way, you know, to garden and grow some food, actually with minimal inputs. Ok, so that was the first time I saw Tino and then I drove off. He didn't give me his contact and in front I'm like, maybe I'll run into that guy later. As luck turns out today, I was actually at the farmers market and he had a stand there, he was selling all kinds of plant starts, and actually he had the cheapest price for lettuce and other leafy greens at the market. It was like $5 for a nice size, flat of lettuce and other mixed greens that he was offering. So, we got to talking again and I'm like "Hey, what are you doing this afternoon?", he was like "Nothing", and I'm like "good can I come over and I want to see what you're doing and make a video". So, that's why I'm making a video for you guys to show you guy actually what he's doing, because he believes in, you know, gardening on the free and cheap, and I know that this is an episode a lot of you guys have been wanting for a long time, gardening on the free and cheap like, "John, you don't gotta waste money on that rock dust, you don't gotta bottle these worm castings, you don't gotta bottle these things that you garden", you could garden the free and cheap and it's not that hard. So, I don't wanna say that Tino is doing entirely free, there's a few things he brings in, but he actually brings in very few inputs for the impressive growth that he has and he does a lot of things himself, and builds things and he does a lot of techniques that I'm only gotta show you guys, maybe a few of them today, that actually in practices that he's done and learned overtime, by actually making mistakes, and that's why making mistakes is really good, because when you make a mistake, you learn how successfully not to do something. So, hopefully next time you'll do a bit better and he's actually even invented his little tools to do some of the things, you know , that he does, that I'll get to show you guys, that actually is quite impressive, actually that helped me out, it's something I'll be able to use now and save immense amounts of time. But yeah, he's definitely an interesting guy and he's from Greece and so I'm gonna call this episode, 'The Big Fat Greek Vegetable Garden Episode'. So let's go right behind the doors and show you guys what's growing on over here. So now we're at the gate for Tino's place here, and as you guys can see, he's got a nice white painted fence all the way around his property. This is not, maybe the nicest of areas so actually building a fence around your property, if you're able to do that, because I know that in some places you are not able to do that. Probably a good idea, right?, it keeps like stray animals and peoples from picking your stuff, but more importantly, also offers you guys some protection, form some of the elements, from some of the strong winds, he's blocking the wind with having a solid fence. Of course you could grow your own fence too, with many different plants and have trees and different things growing so tightly close together, which will be my first choice, rather than having a fence, just sitting here. Grow a living fence, it's actually gonna dig their roots in the soil and create further soil fertility. In any case, let's go beyond this fence and actually see what he's got growing on. Alright so now let's do a walk in to the yard here and as you guys could see, there is stuff growing everywhere, basically some are really long raise beds, he has lots of foods growing in all these raise beds and each bed is just a little bit different. But he does have some things that he does, you know, in all of them for sure, and as you guys could see , he also has a lot of plants starts. This is the back of his truck, he just got back from the farmers market. These are all the vegetables starts, he sells at the farmers market and this cooler right here, he basically just to harvest, just a part of his bed and it was like just full last night and he sold most of it at the farmers market, now he has this, some left over to eat for a salad for himself. But, you know, all that actually came from this bed over here, that he just clipped out and I'm looking at it and you could tell the clip from stuff out, but there's still so much more food in this bed. So, he says here this bed is about 45 Feet long and 4 Feet wide, it could feed about 5 people. So a family of 5, all the salad greens and greens they would want. So, I know a lot of you guys may have the space to do this. Let's see the other beds over here, this time of year, you know in December, he's growing lettuce primarily and some other leafy greens, dandelion, onions, some braska family plants and over on this side, he has all his nursery, starts that he's offering to people, and if he doesn't sell them, then he ends up planting them in his garden. So every gardener that I meet, there's things that we as gardeners can agree on and of course there's things that we may not agree on, where we have differences of opinion on, and that's alright, we're not gonna start World War III because we think that we should garden differently, that's alright. We can learn from each other, and I wanna encourage you guys in this episode to like, pick out the bits of things in this episode, that's gonna enhance your garden, and maybe even challenge your gardening style and to even adjust it, and make changes to improve what you're doing, and you know, maybe you believe in, what I'm gonna share with you guys today, maybe you don't. That's alright, I don't really care, but I want you guys to experiment, right, try some of the beds, how he's grown it. See if in your exact environment it actually grows better or maybe it's gonna grow worse, you know, than you're currently existing raise beds with sides. Anyways, one of the things that we both agree on here, Tino and me, is this guy, this roader tool, alright, he bought this, he used it a long time ago, but he no longer uses it to tiller, unless it's just maybe to clean up some of the in between the raised beds, but he does not till the soil. He believes in a no till method, this is very critical to both my style of gardening and Tino's style of gardening, you know. When you start disturbing the soil you lose fertility, you lose microbial life in there and these are the two things that we're trying to enhance with our gardening styles. Next I wanna show you guys, something else actually, that he used to do and that he actually gave up. That's maybe not exactly in agreeing to me, but that's alright because everybody has their own way of gardening. So one thing Tino doesn't do, is he doesn't create Compost Tea, he just simply doesn't believe in it. He tried it, he has a barrel here and what not, all the hoses and he used to create a Compost Tea but he didn't really see a difference, you know, with it. So he just basically discontinued the practise and you know I would say that maybe under ideal situation, when you got actually enough soil microbes in your garden, you might not need to use the Compost Tea, you know, I believe personally in diversity of microbes that, you know, can only be more beneficial, than not having them. But of course things are gonna grow with or without Compost Tea, things are gonna grow with or without, things like the rock dust. That I like to add, he doesn't even add the rock dust, doesn't believe in it and believe that you guys are wasting your money on rock dust, and that's cool, you know, we're gonna have a confrontation about that at the end of this, you know, he believes that all the nutrients are in the soil, and I agree, there's definitely nutrients in the soil, you know, and from what it looks like, things are growing really good. But I kind of wonder on like the, nutritional quality of the produce that is being grown, aside from just looking good, you know, if we did a breakdown of the nutrients in there, what would that look like. So that's what I think would be quite interesting to compare, lettuce at my garden, for example, compared to the lettuce at his garden, and kind of see where nutrition falls, and if the nutrition falls better in his favour maybe I'll abandon what I'm doing. But I don't know coz , you know, the thing for me is, like one of my main values with gardening is like, I almost lost my life, right, I've had major health condition and I'm totally, one of the main reasons why I'm gardening is to grow the highest quality food, or what I believe to be a highest quality food, and that's what I've have gone out and learned how to do, and that's what I share with you guys, and when I'm at my garden, but when I come to somebody else's garden, they might not have the same ideals as me. They might not have almost lost their life from a health condition, you know, they might not value their health as much as I do, so, they just wanna grow food on the free or cheap, but that's more important to them, and that's cool, you know, like, I'm not gonna tell you guys your values, I'm gonna tell you that, you know, in my opinion your life is the most valuable thing you guys own in the world, free and clear, and , you know, if you do things like smoking and maybe like, eat too many processed foods and junk foods, you know, that's gonna put your health in the toilet, and I don't choose to do that, but if you guys wanna do that, that's up to you, I don't really care. Anyways, let's show another thing, that actually both Tino and I both agree on. So now I'm inside Tino's house, and it's really just, you know, small house actually he said he converted his garage, that was his garage, into his living space and actually, the garden area that you guys just saw, he actually tore down a duplex that was outside. It was here like a 100 years, it was probably about time to either refurb it or tear it down, and he tore it down because he wanted to use the space instead of living for gardening and then just grow in a much and then actually live in a much smaller space, so his garden is actually about 5000 sq ft and his living space, I don't know, probably takes up the rest of the plot, maybe, I don't know, 3000 sq ft less, you know, just the walk ways is around the house or what not. So , you know, I wanna encourage you guys to , you know, he lives a minimalist lifestyle, he doesn't have much, he has a little bathroom, a little living area with a kitchen and a bedroom and stuff, and I think, you know, we've gotten too opulent in America and all these super huge houses, 2000, 4000 sq ft, and how much do you really use, how much you really need, it's just more space to fill up with junk you don't need. Anyways, one of the things he does in his kitchen is actually, he stores all his seeds on the top shelf there. You guys can see all the containers of seeds that he saves every year. So actually, the most of the things that he grows is actually from seeds that he saves. Of course, yes, he buys some seeds to get him started, but once he buys the seeds once, he grows that plant out too flourish him, saves the seeds and then he stores them up there and then he grows them out the following year. One of the things that actually he grows , actually that's quite good , is actually he'll go and buy produce from store and then he'll plant it. So, he's done this with green onions and he found that, green onions planted from the store didn't work so well. Instead what he found, were these guys, and these are like the little baby onions. They're called the pearl onions, and he likes these little pearl onions coz he'll just take these little pearl onions, that are like a couple bucks per bag, and there's a lots of these little onions here that most people might boil and eat or however they eat them. But he just takes these guys and he grows them out. So, now you just got, you know, I don't know, at least, like, several dozen plants for 2.50, and he says, these guys actually grow better than the green onions with the roots on them. So, yeah he definitely cuts a lot of cost, he's not growing on the total free but he's really doing it on a cheap. So, there's two main ways that Tino starts his seeds from, and these are the two ways that I use as well and would encourage you guys to use, right? Number one, he does direct seeding. Depending on what plant it is, he may direct seed them into his raised bed, I mean that's what I'm gonna show you guys now. So, he has a special technique for doing that, to, you know, preserve more soil moisture and to conserve water, you know, he uses sitting water here, I think, you should probably, maybe, catch some water off this roof, and what not to use that when he is able, but he uses sitting water and he only uses as much water as he needs, he doesn't like to use any excess water, and one of his beliefs is that, you gotta let fend for themselves. If you water your plants too much, their gonna be weak, their gonna be lazy, their roots are not gonna grow deep and seek out the water they need, as well as other nutrients in the soil, they need to fully thrive, and you know, overall actually, I do agree with that, you know, I think that's a good idea not to over-water plants, and many people, tend to over-water their plants which is definitely not a good thing in my opinion, and of course, it's not good to under-water your plants either. Anyways, as you guys could see, he's got one of his raised beds here, now, here's the thing, his raised beds, he does not have any sides on them, he does not believe in putting sides on your raised beds, because when you put a side on the raised beds, it may, you know, increase temperature a little bit, which is a pro, but he says the major con is, once it starts getting hot, you know, the sun will hit the sides of your raised beds, it'll heat up the soil, it'll cause more moisture loss inside the raised bed, which means you're gonna have to water more which means when you're watering more, you're gonna be leeching more nutrients out of your soil, and then its just a, you know, cycle. So, instead of a having sides on his beds, he just basically has a slope to raise bed, that actually he fills up with plants, so that the plants could cover the soil and he could actually grow more food in less space than having the sides. Another thing about Tino that he has learned very specific techniques that he does to, you know, start things from seed, to start things from tram plants to transplant things and I'm probably not going to be able to share with you guys all his techniques in this episode, but I'm gonna share a few of them, as much as I am able to retain and remember which hopefully is in line with what he shared with me. So, the start is seeds, basically he waters the soil or the ground where he's going to be planting. He then sprinkles the seed down all over and then I think he maybe waters a little bit more and then he puts the plastic over at the top, this clear, kind of plastic, and if we pull this up a little bit, you guys probably can't see underneath there too much, but some of the seeds underneath here are actually starting to germinate out, you know, when he puts the clear plastic over at the soil, it holds the moisture in, so it provides a nice place for the seeds to germinate, number one. Number two, it keeps the pests, like birds that might come down and eat your seeds away. Number three, it also keeps the ants and what not away, coz he does have a ant problems here, with the seeds and the ants and all this kind of stuff. So, it's basically covering the soil and protecting the soil. Now, here's the thing, he only will do this technique if it's under 80 Degrees in a day time, if it's over 80, he's not gonna use this. coz then you're gonna end up burning the soil. This also keeps, you know, the soil a bit warmer, so the seeds will have a nicer time to germinate, coz some seeds don't like to germinate when it's too cold, probably challenge that a lot of you guys are having right now, coz it's probably still winter time. But yeah, here in Houston, really nice day to day, we're in the 70's, and we're here in December. So, yeah, that's how he gets all this started, and this is just one of the ways, he does it. Let me go ahead and show you guys, after he does this, how the, all the seedlings look, in their raised bed. So, as you guys could see here's the bed, behind me here and this is one that he actually use the same technique that I should you, I don't know, maybe a month or two so ago and it looks like he's got some amazing growth, and he just literally threw out all the seeds. Here we have some spinach and, you know, it's growing really tightly and next to each other, as you guys could see also the lettuce behind me, it's also growing really tight and all next to each other, right? To him, there's no such thing as planting things too closely, but there is a problem with planting things too far apart. So I do encourage you guys, its in my opinion, its in probably Tino's as well, it's better to plant things too closely than too far apart, so that you're curving the soil. Plus, you know, the things that is actually planted too closely, to him, that's a good thing coz guess what, he'll come over and he'll pluck the things that are too close out of the bed, and then he'll transplant those into the six packs, which then is an income or revenue stream for him to make. He could also pull those up and just clip them, cut them back and eat them and let the other ones around them, grow. So, basically he's just growing more food in less space, this is actually quite intelligent. The other thing about this is that, you know, he doesn't add on any large amounts, any kind of compost or worm castings or rock dust or even any fertilizers, right, he just growing in the dirt that's sitting here, right, and in my opinion that's good and it's bad, I mean, we need to remember that, you know, depending on where you live, your soil could vary widely. You could actually be lucky and live in a place where that has fertile soil, you could also be unlucky, in maybe live in a place that maybe doesn't have the best of soil. Where I'm sitting right now is actually underneath, where his house used to sit. There was a house here, he tore it out, you know, the house was here for a hundred years, so the soil underneath the house has been basically covered for a hundred years and then he uncovered it, it probably hasn't been, you know, contaminated too much with all kinds of stuff, and so it's actually a fairly fertile and he's, you know, built it up over time. Because there is, the fact of the matter is, there is organic matter in most soils and here he has a clay soil, so, you know, it actually does and is actually quite nutritious, if it, you know, doesn't get water logged, and actually that's why we're sitting right now on these, 4 by 4's that actually is his walk ways, cause when it rains here, you get caked on the mud. But yeah, so yeah, it looks like, things are growing really good in here and next I wanna show you guys another technique he uses in his raised beds to grow, more food in less space. So, another technique he uses, besides planting things super close and super densely, is he actually does companion style planting, and he plants more than just one thing is a bed sometimes, you know, you guys saw where he had just mostly lettuce and spinach, but even in that bed, you know, every, so many feet he actually had an eggplant, little baby, that's gonna be growing up for the next season, after his lettuce or spinach is done, and in this bed, this is more of a cut and come again bed. He has things like the beets, he has a fennel, he has a cilantro, he has some parsley, he has a lettuce, all different kinds of stuff, and as you guys could see in the video there, this is really filled in, really nicely, it's like totally packed with plants, and he's proud of this fact, and actually I'm like yeah this is quite impressive, I like how, he's really densely seeded things, and they basically have to out compete themselves, and they just basically grow and, you know, what he's gonna do, he's gonna come in here and some of the bigger plants, he might actually just cut out and then those are the ones that he's gonna take to market, those are the ones that he's gonna eat, and then all the other ones, are basically just gonna fill in the space that was now created, when he did cut one out. In addition, , you know, he has planted things so closely and just basically three seeds down, that some of the seeds are coming up, so now there's new seedlings, that are this small, coming up in between the lettuces, so when he cuts down some of them, the new ones that are just emerging are now gonna get larger. So I mean, I think this is a technique that we can all learn and benefit from, you know, specially if you're trying to grow on the free and cheap, you could maximize your space, maximize the diversity for the most amount of yield. Up until now, you guys saw how basically he seeds his beds out and grows from seeds in place, I now wanna share with you guys, another way to do it, and you know, direct seed or planting from transplants, they both have their pros and cons, I like to personally do a little bit of each, and as it looks like here, so does Tino. So, now I wanted to share with you guys, just a, maybe a few more techniques he does, actually on my way to showing you guys the other way he starts his seeds out. These are his raised beds here, and as you guys could see, the soil is just mounted up to the sides and he's got things growing up the sides so that it just doesn't come to a edge, where he's not planting, it kind of slopes down mildly and he's been planting onions and different lettuces, right down the sides, so that, they'll actually fill it in, so it'll have a nice little narrow pathway in the middle, now it probably be a good idea to maybe do something like wood chips in between, so that you don't get all muddy, also the which was gonna break down over time, create more fertility. But anyways, he has all this stuff, here's the eggplant like I talked about planted within the lettuce, and also there's those little onion sets that I showed you guys earlier, little balls in between here. Over on this side, he has lots of different varieties of lettuces, including some of my favourite lettuces, those really dark rich lettuces that are at deeply pigmented, right. I wanna encourage you guys to eat deeply pigmented lettuce and other foods, coz they are higher in anti-oxidants. So yeah, and this is like, some of them really, this bed just really looks nice. He has, like so much food here, and I'm glad that he's probably one of the lowest priced sellers at the farmers market for your greens and by the looks of his greens, they're all quite healthy, and probably ones that you'd want to buy yourself, if you're not growing them yourself, here in Houston. he uses all organic methods. He doesn't sprays any kind of chemicals and all this kind of stuff, and actually he's getting some really superb results. So, another way besides direct seeding his plants, sometimes he'll actually start them in these little flats, you know, these are not plastic nursery flats, these are wooden flats that is he actually he made himself out of some 2 by 4 , and actually some, looks like, 1 by 6, fence post, like cedar fence post potentially, and that some good wood to use, coz it's gonna last a bit longer than just a pine or something. But these are nice, durable and stout. So, basically he fills this little container with a specific soil blend, that I'll share with you guys next, and then he basically grows his transplants. But to do that he does it in a few special ways to ensure he gets higher germination, because, once again, he doesn't want the water to dry out, he wants the proper moisture level. This is very important to him, to have a proper moisture level and also more importantly properly washed soil. So, the way that Tino starts his plants from the seed in the little containers are, he basically makes a little mini green house for them, and it's really simple, it's just this once again, the clear plastic that he likes so much and you guys could see, we'll go ahead and remove the plastic over here and underneath here , you guys could see, all these little baby starts, that are growing, that he says, that took like 4 days. These guys, are ready to have the plastic taken off, coz they are getting so tall, and that's another thing I wanna point out right, Tino does certain things for certain reason. If you guys looked, when I showed you guys these bins, side of the bins are made out of 2 by 4's, but the ends, but then the sides right, are actually made out of 2 by 6's and they're taller. This gives them about that much space, so that when he lays the plastic on top, it's not dragging on the top of the soil, so that gives the plants just a little bit amount of space to grow up. Once the plants almost touch the plastic, then that's time for the plastic to come off, coz otherwise the plants will start to bend and he doesn't want that at all, and yeah, he keeps nice little humid area for the plants to germinate, so this saves water, also creates a nice environment, you know, he's also right now seeding out some tomatoes, which generally like to germinate when it's warmer out, and by using this technique, he gets to warm up the soil, so that his tomato seeds could germinate here in Houston, even in December. So, now I wanna share with you guys, a special soil blend that Tino uses to start his transplants in, that I didn't get to show you guys yet. Now, this is the only time that actually he brings in some soil, but he also creates some, that I'll show you guys in a minute, to start his transplants, and he puts no coconut core, no peep moss and none of this stuff, right, he doesn't believe in it, right, and he's got a pretty good system down, I mean what he's doing, for the transplants is amazing, he's got some of the healthiest transplants that I've actually seen. One of the things I learned is to cover your wheel barrel, right, to cover the soil in the wheel barrel from the sun, the rain, all this kind of stuff. That's something I need to do, and this actually makes a nice little work table or work surface for you all too. So anyways let's go ahead and move this off, and as you guys could see here, he's got some really nice rich black soil, and one of his secrets is, he sips this down to quarter inch, so he gets comply by some compost from a certain place or maybe he gets a farm dirt compost sometimes. He sips it down, and then he adds some of his super potent compost that he's making right behind in a way that I've actually never seen before, which is gonna be good for you guys to see. But yeah, the soil is nice and filtered down, nice screened out, he has no big large chunks of stuff, that's very important and when I smell it, it actually has a nice mild neutral smell, looks like some really good stuff and this is where he starts all hi transplants in. Now, I know some of you guys might be thinking, "John, that's a really rich mixture of he's growing in all compost ", because they say don't grow in compost, you know , they say use a sterile soil medium. But, you know, one of the things that he does actually, once he puts this in a little six pack or tray, he'll actually wash, take the hose and he'll actually wash out, like, if you put coffee in a coffee maker, the water goes through and it leeches all the nutrients out of the coffee to put in your glass and you drink, right? He actually waters this compost down and there's like basically it's really brown and dark coming off and he does this for quite a while, depending on that the plants more mature or less mature, the plants more mature, they can handle a little bit stronger mix, but the plants that are baby, then he wants to kind of water a lot of the nutrients out of the plants, coz he says that might shock the plant. So yeah, so anyways, this mixture is mostly the stuff that he bought and brought in and the other stuff is what I'm going to show you guys next. Now, the reason why he does this is, this is the principal that I actually also agree with and why he treats his baby plants and his baby vegetables so well is because this, right? The most important time to determine the health of a plant over its life span is when it's a baby. If it had a rough time when it was a baby, if you're buying it from transplants from a nursery, that the roots are wrapping around the base and the basically the plant is root bound or if you are buying plants that aren't so healthy right? Those plants will not really ever turn out to their full genetic potential, they won't ever produce a lot of food, right?, coz they've already had hard times, they've already been stressed out, if like, you know I have friends and have been yelled at as a kid or maybe, you know, god forbid, beating as children and sometimes like you know, they have some issues when they grow older, now hopefully people can get counselling and stuff like that, but plants can't get counselling. So, you wanna start them off and give them the best environment, the best upbringing possible, whether you direct seed them or whether you start up from transplants, and that's actually one of the things he's doing here, you know, he strives to have the highest quality baby plants because in the end, that's gonna mean, he's gonna have higher quality, better tastier, larger large plants, and that's actually something that's not actually often talked about unfortunately in gardening. Anyways, let's go ahead and take a look at this unique way he's making compost, that I have never even seen before or even could've imagine. So, I know what you guys might be thinking, "John, what is that guy Tino have these big ass things in his yard, alright, is he a junk collector, well actually he has a few things kind of laying around like I do, but actually its pretty neat and tidy around here. These guys may seem a little bit out of place and look off, but actually they serve a very important purpose because instead of having a tumbling composter like I did, right?, he's repurposing something he got for free or cheap that I think is thrown out and I believe is a waste to throw these guys out because he's found an excellent use of them. He used to work in, you know, refrigeration and all this kinds of stuff. What these two things are, these are the ice makers, these are those big industrial ice makers that you might see in on the top there, that have all that, you know, machinery and equipment but the bottom is basically just an insulated, you know, brain that actually keeps the temperature regulated, so it keeps it cold inside there. Also has a nice little lid here that can be open closed. So when he's ready to harvest his compost, he just opens up this lid right?, and all his compost by gravity just drops to the bottom in here. So he has a really nice rich stuff. Now he's not using traditional composting like with worms, no no no, he's not using traditionally composting, that composts with heat actually. What he's doing is something unique and different and basically what he's doing is he's just modelling nature. He's speeding up the process and he's providing a home or a habitat for the creatures that live inside his ice box compost bins, right? and let me go ahead and show you guys, what some of them looks like, alright. So , each of these ice makers bottoms anyways, are at different stages, you know, the one on the other side is the stuff he's harvesting from, this is the stuff, it's kind of like letting digest and compost or more prominently break down over time. Like this one, coz it still has a little window here, that you could actually just, go in and you could actually see all the materials that he's been stacking up. So, basically it's open at the top, he basically puts in, you know, old okra twigs you know, food scraps, you know, yard wastes and things and basically just funnels down and you know, on the top there's not a lot of living material. It's kind of like a lot of dry, but this is the insulation level and as he packs more stuff on the top, all the stuff kind of works down at its own pace and breaks down, you know, here you could see some of the stuffs that's not really broken down, but in here, there's like a little area, that we could actually just dig into, and you could see this stuff, it's getting broken down and let me go ahead and open the door to show you guys what's breaking this organic material down. Alright, so this is the ice maker that still in process, not yet ready to be harvested, we'll open this guy up for you guys and look at that, I don't know if you guys could see that on a HD camera, but just in this ice bin thing here, I see all these little creatures and actually when I opened the door, they all like went into little like caves inside all this compost, you know, what these little creatures are, I see like rollie pollies, I see cockroaches and who knows what other kind of bugs are living in here. He didn't add these bugs I here, they just showed up, right? You provide food for the bugs, they're gonna show up and they're gonna chow it down, right?, you have a big table of tropical fruit, I'm gonna show up and I'm gonna eat it all, and that's what the bugs are doing. He's providing a nice home for them, they show up and they basically eat all the organic material and then they poop it out, which is creating a really rich, nutrition for his plants, you know, the bugs and things will basically breakdown the organic batter and when they poop out, they poop it out actually some of the richest biology, you know. So, they can be pooping out fungus or fungi, bacteria, fungi and different chitinease degraders, cellulose degraders and all these things. Its kind of like, you know, they have worm castings, which we know is so good, they also have meal worm castings, which is so good, and they also have other excrements from bugs, that, you know, in the forest, on the forest floor you just see all these bugs scurrying around and eating all the different organic matter, well hey he's just doing that in a more contained space so this is actually, instead of a worm bin, it's actually just a bug bin, using just the local bugs to breakdown his nutrients. This is something that's not really even talked about right?, and I think this is a really good way to do it. I mean there are black soldier flies all these different bugs, but you know, in my garden I have a lot of the little pill bugs or whatever and there just breaking down the leaf material and organic matter actually in my beds, so actually I don't even have to have a bin, and you know some of those bugs also if they're in your garden, maybe not be a good thing, they also chomp on your young plants. If you don't have a lot of organic matter, so this maybe a better option. So, you know, I like that he's doing this to create a really rich mix, so he uses some of this stuff with some of the box stuff to start off his transplant. So, I'm really glad I came to visit Tino today, coz one of the areas that actually I haven't been maybe the most successful as a gardener is starting transplants. So he has a system down, totally to get really good transplants. These are some of the healthiest transplants I've seen of all the places I've visited, like, he plants them really dense and then actually he plucks them out as he needs them. So, right here we have basically the, some celery that he planted, and as you guys could see in this half right here it's pretty thinned out, coz he's plucking all the large ones, and its the large ones that actually, he takes out of here. He could either, A, you know, put them into little six packs, like he's just done with these guys, and then sell them and then if he don't sell them, he can plant it in his garden, and other, or, he could actually just take these out and just pop them in his garden. So, he's gonna be actually starting, he's doing some beets right now, he's gonna pop out the beets and then put them in his garden to grow the beets, because he found that you know, if he just direct seed the beets, they don't come up so well. But if you put them in here first, then they work a lot better. SO, you know, you're only gonna learn this by maybe reading things online, or trying yourself, and see what works or not right? I always encourage you guys to try to, like, make your gardening life, like, easier and work less, right? So, if you direct seed things, hey, that's always the best, coz that's gonna be the least amount of effort, if you gotta transplant and do all these kinds of stuffs, its little bit more effort, but if it allows you to grow more food, it's definitely worth it. So, yeah, so what he did here was, he was just coming over and he was just popping out some of these guys and he waters these guys, and he just will pop out the little roots there, like that and take this little transplant and then he'll actually put it into a six pack or maybe even a 72 pack and make those available to people. Now the next thing I wanna share is actually, once he pops these guys out, I wanna show you guys his technique, that he uses, where he can actually transplant up to 2 thousand plants in one day just by himself, which to me is amazing coz like I transplant stuff all the time, and I'm really slow, you know, coz I don't have his technique down, so I'm gonna basically take his technique that he uses for transplants and run with it, coz it's actually quite intelligent and actually quite smart and he's actually even invented his own tool to do it. So, let's take a look at that next. So, now I'm gonna show you guys the first step to transplanting. Basically what he did was he took a, his a 6 pack here, he's actually using nice size six packs, you know. I encourage you guys always, when you're purchasing 6 packs, if you're gonna be using them, is to try to buy the ones that actually have, that hold the most soil. Some of them are like long and skinny, and in my opinion, those aren't that good, we wanna have lots of soil in there. So, as he filled up this with the soil mixture from the wheel barrel that I showed you guys earlier, and then he washes it down, it's very important step right? You could do it with like little hose, he just does it with a hose just like spray this down gently and basically he lets the water soak all the way through. So, now number 1, you're gonna have really nice rich soil, that's fully watered, but you're not just gonna, like, plant in it, where there's still water on top. You're gonna wanna give it some time to let the water drain out, and if you guys look at the coming out, I could see the water, even though the ground's like dirt. I could see the water that's coming out that looks like that coffee. We're leeching some of the nutrients out, or the tea out of the compost on to the ground, and he'll do this several times to bring it down to the level where he feels comfortable, and then plant his plants in that, right?, and as I said, you know, if the plants are younger, then he's gonna rinse it more, and if the plants are a bit bigger, then he doesn't rinse it as much. But this is a critical step to plant in a 100 percent straight, you know screen compost, which is you know, goes against the many gardeners style, which they ,"Oh you gotta use a sterile medium, coz if you use compost it could cause problems", but all his stuff's looking great. So, he's doing a lot of things that maybe go against convention gardening wisdom, and I would encourage you guys to try it, see what happens. So, now I'm gonna share with you guys Tino's revolutionary planting technique that even enlightened me actually. As you guys could see, we've actually already rinsed the soil out and it's a drained fairly well. Most of it has drained pretty well, except of these two cells, and so, that's very important, right? One of the most important thing he stresses is you wanna have well draining soil. If the soil is not draining and it stays wet, right?, you're gonna rot out your plant's roots, you know, and he has a high probability to success, not to say he doesn't lose a couple plants sometimes, coz you know whatever happens. But he does things to ensure his success of his baby plants. So, the first step is, once you have rinsed it all out, you're gonna have these little transplants here that you basically just pluck up. So the first step is to just put them in a wash, right?, you're gonna dunk them in the water, we dunk them in some water, and we bring them out, check it out, the roots are now all together, where as before, you know, the roots were kind of like, really bushy. So that's very important, number 1. Number 2, he has a special screwdriver, so this is not just any screwdriver, he took a standard screw driver here and took a special file, I think he used maybe a chainsaw file and he basically just put a notch in the tip of the screwdriver, and this is very important not to put a point in, but it's a kind of rounded notch, so you know, there's no sharp edges on the screw driver, that is gonna cut the roots of the plants you're transplanting, then all he does is, he takes a little plant here and he goes down, maybe a little bit above half way right?, coz basically, his whole goal is to get this roots, in the little cell as quickly and efficiently as possible, and so he basically, he'll put this down, sometimes he'll like formulate a figure 8, you know, to get it, if the roots really long, then he'll take the little screw driver, and the little tip there and then he'll put them in the roots so all kind of like line it up like this, kind of like right about maybe there, and then basically he pushes down in one fall swoop and then basically, he's now planted the plant. The other thing at the same time that, he's going down, he'll kind of like leave a little bit of hole, you know, as he comes down. What that Little hole's gonna do, that's gonna ensure the water directs down and also it's gonna funnel the water down so that it drains faster. This is another critical component, if you're growing in straight compost, coz I've seen sometimes the compost will not drain, and then you're gonna get water logged, and that's why many people use or grow, peat moss because it basically, give a larger method of air, larger , you know, probability of air or like a cushion basically. Where's in this case you gotta be more precise, and so you know, with this, like literally hundreds of plants starts over there it looks like he's pretty much precise every time. So yeah, this is something, that's gonna save me a lot of time, coz normally I would've just took these guys and try to plant these with all the roots hanging out, but just by simply dunking them into water, and having a little screwdriver thing, then you're gonna go ahead and go down, let me go ahead and give you guys a close up on this, its kind of cool. We're gonna go ahead and put this down, and he basically sometimes like, loops this around a little bit, and see if we could, sometimes he just loops this around a little bit, makes a little 'u' out of it or a circle, then he just shoves this all down just like that and this took me a couple times to figure out how to do it, but now, you know, I think he'd probably approve of my technique. But yeah, he just does whole little six packs like this and actually here's one that he did, so you guys could see, what it looks like. So next what I wanna show you guys is actually after he pots those up, kind of like this, he's potted them all up. These are kind of sitting out and depending on how large they are, he'll either put them in a shade, like if they're just transplanted out or sometimes he'll put them in area with the sun and he'll rotate this depending on his specific desires for the plant. If the plants getting too big, he wants the growth to slow down. he'll put it in shade, if he wants them to grow faster and get topped off, looking nice for market, he may put them in the sun. That's very important. The other things is sometimes, instead of doing the six packs, he'll also do, you know, large flats of 72. So look at this, this is like a really nice flat of lettuce here, and he'll even take sometimes the ones maybe not performing, underperforming, it's too small, he'll put it in a longer one so that, you know, there all consistent size. So you're gonna get some of the best plant starts. You know I popped up some of these roots and some of these guys, maybe like, we'll do it on these guys here, see, look at this, this is one of the starts he did and look at that, if you guys notice, there's no roots up near the top because he sucked this down in the ground, you know when he's transplanting, all the roots are at the bottom and these roots are not wrapping around each other yet. He'll also even come in and root prune in these guys sometimes, if the roots are getting too much, so that they actually don't get roop bound so that when you guys take his plant starts home, you're gonna get some amazing results, like he's getting in his garden here, and , you know, his price is actually quite affordable, some of the best prices I've seen in Houston, like if you're getting like just a standard 6 pack, it's like 2.50 for a healthy 6 pack, that's very important. If you guys, wanna buy, you know, whole flat, basically he'll give you a whole flat of 6 packs for, I think around, 12 bucks and if you're buying a 72, you got the hook-up deal, 20 bucks, right, and if you buy , like 5 flats of 72 plants like this, he'll even go down further, so I encourage you guys, if you guys are not starting you plant starts yourself, you live here in Houston area, definitely call him up, and he'll hook you up with some of the healthiest plant starts in the lowest prices that I've seen. I mean if I lived here, I'd definitely be getting some of the 72 packs you know, it's definitely easy way to go, because you're gonna have a higher level of success when you guys start out with healthy plants, like he's making here. I think the last part of this episode, I'd like to actually sit down with Tino, he is from Greece, originally, so he has a thick accent, so maybe hard for you guys to listen to him, so I'll try to do the best I can, to maybe, help him explain what he's trying to say and I hope as soon as I'm able to also getting subtitles on this for you guys. John - So, now I'm here with Tino, the gardener extraordinaire that has created this paradise here in Houston with all his amazing plants, that actually he doesn't add any fertilizers to, and all his amazing transplants, that you guys saw just a few of them, I mean it's just impressive the amount of healthy transplants he has going. I only have a limited amount of time left here today, before I actually have to take off, but I want to ask him a few questions about his garden and why he chooses to grow all this food here, for him and his family. So a teen of the first question is, Why are you growing all this food here, especially where your duplex used to be on your property. Tino - Because I like to, I like to grow and I can't eat all these, just some of myself, some I'll give it away to someone and I like to grow, I like garden, that's all I do. There's not a man, there's no you know, I like to do, I like what I'm doing. John - Yeah, so I mean he just basically loves gardening and I mean I love gardening, I mean it's good to get out in nature and have a hobby, that's a productive hobby and actually his hobby is quite productive, produces hundreds of plant starts or even thousands of plant starts for his garden and also you guys in the local area. So, another thing I wanna talk to you guys about, Tino, is that something I didn't get to mention in the video, that was important to me, that I didn't get to talk about is you know, another aspect of your gardening on the free or cheap, beside bringing not many inputs in is how you communicate with the plants. This is something I do myself and I know, you also do. So, you wanna talk little bit about talking and more importantly listening to your plants, and how important it is for your gardening style? Tino - The, the plants they, you can, you can watch them and they tell you story like they tell you, like , like if you play on cassette, they tell you like a, how can I explain that, that's I'm hard to explain that, you have to explain that. John - Can you explain it in Greek? Your language, your native language. Tino - No no no, I cannot, no no no. They tell you what they need, what they, just look at them, you see , how they are growing, you see how they, it's it's very, they tell you a story, the whole story, how they growing, like how, what they need, how they can be better, how they can, it's very, it's very simple but it's very complicated, you know, it could be very complicated for some, lot of people, then simple for some others, and I don't know how to explain that. John - Yeah, so I stumped him, he's having a hard time explaining, but I'll try to give you my best, so, basically he's saying, every plant will tell a story and you need to listen to the plant and I know, you know, I would call Tino here a plant whisperer like they have dog whisperers and all these things. He knows plants and you could listen to the plants and hear, maybe not hear what they are saying, but you could kind of feel their vibe, I mean, we are all interconnected on this planet, and we sometimes forget that, and you need to open up, to be able to listen more, you know. I mean that's one of the things that I learned is to become a better speaker, you need to become a better listener. So I encourage all you guys to listen to your garden, you know, he'll sit out on his chair just looking over his garden and listening to his plants and seeing them and feeling what they need and then he'll take appropriate action to do that, and I know a lot of you guys are new, you guys may think I'm crazy and Tino's crazy for talking to the plants and not talking to the plants and listening to the plants and all this stuff. But, you know what, one day its gonna click, you're gonna be in your garden and you're plants are gonna tell you, "John I need water", "John, hey put some of this on me" or "put some of that on me" or "hey, I need more sun, I need less sun", and whatever, they're gonna tell you some stuff, and then all you need, all your job is to do as a gardener is to react and give them what they really need, not what you think they need, and I think this causes a lot of challenges in gardening, "Oh, I, my plants need water", you flood the heck out of them man, they lose their life coz, you're flooding them out, right? I mean let's talk about that Tino, you, you water very minimally here, right?, you only water, when necessary, you let the plants fend for themselves, and why, why do you do this? Tino - Because, I have to water the plants when I start them, when I start I have to water the plants because, I can't, like some to start, something, then after, after they're watered, when they grow out, start growing, I let them go to find their own moisture, I try to harder the soil the most I can. So, keep the moisture on the soil and they're good to go, that's all you need, you don't need nothing else, that's all you need. By hardening the soil, with a plants, with a , then you've got everything. That's all you need. That's all. John - Yeah, so he has no irrigation system here and nothing like that, and I mean this time here in December, everything looks amazing. Tino - Just giving them basics, you know what I mean, give them the basics. It's like a raise a plants like raise a kid. That's the way I see it. You see, if you wanted the plants to succeed, just let them go the hard way , you know what I mean, they're gonna find their own way, they're gonna go deeper, they're gonna find moisture, they'll find what they need. So by giving the plants anything they need , so , they become lazy, so they depend on you, for work, for food, for disease, for everything. You have to fight all this, so let the plants to find what they need, by themselves. Don't give them what they need. They're gonna find it, give them the basics, that's the basic thing, moisture, that's all you need, and the rest is, they can do, they can do better by their own. John - Yeah,, I mean I , definitely agree like, right? My parents they didn't give me allowance I was the like kid that got all his money, I had to like go out and find a job and make money and I think that's why I turned out pretty good, you know. We all know them spoiled kids right?, they're just messed up in their lives, coz they've just been given everything, and likewise your plants are similar right? So, cut that water off your plants sometimes, you know, don't over water them, you know. I encourage you guys to check your soil moisture levels, make sure they have the proper amount of water, but don't give them too much. Make them fend for themselves and find their own water. Of course this also depends on your particular environment you live in and also your soil, so I wouldn't wanna say that anybody in Las Vegas should in the middle of a summer, let your plants fend for summer, coz that's gonna be a bit more challenging than it is here in Houston. So, the other thing, you know, that actually we maybe don't see eye to eye on, coz we have maybe different goals and values, which is alright, is, adding fertilizers, nutrition and worm castings, and even compost, like you add very little with any compost. I think you added some to this, but all your bed pretty much you don't add any compost. So, you wanna speak to all these things that people put in their gardens and why you feel, is not needed. Tino - You don't need it because you, you, need the worms, where they belong, in the ground. Their compost, their composting the ground, they make castings in the ground , they harden the soil, they have the things, they do more, you see, by buying the chemical product, that. By keeping the germs in the ground, and take them out of the bins, take it from the bins, they do much better. That's the way it's supposed to be. John - I would agree with that, he says, take your worms out of your bins and put them in the ground, provided you have, you know, the right temperatures year round, where they could actually live in the ground, like here there's no problem, other places may be more challenging. Put them in the ground so that worms can eat and digest and poop where you need them and they can irrigate the soil instead of having them, locked up in a bin. I mean. I'm definitely for that now, actually in my, I don't have a worm bin, all my worms are in the bin. I like to add some supplementary worm castings for my beds for additional fertility but I would agree the best is actually having the worms in the bin. Tino - The another thing is, you got the castings, you see the, the plants, every plant, the worms they make a tunnel under the soil. John - Worms make tunnels. Tino - All the tunnels they find castings, the plants will find the whole plants, the plans that hold the follow the tunnel, so the they'll now have to penetrate the hard soil. So they build it very strong root system, by building very strong root system, you're building a beautiful plant. Sheltered beautiful plant. That holds. You have to have a feet, strong feet to run a marathon, you know, you can't do it without strong feet. You can't have a healthy plant without healthy roots. The worms they play very, they do very, that's very important for the worms to be on the ground where your plants are and live, always live like a some kind, like leaves, you know that leaves that you, when you cut your plants, just cut them don't pull them out leave the rest of the roots to die so, you feed the worms, they can't. Sometimes that's this ground right here, sometimes I got, if I have a worm like this big, Lyme worms, I'm talking about Lyme worms, they by not tilling the soil, they, you see they building like, like a tunnel system, and by tilling the soil you can never till. John - Because the worms yeah, that'll destroy the soils, yeah. Irrigate the nutrients. Tino - That's very important for the plants, for the plants, to have a open tunnel underneath John - Yeah, it also causes irrigations too. Tino - They find food in the tunnel, they find oxygen, they find, they can built a very strong wall system. That's what you need, that's the basic, that's the most important thing for any plant. John - I mean I totally agree with Tino on this fact, the worms belong best in your beds. That's the best place for them and they do a lot of things in the beds as nature would want them to, so your plants could thrive. Tino - By Buying like a bag worm compost, and throw them on your plants, throw them on your beds is not gonna do nothing. It's do something, but it's missing the whole point, the whole point is missing. John - I agree with the worm castings on the top of the beds, mixed in , it's gonna help. Now some worm castings are better than others, coz some worm castings may have worm casting eggs, so now you're actually putting the eggs and the worm castings in the beds, so now the worms could hatch at the same time. Anyways let's we pretty much agree on the whole worm situation. Let's talk about something maybe that we don't maybe see eye to eye on, the rock dust. So, what do you think about the rock dust, Tino. Tino - What's rock dust? John - Rock dust, the ground up rocks. Tino - You, we're made of rocks, this planet itself is made by that, by big rocks. So, you don't have to pay from , you don't have to go to the, for sand and big rocks, you know. You got that underneath in your soil, you got everything you need. It's all accessible to your plants because the way you, the way you garden, the way you, you, cultivate your plants, that's not accessible, and then you have to bring all this stuff, plus it's money, the business a lot of things is involved, so you just put all this on the side and the sow seeds on the ground, and see what happens, and then you'll learn from there. Your next, next thing's gonna be, you're gonna move up better and better all the times, and then you're gonna end up, with something like a, you don't have to do nothing, you don't have to bring nothing from the outside, all that you have is something, plants and best of any kinds of vegetables, I think you have pretty much everything. I have no problem because I have everything, without bringing, without bringing nothing. So, it's good for, I mean, it's good for nature, it's good for the everybody. It's good for your health, its good for you, it's good for your money, it's good for your pocket, its good for everything. Plus you got the top quality vegetables, by doing this, you got much more, that's the point, that was the mission. By doing more you got less, that's the way it works for the vegetables. It doesn't work, maybe that doesn't work in other things, but the garden, that's the way it works. By doing less you got more. John - So yeah I mean, definitely this is Tino's opinion about this topic and maybe many of you guys too. I get a lot of flag by all the stuff I buy to put in my garden, right? But once again, just like Tino, this is his hobby, he, he puts a lot of time and love into his garden. I put you know some time and you know, some money and products into my garden which I believe are gonna help me, even if its psychological that my food is healthier, that I'm eating it, I'm eating healthier food in my mind, it's still helping me, right?, if I'm wasting money unnecessasarily, you know, based on the research I've done, in my trials and experiments I've done I believe, some of the things I add actually are helpful to my garden to create higher quality food and not to say that he's not growing amazing food here, because he has absolutely is, the thing to remember that there's many ways to garden, some soils are more nutritious]us than others and you can't just say, "Oh the guy Tino, I just grow with anything if you guys could live next door to Tino, then grow just like he does, guess what, you're gonna have the same remarkable success that he does coz you're gonna be in the same soil, the same climate, the same environment, right? But unfortunately, I know a lot of you guys live in Australia, the UK, maybe you live in Georgia, maybe you live in Maine, you know, things vary a lot. Then you have to like, maybe kind of learn how to do things little bit differently, and that's alright you know. I'm here to just share with you guys, what different people are doing. So, Tino, let's talk about something's that would probably both agree with, chemical fertilizers. What do you think about, chemical fertilizers. Tino - It's the, you had to see that, you had to see that, you see young kids with lot of problems, health problems you see, you see lot of, you never see, it's going, it's going like ,something like a disease. You got disease , you got problems everywhere, so we have to go back, I think you know better than nobody else, you know about this better. But top quality healthy food, consuming top quality healthy food, you got, normally you got your and I think, you know better than anybody else about this and it's, you contaminated your life, you contaminated your food, yourself. It's you have to live the plant, the plant is smart enough, the seed, the single seed is smart enough if it falls to the ground, and there are amount of moistures, he knows exactly what to do, and right temperature and moisture, he knows exactly what to do, he doesn't need nobody to tell. You don't need to go all this classes and all this crap and then you listen all this crap, and I mean, start by yourself, if you have a soil and you , luckily a piece of soil and little piece of space in your house, in your farm, if you have a soil, you need to measure things, you need to measure things, make sure you have the sunlight and drainage. It doesn't matter what kind of soil you have, of course it doesn't have to be contaminated, it doesn't matter m=what kind of soil you have, you can grow pretty much everything. You need a drainage, two important things, a drainage and sun light. John - And the right moisture Tino - The moisture's gonna, you're gonna have to, you have to do that. The plants have to do that. So, you can grow anything, it's nothing. It's unlimited, you can grow anywhere you could do anything. John - Yeah, I mean
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Garlic Farmers Share Practical Tips, Tricks And Experiences On How To Grow Garlic

ExperienceBlaslov Fishing Published the article • 0 comments • 87 views • 2017-09-22 05:48 • came from similar tags

 

 
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located in work with yards 500 soon here comes on the Chicago we click there for out and buy yourself so after rack to eat and those are two separate topic is improving air nadhaswaram manager question you can see some pictures of are currently you have two young children 53 that help us out and also have challenges anything specific to our farm share it wow we grow about a quarter acre of garlic see right now and we're looking to double triple that I work full-time arm and we kind of runs the farm basically and so we just want to share a little bit of our experience and then talk really about the specifics of our production system definitely causes certain age 12 working very few college so I was beginning of my working experience it was all consensual but everything from your transportation retail and a business I grow up a name and ended up in the Midwest and so grow up a city kid athlete and now went on to manage a couple farms their small-scale vegetable production apprenticed on caretaker farm you made it further that mask entities I believe it's the second oldest organic farm about 150 and remember TFA went on to Iowa to start a small farm to poor Julie see if we were right for each other while farming and then bird I together went on to victory acres and Auckland Indiana town that by Muncie and took a small farm from about 20 GSA's members to about 125 250 we had compiled Susan chicken so we comes out at all in a lot of different ways and now we're at our current location live in a small farm dream and garlic is hopefully a key part of that so another part of our honor is a reservist program officers serve directors house en vivo pela sauce on her the meat is that a good account of the farm again deliver a box office a lot how far away and I was really successful we ended up with raven star canada season and also requests for more vegetables all the time there you go I give all the heroes so that's great and repairing on doing on the trial started and we're open house so in terms of our specific garlic card production we were looking for a car with organic hardneck garlic we have complained by hand because if you don't I'm partner garlic it has to be oriented a certain way otherwise neck gets bent and people buy that so there's yet to be a machine that can do that efficiently and so we were looking to scale up production that could do that for us and also ease some of the labor fatigue that goes into planting molting those sorts of things also in terms of looking toward sustainability trying to find a system that we didn't have to tillage much we have vegetable farmers are guilty of probably older tility so we're trying to move away from that especially in our really sandy soils low organic matter we need to really work on that so that was kind of one of our goals we were kind of hoping the car to help us mulch for straw and eight and harvesting as well one of the products we have so far is a review of parts available so this is a 34-page document that's available on the state website that kind of part of our grant was working with Purdue University so they're AG engineering department at couple students that came our kind of figured out what we needed and it was their job to see what was out there and see if if they could come up with a better system something that wasn't commercially available so I'm not I can weld on my great Boulder so this was a great opportunity to partner and maybe come up with something that so that document is available so if you're thinking about ways to increase your comfort level whether your strawberries or any sort of crop I say you really useful document so this if you make it up polar productions's it actually looks like as you think about what kind of apartment she walked public on CBC it at this is a cheerful infield that's in October but we're discern if you had me try so if you can a photo capture and these are almost feels and then if our audience Jocelyn need to come out so before I left Travis went over top CEOs strategies rash young lady design stop being lost the monitor October chapter most of constructs on creating a mess and then compile tanking and yeah the amounts of that point and then I will come to your business and garlic and this is specifically what you're at an art form this is where we are doing everything right hand there's holes around athleta there are you coming all that hot and mulching it and you see if there is some composition matter that it is to be a little bit uncomfortable very hot and I want certain operating system and the event early to mid why do all strategic a variation four and one and that why Morris and cure so that's the basic production says that we're looking at will take questions at the end is going to be up for months time so here's the 10 so we have a lot of August on the race to jim carrey amount or a knee to out and then you're sure just and try to just back so that will be some tension in the day so that we currently do our system bought hands and knees work which over quarter acre doesn't sound like a lot but by doing that for four days straight really adds up we're terrified so part of the grant was to kind of look at okay where do we really spend a lot of our time and where can be maximized these of equipment if we're gonna spend money on it how are we going to use that so one of the things we did is looked at our system and timed it out okay we're spending our time if you add it all up planting harvesting and mulching is where we were spending six to nine o'clock and so and then we also kind of looked at okay what's the most physically hard I'm actually harvesting and hanging it who spent a lot of time there but that's actually somewhat easily but it's it's more upright word and it can kind of be done in different stages so we kind of looked at planting as kind of a big one that we were trying to find it directly so how do we eliminate that bending awkward positions how do we eliminate unnecessary tillage this card's going to be happy have to be able to drive through this pretty heavy cover crop and i'll show you some pictures here and then of course related that in our sandy soils know we have about inclusion of topsoil it's all yours so consorting that moisture is really important to us and then what's a scale appropriate machine for us i'm just going to walk from real quick kind of what the student at purdue found available options I here's a card you found and booking further details this car didn't end up working at a hand-cranked broke and couldn't really move along but maybe it has some merits this is something that's currently exists in the u.s. about 35 hundred dollars but we didn't know you know we're not doing strawberries are doing garlic could it drive through that type of heavy biomass sure this is another cart that's quite a bit more expensive you have to import it in the u.s. behind it as far as we can tell and then here's kind of a cream of crop the most ideal cart small tank on wheels but again it's pretty expensive so if you had a lot of acres it might might work so here are some of the unique features yes peacetreaty features of how we do are not so you can't get it's all there eight hundred dollars really important on our farm to both the soil I was nutrients create aeration garlic chopped strawberries you saw some of the parts for copper doing something that small medium scale program the municipal new or eager to hear robot but is not full time at this point and then also also something that people had passed planting weeding and harvesting mulching and why we bought something that can be well my heart we were all in shock like just across the street cause it were something that is cannibal politics for in your community so that was important to us to one and then I'm arises burger yeah and as with most grant projects you go into these ideal thinking ideal goals and how it ends up is often very different nah that's okay that's part of why share does these types of funding projects actually accomplish all your goals here's a picture of the tall cover crop these are our two boys here and some years that cover crops can be four feet any on you know how to follow those and it really probably kind of our fertility for our garlic so this is really important that you keep this here's what it looks like I've mode the strip where our bed is going to be with you too rose garlic / bed or so over that for you can't do it that any more intensively and then be rototill strip rototill and so you can see this pic map right here a cover crop that is going to have to be able to be driven over by some sort of machine if we're going to complain so here is a close up with our trip take this is after planting and here's new leaders and planting you can see that we have really a lot of cover crop / garlic area plants we do that again to the resort and we're actually moving towards the system where we don't throw it until it all but we just deep rip a row or a shame on our tractor so that Bianca so it all and so that's kind of uber kind of think through how we plan so here's a just our farm all 102 the shank rip through kind of see that there we do have some video on our youtube channel that shows that specifically we won't be kind of play that today but equal nation doesn't be certain state which we harvest and sell or it depends in july was before career plan around that let me know it's time harvest yeah so the garlic part here's actual car I'm constructed it's got a canopy here where a tarp can we put and then it's a laydown design I mean we have you know a place where we can I'm your direct a better pictures and some of the new students actually driving it around and we went through out for engineering students and two professors so turnover was really high uh not because the colored part is that difficult but that's just the nature of working with you know university students so that something we learned I was hoping to be up to about three quarter acre Darla production by the time but probably the cart never really got done which actually turned out to be the best thing because maybe family construction timeline these were really ready for so yeah you're groovy had to get an intuition which jose was gracious understand at this point you're apart they're having some trouble with that design in terms of how the wheels actually swimming when it's going down the road so we're almost there but now it's gotten a student new group students work so it is what it is so lessons learn the simple i think we tried to put too many things into one part maybe a couple versions down the road we could have done that but i think we need to acknowledge that up front and a motor and offensive that so ah the students really want to hold on mm-hmm you can do it yeah i know engineers i found that every few of the options why we found that this holds you to here for that petition for including that so that wasn't heard of this we've had enough time i mean if you think about it's going to take two years leave two and a half of free you know ideal world i got it don't try to do too much you come said that it's about the process we really have refined our growing process and really thinking about recognizing by one of you that valuable and then just a concept of working with students is great but there are some limits to that so if you go both ways any questions you got a couple minutes for questions so and thank you know yeah she would not SVA cost me my look-see girl you guys were praised his group setting yeah so we have a website where we sell hard nexium garlic and then be also be eating garlic and so we do any garlic for about fifty cents of all and then our seed goes for about anywhere from ten to twelve dollars pounds we're not certified organic we can't translate that higher price but that's certainly where yeah well I say I am around an hour either crazy i have your customers it cost us about thirty cents of linear wrote book to produce the garlic so we're about 50 tons of all that's pretty good profit increased but we should good one Nancy I'm in Russian cosmonaut the price of very nice and appreciate her tomorrow yeah well unfortunately one of the great things was working with for you is that they had the students each have a budget so that they come over some of the materials they didn't have to pay for so we did like a 50 55 here on that so that work I mean I got worked out great so we're about free ran into the project yeah somebody wants to make that hot man because how else once today the product if you design with a design what would it cost me but that was not right and that's where the students have their final report they'll have their materials list yes still in five yeah yeah excellent question yes met and eyes well anywhere the students end up with this I'm thinking we might just take the motor off and pull it with our prom that might be the simplest know they thought about that but I think the students weren't didn't know enough we weren't didn't how to staff to do that item but yeah I think that's that that's a give Iowa I was just a little later doctors didn't bring off yep those those are good points yeah yeah I mean that 34 page document there's kind of a an assessment of do we use electric wire why not is it along if you were to show me before I've seen that one okay your life yeah it would be not one bit of a shocker like it clearly yeah sure for your coat I wasn't good at something list hi um I want my color pop too winterkill because we're not going to we wanted to grow as long as possible and then be halt sometimes we melted the falls and when he melts in the spring and so I don't I can't come in there with a herbicide burn it down I planted so I can till it's oats radish and may feel ya we you know we burned through that really quick any other questions yeah oh yeah so we part of the reason we do two rows to a bed and then our bed for 36 inches on center is because of our soil fertility our soil so for basically sands and the way our cultivating factors set up that's kind of the easiest part the carpet was then designed for that get working why so rattle one better because a cover crop we give you the roller from mr. Bruton the question is have we considered using a roller print / as a cover-up yes the problem is roller primping like quickly winter peas it needs to be flowering to actually kill it at crimping and likewise the hope that happy yet great though so yeah we can consider the tiny differently yeah it might if it whimper killed but again ripping that narrow chain through we may not even need is what we're for actually I did not even touch yeah good question that are we growing more than one side of garlic yes we have about seven varieties right now so peace out for Ukrainian music during our carrier and then we have your father's that we're working on building top four they all generally want that yeah some of our we do like a porcelain with home and asiatic with a kind of three categories our Asiatics kind of be ready to rule the shirts loud the technique works often times yes a week straw we have quite a bit of pasture that I gotta cut for us in two weeks means a froth is hard to beat and ultimately we need to be it well we mulch it thick enough so we don't happen that's that's our goal but yeah if we do need to be very new bike videos no difference is you around yeah I got a little bit experiment we do apply a little bit of nitrogen but Neil because of our sandy soil so I'm starting to try to cut that back a little bit more and you know we're looking at a soil as we going down in the spot for four years so we have seen the court increasing here in the amount if a question is what benefit will apart give us in terms of increasing um right now we don't hire anyone for an eye and so but the car will any of us just in my thinking and looking at the numbers to double production and still do so you know here's Hernandez's get back to my work and heroes are this Natalie oh haha so long time it's just physical well-being exactly our goal is probably sunday Chronicle time just we're taking it slow we're going to do things that are bad for our family well the question was is the cart used I don't think it will but right now in the harvest were able to pull the plants other so it was so light that's one advantage over sands and pick it right wagon full buy from so that's much more efficient the question was what is your current yield on a quarter acre so we do start looking fine but we we plan to bold every six inches I know our rows are about 250 feet long and so we have which is saving attend groves so that's an x rated be at twenty-five hundred to five thousand volts and about probably 6 40 50 ton of that is actual market will see garlic in terms of size and grade and then the rest are great that's typically what we found that varies by variety but that's soon yeah when both the few years ago when we had that rip brought in nominating we're devastated a lot of garlic pops yes we do foliar feed calcium particularly because it's a nice oil calcium want to proceed to leach out and so we I do a little fish fertilizer and Palestinians I spray every well 14 days 30 during the month of end of April roommate we found that that Mesa significant difference the business hearts on fire upon that information on guerrilla website and a Facebook page and you know glad the day questions always willing to learn and grow from other people and grow garlic yeah Lisa yeah that she saw my gosh / Dupree Taylor you are mr. well in June and a pre-order and it goes with me past carefully how forever tonight a new vision right on see where she stores are a little rough yeah yeah


 
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located in work with yards 500 soon here comes on the Chicago we click there for out and buy yourself so after rack to eat and those are two separate topic is improving air nadhaswaram manager question you can see some pictures of are currently you have two young children 53 that help us out and also have challenges anything specific to our farm share it wow we grow about a quarter acre of garlic see right now and we're looking to double triple that I work full-time arm and we kind of runs the farm basically and so we just want to share a little bit of our experience and then talk really about the specifics of our production system definitely causes certain age 12 working very few college so I was beginning of my working experience it was all consensual but everything from your transportation retail and a business I grow up a name and ended up in the Midwest and so grow up a city kid athlete and now went on to manage a couple farms their small-scale vegetable production apprenticed on caretaker farm you made it further that mask entities I believe it's the second oldest organic farm about 150 and remember TFA went on to Iowa to start a small farm to poor Julie see if we were right for each other while farming and then bird I together went on to victory acres and Auckland Indiana town that by Muncie and took a small farm from about 20 GSA's members to about 125 250 we had compiled Susan chicken so we comes out at all in a lot of different ways and now we're at our current location live in a small farm dream and garlic is hopefully a key part of that so another part of our honor is a reservist program officers serve directors house en vivo pela sauce on her the meat is that a good account of the farm again deliver a box office a lot how far away and I was really successful we ended up with raven star canada season and also requests for more vegetables all the time there you go I give all the heroes so that's great and repairing on doing on the trial started and we're open house so in terms of our specific garlic card production we were looking for a car with organic hardneck garlic we have complained by hand because if you don't I'm partner garlic it has to be oriented a certain way otherwise neck gets bent and people buy that so there's yet to be a machine that can do that efficiently and so we were looking to scale up production that could do that for us and also ease some of the labor fatigue that goes into planting molting those sorts of things also in terms of looking toward sustainability trying to find a system that we didn't have to tillage much we have vegetable farmers are guilty of probably older tility so we're trying to move away from that especially in our really sandy soils low organic matter we need to really work on that so that was kind of one of our goals we were kind of hoping the car to help us mulch for straw and eight and harvesting as well one of the products we have so far is a review of parts available so this is a 34-page document that's available on the state website that kind of part of our grant was working with Purdue University so they're AG engineering department at couple students that came our kind of figured out what we needed and it was their job to see what was out there and see if if they could come up with a better system something that wasn't commercially available so I'm not I can weld on my great Boulder so this was a great opportunity to partner and maybe come up with something that so that document is available so if you're thinking about ways to increase your comfort level whether your strawberries or any sort of crop I say you really useful document so this if you make it up polar productions's it actually looks like as you think about what kind of apartment she walked public on CBC it at this is a cheerful infield that's in October but we're discern if you had me try so if you can a photo capture and these are almost feels and then if our audience Jocelyn need to come out so before I left Travis went over top CEOs strategies rash young lady design stop being lost the monitor October chapter most of constructs on creating a mess and then compile tanking and yeah the amounts of that point and then I will come to your business and garlic and this is specifically what you're at an art form this is where we are doing everything right hand there's holes around athleta there are you coming all that hot and mulching it and you see if there is some composition matter that it is to be a little bit uncomfortable very hot and I want certain operating system and the event early to mid why do all strategic a variation four and one and that why Morris and cure so that's the basic production says that we're looking at will take questions at the end is going to be up for months time so here's the 10 so we have a lot of August on the race to jim carrey amount or a knee to out and then you're sure just and try to just back so that will be some tension in the day so that we currently do our system bought hands and knees work which over quarter acre doesn't sound like a lot but by doing that for four days straight really adds up we're terrified so part of the grant was to kind of look at okay where do we really spend a lot of our time and where can be maximized these of equipment if we're gonna spend money on it how are we going to use that so one of the things we did is looked at our system and timed it out okay we're spending our time if you add it all up planting harvesting and mulching is where we were spending six to nine o'clock and so and then we also kind of looked at okay what's the most physically hard I'm actually harvesting and hanging it who spent a lot of time there but that's actually somewhat easily but it's it's more upright word and it can kind of be done in different stages so we kind of looked at planting as kind of a big one that we were trying to find it directly so how do we eliminate that bending awkward positions how do we eliminate unnecessary tillage this card's going to be happy have to be able to drive through this pretty heavy cover crop and i'll show you some pictures here and then of course related that in our sandy soils know we have about inclusion of topsoil it's all yours so consorting that moisture is really important to us and then what's a scale appropriate machine for us i'm just going to walk from real quick kind of what the student at purdue found available options I here's a card you found and booking further details this car didn't end up working at a hand-cranked broke and couldn't really move along but maybe it has some merits this is something that's currently exists in the u.s. about 35 hundred dollars but we didn't know you know we're not doing strawberries are doing garlic could it drive through that type of heavy biomass sure this is another cart that's quite a bit more expensive you have to import it in the u.s. behind it as far as we can tell and then here's kind of a cream of crop the most ideal cart small tank on wheels but again it's pretty expensive so if you had a lot of acres it might might work so here are some of the unique features yes peacetreaty features of how we do are not so you can't get it's all there eight hundred dollars really important on our farm to both the soil I was nutrients create aeration garlic chopped strawberries you saw some of the parts for copper doing something that small medium scale program the municipal new or eager to hear robot but is not full time at this point and then also also something that people had passed planting weeding and harvesting mulching and why we bought something that can be well my heart we were all in shock like just across the street cause it were something that is cannibal politics for in your community so that was important to us to one and then I'm arises burger yeah and as with most grant projects you go into these ideal thinking ideal goals and how it ends up is often very different nah that's okay that's part of why share does these types of funding projects actually accomplish all your goals here's a picture of the tall cover crop these are our two boys here and some years that cover crops can be four feet any on you know how to follow those and it really probably kind of our fertility for our garlic so this is really important that you keep this here's what it looks like I've mode the strip where our bed is going to be with you too rose garlic / bed or so over that for you can't do it that any more intensively and then be rototill strip rototill and so you can see this pic map right here a cover crop that is going to have to be able to be driven over by some sort of machine if we're going to complain so here is a close up with our trip take this is after planting and here's new leaders and planting you can see that we have really a lot of cover crop / garlic area plants we do that again to the resort and we're actually moving towards the system where we don't throw it until it all but we just deep rip a row or a shame on our tractor so that Bianca so it all and so that's kind of uber kind of think through how we plan so here's a just our farm all 102 the shank rip through kind of see that there we do have some video on our youtube channel that shows that specifically we won't be kind of play that today but equal nation doesn't be certain state which we harvest and sell or it depends in july was before career plan around that let me know it's time harvest yeah so the garlic part here's actual car I'm constructed it's got a canopy here where a tarp can we put and then it's a laydown design I mean we have you know a place where we can I'm your direct a better pictures and some of the new students actually driving it around and we went through out for engineering students and two professors so turnover was really high uh not because the colored part is that difficult but that's just the nature of working with you know university students so that something we learned I was hoping to be up to about three quarter acre Darla production by the time but probably the cart never really got done which actually turned out to be the best thing because maybe family construction timeline these were really ready for so yeah you're groovy had to get an intuition which jose was gracious understand at this point you're apart they're having some trouble with that design in terms of how the wheels actually swimming when it's going down the road so we're almost there but now it's gotten a student new group students work so it is what it is so lessons learn the simple i think we tried to put too many things into one part maybe a couple versions down the road we could have done that but i think we need to acknowledge that up front and a motor and offensive that so ah the students really want to hold on mm-hmm you can do it yeah i know engineers i found that every few of the options why we found that this holds you to here for that petition for including that so that wasn't heard of this we've had enough time i mean if you think about it's going to take two years leave two and a half of free you know ideal world i got it don't try to do too much you come said that it's about the process we really have refined our growing process and really thinking about recognizing by one of you that valuable and then just a concept of working with students is great but there are some limits to that so if you go both ways any questions you got a couple minutes for questions so and thank you know yeah she would not SVA cost me my look-see girl you guys were praised his group setting yeah so we have a website where we sell hard nexium garlic and then be also be eating garlic and so we do any garlic for about fifty cents of all and then our seed goes for about anywhere from ten to twelve dollars pounds we're not certified organic we can't translate that higher price but that's certainly where yeah well I say I am around an hour either crazy i have your customers it cost us about thirty cents of linear wrote book to produce the garlic so we're about 50 tons of all that's pretty good profit increased but we should good one Nancy I'm in Russian cosmonaut the price of very nice and appreciate her tomorrow yeah well unfortunately one of the great things was working with for you is that they had the students each have a budget so that they come over some of the materials they didn't have to pay for so we did like a 50 55 here on that so that work I mean I got worked out great so we're about free ran into the project yeah somebody wants to make that hot man because how else once today the product if you design with a design what would it cost me but that was not right and that's where the students have their final report they'll have their materials list yes still in five yeah yeah excellent question yes met and eyes well anywhere the students end up with this I'm thinking we might just take the motor off and pull it with our prom that might be the simplest know they thought about that but I think the students weren't didn't know enough we weren't didn't how to staff to do that item but yeah I think that's that that's a give Iowa I was just a little later doctors didn't bring off yep those those are good points yeah yeah I mean that 34 page document there's kind of a an assessment of do we use electric wire why not is it along if you were to show me before I've seen that one okay your life yeah it would be not one bit of a shocker like it clearly yeah sure for your coat I wasn't good at something list hi um I want my color pop too winterkill because we're not going to we wanted to grow as long as possible and then be halt sometimes we melted the falls and when he melts in the spring and so I don't I can't come in there with a herbicide burn it down I planted so I can till it's oats radish and may feel ya we you know we burned through that really quick any other questions yeah oh yeah so we part of the reason we do two rows to a bed and then our bed for 36 inches on center is because of our soil fertility our soil so for basically sands and the way our cultivating factors set up that's kind of the easiest part the carpet was then designed for that get working why so rattle one better because a cover crop we give you the roller from mr. Bruton the question is have we considered using a roller print / as a cover-up yes the problem is roller primping like quickly winter peas it needs to be flowering to actually kill it at crimping and likewise the hope that happy yet great though so yeah we can consider the tiny differently yeah it might if it whimper killed but again ripping that narrow chain through we may not even need is what we're for actually I did not even touch yeah good question that are we growing more than one side of garlic yes we have about seven varieties right now so peace out for Ukrainian music during our carrier and then we have your father's that we're working on building top four they all generally want that yeah some of our we do like a porcelain with home and asiatic with a kind of three categories our Asiatics kind of be ready to rule the shirts loud the technique works often times yes a week straw we have quite a bit of pasture that I gotta cut for us in two weeks means a froth is hard to beat and ultimately we need to be it well we mulch it thick enough so we don't happen that's that's our goal but yeah if we do need to be very new bike videos no difference is you around yeah I got a little bit experiment we do apply a little bit of nitrogen but Neil because of our sandy soil so I'm starting to try to cut that back a little bit more and you know we're looking at a soil as we going down in the spot for four years so we have seen the court increasing here in the amount if a question is what benefit will apart give us in terms of increasing um right now we don't hire anyone for an eye and so but the car will any of us just in my thinking and looking at the numbers to double production and still do so you know here's Hernandez's get back to my work and heroes are this Natalie oh haha so long time it's just physical well-being exactly our goal is probably sunday Chronicle time just we're taking it slow we're going to do things that are bad for our family well the question was is the cart used I don't think it will but right now in the harvest were able to pull the plants other so it was so light that's one advantage over sands and pick it right wagon full buy from so that's much more efficient the question was what is your current yield on a quarter acre so we do start looking fine but we we plan to bold every six inches I know our rows are about 250 feet long and so we have which is saving attend groves so that's an x rated be at twenty-five hundred to five thousand volts and about probably 6 40 50 ton of that is actual market will see garlic in terms of size and grade and then the rest are great that's typically what we found that varies by variety but that's soon yeah when both the few years ago when we had that rip brought in nominating we're devastated a lot of garlic pops yes we do foliar feed calcium particularly because it's a nice oil calcium want to proceed to leach out and so we I do a little fish fertilizer and Palestinians I spray every well 14 days 30 during the month of end of April roommate we found that that Mesa significant difference the business hearts on fire upon that information on guerrilla website and a Facebook page and you know glad the day questions always willing to learn and grow from other people and grow garlic yeah Lisa yeah that she saw my gosh / Dupree Taylor you are mr. well in June and a pre-order and it goes with me past carefully how forever tonight a new vision right on see where she stores are a little rough yeah yeah


 
 
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The Permaculture Shepherd explains what you need to have for raising sheep, how to rotationally graze your sheep to maximize health and efficiency.

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 112 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
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okay Dan Oh helps out somebody wants to do this they need to move their sheep everyday number one how are they gonna know how much to give them this is what it's all about folks breakfast from the line and little buddy dance son what are you eating Donna have some chickens dick from your chickens yes whoo hey where two eggs come from chickens oh where did chickens come from that's true we can keep going in a certain look everybody chickens are from the farm but you are okay it's final funny how the young circle of chickens goes in a circle yeah chickens come from the egg and the egg come from the chicken yeah let's see what the MasterChef is doing delicious smell there you have a frittata every morning Dan no just for a special occasion you treating us well it mean good morning Ashley where do you get this recipe from Dan well same place I get a lot of my recipes which is I just make it up really based based on the ingredients I have on hand so it's just as the simple concept is a frittata so you're just basically beating eggs together putting them in some kind of skillet and throw it in the oven right so then it's just what do you want to throw in there mushrooms you want you want cheese you want whatever you want in there yeah outside now we're about to move the sheep with the permaculture Shepherd the little buddy you want to tell the jugglers which sheep is that that's Maggie and who's behind you what do you think of the seat mr. Brown good hey mr. Brown this is sage sage what's the plan here Dan what's supposed to happen good morning what's supposed to happen this is this is a daily routine so got it down pretty good so you're pretty confident it's gonna happen I'm pretty confident because we've done it every day since they've been here little buddy about what little buddy what he's gonna say is it gonna happen yeah okay what's gonna happen Dan what's gonna happen is I'm gonna call the sheep I just let out a little whistle and all my girls they are trained my Rams are separate for obvious reasons we don't want to have out of season breeding so this is for my my use I will whistle my girls they will come running to me come on girls a little slow this that's slow normally that's that's excellent like what there you go girls good girl come on blue you ready how have you trained them to go to a whistle it was really early spring you're having a heavy winter still it was really wet and snowy so we had them in our Corral for a while every day I when I'd come out to feed them multiple times a day I would just whistle so they associated food with whistle I couldn't have lost dog right so they will come flock to me and I'm gonna open the fencing and I usually can I get one two three three here we go we take off and they follow me I lead them into the next paddock I lead my sheep I want them to follow me I don't want to be driving when you drive them you're putting pressure on them they're less comfortable they're more likely to veer off and that's when you get people on big acreage they have to bring in dogs which is awesome I'd love to be able to get working dogs we're just not there scale wise they're going to follow me into the next paddock and then immediately when they get over there they're gonna say whoa there's rat grass over here and that's where they're gonna focus on one side I have more rye grass the other side is a noxious weed tanzy which my sheep will eat I'm using them as part of our weed management program it's it's a real benefit having the Sheep because nobody else is eating that if we had cattle they're not eating it the chickens aren't touching it or sheep eat it so they will get to that but they're gonna eat that grass first okay good let's see this weed you're talking about come show me this weed okay so this is what they're gonna eat tomorrow they're eating all this what's this right this is right okay you planted that yes so after they leave here will you throw down more rye so originally I was at you know I've read all of Joel Salatin's books and you know he he's he makes it very clear that they've never imported a seed on their property and I was gonna do the exact same thing I was like I am not bringing in seeds we're gonna do it naturally the permaculture white bring this pasture back over time what I've realized is it takes too long Joel Salatin has been on his farm for over 50 years I don't have 50 years I got it I gotta get this thing going so where my goats are Shepherds in a rush that's right we gotta get this thing moving here so so what I have just done is I just got a shipment of seeds from my mowing seeds which is certified organic seeds it's it's a it's a veg winter rye combination so and this is how I'm gonna be actually working in the my pigs as well so my my ruminants are grazing the main forage down and then my pigs I'm hoping to accomplish with them is to create a disturbance with the soil with the pigs and create an environment where I'm gonna get good seed germination so I'm gonna move my pigs out after the Sheep and then throw down scatter my seed and know I'm not gonna be able to say in 50 years that we never brought in a seed but we're gonna have a much better pasture okay regeneration for that I didn't know sheep would eat a weed did you tell me they like goats sheep are similar to goats in some ways in that they do like some brows okay not nearly to the extent of a goat but in the sheep are also easier in a pasture they're more respectful with fences from an overall management perspective way easier what I just did with the Sheep moving them from the to the next paddock I would not have been able to accomplish with goats but in my observations they don't flock okay so they do have some similarities this is tansy this is considered by all the land grant universities and noxious weed the local governments spend a lot of money spraying this stuff to get rid of it it spreads by rhizomes so it is very aggressive and it is actually toxic to some animals there is a study do that was done in South Idaho as well as western Montana grazing sheep in particular the breed of sheep that I predominantly have which is Katahdin on tansy and they found over years they've been able to graze it out my sheep will eat this now at this point it's very STEMI so they will actually be leaving the stem but they will strip the green leaves off of it which will retard its growth earlier in the season when they came through when it's still green and not lignified they actually take it all the way to the ground and over time that weakens the plant it's not able to photosynthesize it's not able to regenerate itself and here's the deal with the sheep regarding the the eating of the tansy it's it's been believed by many that this is a toxic plant and it does have some toxic properties if I were to feed my sheep test 6 weeks prior to breeding it could lead to an abortion in their pregnancy which is obviously not good but scientists have studied our cotton and sheep in dead blood samples an hour before eating 10 minutes after eating an hour after eating and I did this study for three years doing blood samples of all the sheep and there was no signs of any toxic kick in their blood streams after eating the tansy so I so again the sheep are part of the regeneration process here where nobody else is going to eat this stuff but I can get my sheep to eat it it's gonna retard the growth here eventually they're gonna graze this out and I not applying any kind of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and in the end we get food for our table I'm putting a high quality nutrient-dense on the percent grass-fed and parsley tansy fish lamb on my table to feed my family as well as sharing some with neighbors so then you're telling me you're an Eastern Shepherd where you lead the Sheep you're not a Western Shepherd where you drive the Sheep you borrow ideas from all the different concepts absolutely Oh golly I take what works and leave behind what doesn't so what's a Western concept you've adapted I got your Western idea like trick net yes you don't have your son out there herding his sheep all day do you buddy I don't this is capital e homestead scale American Americanized permaculture adopted from the apron we're in permaculture taking it yeah absolutely he's got the he's got the the Western hat too so pretty good on me all right that's it good you represent permaculture well it takes all these different ideas and connects them that's right and it everybody's context is different I can't stress this enough what because our scale is so small here we are not on a thousand acre ranch you stay there and watching them Dan you stay there watching them [Music] that is my favorite part when the sheep go from their old paddock to the new paddock on fresh grass there's something so peaceful and relaxing about seeing the sheep on grass it's the best part of husbandry come take a look at this when you see these sheep just going to town on these the fresh vegetation they hear it hearing them chew and rip the the vegetation from its stem there's just nothing like it [Laughter] hey it's not every day I get to film a fellow youtuber and he can totally take over the channel and bring this whole nother dynamic right you got to check out his channel grass-fed homestead I'll leave the link down in the description and right there okay man Oh help us out somebody wants to do this they need to move their sheep every day number one how are they gonna know how much to give them that is it's a really complicated answer because it really it really changes on your context and the season what kind of forage you have in your pastures so I'll answer that question for our context and hope that helps somebody right we moved here just 13 months ago and when we were looking for property I had no idea what I was looking at when I was looking at pastures I just saw some green stuff and I thought yeah that looks all right I what I didn't know at the time is our forage quality was extremely poor it was overwritten with noxious weeds that most animals wouldn't really touch anyway so it's part of our regeneration process here we're grazing the Sheep we're pulsing them through every day but in most cases I could give them an enormous paddock and it's not going to give them the they need because of the low quality Ford sit there so I'm doing something this is something I got from Greg Judy myself hearing a talk years ago was bringing your first couple years you're probably going to be intensive bringing in hey you're probably gonna have to bring in a lot of that if you're establishing a pasture so so for me I'm giving them enough area I'm kind of looking at it it's based on history right so how quickly did they eat the last paddock if it were you know 2 4 hours and it's stripped down to nothing then you need to give them a bigger space you so you keep playing with that until you get it to where it takes about a day in in my case I'm giving them a look like this area here they will have all this grass stripped out by this evening and then the tansy will be left because and they'll say they'll eat that tomorrow morning ok so this is about the size for this many sheep if I had really good quality pasture so to answer your question I'm I'm bringing in the hay and I'm supplement feeding them with hay okay and what that is doing is I'm bringing in nutrition from elsewhere processing it through the Sheep making sure they get enough nutrition that they wouldn't otherwise get from my question and they're depositing it back on the land and that's free choice they can eat that if they want to or not correct now to move their basic needs looks like we got the hay feeder the water and the shed let's do it man so this I designed to be super light it's something I can move by myself oh my but it's also going to provide one of the sheeps basically one of the sheets one of the sheep basic needs which is some shelter from come on in the in the summer okay well then you're making it too easy on yourself this isn't much of a workout buddy this is no earth gym when it's this easy come on bulk up man oh come you got my feet there you go make it hard on yourself there you go get some curls I've designed everything on our homestead to be completely mobile portable because like I said earlier we've only been here a year and though I'm very committed to this lifestyle not committed to any one design at this point I don't know where I want stuff exactly things are always changing the seasons are changing how I manage is involving daily so I don't want to just have a static shelter somewhere because I want to move it maybe someday yeah no this is my everything's mobile modular and forgot the other end Joel Salatin Tasha but yeah it's a magnificent magnificent originally I was hauling out five-gallon buckets to the sheep's paddock each day which is not fun especially when they're you know 300 yards that way so I went ahead and finally got some extra hoses and I'm dragging hoses now which is a lot lighter big expense yeah I imagine that little shelter you built there cost $55 well I used cedar as on the base may have ended a hundred and five dollars I don't even think was that much I can't remember how much that was but that was not expensive you're the EMT conduit it's $2 a piece there's four of those on there a couple two by twos and some two by fours yeah it's pretty simple it's that much more than $50 here okay that's it I gotta do is close it up and you're done well I feel the water but yeah okay chores are done let's see what everybody else's do let's get hot okay man it is much cooler in here you guys got the idea yeah keeping it cool didn't comfortable what y'all been talking about like I suspect there's been some Girl Talk going on in here yes Girl Talk you've been talking about how handsome Dan and I are suggestin yeah we gave you a little introduction to sheep okay and is our hope here that we have somehow planted some kind of seed in you too that will blossom into you guys getting your own chief when you get back home okay so you know you don't have to commit to that at this point but we got you a little something as a piece of encouragement for you okay I think that whistling was encouraging enough he whistles and the Sheep come really that way so Anna give me a stand this is this is called a shepherd's crook and this was handmade in Germany what and these are sold by premier one it's a little Fleck for those guys see there's no hit stuff but this was handmade hand-carved in Germany and these are these are very instrumental in times when things go wrong and that does happen from time to time where you have a a lamb or sheep that goes wayward when during a moves and this is a really good way to help bring them back and you can steer with it like if there's an animal on this even go left if you just put that up it just puts a little pressure on their flight zone and they'll be R to the left you can steer them to the right or if you need to catch for medical treatment and they're a little flighty especially little lambs I don't know yet you can grab on and I treat them so this is our gift to you here at the grasp at home so okay thank you very much appreciate it and until I get sheep I can use it on much other snow that go right that's a wrap dan is a wealth of information about sheep I sat down with him to also create a more instructional video on how to raise sheep from the springtime to a processing a harvesting to putting them on your plate we filmed that today and actually what we thought would be one but actually turned into three so we're working through some things stay tuned on how we might make that available to you guys until then do check out Dan's channel I'll leave a link to it again right there it's good he's a wealth of information I think it's like over three hundred videos she pigs chickens they're one year homestead journey I'll leave the link but you


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okay Dan Oh helps out somebody wants to do this they need to move their sheep everyday number one how are they gonna know how much to give them this is what it's all about folks breakfast from the line and little buddy dance son what are you eating Donna have some chickens dick from your chickens yes whoo hey where two eggs come from chickens oh where did chickens come from that's true we can keep going in a certain look everybody chickens are from the farm but you are okay it's final funny how the young circle of chickens goes in a circle yeah chickens come from the egg and the egg come from the chicken yeah let's see what the MasterChef is doing delicious smell there you have a frittata every morning Dan no just for a special occasion you treating us well it mean good morning Ashley where do you get this recipe from Dan well same place I get a lot of my recipes which is I just make it up really based based on the ingredients I have on hand so it's just as the simple concept is a frittata so you're just basically beating eggs together putting them in some kind of skillet and throw it in the oven right so then it's just what do you want to throw in there mushrooms you want you want cheese you want whatever you want in there yeah outside now we're about to move the sheep with the permaculture Shepherd the little buddy you want to tell the jugglers which sheep is that that's Maggie and who's behind you what do you think of the seat mr. Brown good hey mr. Brown this is sage sage what's the plan here Dan what's supposed to happen good morning what's supposed to happen this is this is a daily routine so got it down pretty good so you're pretty confident it's gonna happen I'm pretty confident because we've done it every day since they've been here little buddy about what little buddy what he's gonna say is it gonna happen yeah okay what's gonna happen Dan what's gonna happen is I'm gonna call the sheep I just let out a little whistle and all my girls they are trained my Rams are separate for obvious reasons we don't want to have out of season breeding so this is for my my use I will whistle my girls they will come running to me come on girls a little slow this that's slow normally that's that's excellent like what there you go girls good girl come on blue you ready how have you trained them to go to a whistle it was really early spring you're having a heavy winter still it was really wet and snowy so we had them in our Corral for a while every day I when I'd come out to feed them multiple times a day I would just whistle so they associated food with whistle I couldn't have lost dog right so they will come flock to me and I'm gonna open the fencing and I usually can I get one two three three here we go we take off and they follow me I lead them into the next paddock I lead my sheep I want them to follow me I don't want to be driving when you drive them you're putting pressure on them they're less comfortable they're more likely to veer off and that's when you get people on big acreage they have to bring in dogs which is awesome I'd love to be able to get working dogs we're just not there scale wise they're going to follow me into the next paddock and then immediately when they get over there they're gonna say whoa there's rat grass over here and that's where they're gonna focus on one side I have more rye grass the other side is a noxious weed tanzy which my sheep will eat I'm using them as part of our weed management program it's it's a real benefit having the Sheep because nobody else is eating that if we had cattle they're not eating it the chickens aren't touching it or sheep eat it so they will get to that but they're gonna eat that grass first okay good let's see this weed you're talking about come show me this weed okay so this is what they're gonna eat tomorrow they're eating all this what's this right this is right okay you planted that yes so after they leave here will you throw down more rye so originally I was at you know I've read all of Joel Salatin's books and you know he he's he makes it very clear that they've never imported a seed on their property and I was gonna do the exact same thing I was like I am not bringing in seeds we're gonna do it naturally the permaculture white bring this pasture back over time what I've realized is it takes too long Joel Salatin has been on his farm for over 50 years I don't have 50 years I got it I gotta get this thing going so where my goats are Shepherds in a rush that's right we gotta get this thing moving here so so what I have just done is I just got a shipment of seeds from my mowing seeds which is certified organic seeds it's it's a it's a veg winter rye combination so and this is how I'm gonna be actually working in the my pigs as well so my my ruminants are grazing the main forage down and then my pigs I'm hoping to accomplish with them is to create a disturbance with the soil with the pigs and create an environment where I'm gonna get good seed germination so I'm gonna move my pigs out after the Sheep and then throw down scatter my seed and know I'm not gonna be able to say in 50 years that we never brought in a seed but we're gonna have a much better pasture okay regeneration for that I didn't know sheep would eat a weed did you tell me they like goats sheep are similar to goats in some ways in that they do like some brows okay not nearly to the extent of a goat but in the sheep are also easier in a pasture they're more respectful with fences from an overall management perspective way easier what I just did with the Sheep moving them from the to the next paddock I would not have been able to accomplish with goats but in my observations they don't flock okay so they do have some similarities this is tansy this is considered by all the land grant universities and noxious weed the local governments spend a lot of money spraying this stuff to get rid of it it spreads by rhizomes so it is very aggressive and it is actually toxic to some animals there is a study do that was done in South Idaho as well as western Montana grazing sheep in particular the breed of sheep that I predominantly have which is Katahdin on tansy and they found over years they've been able to graze it out my sheep will eat this now at this point it's very STEMI so they will actually be leaving the stem but they will strip the green leaves off of it which will retard its growth earlier in the season when they came through when it's still green and not lignified they actually take it all the way to the ground and over time that weakens the plant it's not able to photosynthesize it's not able to regenerate itself and here's the deal with the sheep regarding the the eating of the tansy it's it's been believed by many that this is a toxic plant and it does have some toxic properties if I were to feed my sheep test 6 weeks prior to breeding it could lead to an abortion in their pregnancy which is obviously not good but scientists have studied our cotton and sheep in dead blood samples an hour before eating 10 minutes after eating an hour after eating and I did this study for three years doing blood samples of all the sheep and there was no signs of any toxic kick in their blood streams after eating the tansy so I so again the sheep are part of the regeneration process here where nobody else is going to eat this stuff but I can get my sheep to eat it it's gonna retard the growth here eventually they're gonna graze this out and I not applying any kind of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and in the end we get food for our table I'm putting a high quality nutrient-dense on the percent grass-fed and parsley tansy fish lamb on my table to feed my family as well as sharing some with neighbors so then you're telling me you're an Eastern Shepherd where you lead the Sheep you're not a Western Shepherd where you drive the Sheep you borrow ideas from all the different concepts absolutely Oh golly I take what works and leave behind what doesn't so what's a Western concept you've adapted I got your Western idea like trick net yes you don't have your son out there herding his sheep all day do you buddy I don't this is capital e homestead scale American Americanized permaculture adopted from the apron we're in permaculture taking it yeah absolutely he's got the he's got the the Western hat too so pretty good on me all right that's it good you represent permaculture well it takes all these different ideas and connects them that's right and it everybody's context is different I can't stress this enough what because our scale is so small here we are not on a thousand acre ranch you stay there and watching them Dan you stay there watching them [Music] that is my favorite part when the sheep go from their old paddock to the new paddock on fresh grass there's something so peaceful and relaxing about seeing the sheep on grass it's the best part of husbandry come take a look at this when you see these sheep just going to town on these the fresh vegetation they hear it hearing them chew and rip the the vegetation from its stem there's just nothing like it [Laughter] hey it's not every day I get to film a fellow youtuber and he can totally take over the channel and bring this whole nother dynamic right you got to check out his channel grass-fed homestead I'll leave the link down in the description and right there okay man Oh help us out somebody wants to do this they need to move their sheep every day number one how are they gonna know how much to give them that is it's a really complicated answer because it really it really changes on your context and the season what kind of forage you have in your pastures so I'll answer that question for our context and hope that helps somebody right we moved here just 13 months ago and when we were looking for property I had no idea what I was looking at when I was looking at pastures I just saw some green stuff and I thought yeah that looks all right I what I didn't know at the time is our forage quality was extremely poor it was overwritten with noxious weeds that most animals wouldn't really touch anyway so it's part of our regeneration process here we're grazing the Sheep we're pulsing them through every day but in most cases I could give them an enormous paddock and it's not going to give them the they need because of the low quality Ford sit there so I'm doing something this is something I got from Greg Judy myself hearing a talk years ago was bringing your first couple years you're probably going to be intensive bringing in hey you're probably gonna have to bring in a lot of that if you're establishing a pasture so so for me I'm giving them enough area I'm kind of looking at it it's based on history right so how quickly did they eat the last paddock if it were you know 2 4 hours and it's stripped down to nothing then you need to give them a bigger space you so you keep playing with that until you get it to where it takes about a day in in my case I'm giving them a look like this area here they will have all this grass stripped out by this evening and then the tansy will be left because and they'll say they'll eat that tomorrow morning ok so this is about the size for this many sheep if I had really good quality pasture so to answer your question I'm I'm bringing in the hay and I'm supplement feeding them with hay okay and what that is doing is I'm bringing in nutrition from elsewhere processing it through the Sheep making sure they get enough nutrition that they wouldn't otherwise get from my question and they're depositing it back on the land and that's free choice they can eat that if they want to or not correct now to move their basic needs looks like we got the hay feeder the water and the shed let's do it man so this I designed to be super light it's something I can move by myself oh my but it's also going to provide one of the sheeps basically one of the sheets one of the sheep basic needs which is some shelter from come on in the in the summer okay well then you're making it too easy on yourself this isn't much of a workout buddy this is no earth gym when it's this easy come on bulk up man oh come you got my feet there you go make it hard on yourself there you go get some curls I've designed everything on our homestead to be completely mobile portable because like I said earlier we've only been here a year and though I'm very committed to this lifestyle not committed to any one design at this point I don't know where I want stuff exactly things are always changing the seasons are changing how I manage is involving daily so I don't want to just have a static shelter somewhere because I want to move it maybe someday yeah no this is my everything's mobile modular and forgot the other end Joel Salatin Tasha but yeah it's a magnificent magnificent originally I was hauling out five-gallon buckets to the sheep's paddock each day which is not fun especially when they're you know 300 yards that way so I went ahead and finally got some extra hoses and I'm dragging hoses now which is a lot lighter big expense yeah I imagine that little shelter you built there cost $55 well I used cedar as on the base may have ended a hundred and five dollars I don't even think was that much I can't remember how much that was but that was not expensive you're the EMT conduit it's $2 a piece there's four of those on there a couple two by twos and some two by fours yeah it's pretty simple it's that much more than $50 here okay that's it I gotta do is close it up and you're done well I feel the water but yeah okay chores are done let's see what everybody else's do let's get hot okay man it is much cooler in here you guys got the idea yeah keeping it cool didn't comfortable what y'all been talking about like I suspect there's been some Girl Talk going on in here yes Girl Talk you've been talking about how handsome Dan and I are suggestin yeah we gave you a little introduction to sheep okay and is our hope here that we have somehow planted some kind of seed in you too that will blossom into you guys getting your own chief when you get back home okay so you know you don't have to commit to that at this point but we got you a little something as a piece of encouragement for you okay I think that whistling was encouraging enough he whistles and the Sheep come really that way so Anna give me a stand this is this is called a shepherd's crook and this was handmade in Germany what and these are sold by premier one it's a little Fleck for those guys see there's no hit stuff but this was handmade hand-carved in Germany and these are these are very instrumental in times when things go wrong and that does happen from time to time where you have a a lamb or sheep that goes wayward when during a moves and this is a really good way to help bring them back and you can steer with it like if there's an animal on this even go left if you just put that up it just puts a little pressure on their flight zone and they'll be R to the left you can steer them to the right or if you need to catch for medical treatment and they're a little flighty especially little lambs I don't know yet you can grab on and I treat them so this is our gift to you here at the grasp at home so okay thank you very much appreciate it and until I get sheep I can use it on much other snow that go right that's a wrap dan is a wealth of information about sheep I sat down with him to also create a more instructional video on how to raise sheep from the springtime to a processing a harvesting to putting them on your plate we filmed that today and actually what we thought would be one but actually turned into three so we're working through some things stay tuned on how we might make that available to you guys until then do check out Dan's channel I'll leave a link to it again right there it's good he's a wealth of information I think it's like over three hundred videos she pigs chickens they're one year homestead journey I'll leave the link but you


 
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How Cows IMPROVE the land - ONE Simple Trick

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 114 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
 

we move the cattle every single day for a few reasons one in hi guys Tim South well here with ABC acres really appreciate you taking part in a livestock feeding today so we're going to go around the farm we're going to move the cattle we're going to feed the chicken Pig the goats the turkeys and a little bit of everything else we have going on so we're going to be moving the cattle this morning we usually move our cattle every single day but we're moving them into a small paddock today so we're actually moving them this morning at 8:00 but we're also going to be moving them about 11:30 today so I'm going to jump in and do that really quick we think about the scared calves huh what's your first thought when you see that hand calf okay okay pull okay detracted um what is mineral flood single day for a few reasons one in an open stock grazing system where you might see cattle parked out on a large tract of land the cattle are always eating the most delectable tasty nuggets if you will and so what that happens is the unsavory stuff has a chance to really grow up germinate so imagine in five years three five seven ten years the pasture maybe has more undesirable plants and and edibles in it as opposed to the delectable ones so by putting them close together in a small compact pen they're actually competing against each other to mow down the lawn in a uniformity at the same time based on them being in close proximity they're trampling down the grass and so that put some biomass organic matter on the soil and by doing that it acts as a living mulch which holds more moisture in the ground thereby developing and building the microbiology below the soil surface which is what we're trying to do more so we're getting heavy manure heavy urination in this location so that is building our fertilization base we don't use pesticides herbicides fertilizers a the fertilizers there are machines to do that so we're into building healthy grass oh and this is just one tool what does y'all's name and where are you from I'm Holly burns and we're from Marshfield Massachusetts just south of Boston yes have you been around farms before I have she's kind of that kind a 100 hundred you know everything about farming and one you know absolutely nothing where are you two okay this is the beginning of the sewer when I see how that changes by the end okay guys we're going to open up chicken coop one so I'm going to ask you children to come forward with your cups we're going to give them a little extra feed this more if you want to do it around so many helping okay come on your Jernigan miscast you got buddy you're going to feed the diners you're going to feed those down before no yeah one for you we turned off the hot wire so it's not hot I'm going to ask you guys when chickens come out they're going to seek you out we're going to head over see those white steaks right there I just want you to find some cow pies and just sprinkle them on all the cowhides okay y'all know what a cow pies yeah good morning girls good morning girls come out and play oh my goodness just to pick up 250 power behind you cow pies put them down you're doing a great job yeah if you have the proper floor I like to actually step the terrain in little bit make a work board okay certainly don't need to do that let's see it buddy okay let's put it on that one give me a little bit more there we go I'd like to do that and I just like to push it down a little bit I really have to kind of work to get it and so you'll notice as we walk back from coop one along the past year that they grazed last week you're going to notice that there aren't any cow pies you're not going to be able to see them because they obliterate them so and distribute them over about a nine square foot area if not more you may pet the chickens if you would like absolutely are you guys hookah Moran's and boardwalk Hey buff Orpingtons Americana's a little bit of this in that there you go honey good job hey Lily is it strange to you that you're putting a feet on manure what general what do you think about cutting speed on manure why is he doing that and so the chickens spread off some manures hey kids how would you guys like to eat your food off of another species manure 9 no these are chickens right they love it they love it you guys don't believe they love it look at this you are putting down mr. Brown can you put some down he's on that's good boy good boy they've done so much on the pie come over here buddy Oh Oh ones vomit are you put it all on one let's ask them you like eating off the manure yeah you love that why own all the maggots you IG maggots you love that okay well you're in the right place mr. John mark goes Pig panic system we're actually going to put our goats await for just a minute while we utilize the alley between the static system alfalfa and so we're going to use the alfalfa to get the goats into this pin over here so you guys can just walk in come on through come on keep on off you don't turn your back they're very safe and then just walk into that yes they're very happy and so this allows us now to do the work for the logs and the chickens in the alley without having these guys do we come out you will come on yes there you go so this is our paddock this on that Padawan here's paddock so you can already see it starting to rebound it's starting to grow it's been rested now for only four days here in this paddock we have we have Kevin Bacon so come on in I'll just ask you not to let anybody else okay how you doing Kevin anybody want a pet pig we can get up there we can test Kevin lunch so I didn't ever hang those taxes you can just put on your own board ma'am on who I can scratch the tank we go sympathy which he's got plenty of grain right now he's not going to eat you oh wow he let you go right up to him we're going to dump that and I'm going to get one of you guys on filling that up okay and so Sammy what I'm going to do is I'm going to start the water up I'm going to ask you to go down there with the hose fill up the water saw and then I'll probably just have you dump a little just keep it flowing in there to create a little poop on and then we'll law we'll be done with that now you guys are you guys good coming here I will tell you they're big they can push you around once the grains on the ground they're very fun way to beer you see how yeah see how they've got this the remnants of the mud on it are talking about that wallow right so we come out here one o'clock in the afternoon they'll be pasted in in a month and matter of fact I'll get someone to fill that little wallow up here shortly so they're all company and we're going to see temperatures of mid 90s today tomorrow Wednesday so they're going to need every bit of it we do come out here during lunch time and still it makes you know water is good well Rewald them will spread they love it when they get sprayed down they'll dance in it and so it I'm sure it feels good I yeah exactly right all right one of the things on that thing you didn't try to bite you so why do you make the chickens beat their food off the couch a great question you know I'm sorry but in the loo to that earlier so we found out that when the cow pies on the ground the Flies like to come in and they lay their eggs in it and then days three or four there's more maggots crawling around oh and then they hatch out and fly off and they go land on a cow again and the process repeats itself so if we put the grain on the cow patty when those little maggots are crawling around the chickens go in ate the grain and if they open up the patty they see the dung beetles and they see the maggots and they see all sorts of creepy crawlies and they Peck them out and it puts their belly full it makes them healthy and strong but now there's no flies coming out to go to the cows so they break the pet psychic that's a great question other than that I wouldn't want it I like I wouldn't want even could offer Calvin hi girls ok I need to get you guys in the rain don't I speed so we don't usually give them this much grain but I like the fact that you guys are so interested in the poultry and you want to feed them they're going to be a little fatter today and that's ok have you had their eggs yet we have dozen so on a scale of 1 to 10 10 being like I've died and gone to heaven 10 that's next best sex you've ever had you can tell the difference delicious delicious how do they compare to store-bought eggs sooner there's so much doubt they're so yellow I mean that was the cool thing even remember like your pancake I made pancakes with them and even the pancake batter was a golden color versus you know store-bought eggs that one blue egg yeah well no the insides when you cook them and everything they're just so yellow it's rich tasting [Music] Oh welcome that at 10 that is it Justin I think everybody's done a fantastic job thank you so folks watching want more of you where do they do well you know we're we're at ABC acres calm we're on Facebook and ABC acres where YouTube at ABC acres and so I would encourage people to go out there and check us out reach out to us on the contact page and you know we're really trying to showcase a destination experience here at the farm trying to showcase regenerative agriculture based operations for both livestock and edibles and make it a full experience from livestock meetings to work along farm tours to self-guided this and that and we'll even get you on a horse and ATV and fly fishing if you want so the full package how much you know about farms now go one to 105 okay we doubled we've doubled our knowledge good pop quiz why does we have the cows every day just them okay that's one reason absolutely why does he throw the feed for the chickens on the manure oh I'm getting rid of the past yes to get rid of the time why does he like the Cooney Cooney Pig versus other pigs because they're very smaller okay nice job Daniel the smaller they're great grazers broad donate as much great I don't know as much overhead yep they don't need as much grain okay I would say I would say so you more than doubled your farm knowledge here today yes job thanks for your help morning and enjoy the Eclipse right yeah yeah last Eclipse and how many hours not start now I thought two hours two hours did you check what happening y'all don't burn your retinas this is what it's all about right here eggs just from their farms eggs from their farm pork from their farm and waffles made from a waffle maker on their bar I was pretty excited to see them awesome yeah so a blend we've got the farm fresh stuff and a little bit of comfort food with the waffle maker that we can't really be on the road right Andy yeah and look at that guys if you ever want a vacation on a farm come tour this place stay in a really nice Erin B this is it when you say not refreshing it's very nice let's do some abuse at this place holy moly that's your view are you kidding me you're going to love doing dishes in here look at that view out the window walking down the hall you got a view even out the hallway look at this permaculture yard this beautiful yard there's even a view in the bedroom down to the bottom so nice oh look the bathroom isn't without its view either the Eclipse is starting okay everybody gets to see it with a special glasses look at the Sun only with the glasses on he's closing his eyes okay my first kiss oh wow that's crazy how are the cows reacting to this super strange like they'll be really stoned and all of a sudden they start like running around like wait a minute wasn't it just dark I have to say it is like really cool like the temperature has dropped and it's like oh it's like us getting picky they're all it is so funny could some of the other ones are like looking at them like why are you like this sniffing good they feel good oh you probably won't be able to be out here with shorts please on I know it's really chilly look at how it's like so it's like start it's like I'm so extreme I guess except it's wanting him up to now total dark everywhere no 95 percent here you have slept yeah can't look like a moon it's so weird I got the camera on you can see the Eclipse up above the bright light oh no I lining up in real life all my wife want lining up on the camera all right it's it's we're on the other side of the eclipse it's still I could think it is but how to calm down what just happened yeah class that mean that means the moon right in front of the Sun what did you guys think about it clear cool we get exciting a boring did you guys actually see it you guys yeah cleany good Sabrina was that the craziest thing you've ever seen Wow so tomorrow more of ABC acres here's they got some crazy permaculture stuff going on like fish what the sage we're going to find out tomorrow but if you want more of them now make sure you check out yesterday's video there it is and down in the description


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we move the cattle every single day for a few reasons one in hi guys Tim South well here with ABC acres really appreciate you taking part in a livestock feeding today so we're going to go around the farm we're going to move the cattle we're going to feed the chicken Pig the goats the turkeys and a little bit of everything else we have going on so we're going to be moving the cattle this morning we usually move our cattle every single day but we're moving them into a small paddock today so we're actually moving them this morning at 8:00 but we're also going to be moving them about 11:30 today so I'm going to jump in and do that really quick we think about the scared calves huh what's your first thought when you see that hand calf okay okay pull okay detracted um what is mineral flood single day for a few reasons one in an open stock grazing system where you might see cattle parked out on a large tract of land the cattle are always eating the most delectable tasty nuggets if you will and so what that happens is the unsavory stuff has a chance to really grow up germinate so imagine in five years three five seven ten years the pasture maybe has more undesirable plants and and edibles in it as opposed to the delectable ones so by putting them close together in a small compact pen they're actually competing against each other to mow down the lawn in a uniformity at the same time based on them being in close proximity they're trampling down the grass and so that put some biomass organic matter on the soil and by doing that it acts as a living mulch which holds more moisture in the ground thereby developing and building the microbiology below the soil surface which is what we're trying to do more so we're getting heavy manure heavy urination in this location so that is building our fertilization base we don't use pesticides herbicides fertilizers a the fertilizers there are machines to do that so we're into building healthy grass oh and this is just one tool what does y'all's name and where are you from I'm Holly burns and we're from Marshfield Massachusetts just south of Boston yes have you been around farms before I have she's kind of that kind a 100 hundred you know everything about farming and one you know absolutely nothing where are you two okay this is the beginning of the sewer when I see how that changes by the end okay guys we're going to open up chicken coop one so I'm going to ask you children to come forward with your cups we're going to give them a little extra feed this more if you want to do it around so many helping okay come on your Jernigan miscast you got buddy you're going to feed the diners you're going to feed those down before no yeah one for you we turned off the hot wire so it's not hot I'm going to ask you guys when chickens come out they're going to seek you out we're going to head over see those white steaks right there I just want you to find some cow pies and just sprinkle them on all the cowhides okay y'all know what a cow pies yeah good morning girls good morning girls come out and play oh my goodness just to pick up 250 power behind you cow pies put them down you're doing a great job yeah if you have the proper floor I like to actually step the terrain in little bit make a work board okay certainly don't need to do that let's see it buddy okay let's put it on that one give me a little bit more there we go I'd like to do that and I just like to push it down a little bit I really have to kind of work to get it and so you'll notice as we walk back from coop one along the past year that they grazed last week you're going to notice that there aren't any cow pies you're not going to be able to see them because they obliterate them so and distribute them over about a nine square foot area if not more you may pet the chickens if you would like absolutely are you guys hookah Moran's and boardwalk Hey buff Orpingtons Americana's a little bit of this in that there you go honey good job hey Lily is it strange to you that you're putting a feet on manure what general what do you think about cutting speed on manure why is he doing that and so the chickens spread off some manures hey kids how would you guys like to eat your food off of another species manure 9 no these are chickens right they love it they love it you guys don't believe they love it look at this you are putting down mr. Brown can you put some down he's on that's good boy good boy they've done so much on the pie come over here buddy Oh Oh ones vomit are you put it all on one let's ask them you like eating off the manure yeah you love that why own all the maggots you IG maggots you love that okay well you're in the right place mr. John mark goes Pig panic system we're actually going to put our goats await for just a minute while we utilize the alley between the static system alfalfa and so we're going to use the alfalfa to get the goats into this pin over here so you guys can just walk in come on through come on keep on off you don't turn your back they're very safe and then just walk into that yes they're very happy and so this allows us now to do the work for the logs and the chickens in the alley without having these guys do we come out you will come on yes there you go so this is our paddock this on that Padawan here's paddock so you can already see it starting to rebound it's starting to grow it's been rested now for only four days here in this paddock we have we have Kevin Bacon so come on in I'll just ask you not to let anybody else okay how you doing Kevin anybody want a pet pig we can get up there we can test Kevin lunch so I didn't ever hang those taxes you can just put on your own board ma'am on who I can scratch the tank we go sympathy which he's got plenty of grain right now he's not going to eat you oh wow he let you go right up to him we're going to dump that and I'm going to get one of you guys on filling that up okay and so Sammy what I'm going to do is I'm going to start the water up I'm going to ask you to go down there with the hose fill up the water saw and then I'll probably just have you dump a little just keep it flowing in there to create a little poop on and then we'll law we'll be done with that now you guys are you guys good coming here I will tell you they're big they can push you around once the grains on the ground they're very fun way to beer you see how yeah see how they've got this the remnants of the mud on it are talking about that wallow right so we come out here one o'clock in the afternoon they'll be pasted in in a month and matter of fact I'll get someone to fill that little wallow up here shortly so they're all company and we're going to see temperatures of mid 90s today tomorrow Wednesday so they're going to need every bit of it we do come out here during lunch time and still it makes you know water is good well Rewald them will spread they love it when they get sprayed down they'll dance in it and so it I'm sure it feels good I yeah exactly right all right one of the things on that thing you didn't try to bite you so why do you make the chickens beat their food off the couch a great question you know I'm sorry but in the loo to that earlier so we found out that when the cow pies on the ground the Flies like to come in and they lay their eggs in it and then days three or four there's more maggots crawling around oh and then they hatch out and fly off and they go land on a cow again and the process repeats itself so if we put the grain on the cow patty when those little maggots are crawling around the chickens go in ate the grain and if they open up the patty they see the dung beetles and they see the maggots and they see all sorts of creepy crawlies and they Peck them out and it puts their belly full it makes them healthy and strong but now there's no flies coming out to go to the cows so they break the pet psychic that's a great question other than that I wouldn't want it I like I wouldn't want even could offer Calvin hi girls ok I need to get you guys in the rain don't I speed so we don't usually give them this much grain but I like the fact that you guys are so interested in the poultry and you want to feed them they're going to be a little fatter today and that's ok have you had their eggs yet we have dozen so on a scale of 1 to 10 10 being like I've died and gone to heaven 10 that's next best sex you've ever had you can tell the difference delicious delicious how do they compare to store-bought eggs sooner there's so much doubt they're so yellow I mean that was the cool thing even remember like your pancake I made pancakes with them and even the pancake batter was a golden color versus you know store-bought eggs that one blue egg yeah well no the insides when you cook them and everything they're just so yellow it's rich tasting [Music] Oh welcome that at 10 that is it Justin I think everybody's done a fantastic job thank you so folks watching want more of you where do they do well you know we're we're at ABC acres calm we're on Facebook and ABC acres where YouTube at ABC acres and so I would encourage people to go out there and check us out reach out to us on the contact page and you know we're really trying to showcase a destination experience here at the farm trying to showcase regenerative agriculture based operations for both livestock and edibles and make it a full experience from livestock meetings to work along farm tours to self-guided this and that and we'll even get you on a horse and ATV and fly fishing if you want so the full package how much you know about farms now go one to 105 okay we doubled we've doubled our knowledge good pop quiz why does we have the cows every day just them okay that's one reason absolutely why does he throw the feed for the chickens on the manure oh I'm getting rid of the past yes to get rid of the time why does he like the Cooney Cooney Pig versus other pigs because they're very smaller okay nice job Daniel the smaller they're great grazers broad donate as much great I don't know as much overhead yep they don't need as much grain okay I would say I would say so you more than doubled your farm knowledge here today yes job thanks for your help morning and enjoy the Eclipse right yeah yeah last Eclipse and how many hours not start now I thought two hours two hours did you check what happening y'all don't burn your retinas this is what it's all about right here eggs just from their farms eggs from their farm pork from their farm and waffles made from a waffle maker on their bar I was pretty excited to see them awesome yeah so a blend we've got the farm fresh stuff and a little bit of comfort food with the waffle maker that we can't really be on the road right Andy yeah and look at that guys if you ever want a vacation on a farm come tour this place stay in a really nice Erin B this is it when you say not refreshing it's very nice let's do some abuse at this place holy moly that's your view are you kidding me you're going to love doing dishes in here look at that view out the window walking down the hall you got a view even out the hallway look at this permaculture yard this beautiful yard there's even a view in the bedroom down to the bottom so nice oh look the bathroom isn't without its view either the Eclipse is starting okay everybody gets to see it with a special glasses look at the Sun only with the glasses on he's closing his eyes okay my first kiss oh wow that's crazy how are the cows reacting to this super strange like they'll be really stoned and all of a sudden they start like running around like wait a minute wasn't it just dark I have to say it is like really cool like the temperature has dropped and it's like oh it's like us getting picky they're all it is so funny could some of the other ones are like looking at them like why are you like this sniffing good they feel good oh you probably won't be able to be out here with shorts please on I know it's really chilly look at how it's like so it's like start it's like I'm so extreme I guess except it's wanting him up to now total dark everywhere no 95 percent here you have slept yeah can't look like a moon it's so weird I got the camera on you can see the Eclipse up above the bright light oh no I lining up in real life all my wife want lining up on the camera all right it's it's we're on the other side of the eclipse it's still I could think it is but how to calm down what just happened yeah class that mean that means the moon right in front of the Sun what did you guys think about it clear cool we get exciting a boring did you guys actually see it you guys yeah cleany good Sabrina was that the craziest thing you've ever seen Wow so tomorrow more of ABC acres here's they got some crazy permaculture stuff going on like fish what the sage we're going to find out tomorrow but if you want more of them now make sure you check out yesterday's video there it is and down in the description


 
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Rookie (Alaskan) Farmers: FAILS | WINS

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 165 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
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it's your first year on the farm now your first time first year on the farm your rookie yes yeah you feel like a ready a total rookie I've made too many mistakes today's feature what sila Alaska where life went north a couple of folks moved up here from Oregon fellow youtubers let's see what's going on you're the first stop with your own landing strip congratulations yeah where's your plane I don't have a plane wait a minute I thought I realize I'm supposed to have a plane yes there you go okay you're new Alaska do have a snow you do have a snow plow we do have a snow plow okay check it off the last we don't have a snow machine yet because we got chastised for things you don't say yeah yeah they have a truck so they're just chicken journalist yeah there's a lot of that gear required my name is Mindy and we are in Wasilla Alaska we are from a small town in Oregon where we did urban homesteading and we just decided we wanted some more land to kind of set up a more serious homestead and we thought Alaska sounded like a pretty cool place but we just felt drawn to come to Alaska I don't know it's kind of inexplicable that we both had that that feeling of that pull to come here and our kids are still pretty young so we decided if we were ever going to have an adventure move now would be the time to do it so we failed pretty epically at cucumbers this year epic fail epic fail on that we need to start way earlier next year turning our seeds zucchinis are doing okay but probably could have started those earlier too we don't have any giant produce to show you unfortunately no no any one pound cabbage it has been a very weird summer here this year it's been really rainy and and not a lot of sunshine so I think so you need that wasn't it more fun they say this is a beautiful day rare day in Alaska look at this day and look at that view [Music] what are you gonna do next year I think next year we're gonna focus on root crops do more carrots because they're super sweet hair there's something about the soil here that makes for a really awesome carrot so I think we'll do way more of those more beets and the previous owner said potatoes do really well here so all right Charles show us your plane right yeah we have it drove it you've turned this hanger into a barn Lavar good job eventually we're thinking goats will live in here okay but for this winter we're gonna overwinter the chickens and the ducks keep them out of the elements the Ducks are pretty cold hardy but the chickens especially with their combs okay some issues hey did your parents thank you or nuts oh they're mostly mad because we left them that's hard this everybody fancy doc here we need an upgrade soon those are the sandhill cranes over there hmm and they're huge when they light on the landing strip they're pretty big you can get out on the dog Vinci go ahead Big Daddy right out to the end I heard it I got the camera going more sandhill cranes up there guys the Ducks have made it back we have four Campbell khakis for Swedish blues three buck Cayuga and for chocolate runner they legs they're still pretty young they're just gonna be there a few months old we got on this spring so they haven't laid off and yaks know where our plan is to use them for a if we can ever find the eggs along the shoreline or something they get to come down to the lake all day and come on to plant and then come up to the house and have their duck food yeah they're up at the door at like 7:00 a.m. every single day quacking for breakfast yeah I can hear em quacking from bed you open the door and they all run up and have their breakfast and then they all head down to the lake bon voyage [Music] [Music] we are bowed [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] one more thing before we go you got to see this you got to see this greenhouse attached to this house this is really nice I dream of doing this yeah it's really nice it gets pretty hot in here actually it gets like 90 degrees yeah oh so much warmer there there's like a vent you know when he or 99y comes on and helps and you're able to grow tomatoes well we are trying we need to start earlier next year but we just got one red tomato just yesterday are you still in a hurry been planting schedule is that what's going on here so I'll just start a little bit earlier next year so okay good thanks for be sure to check these guys out life goes north YouTube channel I'll leave the link in the description onward to the next place a rookie market farmer in Alaska actually before we go to the farm how to change plans it's such a clear and beautiful Bay and the locals say that's pretty rare we're gonna go see if we can't see then off the Denali mountain yeah Denali so we're gonna go to the town called will oh well oh well then we'll go to talk to you which is 53 miles away Talkeetna so we're hoping we see it at willow but we're only here once and that is the tallest mountain in North America let's do it hey guys remember the journey is the destination [Music] we came over the hill and there was a range of mountains that were just incredible and beautiful and I kind of had to take a moment and be like is this is it this is it like this is what we came to see Denali so it was it was incredible it it's like inspiring [Applause] [Applause] [Music] what planes in Alaska there there they got everything here we're at our farm check it out Matt one of the viewers met him at the Meetup we've got greenhouses has a house built at all kids what are you guys gonna come on the tour I heard he's got strawberries as big as an apple oh that got him up that got him up yeah we're gonna go on a strawberry hunt here guys the strawberry season is over but he said he still has some fruits but first what's what are you doing with these Tomatoes Matt well we're at killing them actually murdering them you two made a murderer yeah so time to get these out until we get too cold and put in something else are you serious if she harvesting the green tomatoes yes are you gonna make fried green tomatoes no time you're just dreaming okay no do you know about fried green tomatoes oh yeah actually I'm video on okay good and so we're gonna try that here it'll be my first time okay so can you use panko breadcrumbs instead of cornmeal or is it just right I just use cornmeal cause I'm gluten free comes the rest of the period don't you need a properly energized everybody everybody all right there's my wife Jenny hello hey Jimmy is McKenna okay come on jumping jacks just no dance let's see this place yeah come on in now where are you from so originally I'm from Arizona okay so why in the world Alaska oh man I don't know I just wanted to change you know what about it yeah how many years you've been here 15 years yeah yeah yeah they say half the people leave after two yeah that is true what you're committed you don't miss Arizona no I see pictures of back home and it's like I am no thanks okay alright I don't mind the heat but I could I could never live without all the green you know again yeah okay so anyway this is our green house I just like I said we're ripped out a bunch of tomatoes had 300 tomato plants in here this year and we had just a crummy wet season we're cloudy all summer long and so the tomatoes just struggled all summer so yeah just time to rip them out put in something that's going to take the cold a little bit better okay so we got a little few peppers over here we just drill for ourselves and some celery mostly all we do in here is greens spew cucumbers back there these are my raised beds that are heated for the winter time hmm so hot water feel that I turn the hot water side oh wow so these pipes it's just like in floor key too but you'd have in your house yep and they just circulate through there and warm the soil and when it's really cold I'll cover this with another low tunnel another layer of poly mm-hmm and it'll be you know zero degrees outside or ten below and underneath that plastic will be 65 70 degrees so you're this this will survive the winter yes absolutely even without the daylight well I have these and which we're getting ready to start doing that prep work here pretty quick okay who's we my wife and I so Jenni and I we run pretty much this whole farm okay we are you doing full-time yep it's your first year on the farm knowing your first time first year on the farm your rookie yes yeah feel like a ready a total rookie I've made so many mistakes so many mistakes oh you know what I've learned a lot and I know what I'm gonna do next year they're gonna be better than this year and we have it and if we just loved making this transition from a regular construction - now this what do you what was your biggest mistake man probably trying to do too much too quick I think you know we'll see when we go out to the strawberry patch that it is inundated with weeds and which didn't really hurt the production too much but and really what is a weed but but I think just trying to do too much and and too many variety of things you know we tried growing about 40 50 different types of vegetables and next year that's going to shrink down by probably half maybe even more hey you guys ready to go do the strawberries okay I wonder who can find the biggest strawberry out there an Alaskan sized strawberry let's go let's see the strawberry the biggest strawberry you win buddy I think you got the biggest one the reason I planted so many strawberries and I liked I grow strawberries is because I like them I started growing things that I liked because I wanted to not get burned out I wanted to have passion for what I was doing and if I can walk into the greenhouse and pick a bell pepper and eat it while I'm working that's a reward for me yes and same thing with the strawberries and peas and whatever else growing it makes me wonder where's the bacon Yeah right some pigs run it in there right I will someday you will but you got to take one thing at a time yeah look at that perfect look at that look at that one and they taste so good I can't believe how sweetie have you tasted it yeah you got come eat the strawberries Lillie i'ma get something good the best strawberry you've ever had drank your shine yep really you gotta taste these strawberries the best you have ever had the biggest you've ever had - okay let's see you eat what can you get it to market for thee okay eat that mr. Brown is that good I'm good in it and they taste really good okay strawberry Queen oh they're so good Matt what's your favorite part about having this farm I would have to say that my favorite part is having families come out and you know you're talking to the little kids and they got strawberry juice just Ramanujan you know and they just love it [Music] [Music] see is it a big one yeah okay you want to pick it all right all right take a bite on that side [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Applause] [Music] okay what do you say guys very nice we're gonna be your new best friend we're back at our Airbnb who's good day don't forget tomorrow we're putting up that special movie on the off-grid homestead in Alaska absolutely beautiful story retired couple why did they come how did they do it where are they in the process why you gonna live off-grid would you do anything different what are the struggles we go into all of that stuff it's really good almost got it done yesterday so I'm gonna finish it out tonight it'll go up next


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it's your first year on the farm now your first time first year on the farm your rookie yes yeah you feel like a ready a total rookie I've made too many mistakes today's feature what sila Alaska where life went north a couple of folks moved up here from Oregon fellow youtubers let's see what's going on you're the first stop with your own landing strip congratulations yeah where's your plane I don't have a plane wait a minute I thought I realize I'm supposed to have a plane yes there you go okay you're new Alaska do have a snow you do have a snow plow we do have a snow plow okay check it off the last we don't have a snow machine yet because we got chastised for things you don't say yeah yeah they have a truck so they're just chicken journalist yeah there's a lot of that gear required my name is Mindy and we are in Wasilla Alaska we are from a small town in Oregon where we did urban homesteading and we just decided we wanted some more land to kind of set up a more serious homestead and we thought Alaska sounded like a pretty cool place but we just felt drawn to come to Alaska I don't know it's kind of inexplicable that we both had that that feeling of that pull to come here and our kids are still pretty young so we decided if we were ever going to have an adventure move now would be the time to do it so we failed pretty epically at cucumbers this year epic fail epic fail on that we need to start way earlier next year turning our seeds zucchinis are doing okay but probably could have started those earlier too we don't have any giant produce to show you unfortunately no no any one pound cabbage it has been a very weird summer here this year it's been really rainy and and not a lot of sunshine so I think so you need that wasn't it more fun they say this is a beautiful day rare day in Alaska look at this day and look at that view [Music] what are you gonna do next year I think next year we're gonna focus on root crops do more carrots because they're super sweet hair there's something about the soil here that makes for a really awesome carrot so I think we'll do way more of those more beets and the previous owner said potatoes do really well here so all right Charles show us your plane right yeah we have it drove it you've turned this hanger into a barn Lavar good job eventually we're thinking goats will live in here okay but for this winter we're gonna overwinter the chickens and the ducks keep them out of the elements the Ducks are pretty cold hardy but the chickens especially with their combs okay some issues hey did your parents thank you or nuts oh they're mostly mad because we left them that's hard this everybody fancy doc here we need an upgrade soon those are the sandhill cranes over there hmm and they're huge when they light on the landing strip they're pretty big you can get out on the dog Vinci go ahead Big Daddy right out to the end I heard it I got the camera going more sandhill cranes up there guys the Ducks have made it back we have four Campbell khakis for Swedish blues three buck Cayuga and for chocolate runner they legs they're still pretty young they're just gonna be there a few months old we got on this spring so they haven't laid off and yaks know where our plan is to use them for a if we can ever find the eggs along the shoreline or something they get to come down to the lake all day and come on to plant and then come up to the house and have their duck food yeah they're up at the door at like 7:00 a.m. every single day quacking for breakfast yeah I can hear em quacking from bed you open the door and they all run up and have their breakfast and then they all head down to the lake bon voyage [Music] [Music] we are bowed [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] [Music] one more thing before we go you got to see this you got to see this greenhouse attached to this house this is really nice I dream of doing this yeah it's really nice it gets pretty hot in here actually it gets like 90 degrees yeah oh so much warmer there there's like a vent you know when he or 99y comes on and helps and you're able to grow tomatoes well we are trying we need to start earlier next year but we just got one red tomato just yesterday are you still in a hurry been planting schedule is that what's going on here so I'll just start a little bit earlier next year so okay good thanks for be sure to check these guys out life goes north YouTube channel I'll leave the link in the description onward to the next place a rookie market farmer in Alaska actually before we go to the farm how to change plans it's such a clear and beautiful Bay and the locals say that's pretty rare we're gonna go see if we can't see then off the Denali mountain yeah Denali so we're gonna go to the town called will oh well oh well then we'll go to talk to you which is 53 miles away Talkeetna so we're hoping we see it at willow but we're only here once and that is the tallest mountain in North America let's do it hey guys remember the journey is the destination [Music] we came over the hill and there was a range of mountains that were just incredible and beautiful and I kind of had to take a moment and be like is this is it this is it like this is what we came to see Denali so it was it was incredible it it's like inspiring [Applause] [Applause] [Music] what planes in Alaska there there they got everything here we're at our farm check it out Matt one of the viewers met him at the Meetup we've got greenhouses has a house built at all kids what are you guys gonna come on the tour I heard he's got strawberries as big as an apple oh that got him up that got him up yeah we're gonna go on a strawberry hunt here guys the strawberry season is over but he said he still has some fruits but first what's what are you doing with these Tomatoes Matt well we're at killing them actually murdering them you two made a murderer yeah so time to get these out until we get too cold and put in something else are you serious if she harvesting the green tomatoes yes are you gonna make fried green tomatoes no time you're just dreaming okay no do you know about fried green tomatoes oh yeah actually I'm video on okay good and so we're gonna try that here it'll be my first time okay so can you use panko breadcrumbs instead of cornmeal or is it just right I just use cornmeal cause I'm gluten free comes the rest of the period don't you need a properly energized everybody everybody all right there's my wife Jenny hello hey Jimmy is McKenna okay come on jumping jacks just no dance let's see this place yeah come on in now where are you from so originally I'm from Arizona okay so why in the world Alaska oh man I don't know I just wanted to change you know what about it yeah how many years you've been here 15 years yeah yeah yeah they say half the people leave after two yeah that is true what you're committed you don't miss Arizona no I see pictures of back home and it's like I am no thanks okay alright I don't mind the heat but I could I could never live without all the green you know again yeah okay so anyway this is our green house I just like I said we're ripped out a bunch of tomatoes had 300 tomato plants in here this year and we had just a crummy wet season we're cloudy all summer long and so the tomatoes just struggled all summer so yeah just time to rip them out put in something that's going to take the cold a little bit better okay so we got a little few peppers over here we just drill for ourselves and some celery mostly all we do in here is greens spew cucumbers back there these are my raised beds that are heated for the winter time hmm so hot water feel that I turn the hot water side oh wow so these pipes it's just like in floor key too but you'd have in your house yep and they just circulate through there and warm the soil and when it's really cold I'll cover this with another low tunnel another layer of poly mm-hmm and it'll be you know zero degrees outside or ten below and underneath that plastic will be 65 70 degrees so you're this this will survive the winter yes absolutely even without the daylight well I have these and which we're getting ready to start doing that prep work here pretty quick okay who's we my wife and I so Jenni and I we run pretty much this whole farm okay we are you doing full-time yep it's your first year on the farm knowing your first time first year on the farm your rookie yes yeah feel like a ready a total rookie I've made so many mistakes so many mistakes oh you know what I've learned a lot and I know what I'm gonna do next year they're gonna be better than this year and we have it and if we just loved making this transition from a regular construction - now this what do you what was your biggest mistake man probably trying to do too much too quick I think you know we'll see when we go out to the strawberry patch that it is inundated with weeds and which didn't really hurt the production too much but and really what is a weed but but I think just trying to do too much and and too many variety of things you know we tried growing about 40 50 different types of vegetables and next year that's going to shrink down by probably half maybe even more hey you guys ready to go do the strawberries okay I wonder who can find the biggest strawberry out there an Alaskan sized strawberry let's go let's see the strawberry the biggest strawberry you win buddy I think you got the biggest one the reason I planted so many strawberries and I liked I grow strawberries is because I like them I started growing things that I liked because I wanted to not get burned out I wanted to have passion for what I was doing and if I can walk into the greenhouse and pick a bell pepper and eat it while I'm working that's a reward for me yes and same thing with the strawberries and peas and whatever else growing it makes me wonder where's the bacon Yeah right some pigs run it in there right I will someday you will but you got to take one thing at a time yeah look at that perfect look at that look at that one and they taste so good I can't believe how sweetie have you tasted it yeah you got come eat the strawberries Lillie i'ma get something good the best strawberry you've ever had drank your shine yep really you gotta taste these strawberries the best you have ever had the biggest you've ever had - okay let's see you eat what can you get it to market for thee okay eat that mr. Brown is that good I'm good in it and they taste really good okay strawberry Queen oh they're so good Matt what's your favorite part about having this farm I would have to say that my favorite part is having families come out and you know you're talking to the little kids and they got strawberry juice just Ramanujan you know and they just love it [Music] [Music] see is it a big one yeah okay you want to pick it all right all right take a bite on that side [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Music] [Applause] [Music] [Applause] [Music] okay what do you say guys very nice we're gonna be your new best friend we're back at our Airbnb who's good day don't forget tomorrow we're putting up that special movie on the off-grid homestead in Alaska absolutely beautiful story retired couple why did they come how did they do it where are they in the process why you gonna live off-grid would you do anything different what are the struggles we go into all of that stuff it's really good almost got it done yesterday so I'm gonna finish it out tonight it'll go up next


 
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Top Tools of Curtis Stone’s $100K/Year Urban Farm

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 140 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
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so these are some of the specialized tools that we use these are you know you're at curtis stone's house when there's a skyscraper in the background how many stories is that curtis 1515 story skyscraper and there's a garden going right here bees a buzzin you know where you're at i mean do you see any other hey where are the other gardens on this i got i got a few in the back who think you're nuts they love it actually okay yeah yeah we're gonna do a grand tour of curtis stone's the market no no okay about messed up about gotten confused with JME fourth year don't do it don't do it that's the market garden we are busy urban farm I know that's why I'm giving them a hard time let's see what you got buddy great so this is the home base so our farm is has five different locations all within about a mile or two and this is our home base so I live here I own this lot the rest of the Lots I don't own and this is we've got some production here which I'll show you but we also have our post harvest areas here so walk-in coolers we wash veggies here this is where we process a lot of our greens like we have big mechanical salad spinners greens bubbler closer yeah the guys are cleaned up for the day so this is just like dishes basically on this screen we actually dry our salad greens on here okay these are these are like salad spinners basically oh dude this thing is it's apart right now because they've cleaned it for the day but it's a it's a bubbler so it's like it it's like a jacuzzi and we throw about 20 pounds of salad greens in here with water and it just agitates it how this this thing has a pump guy just goes once all these coke right here this goes down on the bottom pump pushes air to here it just and this is how many it's all DIY yeah I called you as to who gave me that idea yeah well that's between mini market gardeners like Jamar 1040a and Eric Schultz and friends of mine we've all kind of collaborated on that kind of stuff there's a harvest from this morning yeah being harvested right now actually these are carrots coming regarded as speak Toby's back they're hard oh you got somebody here oh yeah yeah yeah I got two guys that work with me when you guys work here we work 8:00 to 4:00 Monday to Friday okay basically so we don't do farmers markets anymore we used to now we just sell to mostly grocery stores which is a market stream I never thought I'd get into but it's really it's really easy because it's like bring the same stuff each week it's low maintenance and I'm focused on education and building new tools and stuff and you know developing our techniques so I'm more focused on that I want my farm to be really simple and so I don't I do laughs my I don't do any farmers markets I don't do as many restaurants anymore we don't do a CSA Wow we just do like grocery stores and a couple restaurants and that's enough to make a living oh we make a great living I pay these guys really well I don't even take a salary from the farmer anymore because I have done well with my book and other stuff but yeah we I mean our farm does 100 grand a year on a quarter acre everybody makes sure you heard that a hundred grand on a quarter of an acre and there's not a whole lot of terrible crazy infrastructure you didn't like buy all this at once yeah no I didn't I mean I scaled I scaled into it I started my farm on $7000 Wow and I did 22,000 that first year and I just kept recapitalizing into the phone okay now I've got me I've got some fancy greenhouses and stuff but this is all pretty DIY stuff our farm you know our margins over 50% now I don't know what it'll be this year but it's good so yeah what's this this is a washing table so this is like a cylinder Washington caris you know all that water redirects into this tub that we pump that water out I pump it onto the trees around my front yard it's not legal in Canada is it legal yeah we're not as draconian as you guys are in the US okay yeah cuz you're kind of in a desert aren't you I'm in a high desert how much does the rain here two inches a year what yeah it's tough that it look like East Washington no no wait but dig in well now that we're well Vinci yeah we're the Okanagan Valley and we're in the center in a maybe it's somewhere it we're not much wetter than Central Valley California we're pretty good man inches but we using Jim you do use inches if you're my generation if you're my generation or older you use inches because I was a Pierre Trudeau who changed that in 80s I was thinking you were being courteous for the most American audience well I am I spend a lot of time in the US Canada officially okay it's my generation and the older use Imperial what you like better I like metric but I like inches I use inches I use kilometers okay I use kilos but I like inches all right so these are some of the specialized tools that we use these are that's the quick cut greens harvester that's an amazing tool that cuts greens like mowing a lawn basically so it's got a blade that moves and we just walk along and harvest greens and that cut that cut no the rope pushes it into the basket look at the blade no I made really really sure so that's a tool we use almost every day on the farm and we have two of them is that DIY no that's not DIY that's from a company in Nashville Tennessee it's that expensive 500 bucks okay yeah worth day absolutely you use it every day if you're running a commercial farm you need to spend money that's the way it is you you can start DIY which you should but then you got it you got to start getting proper tools because it allows you to scale if somebody's just doing it part-time they're gonna make 22 K a year working on the evenings and the weekends what five tools should they have definitely you're gonna do greens you got to have that tool this is a Jang cedar I would recommend that so if you just wanted like farm in your front yard and do this part-time those two would be pretty critical and then I got another tools wall over here which is all the sort of hand tools the the manual hand tool stirrup hose those are good you can do a lot with hand tools like if you if you're gonna farm on like a sixth or fifth or six of an acre say it's just your front and backyard you don't need a lot of mechanical tools but it's good to have a mechanical harvester and a mechanical planter but you can do all your bed prep with hand tools stirrup hose rakes shovels things like that this is a paper pot transplanter that's a game changer tool for us we we use that everywhere now for bunnies and lettuce that's a paper pot transplanter okay so this this is that thing that that I can plant a bed of lettuce in minutes it would take me an hour by hand I can do it minute so this is the tool you developed no this the top-selling though yeah this is a johnie's in men's elliptic I mean I know everybody think I'm there but it's hilarious wait a minute tractor yeah I found a walk-behind tractor where does somebody get that well it's all preference you know I I had the money and so I like tools I like machinery okay I'm a guy I like I like machines I'm gonna say most guys gonna go straight to the tractor yeah yeah I like the machine you know I don't use it that often but for initial bed prep at the beginning of the season I like it cuz then I can prep a bunch of areas generally we're no-till we don't we don't till a lot but at the beginning of the season sometimes it just makes things really quick what do you do instead of till we do a shallow cultivation so it kind of some people call it no-till so we call low till but we'll cultivate our beds when we're preparing them just by cultivating the top inch okay and then that keeps weed seeds down that keeps soil biology healthier what do you do with the electronic string trimmer just weed whacking grasses yeah this your own this is this is my daughter's garden Oh violets garden we call it okay now hold the hold is she well she's five months okay he'll help but but next year our front yard is all gonna be garden for the family and then those would be like we want her to Stu play with that okay she was allowed to come on heels yeah do whatever you mess it up she are what is she doing here she well we hold her yeah and she grabs things and pulls them azar not totally passive but it's a hybrid pasta solo greenhouse so it operates with a climate battery so you see this here this pumps hot air underneath in the foundation of this yeah and it holds heat all summer long and then that he radiates so at the winter it takes humid air puts it underground and then it comes up on the other side of the greenhouse with less humidity who thought of that uh guy named Jerome forget acai Steve wrote a book about you know this is our climate battery technology that we've been developing over the last thirty years so this is a one of the intakes for bringing the warm moist air into the soil and storing the heat yeah we went to the greenhouse in Colorado yeah yeah yeah he was one of the founders of that idea okay cool this is year round we do micro greens in here year round not we don't do as much stuff in the summer because we have a lot of field crops in the summer but you have enough light here in the winter oh yeah I mean yes and no we get down to less than eight hours of daylight at the winter solstice but microgreens really only need ambient light to grow so they have a longer day cycle they have a longer growth cycle but we still crop out like we still get on oxygen so in the summertime these crops look at this are like eight days from seed to harvest so from planting to harvest eight days but in the winter time it might be two and a half three maybe how is this this is this these will be harvested on Tuesday and what are you gonna do and these are a week old what we eat you know you never have never had a view sell them now I haven't tried to shoot yeah yeah we saw who buys it no of course you got that many you there's that much demand oh yeah 4p greens Wow all these shelves in the winter will be filled Wow yeah that's really good really good Curtis this is uh this is that this is the paper pot transplanter flat so these will unravel and then they plant as a chain into the ground I've got some I can watch here yeah actually the ones out front that's what those were you can see this little paper in the ground what it's a yeah that's my degradable paper yep it's just it's just craft paper it's just like brown non bleached Kraft paper soil blocks eat your heart out pretty much okay pretty much bye-bye soil box yeah honestly nice or I did soil blocks for years I like soil blocks but this is there's no comparison because it normally would take one guy and a trained person one hour to hand transplant 400 plugs into a 50 foot bed Wow with this six minutes so it's a huge labor reduction and it's less bending over that we can put that time into something else more productive and then come around here check this one out this is my neighbor's yard so I don't own that yard there's Toby Toby's from Germany he's harvesting carrots you know this is what essentially our farm does is we use other people's yards and grow veggies on them we give them a share of the crop so they get a basket of veggies each week Wow and then we do all work and turn it into something productive and beautiful how many yards you have like that five others besides this they're happy they love it yeah I've waiting list of anybody canceled on you oh yeah I don't I don't want a garden in my backyard yeah oh yeah I've been doing this for eight years I've gone through over 20 different plots yeah okay yeah we generally we try to get a commitment and like up three years and I really only will work with people now that I really feel are fully on board you know they gotta be keen so how do you go and get this how do you knock on the door well I don't know can I grow you know a senior by start the way I tell people the best way to get into this is just start with one lock somewhere that's visible okay and then people will come to you it's that whole thing you build it they will come so you're or grandma's lot or my literally literally grandma's lot front yard lot make it happen make it beautiful make it productive people will walk by and go hey this is really cool okay depends on where you live right but but we were pretty blessed here people love this idea here what are you doing I'm harvesting some carrots a little bit where are you from I'm from Germany and I've been here for the summer had a great time and yeah learned a lot from Curtis are you gonna do this when you go back home mmm not this so I'm just I'm just 20 but but I definitely want to continue to farm okay start them I want to learn more and more different context different types of farming and market gardening especially okay okay you pulling a few weeds there Curtis yeah I mean ya know I mean we don't really have to do too much weeding here our crops are out of the ground so quick and then something else goes in that they don't really have time to establish see these are the paper chains you can see okay yeah see we just we would have just walked that along what implanted does this is a where's your water oh I see you have to so I water this prop this plot from my house so even these landowners don't have to pay for the water we cover that okay yep and the ones that do we we subsidize their their water bill is water expensive here not really okay definitely not even a quarter of what California is this is our hothouse so we'll do really early tomatoes in here like we had tomatoes in the ground here in February this year they're long gone now it's on rotation so into for a winter so these crops will be all out of here in no more than two weeks and then lettuce will go in here that will take us to Christmas and then we've got some heat here we got a that's a 6000 watt heater my house is entirely solar so all this stuff is powered by the Sun this this greenhouse is Double A or poly so it's got an r5 insulation value and so I can I can push the season pretty hard in this one but the nursery is definitely warmer because it's it's a lot more insulated and it's you know it's a there's a foundation to it what Christmas dinner look like winter spinach turkey probably okay those okay carrots beets over on this side here do you still have that bike oh yeah my still deliveries on that bike why not um well I'm not doing a lot of this stuff right now mark is okay so mark but mark rides it we don't really sell to a lot of downtown restaurants anymore okay but so like we're selling to gross we sell them right there so sometimes I'll bike that order okay so it's a little further it's just cuz our other stores are further away somewhat we take the van this is a day gone by I've got like probably 20,000 kilometers on this Blake the first time I saw you you can maybe help me with what documentary in this was I was a trailer for some documentary there was this really cool guy peddling a lot of produce and herbing to urban situation yeah that was you you remember that probably there's been a few though so I don't know yeah but they always want to feature the bicycle they do and you know what it was a really cool part of my initial branding like I didn't I didn't mean it you that way yeah but it was I branded myself that way and people really me yeah yeah it really got people but you know it's tough man like I was I was at a point where I was spending probably 20 hours a week just on a bike pedaling because the first three years of my farm was entirely pedal-powered we had and these are some of our trails okay you know we had we have these custom-built trailers these even daisy chain behind each other so I got a different arm that goes on this one and I can fall behind that one alright so we did everything that way when we started but I burned out hard it was tiring okay is that it for today Curtis pretty much yeah on Sunday we're gonna go into more depth on exactly how he does this and how you could do it how you could start part-time with a little tiny garden and move up and make over $100,000 a year now he's gonna lay it out for you exactly how to do it but it talked to him earlier it's gonna take one key ingredient what's that you remember hustle okay hustle so this is no easy road but it's a fulfilling absolutely throwing man it's it's the best thing about doing this even in the city is that everybody who walks by my front yard goes wow that is so cool I wish I could do that or older folks walk by and they go I remember when I was a teenager everybody had a garden why do we have these lawns and it's pretty cool man I'm back got some goods for the people let's see how everybody's doing I got I got our good Oh God these are neck rings I believe I said they took our I said they took our apricots but they took our nectarines we replace those and we got submit some colloidal silver and held the berry syrup how you feeling crazy hair don't care I'm feeling great I don't even feel like I was sick good you look great oh I feel a lot better I even like a wild crazy hair look no thanks I'm just hoping to get the kids better wouldn't make me feel a lot better Jose you still staying strong oh here oh don't look too good what about temperatures they out of temperatures you still feeling bad boy you still put on some heat all right well we're gonna go on a hike if everybody gets better but it's kind of looking like they're not gonna get better by tomorrow I might need to take a rest day Oh [Music] okay well hope for the best we'll do what needs to be done to get these guys better
 
 
 
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Words:

so these are some of the specialized tools that we use these are you know you're at curtis stone's house when there's a skyscraper in the background how many stories is that curtis 1515 story skyscraper and there's a garden going right here bees a buzzin you know where you're at i mean do you see any other hey where are the other gardens on this i got i got a few in the back who think you're nuts they love it actually okay yeah yeah we're gonna do a grand tour of curtis stone's the market no no okay about messed up about gotten confused with JME fourth year don't do it don't do it that's the market garden we are busy urban farm I know that's why I'm giving them a hard time let's see what you got buddy great so this is the home base so our farm is has five different locations all within about a mile or two and this is our home base so I live here I own this lot the rest of the Lots I don't own and this is we've got some production here which I'll show you but we also have our post harvest areas here so walk-in coolers we wash veggies here this is where we process a lot of our greens like we have big mechanical salad spinners greens bubbler closer yeah the guys are cleaned up for the day so this is just like dishes basically on this screen we actually dry our salad greens on here okay these are these are like salad spinners basically oh dude this thing is it's apart right now because they've cleaned it for the day but it's a it's a bubbler so it's like it it's like a jacuzzi and we throw about 20 pounds of salad greens in here with water and it just agitates it how this this thing has a pump guy just goes once all these coke right here this goes down on the bottom pump pushes air to here it just and this is how many it's all DIY yeah I called you as to who gave me that idea yeah well that's between mini market gardeners like Jamar 1040a and Eric Schultz and friends of mine we've all kind of collaborated on that kind of stuff there's a harvest from this morning yeah being harvested right now actually these are carrots coming regarded as speak Toby's back they're hard oh you got somebody here oh yeah yeah yeah I got two guys that work with me when you guys work here we work 8:00 to 4:00 Monday to Friday okay basically so we don't do farmers markets anymore we used to now we just sell to mostly grocery stores which is a market stream I never thought I'd get into but it's really it's really easy because it's like bring the same stuff each week it's low maintenance and I'm focused on education and building new tools and stuff and you know developing our techniques so I'm more focused on that I want my farm to be really simple and so I don't I do laughs my I don't do any farmers markets I don't do as many restaurants anymore we don't do a CSA Wow we just do like grocery stores and a couple restaurants and that's enough to make a living oh we make a great living I pay these guys really well I don't even take a salary from the farmer anymore because I have done well with my book and other stuff but yeah we I mean our farm does 100 grand a year on a quarter acre everybody makes sure you heard that a hundred grand on a quarter of an acre and there's not a whole lot of terrible crazy infrastructure you didn't like buy all this at once yeah no I didn't I mean I scaled I scaled into it I started my farm on $7000 Wow and I did 22,000 that first year and I just kept recapitalizing into the phone okay now I've got me I've got some fancy greenhouses and stuff but this is all pretty DIY stuff our farm you know our margins over 50% now I don't know what it'll be this year but it's good so yeah what's this this is a washing table so this is like a cylinder Washington caris you know all that water redirects into this tub that we pump that water out I pump it onto the trees around my front yard it's not legal in Canada is it legal yeah we're not as draconian as you guys are in the US okay yeah cuz you're kind of in a desert aren't you I'm in a high desert how much does the rain here two inches a year what yeah it's tough that it look like East Washington no no wait but dig in well now that we're well Vinci yeah we're the Okanagan Valley and we're in the center in a maybe it's somewhere it we're not much wetter than Central Valley California we're pretty good man inches but we using Jim you do use inches if you're my generation if you're my generation or older you use inches because I was a Pierre Trudeau who changed that in 80s I was thinking you were being courteous for the most American audience well I am I spend a lot of time in the US Canada officially okay it's my generation and the older use Imperial what you like better I like metric but I like inches I use inches I use kilometers okay I use kilos but I like inches all right so these are some of the specialized tools that we use these are that's the quick cut greens harvester that's an amazing tool that cuts greens like mowing a lawn basically so it's got a blade that moves and we just walk along and harvest greens and that cut that cut no the rope pushes it into the basket look at the blade no I made really really sure so that's a tool we use almost every day on the farm and we have two of them is that DIY no that's not DIY that's from a company in Nashville Tennessee it's that expensive 500 bucks okay yeah worth day absolutely you use it every day if you're running a commercial farm you need to spend money that's the way it is you you can start DIY which you should but then you got it you got to start getting proper tools because it allows you to scale if somebody's just doing it part-time they're gonna make 22 K a year working on the evenings and the weekends what five tools should they have definitely you're gonna do greens you got to have that tool this is a Jang cedar I would recommend that so if you just wanted like farm in your front yard and do this part-time those two would be pretty critical and then I got another tools wall over here which is all the sort of hand tools the the manual hand tool stirrup hose those are good you can do a lot with hand tools like if you if you're gonna farm on like a sixth or fifth or six of an acre say it's just your front and backyard you don't need a lot of mechanical tools but it's good to have a mechanical harvester and a mechanical planter but you can do all your bed prep with hand tools stirrup hose rakes shovels things like that this is a paper pot transplanter that's a game changer tool for us we we use that everywhere now for bunnies and lettuce that's a paper pot transplanter okay so this this is that thing that that I can plant a bed of lettuce in minutes it would take me an hour by hand I can do it minute so this is the tool you developed no this the top-selling though yeah this is a johnie's in men's elliptic I mean I know everybody think I'm there but it's hilarious wait a minute tractor yeah I found a walk-behind tractor where does somebody get that well it's all preference you know I I had the money and so I like tools I like machinery okay I'm a guy I like I like machines I'm gonna say most guys gonna go straight to the tractor yeah yeah I like the machine you know I don't use it that often but for initial bed prep at the beginning of the season I like it cuz then I can prep a bunch of areas generally we're no-till we don't we don't till a lot but at the beginning of the season sometimes it just makes things really quick what do you do instead of till we do a shallow cultivation so it kind of some people call it no-till so we call low till but we'll cultivate our beds when we're preparing them just by cultivating the top inch okay and then that keeps weed seeds down that keeps soil biology healthier what do you do with the electronic string trimmer just weed whacking grasses yeah this your own this is this is my daughter's garden Oh violets garden we call it okay now hold the hold is she well she's five months okay he'll help but but next year our front yard is all gonna be garden for the family and then those would be like we want her to Stu play with that okay she was allowed to come on heels yeah do whatever you mess it up she are what is she doing here she well we hold her yeah and she grabs things and pulls them azar not totally passive but it's a hybrid pasta solo greenhouse so it operates with a climate battery so you see this here this pumps hot air underneath in the foundation of this yeah and it holds heat all summer long and then that he radiates so at the winter it takes humid air puts it underground and then it comes up on the other side of the greenhouse with less humidity who thought of that uh guy named Jerome forget acai Steve wrote a book about you know this is our climate battery technology that we've been developing over the last thirty years so this is a one of the intakes for bringing the warm moist air into the soil and storing the heat yeah we went to the greenhouse in Colorado yeah yeah yeah he was one of the founders of that idea okay cool this is year round we do micro greens in here year round not we don't do as much stuff in the summer because we have a lot of field crops in the summer but you have enough light here in the winter oh yeah I mean yes and no we get down to less than eight hours of daylight at the winter solstice but microgreens really only need ambient light to grow so they have a longer day cycle they have a longer growth cycle but we still crop out like we still get on oxygen so in the summertime these crops look at this are like eight days from seed to harvest so from planting to harvest eight days but in the winter time it might be two and a half three maybe how is this this is this these will be harvested on Tuesday and what are you gonna do and these are a week old what we eat you know you never have never had a view sell them now I haven't tried to shoot yeah yeah we saw who buys it no of course you got that many you there's that much demand oh yeah 4p greens Wow all these shelves in the winter will be filled Wow yeah that's really good really good Curtis this is uh this is that this is the paper pot transplanter flat so these will unravel and then they plant as a chain into the ground I've got some I can watch here yeah actually the ones out front that's what those were you can see this little paper in the ground what it's a yeah that's my degradable paper yep it's just it's just craft paper it's just like brown non bleached Kraft paper soil blocks eat your heart out pretty much okay pretty much bye-bye soil box yeah honestly nice or I did soil blocks for years I like soil blocks but this is there's no comparison because it normally would take one guy and a trained person one hour to hand transplant 400 plugs into a 50 foot bed Wow with this six minutes so it's a huge labor reduction and it's less bending over that we can put that time into something else more productive and then come around here check this one out this is my neighbor's yard so I don't own that yard there's Toby Toby's from Germany he's harvesting carrots you know this is what essentially our farm does is we use other people's yards and grow veggies on them we give them a share of the crop so they get a basket of veggies each week Wow and then we do all work and turn it into something productive and beautiful how many yards you have like that five others besides this they're happy they love it yeah I've waiting list of anybody canceled on you oh yeah I don't I don't want a garden in my backyard yeah oh yeah I've been doing this for eight years I've gone through over 20 different plots yeah okay yeah we generally we try to get a commitment and like up three years and I really only will work with people now that I really feel are fully on board you know they gotta be keen so how do you go and get this how do you knock on the door well I don't know can I grow you know a senior by start the way I tell people the best way to get into this is just start with one lock somewhere that's visible okay and then people will come to you it's that whole thing you build it they will come so you're or grandma's lot or my literally literally grandma's lot front yard lot make it happen make it beautiful make it productive people will walk by and go hey this is really cool okay depends on where you live right but but we were pretty blessed here people love this idea here what are you doing I'm harvesting some carrots a little bit where are you from I'm from Germany and I've been here for the summer had a great time and yeah learned a lot from Curtis are you gonna do this when you go back home mmm not this so I'm just I'm just 20 but but I definitely want to continue to farm okay start them I want to learn more and more different context different types of farming and market gardening especially okay okay you pulling a few weeds there Curtis yeah I mean ya know I mean we don't really have to do too much weeding here our crops are out of the ground so quick and then something else goes in that they don't really have time to establish see these are the paper chains you can see okay yeah see we just we would have just walked that along what implanted does this is a where's your water oh I see you have to so I water this prop this plot from my house so even these landowners don't have to pay for the water we cover that okay yep and the ones that do we we subsidize their their water bill is water expensive here not really okay definitely not even a quarter of what California is this is our hothouse so we'll do really early tomatoes in here like we had tomatoes in the ground here in February this year they're long gone now it's on rotation so into for a winter so these crops will be all out of here in no more than two weeks and then lettuce will go in here that will take us to Christmas and then we've got some heat here we got a that's a 6000 watt heater my house is entirely solar so all this stuff is powered by the Sun this this greenhouse is Double A or poly so it's got an r5 insulation value and so I can I can push the season pretty hard in this one but the nursery is definitely warmer because it's it's a lot more insulated and it's you know it's a there's a foundation to it what Christmas dinner look like winter spinach turkey probably okay those okay carrots beets over on this side here do you still have that bike oh yeah my still deliveries on that bike why not um well I'm not doing a lot of this stuff right now mark is okay so mark but mark rides it we don't really sell to a lot of downtown restaurants anymore okay but so like we're selling to gross we sell them right there so sometimes I'll bike that order okay so it's a little further it's just cuz our other stores are further away somewhat we take the van this is a day gone by I've got like probably 20,000 kilometers on this Blake the first time I saw you you can maybe help me with what documentary in this was I was a trailer for some documentary there was this really cool guy peddling a lot of produce and herbing to urban situation yeah that was you you remember that probably there's been a few though so I don't know yeah but they always want to feature the bicycle they do and you know what it was a really cool part of my initial branding like I didn't I didn't mean it you that way yeah but it was I branded myself that way and people really me yeah yeah it really got people but you know it's tough man like I was I was at a point where I was spending probably 20 hours a week just on a bike pedaling because the first three years of my farm was entirely pedal-powered we had and these are some of our trails okay you know we had we have these custom-built trailers these even daisy chain behind each other so I got a different arm that goes on this one and I can fall behind that one alright so we did everything that way when we started but I burned out hard it was tiring okay is that it for today Curtis pretty much yeah on Sunday we're gonna go into more depth on exactly how he does this and how you could do it how you could start part-time with a little tiny garden and move up and make over $100,000 a year now he's gonna lay it out for you exactly how to do it but it talked to him earlier it's gonna take one key ingredient what's that you remember hustle okay hustle so this is no easy road but it's a fulfilling absolutely throwing man it's it's the best thing about doing this even in the city is that everybody who walks by my front yard goes wow that is so cool I wish I could do that or older folks walk by and they go I remember when I was a teenager everybody had a garden why do we have these lawns and it's pretty cool man I'm back got some goods for the people let's see how everybody's doing I got I got our good Oh God these are neck rings I believe I said they took our I said they took our apricots but they took our nectarines we replace those and we got submit some colloidal silver and held the berry syrup how you feeling crazy hair don't care I'm feeling great I don't even feel like I was sick good you look great oh I feel a lot better I even like a wild crazy hair look no thanks I'm just hoping to get the kids better wouldn't make me feel a lot better Jose you still staying strong oh here oh don't look too good what about temperatures they out of temperatures you still feeling bad boy you still put on some heat all right well we're gonna go on a hike if everybody gets better but it's kind of looking like they're not gonna get better by tomorrow I might need to take a rest day Oh [Music] okay well hope for the best we'll do what needs to be done to get these guys better
 
 
 
 
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Polyface farms shows how one neighborhood could grow 3,000 pounds of animal protein (chicken and rabbit) out of a three car garage.

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 113 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
 
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Learn how to get a step by step video on how Joel raises meat chickens for profit.

Daily LifeJustin Rhodes Published the article • 0 comments • 149 views • 2017-09-21 06:09 • came from similar tags

 

 
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you're working in town got your fledgling family you have to scream or do you want to do this this full time farming chicken thing how do i how do we get there well everybody starts with a context and so the first thing to do is to get out of debt if you're in debt get out of debt so don't quit your day job and then I always encourage people to save up enough that you can live for two years now that doesn't need to be as much as you might think if you're willing to live cheaply while you're getting out of debt and while yo